Luftflotte 3

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Luftflotte 3
Chef einer Luftflotte Version 1.svg
Bendera Panglima Luftflotte
Aktif 1 Februari 1939
Negara  Jerman Nazi
Cawangan Luftwaffe
Jenis Pemerintahan medan
Dibubarkan 26 September 1944


Luftflotte 3[1] (Armada Udara 3) adalah salah satu bahagian utama Luftwaffe Jerman dalam Perang Dunia II. Ia telah dibentuk pada 1 Februari 1939 daripada Luftwaffengruppenkommando 3 di Munich dan di bentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West (Markas Udara Barat) pada 26 September 1944. Detasmen Luftwaffe ini berpangkalan di wilayah taklukan Jerman di Utara Perancis, Belanda, Belgium, dan Perancis Vichy, untuk membantu bala tentera Paksi di kawasan itu. Markas pemerintahannya di Paris, Perancis (pada 26 Jun 1944).

Isi kandungan

Rekonaisans Strategik[sunting | sunting sumber]

II.Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara II) Chartres[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fliegerführer West (Pengarah Udara Barat/Serangan Udara Darat)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rekonaisans Taktikal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Serangan Udara Darat[sunting | sunting sumber]

IX. Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara IX) Beauvais-Lille[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rekonaisans Strategik[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengebom(Sederhana)[sunting | sunting sumber]

JABO (Pengebom-Pejuang/Grup serangan mengejut)[sunting | sunting sumber]

X.Fliegerkorps (Kor Udara X) Angers[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tugas-tugas khas/operasi jarak jauh[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rekonaisans Strategik/Maritim (Jarak Jauh Ultra)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengebom (Berat) Kapal Selam Sokongan/Serangan Dagang (Jarak Jauh)[sunting | sunting sumber]

2.Fliegerdivision (Divisyen 2 Udara) Montfrin[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rekonaisans Strategik/Taktikal/Maritim (Jarak Sederhana-Dekat)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengebom (Sederhana)[sunting | sunting sumber]

II.Jagdkorps (Kor Pejuang II) Chantilly[sunting | sunting sumber]

4.Jagddivision (Divisyen 4 Pejuang) Metz[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdabschnittführer 4 (Pengarah Pejuang 4) St Pol-Brias[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang Malam[sunting | sunting sumber]

5.Jagddivision (Divisyen 5 Pejuang) Jouy-en-Josas[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdabschnittführer 5 (Pengarah Pejuang 5) Bernay[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang Malam[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdabschnittführer Bretagne (Pengarah Pejuang ke Britain) Brest[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdabschnittführer Südfrankreich (Pengarah Pejuang Selatan Perancis) Aix[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pejuang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdlehrer-Gr Bordeaux (Instruction Wing in Bordeaux sector)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdabschnittführer Bordeaux (Pengarah Pejuang di Bordeaux) Bordeaux-Merignac[sunting | sunting sumber]

Zerstörer (Pejuang Berat)[sunting | sunting sumber]

Unit Serangan Khas Luftwaffe[sunting | sunting sumber]

This was the Luftwaffe section charged with managing the advanced equipment:

  • Fieseler Fi 103 (V-1)
  • Messerschmitt Me 262 A
  • Arado Ar 234 B;

they also used the Special Attack aircraft Junkers "Mistel 1".

Mentioned section poses your bases in France and Dutch areas.

Jet Pengebom/Jet Pengebom-Pejuang[sunting | sunting sumber]

Mistel Special Section[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengebom dengan Pelancar V-1[sunting | sunting sumber]

Luftwaffe V-1 fixed/mobile ramps units[sunting | sunting sumber]

These units operated near Calais (France), and in Belgium and the Netherlands.

  • Untergruppenbezeichnung FZG (Flakzielgerät) 76 (also known as 5.Flak Division (W), later as Armeekorps zur Vergeltung)
  • I./155 Artillerie Abt (W)
  • II./155 Artillerie-Abt (W)
  • III./155 Artillerie-Abt (W)

Luftwaffe special transport units(1944-45)[sunting | sunting sumber]

These units were based in Muhldorf, Bavaria, and composed of Helicopters:

  • Focke-Achgelis Fa 223 Drachen
  • Flettner Fl 265
  • Flettner 282B Kolibri

for operations in western and eastern front areas, with airfields in France (West) and East Prussia (East) for realizing some special liaisons, personal transport, rescue of wounded personnel, watching/air patrol, and other similar missions in the last days of the war.

  • Transportstaffeln 40 (West area)

Heer/Luftwaffe V-2 mobile ramps sections[sunting | sunting sumber]

Division zur Vergeltung(Div.z.V.)[sunting | sunting sumber]

This special unit was led by Heer and SS Commanders, working along with Luftwaffe personnel and facilities. They operated in France, Belgium and the Netherlands.

"Div.z.V." Nordgruppe[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 444° Artillerie-Abt
  • 485° Artillerie- Abt (also known as Artillerie Regiment z. V. 902)
  • 2°./485° Artillerie-Abt

"Div.z.V." Südgruppe[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 500° Waffen SS Artillerie-Abt (also known as 500° SS Werfer Abt.)
  • 836° Artillerie-Abt (also known as Artillerie Regiment zur Vergeltung 901)

Heer V-4 "Rheinbote" Mobile ramps units[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • I./709 Artillerie Abt

Heer V-3 Artillery group[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 705° Artillerie Abt.

Singkatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Panglima[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Generalfeldmarschall Hugo Sperrle, 1 Februari 1939 – 23 Ogos 1944
  • Generaloberst Otto Deßloch, 23 Ogos 1944 – 22 September 1944
  • Generalleutnant Alexander Holle, 22 September 1944 – 26 September 1944
dibentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West
  • Generalleutnant Alexander Holle, 28 September 1944 – 15 November 1944
  • Generalleutnant Josef Schmid, 16 November 1944 – 27 April 1945
  • Generalleutnant Martin Harlinghausen, 28 April 1945 – 8 Mei 1945


Ketua Staf[sunting | sunting sumber]

dibentuk semula sebagai Luftwaffenkommando West
  • Oberst Hans Wolters, September 1944 – Mac 1945
  • Oberst Heinrich Wittmer, Mac 1945 – Mei 1945

Unit-unit bawahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jagdfliegerführer 3Jagdfliegerführer 2Fliegerführer AtlantikII. Jagdkorps10th Air Corps (Germany)8th Air Corps (Germany)5th Air Corps (Germany)2nd Air Corps (Germany)1st Air Corps (Germany)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota
  1. ^ For an explanation of the meaning of Luftwaffe unit designation see Luftwaffe Organisation
Rujukan