Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Ludwig Wittgenstein
photograph
Kelahiran(1889-04-26)26 April 1889
Vienna, Austria
Meninggal dunia29 April 1951(1951-04-29) (umur 62)
Cambridge, England
Sebab kematianKanser prostat
DikebumikanAscension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge
Koordinat: 52°13′03″N 0°06′00″E / 52.2176°N 0.1001°E / 52.2176; 0.1001
PendidikanPhD (University of Cambridge)
Pusat pendidikanBerlin Technische Hochschule
Victoria University of Manchester
Universiti Cambridge
PekerjaanAhli falsafah, jurutera, askar, guru sekolah, pekebun, porter hospital
Terkenal keranaPrivate language argument, language-game, family resemblance, picture theory of language, forms of life
Karya terkenal
Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921)
Philosophical Investigations (1953)
Ibu bapaKarl Wittgenstein dan Leopoldine Kalmus
SaudaraPaul Wittgenstein (abang), Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein (kakak)
Laman web rasmiThe Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen
The Cambridge Wittgenstein Archive

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) merupakan seorang ahli falsafah Austria yang bekerja terutamanya dalam logik, falsafah matematik, falsafah minda, falsafah bahasa.[1] Beliau merupakan seorang profesor dalam falsafah di Universiti Cambridge dari 1939 hingga 1947.[1] Sepanjang hayatnya beliau menerbitkan hanya satu ulasan buku, satu artikel, satu kamus kanak-kanak, dan 75-halaman Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921).[2]

Ringkasan hidup[sunting | sunting sumber]

Karya-karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Terdapat satu koleksi manuksrip nukilan Wittgenstein di Trinity College, Cambridge.

  • Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung, Annalen der Naturphilosophie, 14 (1921)
  • Philosophische Untersuchungen (1953)
  • Bemerkungen über die Grundlagen der Mathematik, ed. by G.H. von Wright, R. Rhees, and G.E.M. Anscombe (1956), a selection of his work on the philosophy of logic and mathematics between 1937 and 1944.
    • Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, rev. ed. (1978)
  • Bemerkungen über die Philosophie der Psychologie, ed. G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright (1980)
    • Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology, Vols. 1 and 2, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, ed. G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright (1980), a selection of which makes up Zettel.
  • Blue and Brown Books (1958), notes dictated in English to Cambridge students in 1933–1935.
  • Philosophische Bemerkungen, ed. by Rush Rhees (1964)
    • Philosophical Remarks (1975)
    • Philosophical Grammar (1978)
  • Bemerkungen über die Farben, ed. by G.E.M. Anscombe (1977)
  • On Certainty, collection of aphorisms discussing the relation between knowledge and certainty, extremely influential in the philosophy of action.
  • Culture and Value, collection of personal remarks about various cultural issues, such as religion and music, as well as critique of Søren Kierkegaard's philosophy.
  • Zettel, collection of Wittgenstein's thoughts in fragmentary/"diary entry" format as with On Certainty and Culture and Value.

Karya didapati dalam talian[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Wittgenstein: Gesamtbriefwechsel/Complete Correspondence. Innsbrucker Electronic Edition: Ludwig Wittgenstein: Gesamtbriefwechsel/Complete Correspondence contains Wittgenstein's collected correspondence, edited under the auspices of the Brenner-Archiv's Research Institute (University of Innsbruck). Editors (first edition): Monika Seekircher, Brian McGuinness and Anton Unterkircher. Editors (second edition): Anna Coda, Gabriel Citron, Barbara Halder, Allan Janik, Ulrich Lobis, Kerstin Mayr, Brian McGuinness, Michael Schorner, Monika Seekircher and Joseph Wang.
  • Wittgensteins Nachlass. The Bergen Electronic Edition: The collection includes all of Wittgenstein's unpublished manuscripts, typescripts, dictations, and most of his notebooks. The Nachlass was catalogued by G. H. von Wright in his The Wittgenstein Papers, first published in 1969, and later updated and included as a chapter with the same title in his book Wittgenstein, published by Blackwell (and by the University of Minnesota Press in the U.S.) in 1982.
  • Review of P. Coffey's Science of Logic Diarkibkan 2006-04-30 di Wayback Machine (1913): a polemical book review, written in 1912 for the March 1913 issue of The Cambridge Review when Wittgenstein was an undergraduate studying with Russell. The review is the earliest public record of Wittgenstein's philosophical views.
  • Wittgenstein Source: 5 000 pages of the Wittgenstein Nachlass online
  • Projek Gutenberg: Karya-karya oleh Ludwig Wittgenstein
  • Google Edition of Remarks on Colour
  • Some Remarks on Logical Form
  • Cambridge (1932–3) lecture notes
  • The Blue Book
  • Lecture on Ethics
  • "On Certainty". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-12-10. Dicapai pada 2019-02-08.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b "Time 100: Scientists and Thinkers". Time Magazine Online. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2009-05-08. Dicapai pada 29 April 2006. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah, nama "Time" digunakan secara berulang dengan kandungan yang berbeza
  2. ^ For his publications during his lifetime, see Monk, Ray. How to read Wittgenstein. W.W. Norton & Company. 2005, p. 5.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]