Kura-kura Arang

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Kura-kura Arang
Chelonoidis carbonaria LoroParqueTenerife red-foot tortoise IMG 5135.JPG
Kura-kura Arang di Loro Parque
Status pemuliharaan
Tidak dinilai (IUCN 3.1)
Pengelasan saintifik
Alam:
Filum:
Subfilum:
Kelas:
Order:
Suborder:
Keluarga:
Genus:
Spesies:
C. carbonarius
Nama binomial
Chelonoidis carbonarius
(Spix, 1824)[1][2]
Sinonim[2]
  • Testudo carbonaria Spix, 1824:22
  • Testudo hercules truncata Gray, 1830:3[3]
  • Testudo boiei Wagler, 1833:pl.13[4]

Kura-kura arang (Chelonoidis carbonaria) merupakan penghuni hutan hujan tropika yang basah di Amerika Selatan.

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Spix, Johann Babtist. 1824. Animalia Nova sive Species Novae Testudinum et Ranarum. Monachii: 53 pp.
  2. ^ a b Turtle Taxonomy Working Group; Rhodin, A.G.J.; Iverson, J.B.; Bour, R.; Fritz, U.; Georges, A.; Shaffer, H.B.; van Dijk, P.P. (2017). Rhodin, A.G.J.; Iverson, J.B.; van Dijk, P.P.; Saumure, R.A.; Buhlmann, K.A.; Pritchard, P.C.H.; Mittermeier, R.A. (para penyunting). Turtles of the World: Annotated Checklist and Atlas of Taxonomy, Synonymy, Distribution, and Conservation Status (PDF). Conservation Biology of Freshwater Turtles and Tortoises: A Compilation Project of the IUCN/SSC Tortoise and Freshwater Turtle Specialist Group. Chelonian Research Monographs. 7 (ed. 8th). halaman 1–292. doi:10.3854/crm.7.checklist.atlas.v8.2017. ISBN 978-1-5323-5026-9. Dicapai pada 14 October 2017.
  3. ^ Gray, John Edward. 1830. A Synopsis of the Species of the Class Reptilia. In: Griffith E. and Pidgeon, E. The Class Reptilia arranged by the Baron Cuvier, with specific descriptions. In: Griffith, E. (Ed.). The Animal Kingdom Arranged in Conformity with its Organization, by the Baron Cuvier, with Additional Descriptions of all the Species Hitherto Named, and of many not before Noticed. Vol. 9. Reptilia. Supplement. London: Whittaker, Treacher, and Co., 110 pp. [Part 26, published Dec 1830].
  4. ^ Wagler, Johann Georg. 1833. Descriptiones et Icones Amphibiorum. Tres partes cum XXXVI tabulis. Monachii: J.G. Cottae, 30 plates.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bjorndal, Karen A. (1989). "Flexibility of digestive responses in two generalist herbivores, the tortoises Geochelone carbonaria and Geochelone denticulata". Oecologia. 78 (3): 317–321. Parameter |month= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan)

Crumly, Charles (1982). "A cladistic analysis of Geochelone using cranial osteology". Journal of Herpetology (16): 215–234.

Ebenhack, Amanda (2009). Redfoots and Yellowfoots; The Natural History, Captive Care, and Breeding of 'Chelonoidis carbonaria' and 'Chelonoidis denticulata' (Turtles of the World, Testudinidae, Number 3). Living Art Publishing. ISBN 0978755634.

Merchan, Manuel (1998). "Biology, Distribution and Conservation of the Redfoot TortoiseGeochelone carbonaria". Reptilia (GB). 2: 30–38. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Moskovits, Debra K. (1985). "The Behavior and Ecology of the Two Amazonian Tortoises, Geochelone carbonaria and Geochelone denticulata, in Northwestern Brazil". University of Chicago. PhD Dissertation.

Paull, Richard C. (1997). The Great Red-foot Tortoise, Tortoises of the World Vol. 4. Green Nature Books. m/s. 82. ISBN 1-888089-33-4.

Pingleton, Mike (2009). The Redfoot Manual; A Beginners Guide to the Redfoot Tortoise. Art Gecko Press. ISBN 978-1441494030.

Pritchard, Peter C. H. (1984). The Turtles of South America, Contributions to Herpetology: No. 2. Society for the Study of Amphibians and Reptiles. ISBN 0-916984-1-7 Periksa nilai |isbn= value: length (bantuan). Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Strong, Joel N. "Seed Dispersal by Geochelone carbonaria and G. denticulata in Northwestern Brazil". Biotropica. 38 (5): 683–686. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Vargas-Ramirez, Mario (2010). "Red- and yellow-footed tortoises, Chelonoidis carbonaria and C. denticulata (Reptilia: Testudines: Testudinidae), in South American savannahs and forests: do their phylogeographies reflect distinct habitats?" (PDF). Organisms, Diversity and Evolution. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Vinke, Thomas (2003). "An Unusual Survival Strategy of the Red-footed Tortoise Geochelone carbonaria in the Chaco Boreal of Paraguay". Radiata (English edition). 12 (3): 21–31. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Vinke, Sabine (2008). South American Tortoises (Chelonian Library Vol. 3). Germany: Edition Chimera. ISBN 978-389973-603-8. Parameter |coauthors= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (|author= dicadangkan) (bantuan)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]