Senarai pengembara angkasa mengikut nama

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Ini ialah senarai kesemua pengembara angkasa, mengikut abjad. Kriteria untuk menentukan siapakah yang mencapai penerbangan angkasa manusia berbeza-beza:

Kesemua lelaki dan wanita yang lain dalam senarai ini belayar dengan menggunakan roket tanpa sayap atau bolak-balik angkasa lepas orbital, kecuali dua juruterbang ujian Amerika Syarikat yang memasuki ruang angkasa lepas melalui kapal angkasa lepas roket SpaceShipOne Komposit Terskala suborbit.[1] Nama mereka yang maut sewaktu menjalani latihan untuk penerbangan angkasa lepas atau maut dalam misi yang gagal mencapai ketinggian yang diperlukan, misalnya Christa McAuliffe, boleh didapati dalam rencana bencana angkasa lepas. Senarai ini menepati kriteria FAI.

Menjelang 16 November 2009, sebanyak 510 orang dari 38 negara telah memasuki ruang angkasa lepas mengikut garis panduan FAI (516 orang melayakkan diri apabila pengelasan Kementerian Pertahanan Amerika Syarikat dimasukkan). Antara kesemua ini:

Pada keseluruhannya, pengembara angkasa telah menghabiskan 29,000 orang-hari (iaitu melebihi 77 tahun) di ruang angkasa, termasuk melebihi 100 orang-hari perjalanan kaki (di ruang angkasa).[2]

NOTA:
  • Nama dalam huruf italik ialah pengembara angkasa yang melewati orbit Bumi rendah;
  • Nama dalam huruf tebal ialah pengembara angkasa yang berjalan di atas bulan.
  • Bendera negara menunjukkan kerakyatan pengembara angkasa sewaktu melakukan penerbangan.
  • Tanda * di sebelah nama menunjukkan bahawa orang itu maut dalam penerbangan.


Isi kandungan
A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z

A[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Amerika Syarikat Joseph M. Acaba
  2. Amerika Syarikat Loren Acton
  3. Amerika Syarikat James Adamson
  4. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Viktor M. Afanasyev
  5. Amerika Syarikat Thomas Akers
  6. Jepun Toyohiro Akiyama, the first business-sponsored space traveler and the first Japanese in space.
  7. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Aksyonov
  8. Arab Saudi Sultan Salman Al Saud, first Saudi Arabian in space, only royal person in space, first middle eastern person in space.
  9. Amerika Syarikat Edwin Buzz Aldrin (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the second person to walk on the Moon.
  10. Bulgaria Aleksandr Panayotov Aleksandrov
  11. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksandr Pavlovich Aleksandrov
  12. Amerika Syarikat Andrew M. Allen
  13. Amerika Syarikat Joseph P. Allen
  14. Amerika Syarikat Scott Altman
  15. Amerika Syarikat William Anders, first Asian-born person in space. (Anders was born in Hong Kong, but was an American citizen.)
  16. Amerika Syarikat Clayton Anderson
  17. Amerika Syarikat *Michael P. Anderson, (1959–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  18. Iran / Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Anousheh Ansari (born 1966), fourth spaceflight participant and first female spaceflight participant, first female Muslim in space, and first Iranian in space.
  19. Amerika Syarikat Dominic A. Antonelli
  20. Amerika Syarikat Jerome Apt
  21. Amerika Syarikat Lee Archambault
  22. Amerika Syarikat Neil Armstrong (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 and was the first person to walk on the Moon.
  23. Amerika Syarikat Richard R. Arnold
  24. Kesatuan Soviet Anatoly Artsebarsky
  25. Kesatuan Soviet Yuri Artyukhin (1930–1998)
  26. Amerika Syarikat Jeffrey Ashby
  27. Kesatuan Soviet Oleg Atkov
  28. Kesatuan Soviet Toktar Aubakirov, first Kazakh born person in space.
  29. Rusia Sergei Avdeyev

    B[sunting | sunting sumber]

