NoFap

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NoFap
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Dilancarkan pada20 Jun 2011; 11 tahun yang lalu (2011-06-20) (subreddit)
Status terkiniAktif

NoFap ialah laman web dan forum komuniti yang berfungsi sebagai kumpulan sokongan bagi mereka yang ingin melepaskan pornografi dan melancap.[1][2][3] Namanya berasal dari istilah slanga 'fap', merujuk kepada melancap lelaki.[4] Walaupun alasan untuk mengelakkan ini berbeza mengikut individu, motivasi utama yang dikutip adalah berusaha mengatasi ketagihan terhadap pornografi[a][5][6] atau tingkah laku seksual kompulsif lain.[7][8] Sebab lain termasuk alasan agama dan moral, peningkatan diri, dan kepercayaan fizikal yang tidak disokong oleh perubatan.[9][10]

Pandangan dan usaha kumpulan itu untuk memerangi ketagihan pornografi telah dikritik sebagai kesederhanaan, ketinggalan zaman, dan salah oleh ahli sains saraf, psikologi, dan profesional perubatan lain,[10][11][12][13] dengan sains yang dikatakan di sebalik aktiviti kumpulan itu mengatakan berasal dari aktivis anti-porno Gary Wilson, "seorang lelaki Oregon tanpa latihan ilmiah atau latar belakang, yang telah membuat kerjaya menjajakan ilmu pseudosains."[14]

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Walaupun istilah 'ketagihan' sering digunakan, ketagihan pornografi bukanlah ketagihan dalam arti sebenarnya dari gangguan otak, dan sebaliknya lebih sesuai dengan kecanduan tingkah laku. Ketagihan terhadap pornografi tidak diakui sebagai diagnosis perubatan yang sah.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Cowell, Tom (17 September 2013). "No fapping, please, it's making us ill". The Telegraph. London, England: Telegraph Media Group. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada June 10, 2015. Dicapai pada 22 May 2015. So why are men doing it, and what happens when they do? "Why" can be answered two ways: some see a medical problem in chronic masturbation, others a spiritual one.
  2. ^ McMahon, Tamsin (20 January 2014). "Will quitting porn improve your life?: A growing 'NoFap' movement of young men are saying no to porn and masturbation". Maclean's. Toronto, Canada: Rogers Media. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada May 2, 2015. Dicapai pada 22 May 2015. Despite the evangelical tone, NoFap is fundamentally different from traditional campaigns that view masturbation as an assault on religious values. Instead, it is developing as a secular movement popular among young men, many of whom identify as liberal and atheist. The majority of NoFap members are men in their teens and early 20s, though there are women, too, says Alexander Rhodes, the 23-year-old web developer from Pittsburgh who founded the movement two years ago. He estimates about 60 per cent are atheists; the site is also home to a fair number of Christians and some Muslims, all in broad agreement that porn is harmful.
  3. ^ Imhoff, Roland; Zimmer, Felix (2020-04-30). "Men's Reasons to Abstain from Masturbation May Not Reflect the Conviction of "reboot" Websites". Archives of Sexual Behavior (dalam bahasa Inggeris). 49 (5): 1429–1430. doi:10.1007/s10508-020-01722-x. ISSN 0004-0002. PMC 7300076. PMID 32356083. We recently published a paper titled "Abstinence from Masturbation and Hypersexuality" (Zimmer & Imhoff, 2020) in which we tried to explore correlates of men's motivation to stay abstinent from masturbation. In motivating the study, we pointed to existing discourses around the topic and cited different protagonists within this debate (e.g., the Web sites "nofap.org" and "rebootnation.org").
  4. ^ Love, Dylan (28 November 2013). "Inside NoFap, The Reddit Community For People Who Want To Be 'Masters Of Their Domain'". www.businessinsider.com. Business Insider. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada July 9, 2019. Dicapai pada 3 August 2019.
  5. ^ Weir, Kirsten (April 2014). "Is pornography addictive?". Monitor on Psychology. 45 (4): 46. ISSN 1529-4978. OCLC 612512821. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2014-04-05.
  6. ^ Allez, Glyn Hudson, penyunting (4 June 2014). "Chapter Ten. The pleasure, the power, and the perils of Internet pornography". Sexual Diversity and Sexual Offending: Research, Assessment, and Clinical Treatment in Psychosexual Therapy. Karnac Books. m/s. 161. ISBN 978-1-78181-368-3. Dicapai pada 27 April 2019.
  7. ^ ""About community" section". Reddit. Dicapai pada 16 May 2021. A porn addiction and compulsive sexual behavior recovery peer support forum.
  8. ^ "NoFap Website". NoFap. Second line (after slogan). Dicapai pada 16 May 2021. NoFap™ is a secular community-centered sexual health platform designed to help you overcome porn addiction, porn overuse, and compulsive sexual behavior. We're here to help you quit or reduce porn use, improve your relationships, and reach your sexual health goals.
  9. ^ "What to know about the possible benefits of NoFap". Medical News Today. September 29, 2020.
  10. ^ a b Zimmer, F.; Imhoff, R. (2020-03-04). "Abstinence from Masturbation and Hypersexuality" (PDF). Archives of Sexual Behavior. 49 (4): 1333–1343. doi:10.1007/s10508-019-01623-8. PMC 7145784. PMID 32130561. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal (PDF) pada May 20, 2020. As visible from zero-order correlations and multiple linear regression, motivation for abstinence was mostly associated with attitudinal correlates, specifically the perception of masturbation as unhealthy. While there were associations with hypersexuality, no significant correlation with behavioral markers such as maximum number of orgasms was found. Higher abstinence motivation was related to a higher perceived impact of masturbation, conservatism, and religiosity and to lower trust in science. We argue that research on abstinence from masturbation can enrich the understanding of whether and how average frequencies of healthy behavior are pathologized.
  11. ^ Galager, Sophie (2019-08-19). "The Rise Of NoFap: Why Young Men Are Quitting Masturbation The NoFap community has grown alongside the rise in internet porn – but is it helping anyone?". Huff Post UK. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada November 2, 2020. Dicapai pada April 21, 2020.
  12. ^ Ley, David. "The NoFap Phenomenon". Psychology Today. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada March 24, 2017. Dicapai pada 10 June 2015.
  13. ^ Coon, Dennis; Mitterer, John O. (2014). "11. Gender and Sexuality". Introduction to Psychology: Gateways to Mind and Behavior (ed. 14). Cengage Learning. m/s. 363. ISBN 978-1-305-54500-7. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada June 14, 2020. Dicapai pada January 7, 2017. Is there any way that masturbation can cause harm? Seventy years ago, a child might have been told that masturbation would cause insanity, acne, sterility, or other such nonsense. "Self-abuse," as it was then called, has enjoyed a long and unfortunate history of religious and medical disapproval (Caroll, 2013). The modern view is that masturbation is a normal sexual behavior (Hogarth & Ingham, 2009). Enlightened parents are well aware of this fact. Still, many children are punished or made to feel guilty for touching their genitals. This is unfortunate because masturbation itself is harmless. Typically, its only negative effects are feelings of fear, guilt, or anxiety that arise from learning to think of masturbation as "bad" or "wrong." In an age when people are urged to practice "safer sex," masturbation remains the safest sex of all.
  14. ^ Watson, Brian (2020). "The New Censorship: Anti-sexuality Groups and Library Freedom". Journal of Intellectual Freedom and Privacy. 4 (4): 19–28. doi:10.5860/jifp.v4i4.7177.

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