Orthomyxoviridae

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Orthomyxovirus
Pengelasan virus
Group: Kumpulan V ((−)ssRNA)
Alam: Virus
Filum: Negarnaviricota
Kelas: Insthoviricetes
Order: Articulavirales
Keluarga: Orthomyxoviridae
Genera
Influenza
Flu und legende color c.jpg

Orthomyxoviridae (daripada ὀρθός, orthós dan μύξα, mýxa, "lurus" dan "mukus" masing-masing dalam bahasa Yunani)[1] ialah sebuah keluaga virus RNA. Keluarga ini memiliki tujuh genus, yakni empat virus influenza, Virus influenza A, Virus influenza B, Virus influenza C serta Virus influenza D, Isavirus, Quaranjavirus dan Thogotovirus.

Pengelasan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Genus serta serotip virus-virus di bawah Orthomyxoviridae adalah seperti yang berikut:

Genus, spesis dan serotip Orthomyxoviridae
Genus Spesis Serotip atau subjenis Hos
Virus influenza A Virus influenza A H1N1, H1N2, H2N2, H3N1, H3N2, H3N8, H5N1, H5N2, H5N3, H5N8, H5N9, H7N1, H7N2, H7N3, H7N4, H7N7, H7N9, H9N2, H10N7 Manusia, khinzir, burung, kuda, kelwar
Influenza virus B Virus influenza B Victoria, Yamagata[2] Manusia, anjing laut
Influenza virus C Virus influenza C Manusia, khinzir, anjing
Influenza virus D Virus influenza D Khinzir, lembu
Isavirus Virus anemia salmon berjangkit Salmon Atlantik
Thogotovirus Thogotovirus Sengkenit, nyamuk, mamalia (termasuk manusia)
Virus Dhori Virus Batken, Virus Bourbon, Virus Jos
Quaranjavirus[3]
Virus Quaranfil, Virus Atol Johnston

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ International Committee on Taxonomy of Viruses Index of Viruses — Orthomyxovirus (2006). In: ICTVdB—The Universal Virus Database, version 4. Büchen-Osmond, C (Ed), Columbia University, New York.
  2. ^ Biere B, Bauer B, Schweiger B (April 2010). "Differentiation of influenza B virus lineages Yamagata and Victoria by real-time PCR" (PDF). Journal of Clinical Microbiology. 48 (4): 1425–7. doi:10.1128/JCM.02116-09. PMC 2849545Boleh dicapai secara percuma. PMID 20107085. 
  3. ^ ICTV Taxonomy History, ICTV, 2014, dicapai 6 Jun 2006