  30. Amerika Syarikat James Bagian
  31. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Ellen Baker
  32. Amerika Syarikat Michael Baker
  33. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksandr Balandin
  34. Amerika Syarikat Michael Barratt
  35. Amerika Syarikat Daniel Barry
  36. Amerika Syarikat John-David F. Bartoe
  37. Rusia Yuri Baturin, first Russian politician in space.
  38. Perancis Patrick Baudry, first African-born man and second Frenchman in space
  39. Amerika Syarikat Alan Bean, flew on Apollo 12 and was the fourth person to walk on the Moon.
  40. Amerika Syarikat Robert L. Behnken
  41. Slovakia Ivan Bella, first Slovak in space.
  42. Kesatuan Soviet Pavel Belyayev (1925–1970)
  43. Kesatuan Soviet Georgi Beregovoi (1921–1995)
  44. Kesatuan Soviet Anatoli Berezovoy
  45. Amerika Syarikat Brian Binnie, second commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  46. Amerika Syarikat John Blaha
  47. Amerika Syarikat Michael J. Bloomfield
  48. Amerika Syarikat Guion Bluford, first African-American in space.
  49. Amerika Syarikat Karol Bobko, first graduate of the United States Air Force Academy to become an astronaut.
  50. Amerika Syarikat Eric A. Boe
  51. Amerika Syarikat Charles Bolden
  52. Kanada Symbol venus.svg Roberta Bondar, first Canadian woman in space.
  53. Amerika Syarikat Frank Borman, commander of Apollo 8, the first spaceflight to orbit the Moon.
  54. Amerika Syarikat Stephen G. Bowen
  55. Amerika Syarikat Kenneth Bowersox
  56. Amerika Syarikat Charles Brady (1951–2006)
  57. Amerika Syarikat Vance Brand
  58. Amerika Syarikat Daniel Brandenstein
  59. Amerika Syarikat Randolph Bresnik
  60. Amerika Syarikat Roy Bridges. Became Director of the Kennedy Space Center in March 1997
  61. Amerika Syarikat Curtis Brown
  62. Amerika Syarikat *David M. Brown (1956–2003)
  63. Amerika Syarikat Mark Brown
  64. Amerika Syarikat James Buchli
  65. Amerika Syarikat Jay Buckey
  66. Rusia Nikolai Budarin
  67. Amerika Syarikat Daniel Burbank
  68. Amerika Syarikat Daniel Bursch
  69. Kesatuan Soviet Valery Bykovsky (born 1934)

    C[sunting | sunting sumber]

  70. Amerika Syarikat Robert Cabana
  71. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Tracy Caldwell
  72. Amerika Syarikat Charles Camarda
  73. Amerika Syarikat Kenneth Cameron
  74. Amerika Syarikat Duane Carey
  75. Amerika Syarikat Scott Carpenter, a Project Mercury astronaut.
  76. Amerika Syarikat Gerald Carr
  77. Amerika Syarikat Sonny Carter, (1947–1991)
  78. Amerika Syarikat John Casper
  79. Amerika Syarikat Christopher J. Cassidy, 500th astronaut in space.
  80. Amerika Syarikat Robert Cenker
  81. Amerika Syarikat Gene Cernan, flew on Apollo 17
  82. Amerika Syarikat Gregory Chamitoff
  83. Costa Rica / Amerika Syarikat Franklin Chang-Diaz, the only Costa Rican, first Hispanic-American in space, holder of the shared record of seven space flights.
  84. India / Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg *Kalpana Chawla (1961–2003), first Indian-American woman in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  85. Itali Maurizio Cheli
  86. Amerika Syarikat Leroy Chiao
  87. Amerika Syarikat Kevin Chilton
  88. Perancis Jean-Loup Chrétien, first French person in space and first non-Soviet European to walk in space
  89. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg *Laurel B. Clark (1961–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  90. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Mary Cleave
  91. Perancis Jean-François Clervoy
  92. Amerika Syarikat Michael Clifford
  93. Amerika Syarikat Michael Coats
  94. Amerika Syarikat Kenneth Cockrell
  95. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Catherine Coleman (born 1960)
  96. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Eileen Collins
  97. Amerika Syarikat Michael Collins (born 1930), flew on Apollo 11 crew. Was the first Italian-born person in space. (Collins was born in Rome to American parents.)
  98. Amerika Syarikat Pete Conrad, Apollo 12, (1930–1999), the third person to walk on the Moon and the commander of the first Skylab mission.
  99. Amerika Syarikat Gordon Cooper (1927–2004), the first American to fly in space for a day.
  100. Amerika Syarikat Richard Covey
  101. Amerika Syarikat John Creighton
  102. Amerika Syarikat Robert Crippen, Space Shuttle pioneer
  103. Amerika Syarikat Roger Crouch
  104. Amerika Syarikat Frank Culbertson
  105. Amerika Syarikat Walter Cunningham, flew on Apollo 7.
  106. Amerika Syarikat Robert Curbeam
  107. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Nancy Currie

