Peter Jackson

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Sir

Peter Jackson

ONZ, KNZM
PeterJacksonCCJuly09.jpg
Peter Jackson di 2009 San Diego Comic-Con International
Kelahiran
Peter Robert Jackson

(1961-10-31) 31 Oktober 1961 (umur 59)
PekerjaanPengarah filem, penerbit filem, penulis skrip lakon layar
Tahun aktif1976–kini
Nilai bersih$500 juta NZ
PasanganFran Walsh (1987–kini)

Sir Peter Robert Jackson ONZ,[2][3] KNZM[4] (lahir pada 31 Oktober 1961) ialah pengarah filem, penerbit, pelakon, dan penulis skrip lakon layar dari New Zealand. Beliau dikenali dengan trilogi filem The Lord of the Rings (2001 hingga 2003) dan The Hobbit (2012 hingga 2014) adaptasi novel berjudul sama karya J. R. R. Tolkien.

Beliau mengasaskan syarikat kesan visual khas Weta Digital bersama Richard Taylor dan Jamie Selkirk.[5]

Biografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Awal hidup dan pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Peter lahir di Wellington pada 31 October 1961[6]:25[7] kepada Joan Ruck,[6]:20[8] seorang pekerja kilang dan suri rumah dan serta William "Bill" Jackson, seorang kerani; dua-dua mereka imigran England.[9][10] Beliau dibesarkan di Teluk Pukerua.[11]

Beliau berminat terhadap seni filem melalui tontonan filem-filem Ray Harryhausen serta rancangan televisyen seperti Thunderbirds and Monty Python's Flying Circus. Beliau mula giat hobi membikin filem bersama rakan-rakannya setelah diberi hadiah suatu kamera Super 8 oleh seorang kenalan keluarganya.

Kerjaya perfileman awal[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kemasyhuran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Beliau membikin sebuah filem drama tahun 1994 berjudul Heavenly Creatures berdasarkan suatu kes pembunuhan yang dilakukan dua orang serakan di Christchurch terhadap ibu salah seorang mereka pada 1954.[12] Filem lakonan Melanie Lynskey dan Kate Winslet ini memenangi Singa Perak di Festival Filem Venezia serta suatu pencalonan Anugerah Akademi untuk kategori Lakon Layar Terbaik.[13] Syarikat Miramax turut mengambil perhatian karya ini dengan mengedarkan dan mempromosikan filem ini di AMerika Syarikat.[14]


Filemografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Filem cetera[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tahun Tajuk Sebagai
Pengarah filem Penulis lakon layar Penerbit filem Notes
1976 The Valley Ya Ya Ya Kameo: Prospector #4
Filem pendek; also cinematographer, editor, makeup designer, costume designer and special effects supervisor
1987 Bad Taste Ya Ya Ya Derek, Robert
Also editor, makeup effects supervisor and special effects supervisor
1989 Meet the Feebles Ya Ya Ya Kameo
Juga sebagai juruboneka dan jurukamera
1989 Worzel Gummidge Down Under Balbous Cauliflower No No No Penyumnang suara Jock
Juga terlibat dalam kesan khas
1992 Valley of the Stereos No No Ya Short film
Braindead Ya Ya No Kameo: jiga sebagai juruanimasi gerak henti
1994 Heavenly Creatures Ya Ya Ya Kameo sembunyi
1995 Forgotten Silver Ya Ya No Diri sendiri
1996 Jack Brown Genius No Ya Ya
The Frighteners Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Man with piercings
2001 The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameos: Albert Dreary eating carrot / painting of Bungo Baggins
2002 The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Rohan warrior throwing spear at the gate of Helms Deep
2003 The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Corsair of Umbar walking on deck
Bogans No No No Short film
Role: Himself[15]
The Long and Short of It No No Ya
(executive)
Short film
Role: Bus driver
2005 King Kong Ya Ya Ya Kameo
2007 Hot Fuzz No No No Kameo sembunyi
Entourage No No No Role: Himself
Episode: "Gary's Desk"
2008 Crossing the Line Ya Ya No Filem pendek
Over The Front: The Great War In The Air[16] Ya Ya Ya Documentary short film
2009 District 9 No No Ya
The Lovely Bones Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Man at pharmacy
2011 The Adventures of Tintin: The Secret of the Unicorn No No Ya
2012 West of Memphis No No Ya
The Hobbit: An Unexpected Journey Ya Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Dwarf fleeing from Smaug
2013 The Five(ish) Doctors Reboot No No No Cameo: Himself
The Hobbit: The Desolation of Smaug Ya Ya Ya Kameo sembunyi
2014 The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies Ya Ya Ya Kameobsembunyi: Painting of Bungo Baggins
2018 They Shall Not Grow Old Ya No Ya Dokumentari
Mortal Engines[17] No Ya Ya Uncredited cameo: Sooty Pete
TBA Let It Be Ya No Ya Dokumentari mengenai The Beatles

Filem pendek[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Jackson, Peter. "Peter Jackson FAQ". theonering.net. Diarkib daripada yang asal pada 25 December 2007. Dicapai pada 9 September 2012.
  2. ^ "The Queen's Birthday and Diamond Jubilee Honours List 2012". New Zealand Honours Lists. Department of the Prime Minister and Cabinet. Dicapai pada 29 June 2012.
  3. ^ Dastgheib, Shabnam (4 June 2012). "Peter Jackson Makes Order of New Zealand". Dominion Post. Dicapai pada 4 June 2012.
  4. ^ Tan, Lucinda (31 December 2009). "Better than the Oscars, says Sir Peter Jackson". New Zealand Herald. Dicapai pada 30 December 2009.
  5. ^ "From a draughty hut to Hollywood: the rise of Peter Jackson's secretive animation giant". The Guardian. 21 October 2016.
  6. ^ a b Pryor, Ian (2003). Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings. New York, NY, USA: Random House. ISBN 978-0-7528-6970-4. Dicapai pada 3 October 2015.
  7. ^ Pryor (2003), p. 25, op. cit., states "Shortly before sunset on October 31, Joan Jackson gave birth to her first child at Wellington Hospital."
  8. ^ Hill, Richard (2006). Richard Hill: The Autobiography (ed. Hardcover). Orion Books. m/s. 22. ISBN 1-86941-555-8.
  9. ^ "FilmReference.com". FilmReference.com. Dicapai pada 24 March 2010.
  10. ^ David Smith (30 November 2003). "King Kiwi". The Guardian. London. Dicapai pada 24 March 2010.
  11. ^ "Peter Jackson – Biography". NZ On Screen. Dicapai pada 16 January 2014.
  12. ^ Pryor, Ian. Peter Jackson: From Prince of Splatter to Lord of the Rings. m/s. 466.
  13. ^ Pulp Fiction Wins Original Scrennplay: 1995 Oscars
  14. ^ Thompson, Kristin. The Frodo Franchise: The Lord of the Rings and Modern Hollywood. m/s. 22.
  15. ^ "Bogans". NZ On Screen. Dicapai pada 21 January 2019.
  16. ^ [1] – Article about 'Over The Front: The Great War In The Air by Penny McLintock (Australian Broadcasting Corporation).
  17. ^ Lee, Ashley (24 November 2016). "Peter Jackson's 'Mortal Engines' Gets December 2018 Release". The Hollywood Reporter. Dicapai pada 7 December 2016.

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