Ludwig Wittgenstein

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Ludwig Wittgenstein
photograph
Kelahiran(1889-04-26)26 April 1889
Vienna, Austria
Meninggal dunia29 April 1951(1951-04-29) (umur 62)
Cambridge, England
Sebab kematianKanser prostat
DikebumikanAscension Parish Burial Ground, Cambridge
Koordinat: 52°13′03″N 0°06′00″E / 52.2176°N 0.1001°E / 52.2176; 0.1001
PendidikanPhD (University of Cambridge)
Pusat pendidikanBerlin Technische Hochschule
Victoria University of Manchester
University of Cambridge
PekerjaanAhli falsafah, jurutera, askar, guru sekolah, pekebun, porter hospital
Terkenal keranaPrivate language argument, language-game, family resemblance, picture theory of language, forms of life
Karya terkenalTractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921)
Philosophical Investigations (1953)
Ibu bapaKarl Wittgenstein dan Leopoldine Kalmus
SaudaraPaul Wittgenstein (abang), Margaret Stonborough-Wittgenstein (kakak)
Laman webThe Wittgenstein Archives at the University of Bergen
The Cambridge Wittgenstein Archive

Ludwig Josef Johann Wittgenstein (26 April 1889 – 29 April 1951) merupakan seorang ahli falsafah Austria yang bekerja terutamanya dalam logik, falsafah matematik, falsafah minda, falsafah bahasa.[1] Beliau merupakan seorang profesor dalam falsafah di Universiti Cambridge dari 1939 hingga 1947.[1] Sepanjang hayatnya beliau menerbitkan hanya satu ulasan buku, satu artikel, satu kamus kanak-kanak, dan 75-halaman Tractatus Logico-Philosophicus (1921).[2]

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Terdapat satu koleksi manuksrip nukilan Wittgenstein di Trinity College, Cambridge.

  • Logisch-Philosophische Abhandlung, Annalen der Naturphilosophie, 14 (1921)
  • Philosophische Untersuchungen (1953)
  • Bemerkungen über die Grundlagen der Mathematik, ed. by G.H. von Wright, R. Rhees, and G.E.M. Anscombe (1956), a selection of his work on the philosophy of logic and mathematics between 1937 and 1944.
    • Remarks on the Foundations of Mathematics, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, rev. ed. (1978)
  • Bemerkungen über die Philosophie der Psychologie, ed. G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright (1980)
    • Remarks on the Philosophy of Psychology, Vols. 1 and 2, translated by G.E.M. Anscombe, ed. G.E.M. Anscombe and G.H. von Wright (1980), a selection of which makes up Zettel.
  • Blue and Brown Books (1958), notes dictated in English to Cambridge students in 1933–1935.
  • Philosophische Bemerkungen, ed. by Rush Rhees (1964)
    • Philosophical Remarks (1975)
    • Philosophical Grammar (1978)
  • Bemerkungen über die Farben, ed. by G.E.M. Anscombe (1977)
  • On Certainty, collection of aphorisms discussing the relation between knowledge and certainty, extremely influential in the philosophy of action.
  • Culture and Value, collection of personal remarks about various cultural issues, such as religion and music, as well as critique of Søren Kierkegaard's philosophy.
  • Zettel, collection of Wittgenstein's thoughts in fragmentary/"diary entry" format as with On Certainty and Culture and Value.

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  1. ^ a b "Time 100: Scientists and Thinkers". Time Magazine Online. Dicapai 29 April 2006.  Ralat petik: Invalid <ref> tag; name "Time" defined multiple times with different content
  2. ^ For his publications during his lifetime, see Monk, Ray. How to read Wittgenstein. W.W. Norton & Company. 2005, p. 5.

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