    D[sunting | sunting sumber]

  108. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Nancy Jan Davis
  109. Amerika Syarikat Lawrence J. DeLucas
  110. Belgium Frank De Winne
  111. Rusia Vladimir N. Dezhurov
  112. Kesatuan Soviet *Georgi Dobrovolski (1928–1971)
  113. Jepun Takao Doi, first Japanese to walk in space.
  114. Amerika Syarikat B. Alvin Drew
  115. Amerika Syarikat Brian Duffy
  116. Amerika Syarikat Charles Duke, flew on Apollo 16.
  117. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Bonnie J. Dunbar
  118. Sepanyol Pedro Duque, first Spaniard in space.
  119. Amerika Syarikat Samuel T. Durrance
  120. Kesatuan Soviet Lev Dyomin (1926–1998)
  121. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Dzhanibekov, first Uzbekistan-born man in space

    E[sunting | sunting sumber]

  122. Amerika Syarikat Joe Edwards
  123. Amerika Syarikat Donn F. Eisele (1930–1987), flew on Apollo 7.
  124. Amerika Syarikat Anthony W. England
  125. Amerika Syarikat Joseph H. Engle
  126. Amerika Syarikat Ronald Evans (1933–1990)
  127. Jerman Reinhold Ewald
  128. Perancis Léopold Eyharts

    F[sunting | sunting sumber]

  129. Amerika Syarikat John Fabian
  130. Syria Muhammed Faris, first Syrian in space.
  131. Hungary Bertalan Farkas, first Hungarian in space.
  132. Perancis Jean-Jacques Favier
  133. Republik Rakyat China Fèi Jùnlóng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  134. Kesatuan Soviet Konstantin Feoktistov (1926–2009)
  135. Amerika Syarikat Christopher Ferguson
  136. Amerika Syarikat Martin J. Fettman
  137. Amerika Syarikat Andrew J. Feustel
  138. Kesatuan Soviet Anatoli Filipchenko
  139. Amerika Syarikat Michael Fincke
  140. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Anna Fisher
  141. Amerika Syarikat William Frederick Fisher
  142. Jerman Klaus-Dietrich Flade
  143. United Kingdom / Amerika Syarikat Michael Foale, holds the American and British Record for time spent in space at 374 days, 11 hours, 19 minutes.
  144. Amerika Syarikat Kevin A. Ford
  145. Amerika Syarikat Michael Foreman
  146. Amerika Syarikat Patrick Forrester
  147. Amerika Syarikat Michael Fossum
  148. Amerika Syarikat Stephen Frick
  149. Belgium Dirk Frimout, first Belgian in space.
  150. Sweden Christer Fuglesang, first Swede in space.
  151. Amerika Syarikat Charles Fullerton
  152. Jerman Reinhard Furrer (1940–1995)

    G[sunting | sunting sumber]

  153. Amerika Syarikat Francis Gaffney
  154. Kesatuan Soviet Yuri Gagarin (1934–1968), first person in space.
  155. Amerika Syarikat Ronald Garan
  156. Amerika Syarikat Dale Gardner
  157. Amerika Syarikat Guy Gardner
  158. Amerika Syarikat Jake Garn, a United States Senator and first politician in space.
  159. Kanada Marc Garneau, first Canadian in space.
  160. Amerika Syarikat Owen Garriott
  161. Amerika Syarikat Richard Garriott, first second generation American in space, son of skylab astronaut, Owen Garriott.
  162. Amerika Syarikat Charles Gemar
  163. Amerika Syarikat Michael Gernhardt
  164. Amerika Syarikat Edward Gibson
  165. Amerika Syarikat Robert L. Gibson
  166. Rusia Yuri Gidzenko
  167. Kesatuan Soviet Yuri Glazkov (1939—2008)
  168. Amerika Syarikat John Glenn (born 1921), first American to orbit the Earth, and later, the oldest person to make a spaceflight.
  169. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Linda Godwin
  170. Amerika Syarikat Michael T. Good
  171. Kesatuan Soviet Viktor Gorbatko
  172. Amerika Syarikat Richard Gordon, flew on Apollo 12.
  173. Amerika Syarikat Dominic Gorie
  174. Amerika Syarikat Ronald Grabe
  175. Kesatuan Soviet Georgi Grechko
  176. Amerika Syarikat Frederick Gregory
  177. Amerika Syarikat William Gregory
  178. Amerika Syarikat Stanley Griggs (1939–1989)
  179. Amerika Syarikat Virgil Grissom (1926–1967), first NASA astronaut to go into space twice and the first person to go into space twice in a capsule-type spacecraft. Would have been the first person to fly three times. Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  180. Amerika Syarikat John Grunsfeld
  181. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksei Gubarev
  182. Itali Umberto Guidoni
  183. Mongolia Jügderdemidiin Gürragchaa, first Mongolian in space.
  184. Amerika Syarikat Sidney Gutierrez

