Nilai not

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Bahagian dalam not

Dalam notasi muzik, nilia not menunjukkan tempoh relatif bagi satu not, menggunakan tekstur atau bentuk kepala not, kehadiran aatau ketiadaan batang, dan kehadiran atau ketiadaan bendera/alang/cangkuk/ekor.

Tanda rehat menunjukkan a silence of an equivalent duration.

Senarai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Not Tanda rehat Nama not Nilai relatif Nilai bertitik Nilai dwititik Nilai trititik
Music-octwholenote.svg Maxima rest.svg large, duplex longa, atau maksima[1][2]
(kadang kala not lapanan,[3] not penuh lapanan,[4] atau not muzik seluruh lapanan)[5]
8 8 + 4
= 12
8 + 4 + 2
= 14
8 + 4 + 2 + 1
= 15
Longa.gif Longa rest.svg long[2][6][7] atau longa[8]
(kadang kala not empatan[9] atau not penuh empatan)[4]
4 4 + 2
= 6
4 + 2 + 1
= 7
4 + 2 + 1 + 1/2
= 7 1/2
Breve.gif Breve rest.svg brif 2 2 + 1
= 3
2 + 1 + 1/2
= 3 1/2
2 + 1 + 1/2 + 1/4
= 3 3/4
Whole note.gif Whole rest.svg semibref 1 1 + 1/2
= 1 1/2
1 + 1/2 + 1/4
= 1 3/4
1 + 1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8
= 1 7/8
Half note.gif Half rest.svg minim 1/2 1/2 + 1/4
= 3/4
1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8
= 7/8
1/2 + 1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16
= 15/16
Quarter note.gif Crotchet rest alt plain-svg.svg atau Crotchet rest plain-svg.svg krocet 1/4 1/4 + 1/8
= 3/8
1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16
= 7/16
1/4 + 1/8 + 1/16 + 1/32
= 15/32
Eighth note.gif Eighth rest.svg kuaver 1/8 1/8 + 1/16
= 3/16
1/8 + 1/16 + 1/32
= 7/32
1/8 + 1/16 + 1/32 + 1/64
= 15/64
Sixteenth note.gif 16th rest.svg semikuaver 1/16 1/16 + 1/32
= 3/32
1/16 + 1/32 + 1/64
= 7/64
1/16 + 1/32 + 1/64 + 1/128
= 15/128
32nd note.svg 32nd rest.svg demisemikuaver 1/32 1/32 + 1/64
= 3/64
1/32 + 1/64 + 1/128
= 7/128
1/32 + 1/64 + 1/128 + 1/256
= 15/256
64th note.svg 64th rest.svg hemidemi semikuaver 1/64 1/64 + 1/128
= 3/128
1/64 + 1/128 + 1/256
= 7/256
1/64 + 1/128 + 1/256 + 1/512
= 15/512
Quintuple-croche tête en bas.svg 128th rest.svg semihemidemisemikuaver[10][11] (jarang) 1/128 1/128 + 1/256
= 3/256
1/128 + 1/256 + 1/512
= 7/512
1/128 + 1/256 + 1/512 + 1/1024
= 15/1024
Semigarrapatea.svg Silencio de semigarrapatea.svg demisemihemidemisemikuaver[4] (jarang) 1/256 1/256 + 1/512
= 3/512
1/256 + 1/512 + 1/1024
= 7/1024
1/256 + 1/512 + 1/1024 + 1/2048
= 15/2048

Ragaman[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kelainan brif

Brif tampil dalam beberapa versi yang berbeza, seperti yang ditunjuk di kanan. Dua yang pertama biasa digunakan; yang ketiga pula pilihan bergaya.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ William Smythe, Babcock Mathews, and Emil Liebling, "Large", Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of Music (Cincinnati, New York, London: J. Church and Company, 1896).
  2. ^ a b Theodore Baker, A Dictionary of Musical Terms: Containing Upwards of 9,000 English, French, German, Italian, Latin, and Greek Words and Phrases, third edition, revised and enlarged (New York: G. Schirmer, 1897): 131.
  3. ^ Ray M. Owen "Glossary of Film Terms: Normal v — Noth". SoundsOfNewMexico.com, 2012. Diarkibkan 13 August 2016 di Wayback Machine. MC Peko, "bpm calc 2.2 // for calculating and visualizing bpm and related values // help // change-log // open source: zip js". Focus Studios, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c Kartik Asooja, Sindhu Kiranmai, and Paul Buitelaar "UNLP at the C@merata Task: Question Answering on Musical Scores ACM"
  5. ^ Anonymous, "My Ambient Sounds—Sleeping Music & Ambient Soundscape Mixer to Help You Sleep Better Now" (10 February 2016) Main Facts.biz (accessed 18 June 2016).
  6. ^ Music Dictionary (Do–Dq) Dolmetsch.com (accessed 4 February 2015).
  7. ^ William Smythe, Babcock Mathews, and Emil Liebling, "Double Note", Pronouncing and Defining Dictionary of Music (Cincinnati, New York, London: J. Church and Company, 1896).
  8. ^ John Morehen and Richard Rastall, "Note values"", The New Grove Dictionary of Music and Musicians, second edition, edited by Stanley Sadie and John Tyrrell (London: Macmillan Publishers, 2001).
  9. ^ John Freckleton Burrowes, Burrowes' Piano-forte Primer: Containing the Rudiments of Music Adapted for Either Private Tuition Or Teaching in Classes Together with a Guide to Practice, new edition, revised and modernized, with important additions,m by L.H. Southard (Boston and New York: Oliver Ditson, 1874): 41. Hendrik Van der Werf,.. The Oldest Extant Part Music and the Origin of Western Polyphony, 2 vols (Rochester, NY: H. van der Werf, 1993:. 1:97.
  10. ^ Robert J. Miller (2015). Contemporary Orchestration: A Practical Guide to Instruments, Ensembles, and Musicians. London: Routledge. m/s. 38. ISBN 978-0-415-74190-3. 
  11. ^ David Haas (2011). "Shostakovich's Second Piano Sonata: A Composition Recital in Three Styles". dalam Pauline Fairclough; David Fanning (eds.). The Cambridge Companion to Shostakovich. Cambridge Companions to Music. Cambridge and New York: Cambridge University Press. m/s. 95–114. doi:10.1017/CCOL9780521842204.006. ISBN 978-1-139-00195-3. The listener is right to suspect a Baroque reference when a double-dotted rhythmic gesture and semihemidemisemiquaver triplets appear to ornament the theme. (p. 112)

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Notasi muzik Templat:Nilai not muzik Templat:Rhythm and meter