Sicherheitsdienst

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Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS
SDInsig.png
Insignia pergelangan baju SD
Flag of the Schutzstaffel.svg
SD adalah satu cabang dalam SS.
Gambaran keseluruhan
Dibentuk1932
Agensi terdahulu
  • Ic-Dienst 1931
Dibubarkan8 Mei 1945
JenisBahagian Perisikan
Di bawah bidang kuasa Jerman Nazi
Taklukan Eropah
Ibu pejabatPrinz-Albrecht-Straße, Berlin
52°30′26″N 13°22′57″E / 52.50722°N 13.38250°E / 52.50722; 13.38250
Kakitangan6,482 anggota pada Februari 1944[1]
Menteri bertanggungjawab
Eksekutif Bahagian Perisikan
Agensi indukFlag of the Schutzstaffel.svg Allgemeine SS
RSHA
Pakaian seragam Unterscharführer SS dengan insignia SD dilengan baju dan epolet bahu Schutzpolizei

Sicherheitsdienst (Bahasa Inggeris: Perkhidmatan Keselamatan), nama penuh Sicherheitsdienst des Reichsführers-SS, atau SD, adalah agensi perisikan dalam SS dan Parti Nazi di Jerman Nazi. Organisasi tersebut merupakan kumpulan risik pertama Parti Nazi yang ditubuhkan dan telah dianggap organisasi kembar Gestapo, yang telah di serap masuk oleh SS selepas tahun 1934. Antara tahun 1933 dan 1939, SD telah ditadbir sebagai sebuah jabatan bebas SS, selepas itu ia dipindahkan ke pihak berkuasa Pejabat Keselamatan Utama Reich (Reichssicherheitshauptamt; RSHA), sebagai salah satu daripada tujuh jabatan/pejabat.[2] Pengarah pertamanya, Reinhard Heydrich, bercadang membawa setiap individu dalam Reich Ketiga dibawah "pengawasan berterusan" SD.[3]

Selepas kekalahan Jerman dalam Perang Dunia II, SD telah diisytiharkan sebagai sebuah pertubuhan jenayah di Perbicaraan Nuremberg, berserta dengan seluruh RSHA Heydrich (termasuk Gestapo) secara individu dan sebagai cabang SS secara kolektif.[4] Pengganti Heydrich', Ernst Kaltenbrunner, telah di jatuhi hukuman mati kerana kerana jenayah perang di Tribunal Nuremberg dan digantung pada tahun 1946.[5]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Robert Gellately. The Gestapo and German Society. Dicapai 2009-06-02. 
  2. ^ McNab, Chris. The SS: 1923–1945, p. 41.
  3. ^ Krausnick, Helmut, et al. Anatomy of the SS State, pp. 166-167.
  4. ^ Nazi Conspiracy and Aggression (1946), pp. 91-102.
  5. ^ Weale (2012). Army of Evil: A History of the SS, pp. 410-411.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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Templat:Einsatzgruppen