    H[sunting | sunting sumber]

  185. Kanada Chris Hadfield, first Canadian to walk in space.
  186. Perancis Symbol venus.svg Claudie Haigneré, first Frenchwoman in space.
  187. Perancis Jean-Pierre Haigneré
  188. Amerika Syarikat Fred Haise, flew on Apollo 13.
  189. Amerika Syarikat James Halsell
  190. Amerika Syarikat Kenneth Ham
  191. Amerika Syarikat Lloyd Hammond
  192. Amerika Syarikat Gregory Harbaugh
  193. Amerika Syarikat Bernard Harris, first African-American to walk in space.
  194. Amerika Syarikat Terry Hart
  195. Amerika Syarikat Henry Hartsfield
  196. Amerika Syarikat Frederick Hauck
  197. Amerika Syarikat Steven Hawley
  198. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Susan Helms
  199. Amerika Syarikat Karl Henize (1926–1993)
  200. Amerika Syarikat Thomas Hennen
  201. Amerika Syarikat Terence Henricks
  202. Poland Miroslaw Hermaszewski, first Pole in space.
  203. Amerika Syarikat Jose Hernández
  204. Amerika Syarikat John Herrington, first Native American in space.
  205. Amerika Syarikat Richard Hieb
  206. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Joan Higginbotham
  207. Amerika Syarikat David Hilmers
  208. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Kathryn Hire
  209. Amerika Syarikat Charles Hobaugh
  210. Amerika Syarikat Jeffrey Hoffman
  211. Amerika Syarikat Scott Horowitz
  212. Jepun Akihiko Hoshide
  213. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Millie Hughes-Fulford, first female Payload Specialist.
  214. Amerika Syarikat Douglas G. Hurley
  215. Amerika Syarikat *Rick D. Husband (1957–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.

    I[sunting | sunting sumber]

  216. Amerika Syarikat James Irwin (1930–1991), flew on Apollo 15.
  217. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksandr Ivanchenkov
  218. Bulgaria Georgi Ivanov, first Bulgarian in space.
  219. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Marsha Ivins

    J[sunting | sunting sumber]

  220. Jerman Timur Sigmund Jähn, first German in space
  221. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Mae Jemison, first African-American woman in space
  222. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Tamara E. Jernigan
  223. Amerika Syarikat Brent W. Jett, Jr.
  224. Republik Rakyat China Jing Haipeng
  225. Amerika Syarikat Gregory C. Johnson
  226. Amerika Syarikat Gregory H. Johnson
  227. Amerika Syarikat Thomas D. Jones

    K[sunting | sunting sumber]

  228. Ukraine Leonid Kadenyuk, first Ukrainian in space since independence.
  229. Rusia Alexander Kaleri, first Russian in space since independence.
  230. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Janet Kavandi
  231. Amerika Syarikat James Kelly
  232. Amerika Syarikat Mark E. Kelly
  233. Amerika Syarikat Scott Kelly
  234. Amerika Syarikat Joseph Kerwin
  235. Kesatuan Soviet Yevgeny Khrunov (1933–2000)
  236. Amerika Syarikat Robert S. Kimbrough
  237. Kesatuan Soviet Leonid Kizim
  238. Kesatuan Soviet Pyotr Klimuk, first Belarusian in space.
  239. Kesatuan Soviet *Vladimir Komarov (1927–1967), killed during a USSR space flight.
  240. Rusia Symbol venus.svg Yelena V. Kondakova
  241. Rusia Oleg Kononenko, first Turkmenistan-born man in space
  242. Amerika Syarikat Timothy L. Kopra
  243. Rusia Valery Korzun
  244. Rusia Oleg Kotov
  245. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Kovalyonok
  246. Rusia Konstantin Kozeyev
  247. Amerika Syarikat Kevin Kregel
  248. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Sergei Krikalev, six space flights and, setakat 2008, holds record for longest total time in space: 803 days, 9 hours and 39 minutes.
  249. Kesatuan Soviet Valeri Kubasov
  250. Belanda André Kuipers

