Perdana Menteri Israel
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Politik dan pemerintahan
Perdana Menteri Israel (Bahasa Ibrani: Rosh HaMemshala Bahasa Ibrani: ראש הממשלה, harfiah Ketua Kerajaan) merupakan ketua kerajaan Israel. Selepas pilihanraya, Presiden melantik Perdana Menteri selepas menanya para pemimpin parti siapa yang mereka sokong untuk memegang jawatan ini, walaupun dari tahun 1996 hingga 2001 Perdana Menteri dipilih dalam pengundian yang berlainan dengan Knesset.
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Jika Perdana Menteri meninggal dunia, Kabinet akan memilih Perdana Menteri yang baru, dan seseorang Perdana Menteri Interim akan memimpin kerajaan.
Mengikut undang-undang Israel, jika Perdana Menteri tidak dapat menjalankan tugasya, Timbalan Perdana Menteri akan mengambil alih buat sementara. Kalau Perdana Menteri tidak dapat bertugas buat selama-lamanya, Timbalan akan terus menjawat selama 100 hari.
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2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as acting prime minister until he was replaced by Meir.
3 Rabin stepped back after a number of scandals. Legally he could not resign. Peres informally replaced Yitzhak Rabin until the 1977 elections. Yitzhak Rabin took over control again until Begin's first government was formed.
4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of prime minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as prime minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became prime minister again.
6 On 21 November 2005, PM Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.
7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on January 4 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Bahasa Ibrani: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה) from January 4  to April 14, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." In Sharon's case, this occurred on April 14, 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister.
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