Pergi ke kandungan

Pandemik COVID-19: Perbezaan antara semakan

tiada ringkasan suntingan
(Pengemasan.)
Tiada ringkasan suntingan
{{short description|Pandemik koronavirus 2019 yang sedang berlaku}}
{{Infobox pandemic
| name = Pandemik COVID-19<br>
{{script|Arab|ڤندميک کوۏيد-19}}
| map1 = COVID-19 Outbreak World Map Total Deaths per Capita.svg{{!}}upright=1.5
| legend1 = {{Center|Kematian yang disahkan bagi setiap 1,000,000 penduduk <br>pada 20 Disember 2020}}
************************************************************************************* -->
 
'''Pandemik COVID-19''' ({{Jawi|ڤندميک کوۏيد-19}}), juga dikenali sebagai '''pandemik koronavirus''' atau '''wabak koronavirus''' ialah [[pandemik]] [[penyakit koronavirus 2019]] yang sedang berlaku secara global berpunca daripada [[koronavirus sindrom pernafasan akut teruk 2]] (SARS-CoV-2).<ref name="AutoDW-1">{{cite web|url=https://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019/events-as-they-happen|title=Coronavirus Disease (COVID-19) – events as they happen|website=who.int|access-date=27 February 2020}}</ref><ref name="promedmail">{{cite web|title=Undiagnosed pneumonia - China (HU) (01): wildlife sales, market closed, RFI Archive Number: 20200102.6866757|url=https://promedmail.org/promed-post/?id=6866757|website=Pro-MED-mail|publisher=International Society for Infectious Diseases|accessdate=13 Januari 2020|archive-url=https://web.archive.org/web/20200122124653/https://promedmail.org/promed-post/?id=6866757|archive-date=22 Januari 2020}}</ref> Wabak ini pada mulanya dikesan pada pertengahan bulan Disember 2019 di bandar raya [[Wuhan]], [[Hubei]], [[China]], dan telah diiktiraf sebagai [[pandemik]] oleh [[Pertubuhan Kesihatan Sedunia]] (WHO) pada 11 Mac 2020.<ref name="WHOpandemic2">{{cite web|url=https://www.who.int/dg/speeches/detail/who-director-general-s-opening-remarks-at-the-media-briefing-on-covid-19---11-march-2020|title=WHO Director-General's opening remarks at the media briefing on COVID-19 – 11 March 2020|date=11 March 2020|publisher=[[World Health Organization]]|access-date=11 March 2020}}</ref> Sehingga {{Kes dalam pandemik COVID-19|date|editlink=|ref=no}}, lebih daripada {{Kes dalam pandemik COVID-19|conround|editlink=|ref=no}} kes telah disahkan, dengan lebih daripada {{Kes dalam pandemik COVID-19|dround|editlink=|ref=no}} kematian disebabkan oleh COVID-19.
 
Virus ini kebanyakannya menular antara seseorang dengan cara yang serupa dengan [[influenza]], melalui titisan pernafasan daripada batuk atau bersin.<ref name="WHO getting workplace ready">{{cite web|url= https://www.who.int/docs/default-source/coronaviruse/getting-workplace-ready-for-covid-19.pdf |title=Getting your workplace ready for COVID-19 |date=27 February 2020 |work=World Health Organization |url-status=live}}</ref><!-- Quote=In other words, COVID-19 spreads in a similar way to flu --><ref name="WHO2020QA" /><!-- Quote=The main way the disease spreads is through respiratory droplets expelled by someone who is coughing. --><ref name="CDC2020Over222" /><!-- Quote=The virus is thought to spread mainly from person-to-person&nbsp;.... Via respiratory droplets produced when an infected person coughs or sneezes. --> Ia dianggap paling mudah berjangkit apabila seseorang menerima tanda gejala, walaupun penyebarannya mungkin walaupun sebelum gejala muncul.<ref>{{Cite web|url=https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/prepare/transmission.html?CDC_AA_refVal=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.cdc.gov%2Fcoronavirus%2F2019-ncov%2Fabout%2Ftransmission.html|title=Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19)|last=|first=|date=16 March 2020|website=Centers for Disease Control and Prevention|url-status=live|archive-url=|archive-date=|access-date=}}</ref> Masa antara [[Tempoh inkubasi|pendedahan dan permulaan gejala]] biasanya lima hari, tetapi mungkin berkisar antara dua hingga empat belas hari.<ref name="CDC2020Over222" /><ref name=pathogenesis>{{cite journal |last1=Rothan |first=H. A. |last2=Byrareddy |first2=S. N. |title=The epidemiology and pathogenesis of coronavirus disease (COVID-19) outbreak |journal=Journal of Autoimmunity |page=102433 |date=February 2020 |pmid=32113704 |doi=10.1016/j.jaut.2020.102433}}</ref> Gejala umum termasuk demam, batuk, dan sesak nafas.<ref name="CDC2020Over222" /><ref name=pathogenesis /> Komplikasi mungkin termasuk [[radang paru-paru]] dan sindrom kesukaran pernafasan akut. Setakat ini tiada vaksin atau rawatan antiviral tertentu; Usaha terdiri daripada pengurangan gejala dan terapi sokongan. Langkah-langkah pencegahan yang disyorkan termasuk membasuh tangan, menutup mulut apabila batuk, mengekalkan jarak dari orang lain (terutamanya mereka yang tidak sihat), dan pemantauan dan pengasingan diri selama 14 hari untuk orang yang mengesyaki mereka dijangkiti.<ref name="WHO2020QA" /><ref name="CDC2020Over222" /><ref name=CDC2020SocialSpacing>{{cite web |title=Coronavirus Disease 2019 (COVID-19) |url= https://www.cdc.gov/coronavirus/2019-ncov/specific-groups/high-risk-complications.html |work=US [[Centers for Disease Control and Prevention]] |access-date=9 March 2020 |date=11 February 2020}}</ref>
575

suntingan