    L[sunting | sunting sumber]

  251. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksandr Laveykin
  252. Kanada Guy Laliberté
  253. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Wendy Lawrence
  254. Kesatuan Soviet Vasili Lazarev (1928–1990)
  255. Rusia Aleksandr Lazutkin
  256. Kesatuan Soviet Valentin Lebedev
  257. Amerika Syarikat Mark C. Lee
  258. Amerika Syarikat David Leestma
  259. Amerika Syarikat William B. Lenoir
  260. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksei Leonov, first person to "walk in space" (to make an EVA).
  261. Amerika Syarikat Frederick W. Leslie
  262. Kesatuan Soviet Anatoli Levchenko (1941–1988)
  263. Amerika Syarikat Byron Lichtenberg, first NASA Payload Specialist.
  264. Amerika Syarikat Don Lind
  265. Amerika Syarikat Steven Lindsey
  266. Amerika Syarikat Jerry Linenger
  267. Amerika Syarikat Richard Linnehan
  268. Amerika Syarikat Gregory Linteris
  269. Republik Rakyat China Liu Boming
    • Yang Liwei - see under Y
  270. Amerika Syarikat Paul Lockhart
  271. Rusia Yuri Lonchakov
  272. Amerika Syarikat/Sepanyol Michael Lopez-Alegria
  273. Amerika Syarikat John Lounge
  274. Amerika Syarikat Jack Lousma
  275. Amerika Syarikat Stanley G. Love
  276. Amerika Syarikat Jim Lovell, flew on Apollo 8, the first spaceship to orbit the Moon, and on Apollo 13.
  277. Amerika Syarikat G. David Low (1956—2008)
  278. Amerika Syarikat Edward Lu
  279. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Shannon Lucid, first Asian-born woman in space. Setakat 2006, holder of the woman's spaceflight-duration record.
  280. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Lyakhov

    M[sunting | sunting sumber]

  281. Kanada Steven MacLean
  282. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Sandra Magnus
  283. Kesatuan Soviet Oleg Makarov (1933–2003)
  284. Rusia Yuri Malenchenko
  285. Itali Franco Malerba, first Italian in space. (Michael Collins was born in Rome, Italy in 1930, he has always been an American citizen, born of American parents.)
  286. Kesatuan Soviet Yuri Malyshev (1941–1999)
  287. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Gennadi Manakov
  288. Kesatuan Soviet Musa Manarov, first Azerbaidjan-born man in space
  289. Amerika Syarikat Thomas H. Marshburn
  290. Amerika Syarikat Michael Massimino
  291. Amerika Syarikat Richard Mastracchio
  292. Amerika Syarikat Thomas Kenneth "Ken" Mattingly II (born 1936), flew on Apollo 16, STS-4, and STS-51-C.
  293. Amerika Syarikat K. Megan McArthur
  294. Amerika Syarikat William S. McArthur
  295. Amerika Syarikat Jon McBride
  296. Amerika Syarikat Bruce McCandless II
  297. Amerika Syarikat *William C. McCool (1961–2003), died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  298. Amerika Syarikat Michael McCulley
  299. Amerika Syarikat James McDivitt, flew on Apollo 9.
  300. Amerika Syarikat Donald McMonagle
  301. Amerika Syarikat *Ronald McNair (1950–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  302. Amerika Syarikat Carl Meade
  303. Amerika Syarikat Bruce Melnick
  304. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Pamela Melroy
  305. Amerika Syarikat Leland D. Melvin
  306. Afrika Selatan / Amerika Syarikat Mike Melvill, first commercial (launched by a private company) astronaut. Suborbital flight only.
  307. Jerman Ulf Merbold
  308. Jerman Ernst Messerschmid
  309. Amerika Syarikat Edgar Mitchell, flew on Apollo 14.
  310. 23x15px Abdul Ahad Mohmand, first Afghan in space.
  311. Jepun Mamoru Mohri
  312. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Barbara Morgan
  313. Amerika Syarikat Lee Morin
  314. Rusia Boris Morukov
  315. Jepun Symbol venus.svg Chiaki Mukai, first Japanese woman in space.
  316. Amerika Syarikat Richard Mullane
  317. Rusia Talgat Musabayev
  318. Amerika Syarikat Story Musgrave

