Pemerintahan Austria-Hungary di Bosnia dan Herzegovina

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Kondominium Bosnia dan Herzegovina

1878–1918
Bendera Bosnia dan Herzegovina
{{{coat_alt}}}
Bendera Lambang
Bosnia dan Herzegovina (dalam warna ungu) dalam Austria-Hungary
Bosnia dan Herzegovina (dalam warna ungu) dalam Austria-Hungary
Statussebahagian daripada Austria-Hungary
Ibu negaraSarajevo
KerajaanRaja Berperlembagaan
Maharaja-Raja Austria-Hungary 
• 1878–1916
Francis Joseph I
• 1916–1918
Charles I
Menteri Kewangan Bersama 
• 1878–1880
de [Leopold von Hofmann]
• 1918
Alexander Spitzmüller
Gabenor 
• 1878
Josip Filipović
• 1914–1918
Stjepan Sarkotić
PerundanganDiet (selepas 1910)
Era sejarahPenjajahan baru / Perang Dunia I
13 Julai 1878
7 Oktober 1908
• Pemisahan
1 Disember 1918
Keluasan
187951,082 km2 (19,723 bt2)
Penduduk
• 1879
1184164
• 1885
1336091
• 1895
1568092
• 1910
1898044
Mata wangKrone
Didahului oleh
Diganti oleh
Vilayet Bosnia
Negeri Slovene, Croat dan Serb

Bosnia dan Herzegovina jatuh ke bawah pemerintahan Austria-Hungary pada tahun 1878 apabila Kongres Berlin meluluskan pendudukan di Vilayet Bosnia, yang mana secara rasminya adalah sebahagian daripada Empayar Uthmaniyyah. Tiga dekad kemudian, iaitu pada tahun 1908, Austria-Hungary merangsang krisis Bosnia dengan secara rasminya mengilhak zon yang diduduki, mengasaskan Kondominium Bosnia dan Herzegovina di bawah kawalan bersama Austria dan Hungary.

Parti parlimen[sunting | sunting sumber]

Parti bukan parlimen[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Parti Progresif Muslim (Muslimanska napredna stranka)
  • Demokrasi Muslim (Muslimanska demokracija)
  • Parti Kebebasan Rakyat Serbia (Srpska narodna nezavisna stranka)
  • Parti Sosialdemocratik Bosnia dan Herzegovina (Socijaldemokratska stranka Bosne i Hercegvoine)

Demografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Census of Bosnia, 1879, Bosnia
First Austro-Hungarian Census of the Sanjak of Bosnia (Bosnia and Herzegovina) in 1879 after the dissolution of the Bosnian Viyalet.
Population of Bosnia and Herzegovina by Religion 1879–1910[1]
Bancian Muslim Ortodoks Katolik Yahudi Jumlah
Jumlah Peratus Jumlah Peratus Jumlah Peratus Jumlah Peratus
1879 448,613 38.7% 496,485 42.9% 209,391 18.1% 3,675 0.3% 1,158,440
1885 492,710 36.9% 571,250 42.8% 265,788 19.9% 5,805 0.4% 1,336,091
1895 548,632 35.0% 673,246 42.9% 334,142 21.3% 8,213 0.5% 1,568,092
1910 612,137 32.2% 825,418 43.5% 434,061 22.9% 11,868 0.6% 1,898,044


Gabenor[sunting | sunting sumber]

Potret Nama
(Lahir–Mati)
Tempoh memegang jawatan Etnik
1 Joseph Philippovich von Philippsberg.jpg Josip Filipović
(1818–1889)
13 Julai 1878 18 November 1878 Croat
2 William of Württemberg.jpg Wilhelm von Württemberg
(1828–1896)
18 November 1878 6 April 1881 Jerman
3 Hermann Dahlen von Orlaburg 1870.png Hermann Dahlen von Orlaburg
(1828–1887)
6 April 1881 9 Ogos 1882 Jerman
4 Johann von Appel 1900.jpg Johann von Appel
(1826–1906)
9 Ogos 1882 8 Disember 1903 Jerman
5 Eugen von Albori 1900.jpg Eugen von Albori
(1838–1915)
8 Disember 1903 25 Jun 1907 Jerman
6 Anton Winzor.jpg Anton von Winzor
(1844–1910)
30 Jun 1907 7 Mac 1909 Jerman
7 GdI Marian Varesanin von Vares 1909 Eugen Schöfer.jpg Marijan Varešanin
(1847–1917)
7 Mac 1909 10 Mei 1911 Croat
8 Potiorek oskar fzm 1853 1933 photo2.jpg Oskar Potiorek
(1853–1933)
10 Mei 1911 22 Disember 1914 Slovene
9 Sarkotic.jpg Stjepan Sarkotić
(1858–1939)
22 Disember 1914 3 November 1918 Croat

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Petikan
  1. ^ Velikonja 2003, m/s. 130-135.
Bibliografi
  • Džaja, Srećko M. (1994). Bosnien-Herzegowina in der österreichisch-ungarischen Epoche 1878–1918 (dalam bahasa German). Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag. ISBN 3-486-56079-4.Selenggaraan CS1: bahasa tidak dikenali (link)
  • Krišto, Jure (November 2006). "Ivo Pilar's Role in the Organization of Croats in Bosnia and Hercegovina". PILAR - Croatian Journal of Social Sciences and Humanities. Croatian History Institute (2). ISSN 1846-3010.
  • Rothenberg, Gunther E. (1976). The Army of Francis Joseph. Purdue University Press. ISBN 978-1-55753-145-2.
  • Zovko, Ljubomir (2007). Studije iz pravne povijesti Bosne i Hercegovine: 1878. - 1941 (dalam bahasa Croatian). University of Mostar. ISBN 978-9958-9271-2-6.Selenggaraan CS1: bahasa tidak dikenali (link)
  • Oršolić, Tado (June 2000). "Sudjelovanje dalmatinskih postrojbi u zaposjedanju Bosne i Hercegovine 1878" (PDF). Radovi / Institute for historical sciences in Zadar (dalam bahasa Croatian). Croatian Academy of Sciences and Arts. ISSN 1330-0474. Dicapai pada 2011-01-13.Selenggaraan CS1: bahasa tidak dikenali (link)
  • Velikonja, Mitja (2003). Religious Separation and Political Intolerance in Bosnia-Herzegovina. Texas A&M University Press. ISBN 1-58544-226-7.
  • Europa Publications, penyunting (2003). Central and South-Eastern Europe 2004. ISBN 978-1-85743-186-5.
  • Sugar, Peter F. (1963). Industrialization of Bosnia-Hercegovina: 1878–1918. University of Washington Press. m/s. 201. ISBN 978-0295738147.
  • Ramet, Sabrina P. (2008). "Nationalism and the 'Idiocy' of the Countryside: The Case of Serbia". Serbia, Croatia and Slovenia at Peace and at War: Selected Writings, 1983–2007. LIT Verlag Münster. ISBN 3-03735-912-9.
  • Banac, Ivo (1988). The National Question in Yugoslavia: Origins, History, Politics. Cornell University Press. ISBN 0-8014-9493-1.
  • Okey, Robert (1992). "State, Church and Nation in the Serbo-Croat Speaking Lands of the Habsburg Monarchy, 1850–1914". Religion, State and Ethnic Groups. New York University Press. ISBN 1-85521-089-4.

Templat:Subdivisions of Austria-Hungary