Perdana Menteri Israel

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Perdana Menteri Israel (Bahasa Ibrani: Rosh HaMemshala Bahasa Ibrani: ראש הממשלה, harfiah Ketua Kerajaan) merupakan ketua kerajaan Israel. Selepas pilihanraya, Presiden melantik Perdana Menteri selepas menanya para pemimpin parti siapa yang mereka sokong untuk memegang jawatan ini, walaupun dari tahun 1996 hingga 2001 Perdana Menteri dipilih dalam pengundian yang berlainan dengan Knesset.

Turutan peralihan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Jika Perdana Menteri meninggal dunia, Kabinet akan memilih Perdana Menteri yang baru,[1] dan seseorang Perdana Menteri Interim akan memimpin kerajaan.

Mengikut undang-undang Israel, jika Perdana Menteri tidak dapat menjalankan tugasya, Timbalan Perdana Menteri akan mengambil alih buat sementara. Kalau Perdana Menteri tidak dapat bertugas buat selama-lamanya, Timbalan akan terus menjawat selama 100 hari.

Senarai[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nama Mula Tamat Parti
1. David Ben-Gurion 14 Mei 1948 7 Disember 1953 Mapai
2. Moshe Sharett 7 Disember 1953 2 November 1955 Mapai
David Ben-Gurion 2 November 1955 21 Jun 1963 Mapai
3. Levi Eshkol 1 21 Jun 1963 1 November 1965 Mapai
Levi Eshkol 2 1 November 1965 26 Februari 1969 Alignment
3b. Yigal Allon (sementara) 2 26 Februari 1969 17 Mac 1969 Alignment
4. Golda Meir 17 Mac 1969 3 Jun 1974 Alignment
5. Yitzhak Rabin 3 Jun 1974 22 April 1977 Alignment
5b. Shimon Peres (sementara) 3 22 April 1977 21 Jun 1977 Alignment
6. Menachem Begin 21 Jun 1977 10 Oktober 1983 Likud
7. Yitzhak Shamir 10 Oktober 1983 14 September 1984 Likud
8. Shimon Peres 4 14 September 1984 20 Oktober 1986 Alignment
Yitzhak Shamir 4 20 Oktober 1986 13 Julai 1992 Likud
Yitzhak Rabin 5 13 Julai 1992 4 November 1995 Buruh
Shimon Peres 5 4 November 1995 18 Jun 1996 Buruh
9. Benjamin Netanyahu 18 Jun 1996 6 Julai 1999 Likud
10. Ehud Barak 6 Julai 1999 7 Mac 2001 Buruh
11. Ariel Sharon 6 7 Mac 2001 21 November 2005 Likud
Ariel Sharon 6 7 21 November 2005 4 Januari 2006 Kadima
11b. Ehud Olmert (sementara)7 4 Januari 2006 14 April 2006 Kadima
12. Ehud Olmert 7 14 April 2006 31 Mac 2009 Kadima
9. Benjamin Netanyahu 31 Mac 2009 kini Likud

1 In 1965 Mapai merged with Labour Unity to form the Labour Alignment, later renamed Alignment.

2 Eshkol died while in office. Yigal Allon briefly served as acting prime minister until he was replaced by Meir.

3 Rabin stepped back after a number of scandals. Legally he could not resign. Peres informally replaced Yitzhak Rabin until the 1977 elections. Yitzhak Rabin took over control again until Begin's first government was formed.

4 After the 1984 elections, Likud and the Alignment reached a coalition agreement by which the role of prime minister would be rotated mid-term between them. Shimon Peres of the Alignment served as prime minister for the first two years, and then the role was passed to Yitzhak Shamir. After the 1988 election Likud was able to govern without the Alignment, and Yitzhak Shamir became prime minister again.

5 Rabin was assassinated while in office. Shimon Peres served as acting PM until 22 November 1995.

6 On 21 November 2005, PM Sharon, along with several other ministers and MKs, split from Likud over the issue of disengagement from the Gaza Strip and negotiations over the final status of the West Bank. Sharon formed a new party, Kadima, which would go on to compete in the following elections of March 2006. Sharon continued as Prime Minister.

7 As the result of Ariel Sharon suffering a severe stroke on January 4 2006, and being put under general anaesthetic, Ehud Olmert served as the Acting Prime Minister (Bahasa Ibrani: ממלא מקום ראש הממשלה) from January 4 [2] to April 14, according to Basic Law: The Government: "Should the Prime Minister be temporarily unable to discharge his duties, his place will be filled by the Acting Prime Minister. After the passage of 100 days upon which the Prime Minister does not resume his duties, the Prime Minister will be deemed permanently unable to exercise his office." In Sharon's case, this occurred on April 14, 2006, upon which Olmert became Interim Prime Minister.[3]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Q&A: Israel's political future BBC News, 11 Januari 2006
  2. ^ Ehud Olmert, MK Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs
  3. ^ Basic Law: The Government (2001) Israeli Ministry of Foreign Affairs, 7 March 2001

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