    N[sunting | sunting sumber]

  319. Amerika Syarikat Steven R. Nagel
  320. Amerika Syarikat Bill Nelson, second politician in space.
  321. Amerika Syarikat George Nelson
  322. Mexico Rodolfo Neri Vela, first Mexican in space.
  323. Itali Paolo A. Nespoli
  324. Amerika Syarikat James H. Newman
  325. Switzerland Claude Nicollier, first Swiss in space.
  326. Republik Rakyat China Niè Hǎishèng, flew on Shenzhou 6
  327. Kesatuan Soviet Andriyan Nikolayev (1929–2004)
  328. Jepun Soichi Noguchi
  329. Amerika Syarikat Carlos I. Noriega, first Peruvian-born person in space.
  330. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Lisa Nowak
  331. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Karen Nyberg

    O[sunting | sunting sumber]

  332. Amerika Syarikat Bryan O'Connor
  333. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Ellen Ochoa, first Hispanic woman in space.
  334. Belanda Wubbo Ockels, first Dutch citizen in space.
  335. Amerika Syarikat William Oefelein
  336. Amerika Syarikat John D. Olivas
  337. Amerika Syarikat Gregory Olsen, third spaceflight participant.
  338. Amerika Syarikat *Ellison Onizuka (1946–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  339. Rusia Yuri Onufrienko
  340. Amerika Syarikat Stephen Oswald
  341. Amerika Syarikat Robert Overmyer (1936–1996)

    P[sunting | sunting sumber]

  342. Rusia Gennady Padalka
  343. Amerika Syarikat William Pailes
  344. Amerika Syarikat Scott Parazynski
  345. Amerika Syarikat Ronald A. Parise (1951—2008)
  346. Amerika Syarikat Robert Parker
  347. Amerika Syarikat Nicholas Patrick
  348. Kesatuan Soviet *Viktor Patsayev (1933–1971)
  349. Amerika Syarikat James Pawelczyk
  350. Kanada Symbol venus.svg Julie Payette
  351. Amerika Syarikat Gary Payton, first military astronaut.
  352. Perancis Philippe Perrin, first Morocco-born man in space
  353. Amerika Syarikat Donald Peterson
  354. Amerika Syarikat Donald Pettit
  355. Vietnam Pham Tuân, first Vietnamese and first Asian in space.
  356. Amerika Syarikat John Phillips
  357. Amerika Syarikat William Pogue
  358. Amerika Syarikat Alan G. Poindexter
  359. Amerika Syarikat Mark Polansky
  360. Rusia Alexander Poleshchuk
  361. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Valeri Polyakov, holds record for single longest spaceflight, 437 days.
  362. Brazil Marcos Pontes, first Brazilian in space.
  363. Kesatuan Soviet Leonid Popov
  364. Kesatuan Soviet Pavel Popovich (1930—2009), first Ukrainian-born person in space.
  365. Amerika Syarikat Charles Precourt
  366. Romania Dumitru Prunariu, first Romanian in space.

    R[sunting | sunting sumber]

  367. Israel *Ilan Ramon (1954–2003), first Israeli in space, died in the Space Shuttle Columbia disaster.
  368. Amerika Syarikat William Readdy
  369. Amerika Syarikat Kenneth Reightler
  370. Amerika Syarikat James F. Reilly
  371. Amerika Syarikat Garrett Reisman
  372. Jerman Thomas Reiter, first German to walk in space and first ESA astronaut to stay on the ISS.
  373. Czechoslovakia Vladimír Remek, first Czech and first non-Soviet European in space.
  374. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg *Judith Resnik (1949–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  375. Amerika Syarikat Paul W. Richards
  376. Amerika Syarikat Richard N. Richards
  377. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Sally Ride, first American woman in space.
  378. Amerika Syarikat Stephen Robinson
  379. Rusia Roman Romanenko
  380. Kesatuan Soviet Yuri Romanenko
  381. Amerika Syarikat Kent Rominger
  382. Amerika Syarikat Stuart Roosa (1933–1994), flew on Apollo 14.
  383. Amerika Syarikat Jerry L. Ross, flew on seven space flights.
  384. Kesatuan Soviet Valeri Rozhdestvensky
  385. Kesatuan Soviet Nikolay Rukavishnikov (1932–2002)
  386. Amerika Syarikat Mario Runco, Jr.
  387. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Valery Ryumin

