New Zealand First

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New Zealand First
Aotearoa Tuatahi
PresidenLester Gray[1]
PengasasWinston Peters
KetuaWinston Peters
Naib KetuaFletcher Tabuteau
Diasaskan18 July 1993; 26 tahun yang lalu (18 July 1993)
Sayap beliaYoung NZ First
IdeologiNasionalisme[2][3]
Populisme[4][5][6]
Faham perlindungan[7][8]
Konservatisme sosial[9]
Kedudukan politikSentris[10][11][12][13]
Penggabungan antarabangsaNot affiliated
Warna rasmi     Hitam
Bil. anggota dalam Dewan Rakyat New Zealand
9 / 120
Tapak web
www.nzfirst.org.nz
Politik New Zealand
Parti politik
Pilihan raya

New Zealand First ("New Zealand Diutamakan", NZ First,[14]Bahasa Māori: [Aotearoa Tuatahi] error: {{lang}}: teks mempunyai penanda italik (bantuan)),[15] ialah sebuah parti politik berfahaman nasionalis dan populis di New Zealand.[2][4][5][6] Ia ditubuhkan pada bulan Julai 1993 berikutan peletakkan jawatan penubuhnya, Winston Peters daripada Parti Nasional New Zealand. Ia telah membentuk kerajaan bersama parti-parti utama dalam New Zealand baik bersama Parti Nasional yang berhaluan kanan (1996-1998) Parti Buruh (2005-2008, 2017-kini).

Keputusan pilihan raya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Parlimen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun pilihan raya # calon dinamakan
(electorate/list)
# kerusi dimenangi # undian parti % undian ramai Pemerintah atau pembangkang
1993 84/0
2 / 99
161,481 8.40% Pembangkang
1996 65/62
17 / 120
276,603 13.35% Bergabung dengan Parti Nasional
1999 67/40
5 / 120
87,926 4.26% Crossbenches
2002[16] 24/22
13 / 120
210,912 10.38% Crossbenches
2005 40/40
7 / 121
130,115 5.72% Keyakinan dan pembekalan bersama Parti Buruh
2008 22/22
0 / 122
95,356 4.07% N/A
2011 32/33
8 / 121
147,544 6.59% Pembangkang
2014 31/31
11 / 121
208,300 8.66% Pembangkang
2017 56/57
9 / 120
186,706 7.20% Bergabung dengan Parti Buruh

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "NZ First Ministers and MPs come out of the shadows". Politik. 2 Oktober 2018.
  2. ^ a b Webb, Paul (2002). Political Parties in Advanced Industrial Democracies (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Oxford University Press. m/s. 409. ISBN 9780199240555.
  3. ^ "NZ gets anti-migrant foreign minister – World – theage.com.au". The Age (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 18 October 2005. Dicapai pada 19 June 2017.
  4. ^ a b Boston, Jonathan (2003). New Zealand Votes: The General Election of 2002 (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Victoria University Press. m/s. 240. ISBN 9780864734686.
  5. ^ a b Bale, Tim; Blomgren, Magnus (2008), "Close but no cigar?: Newly governing and nearly governing parties in Sweden and New Zealand", New Parties in Government, Routledge, m/s. 94, ISBN 9780415404990
  6. ^ a b Betz, Hans-Georg; Immerfall, Stefan, para penyunting (1998). "New Zealand First". The New Politics of the Right: Neo-populist Parties and Movements in Established Democracies. St Martin's Press.
  7. ^ "New Zealand election: Winston Peters 'kingmaker' in hung parliament as nation awaits result". Australian Broadcasting Corporation. 24 September 2017.
  8. ^ Goldblatt, David (2005). Governance in the Asia-Pacific. Routledge. m/s. 121.
  9. ^ Karl R. DeRouen; Paul Bellamy (2008). International Security and the United States: An Encyclopedia. Greenwood Publishing Group. m/s. 528. ISBN 978-0-275-99255-2.
  10. ^ "New Zealand profile – Timeline". BBC News. 12 Disember 2016. Dicapai pada 26 Jun 2017.
  11. ^ Roper, Juliet; Holtz-Bacha, Christina; Mazzoleni, Gianpietro (2004). The Politics of Representation: Election Campaigning and Proportional Representation (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Peter Lang. m/s. 40. ISBN 9780820461489.
  12. ^ New Zealand Country Study Guide Strategic Information and Developments. Intl Business Pubns USA. 2012. m/s. 36. ISBN 1-4387-7517-2.
  13. ^ Deschouwer, Kris (2008). New Parties in Government: In Power for the First Time. Routledge. m/s. 86. ISBN 9781134136407.
  14. ^ "New Zealand First Party" (dalam bahasa Inggeris). New Zealand Parliament Pāremata Aotearoa. Dicapai pada 25 Julai 2017.
  15. ^ "Ngā Rōpū Pāremata" (dalam bahasa Maori). New Zealand Parliament Pāremata Aotearoa. Dicapai pada 5 May 2017.
  16. ^ "Official Count Results – Overall Status". Electoral Commission. Dicapai pada 7 August 2013.

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