Penyakit usus radang

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Penyakit usus radang
Cryptitis high mag.jpg
Mikrograf menunjukkan keradangan usus besar dalam kes penyakit usus radang. Biopsi kolonik. H & E noda.
PakarGastroenterologi
Keadaan serupaGastroenteritis, Sindrom Rengsa Usus, penyakit seliak
Kekerapan11.2 juta seluruh dunia (2015)[1]
Kematian47,400 seluruh dunia (2015)[2]

Penyakit usus radang (IBD) ialah kumpulan keradangan usus dan usus kecil. Penyakit Crohn dan kolitis ulseratif adalah jenis utama penyakit radang usus. Penyakit Crohn menjejaskan usus kecil dan usus besar, serta mulut, esofagus, perut dan dubur, sedangkan kolitis ulseratif terutama memberi kesan kepada kolon dan rektum.[3][4]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ GBD 2015 Disease and Injury Incidence and Prevalence Collaborators (October 2016). "Global, regional, and national incidence, prevalence, and years lived with disability for 310 diseases and injuries, 1990-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1545–1602. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31678-6. PMC 5055577. PMID 27733282.
  2. ^ "Global, regional, and national life expectancy, all-cause mortality, and cause-specific mortality for 249 causes of death, 1980-2015: a systematic analysis for the Global Burden of Disease Study 2015". Lancet. 388 (10053): 1459–1544. October 2016. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(16)31012-1. PMC 5388903. PMID 27733281.
  3. ^ Baumgart DC, Carding SR (May 2007). "Inflammatory bowel disease: cause and immunobiology". Lancet. 369 (9573): 1627–40. doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(07)60750-8. PMID 17499605.
  4. ^ Xavier RJ, Podolsky DK (July 2007). "Unravelling the pathogenesis of inflammatory bowel disease". Nature. 448 (7152): 427–34. doi:10.1038/nature06005. PMID 17653185.

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