    S[sunting | sunting sumber]

  388. Amerika Syarikat Albert Sacco
  389. Kesatuan Soviet Gennadi Sarafanov (1942–2005)
  390. Amerika Syarikat Robert Satcher
  391. Kesatuan Soviet Viktor Savinykh
  392. Kesatuan Soviet Symbol venus.svg Svetlana Savitskaya, first woman to walk in space.
  393. Amerika Syarikat Wally Schirra (1923—2007)
  394. Jerman Hans Schlegel
  395. Amerika Syarikat Harrison Schmitt, flew on Apollo 17.
  396. Amerika Syarikat Rusty Schweickart
  397. Amerika Syarikat *Dick Scobee (1939–1986), died in the Space Shuttle Challenger disaster.
  398. Amerika Syarikat David Scott
  399. Amerika Syarikat Winston Scott
  400. Australia / Amerika Syarikat Paul Scully-Power
  401. Amerika Syarikat Richard Searfoss
  402. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Rhea Seddon
  403. Amerika Syarikat Ronald Sega
  404. United Kingdom / Amerika Syarikat Piers Sellers
  405. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Aleksandr Serebrov
  406. Kesatuan Soviet Vitali Sevastyanov
  407. Rusia Yuri Shargin, first Russian military cosmonaut
  408. Rusia Salizhan Sharipov [3], first Kyrgyzstan-born man in space
  409. India Rakesh Sharma, first Indian in space.
  410. United Kingdom Symbol venus.svg Helen Sharman, first Briton in space.
  411. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Shatalov, first Kazakhstan-born man in space
  412. Amerika Syarikat Brewster Shaw
  413. Amerika Syarikat Alan Shepard (1923–1998), first American in space.
  414. Amerika Syarikat William Shepherd
  415. Malaysia Sheikh Muszaphar Shukor, first Malaysian in space
  416. Kesatuan Soviet Georgi Shonin (1935–1997)
  417. Amerika Syarikat Loren Shriver
  418. Afrika Selatan Mark Shuttleworth, second spaceflight participant and first South African in space.
  419. Hungary / Amerika Syarikat Charles Simonyi, fifth spaceflight participant.
  420. Amerika Syarikat Donald "Deke" Slayton (1924–1996), a Mercury astronaut.
  421. Amerika Syarikat Steven Smith
  422. Kesatuan Soviet > Rusia Anatoly Solovyev, first Latvia-born man in space
  423. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Solovyov
  424. Amerika Syarikat Sherwood Spring
  425. Amerika Syarikat Robert Springer
  426. Amerika Syarikat Thomas Patten Stafford
  427. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Heidemarie Stefanyshyn-Piper
  428. Amerika Syarikat Robert Stewart
  429. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Susan Still
  430. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Nicole Stott
  431. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Gennady Strekalov (1940–2004)
  432. Amerika Syarikat Frederick Sturckow
  433. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Kathryn Sullivan, first American woman to walk in space.
  434. Rusia Maksim Surayev
  435. Amerika Syarikat Steven Swanson
  436. Amerika Syarikat John "Jack" Swigert (1931–1982), flew on Apollo 13.

    T[sunting | sunting sumber]

  437. Cuba Arnaldo Tamayo Méndez, the first Cuban and the first person from a country in the Western Hemisphere other than the U.S. to travel to space. He was also the first Hispanophone and first person of African ancestry in space.
  438. Amerika Syarikat Daniel Tani
  439. Amerika Syarikat Joseph Tanner
  440. Kesatuan Soviet Symbol venus.svg Valentina Tereshkova, first woman in space.
  441. Amerika Syarikat Norman Thagard
  442. Jerman Gerhard Thiele
  443. Kanada Robert Thirsk
  444. Australia / Amerika Syarikat Andrew Thomas
  445. Amerika Syarikat Donald Thomas
  446. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Kathryn Thornton, first woman to make multiple EVAs.
  447. Amerika Syarikat William Thornton
  448. Amerika Syarikat Pierre Thuot
  449. Amerika Syarikat Dennis Tito, first self-funded spaceflight participant.
  450. Kesatuan Soviet Gherman Titov (1935–2000), the second person to make a space flght and the first to stay up for a day.
  451. Rusia Vladimir Titov
  452. Perancis Michel Tognini
  453. Rusia Valery Tokarev
  454. Rusia Sergei Treschev
  455. Amerika Syarikat Eugene Trinh, first Vietnamese-American in space.
  456. Amerika Syarikat Richard Truly
  457. Kanada Bjarni Tryggvason, first Iceland-born man in space
  458. Rusia Vasili Tsibliyev
  459. Rusia Mikhail Tyurin

