Lebedinoye ozero

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Rekaan pementasan balet lakaran Helmut Jürgens untuk persembahan balet di Munich tahun 1950.

Lebedinoye ozero (Bahasa Rusia: Лебединое озеро, "Tasik swan"; Bahasa Perancis: Le lac des cygnes, Bahasa Inggeris: Swan Lake), Op. 20, ialah sebuah pementasan balet gubahan Pyotr Ilyich Tchaikovsky tahun 1875–76. Pementasan ini diadaptasi daripada kisah-kisah dongeng Rusia dan Jerman[a] mengenai seorang puteri yang disihir menjadi seekor swan.

Balet ini dipersembahkan pertama kalinya Bolshoi Ballet pada 4 March [G.L.: 20 February] 1877[1][2] di Teater Bolshoi Moskva dengan dua babak sahaja pada mulanya diarahkan Julius Reisinger.

Penggubahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jalan cerita[sunting | sunting sumber]

Watak-watak utama[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Puteri Odette - seorang puteri jelita yang disumpah bertukar menjadi seekor swan putih
  • Putera Siegfried - seorang putera yang jatuh cinta dengan Odette
  • Baron Von Rothbart, - seorang bangsawan yang menyumpah Odette menjadi seekor swan.
  • Odile - anak perempuan Von Rothbart
  • Benno von Sommerstern - the Prince's friend
  • Si Ratu - ibunda Putera Siegfried's
  • Wolfgang - pengajar Siegfried

Susunan persembahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Turutan skor persembahan ini mengikut catatan asal penggubahan Tchaikovsky pada taun 1877 disertakan tajuk asal dalam bahasa Perancis;[3]

Babak 1[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengenalan: Moderato assai – Allegro non-troppo – Tempo I
No. 1 Scène: Allegro giusto
No. 2 Waltz: Tempo di valse
No. 3 Scène: Allegro moderato
No. 4 Pas de trois
1. Intrada (or Entrée): Allegro
2. Andante sostenuto
3. Allegro semplice, Presto
4. Moderato
5. Allegro
6. Coda: Allegro vivace
No. 5 Pas de deux for Two Merry-makers (this number was later fashioned into the Black Swan Pas de Deux)
1. Tempo di valse ma non troppo vivo, quasi moderato
2. Andante – Allegro
3. Tempo di valse
4. Coda: Allegro molto vivace
No. 6 Pas d'action: Andantino quasi moderato – Allegro
No. 7 Sujet (Introduction to the Dance with Goblets)
No. 8 Dance with Goblets: Tempo di polacca
No. 9 Finale: Sujet, Andante

Babak 2[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. 10 Scène: Moderato
No. 11 Scène: Allegro moderato, Moderato, Allegro vivo
No. 12 Scène: Allegro, Moderato assai quasi andante
No. 13 Dances of the Swans
1. Tempo di valse
2. Moderato assai
3. Tempo di valse
4. Allegro moderato (this number later became the famous Dance of the Little Swans)
5. Pas d'action: Andante, Andante non-troppo, Allegro (material borrowed from Undina)
6. Tempo di valse
7. Coda: Allegro vivo
No. 14 Scène: Moderato

Babak 3[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. 15 Scène: March – Allegro giusto
No. 16 Ballabile: Dance of the Corps de Ballet and the Dwarves: Moderato assai, Allegro vivo
No. 17 Entrance of the Guests and Waltz: Allegro, Tempo di valse
No. 18 Scène: Allegro, Allegro giusto
No. 19 Pas de six.
1. Intrada (or Entrée): Moderato assai
2. Variation 1: Allegro
3. Variation 2: Andante con moto (this number was likely used as an adage after the Intrada but was either accidentally composed or published after the first variation)
4. Variation 3: Moderato
5. Variation 4: Allegro
6. Variation 5: Moderato, Allegro semplice
7. Grand Coda: Allegro molto
Appendix I – Pas de deux pour Mme. Anna Sobeshchanskaya (fashioned from the original music by Ludwig Minkus and later choreographed by George Balanchine as the Tchaikovsky Pas de deux)
No. 20 Hungarian Dance: Czardas – Moderato assai, Allegro moderato, Vivace
Appendix II – No. 20a Danse russe pour Mlle. Pelageya Karpakova: Moderato, Andante semplice, Allegro vivo, Presto
No. 21 Danse Espagnole: Allegro non-troppo (Tempo di bolero)
No. 22 Danse Napolitaine: Allegro moderato, Andantino quasi moderato, Presto
No. 23 Mazurka: Tempo di mazurka
No. 24 Scène: Allegro, Tempo di valse, Allegro vivo

Babak 4[sunting | sunting sumber]

No. 25 Entr'acte: Moderato
No. 26 Scène: Allegro non-troppo
No. 27 Dance of the Little Swans: Moderato
No. 28 Scène: Allegro agitato, Molto meno mosso, Allegro vivace
No. 29 Scène finale: Andante, Allegro, Alla breve, Moderato e maestoso, Moderato

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Such as "The White Duck" collected by Alexander Afanasyev in Narodnye russkie skazki.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Kant, Marion, penyunting (2007). The Cambridge Companion to Ballet. Cambridge Companions to Music. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. m/s. 164. ISBN 978-0-521-53986-9. ; 'Old style' date March 4
  2. ^ Chaĭkovskiĭ, Modest Ilʹich; Newmarch, Jeaffreson; Rosa Harriet (1906). The life & letters of Peter Ilich Tchaikovsky. J Lane. m/s. 735. 
  3. ^ "Royal Opera House – 'Swan Lake' : From Planning To Performance – The Story of 'Swan Lake'". Rohedswanlake.org.uk. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 2012-09-09. Dicapai 2012-01-15. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]