    U[sunting | sunting sumber]

  460. Rusia Yury Usachev

    V[sunting | sunting sumber]

  461. Belanda / Amerika Syarikat Lodewijk van den Berg, first Dutch-born astronaut.
  462. Amerika Syarikat James "Ox" van Hoften
  463. Kesatuan Soviet Vladimir Vasyutin (1952–2002)
  464. Amerika Syarikat Charles Veach (1944–1995)
  465. Austria Franz Viehböck, first Austrian in space.
  466. Kesatuan Soviet / Rusia Alexander Viktorenko
  467. Rusia Pavel Vinogradov
  468. Itali Roberto Vittori
  469. Kesatuan Soviet Igor Volk
  470. Rusia Sergey Volkov, first second generation astronaut or cosmonaut in space, son of Alexander Volkov.
  471. Kesatuan Soviet *Vladislav Volkov (1935–1971), killed on Soyuz 11.
  472. Rusia Alexander Volkov
  473. Kesatuan Soviet Boris Volynov, first Jewish person in space.
  474. Amerika Syarikat James Voss
  475. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Janice Voss

    W[sunting | sunting sumber]

  476. Jepun Koichi Wakata
  477. Amerika Syarikat Rex Walheim
  478. Amerika Syarikat Charles Walker
  479. Amerika Syarikat David M. Walker, (1944–2001)
  480. Amerika Syarikat Joseph A. Walker (1921–1966), first person to enter space twice. Suborbital flights only.
  481. Jerman Ulrich Walter
  482. Amerika Syarikat Carl Walz
  483. Amerika Syarikat Taylor Wang, first ethnic Chinese person in space.
  484. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Mary Weber
  485. Amerika Syarikat Paul Weitz
  486. Amerika Syarikat James Wetherbee
  487. Amerika Syarikat Edward White (1930–1967), first American to "walk in space" (make an EVA). Died in the Apollo 1 disaster.
  488. Amerika Syarikat Douglas H. Wheelock
  489. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Peggy Whitson
  490. Amerika Syarikat Terrence Wilcutt
  491. Kanada Dafydd Williams
  492. Amerika Syarikat Donald Williams
  493. Amerika Syarikat Jeffrey Williams
  494. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Sunita "Suni" Williams
  495. Amerika Syarikat Barry Wilmore
  496. Amerika Syarikat Symbol venus.svg Stephanie Wilson
  497. Amerika Syarikat Peter Wisoff
  498. Amerika Syarikat David Wolf
  499. Amerika Syarikat Alfred Worden

    Y[sunting | sunting sumber]

  500. Republik Rakyat China Yáng Lìwěi, first Chinese national in space.
  501. Kesatuan Soviet Boris Yegorov (1937–1994)
  502. Kesatuan Soviet Aleksei Yeliseyev
  503. Korea Selatan Symbol venus.svg Yi So-yeon, first South Korean in space.
  504. Amerika Syarikat John Young, flew on two Gemini, two Apollo (Apollo 10 and Apollo 16), and two Space Shuttle missions.
  505. Rusia/Greece Fyodor Yurchikhin, First Greek in space, first Georgia-born man in space

    Z[sunting | sunting sumber]

  506. Rusia Sergei Zalyotin
  507. Amerika Syarikat George D. Zamka
  508. Republik Rakyat China Zhai Zhigang, first Chinese to walk in space.
  509. Kesatuan Soviet Vitaliy Zholobov
  510. Kesatuan Soviet Vyacheslav Zudov

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c NASA (November 29, 2007). "Astronaut". World Book at NASA. NASA. Dicapai June 16, 2009. 
  2. ^ Manned astronautics: facts and figures, http://space.kursknet.ru/cosmos/english/other/stat_kk.sht, Alexander Anikeev, September 11, 2006, accessed September 15, 2006
  3. ^ Salizhan Sharipov