Stesen tiub Baker Street
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Sumber-sumber bantuan: Pusat Rujukan Persuratan Melayu.
Pintu masuk stesen
|Pihak berkuasa tempatan||City of Westminster|
|Diurus oleh||London Underground|
|Pentas yang dalam kegunaan||10|
|Kegunaan LUL 2005||20.725 juta|
|Kegunaan LUL 2006||23.837 juta|
|Kegunaan LUL 2007||24.01 juta|
|Kegunaan LUL 2008||24.61 juta|
|1868||Opened (MR platforms to north)|
|1906||Opened (BS&WR, as terminus)|
|1907||Extended (BSWR - Marylebone)|
|1939||Started (Bakerloo to Stanmore)|
|1979||Ended (Bakerloo to Stanmore)|
|1979||Started (Jubilee Line)|
|1990||Ended (Met to H'smith/Barking)|
|1990||Started (Hammersmith & City)|
|Senarai stesen||Underground · National Rail|
Stesen tiub Baker Street ialah sebuah stesen London Underground yang terletak di persimpangan Baker Street dan Marylebone Road. Stesen ini terletak di Travelcard Zone 1 dan dikhidmat oleh lima laluan berlainan. Ia adalah salah satu dari stesen terdahulu Metropolitan Railway (MR), keretapi bawah tanah pertama di dunia, dibuka pada 1863.
Di laluan Circle dan Hammersmith & City ia terletak di antara Great Portland Street dan Edgware Road. Di laluan Metropolitan ia berada di antara Great Portland Street dan Finchley Road. Di laluan Bakerloo ia berada di antara Regent's Park dan Marylebone dan di laluan Jubilee ia berada di antara Bond Street dan St. John's Wood.
Lokasi[sunting | sunting sumber]
The station is located on Baker Street (Bakerloo and Jubilee), Chiltern Street (Circle and Hammersmith & City, ticket holders only, others may enter via Metropolitan station) and Marylebone Road (Metropolitan) in Marylebone, London. Nearby attractions include Regents Park, Lord's Cricket Ground, and Madame Tussauds.
Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]
Baker Street station was opened by the MR on 10 January 1863 (these platforms are now served by the Circle and Hammersmith & City lines). On 13 April 1868, the MR opened the first section of Metropolitan and St John's Wood Railway as a branch from its existing route. This line, serving the open-air platforms, was steadily extended to Willesden Green and northwards finally reaching Aylesbury Town and Verney Junction (some 50 miles from Baker Street) in 1892. The MR station mainly competed for traffic with Euston, where the LNWR provided local services to Middlesex and Watford and later with Marylebone, where the GCR provided expresses to Aylesbury and beyond on the same line.
Over the next few decades this section of the station saw much rebuilding to provide four platforms. The current Metropolitan line layout largely dates from 1925 and the bulk of the surface buildings, designed by the architect Charles Clark, also date from this period.
The Baker Street & Waterloo Railway (BS&WR, now the Bakerloo line) opened on 10 March 1906, with Baker Street as the initial northern terminus of the line before it was extended to Marylebone station on 27 March 1907. The original station building was located on Baker Street and served the tube platforms with lifts but these were supplemented with escalators in 1914, linking the Metropolitan line and the Bakerloo line platforms by a new concourse excavated under the Metropolitan line.
On 20 November 1939, following the construction of an additional southbound platform and connecting tube tunnels between Baker Street and Finchley Road stations, the Bakerloo line took over Metropolitan line's stopping services between Finchley Road and Wembley Park and its Stanmore branch. The current Bakerloo ticket hall and escalators to the lower concourse were provided in conjunction with the new service. The Jubilee line added an extra northbound platform and replaced the Bakerloo line service to Stanmore from its opening on 1 May 1979.
On 23 August 1973, a bomb was found in a carrier bag in the ticket hall. The bomb was defused by the bomb squad. A week later, on 30 August a member of staff found another bomb left on the over-bridge. Again, it was defused without any injury.
Today[sunting | sunting sumber]
|Bahagian ini tidak memetik apa-apa sumber atau rujukan. (December 2009)|
Of the MR's original stations, the sub-surface Circle and Hammersmith and City line platforms are the best-preserved. Plaques along the platform show old plans and photographs of the station.
The station layout is rather complex. The sub-surface station is connected to the open-air Metropolitan line station. This is a terminus for some Metropolitan line trains, but there is also a connecting curve that joins to the Circle line just beyond the platforms that allows Metropolitan line trains to run to Aldgate in the City of London.
Below this is a deep-level tube station for the Bakerloo and Jubilee lines. These are arranged in a cross-platform interchange, and there are connections between the two lines just to the north of the station. With ten platforms overall, Baker Street has the most London Underground platforms of any station on the network.
Outside the Marylebone Road exits, a large statue of Sherlock Holmes commemorates the fictional detective's association with Baker Street. A restoration in the 1980s on the oldest portion of the Baker Street station, brought it back to something similar to its 1863 appearance.
The station is operated by the Metropolitan Line management team. Offices of the line are within the vicinity of the station.
Although not suggested as an interchange on tube maps, Baker Street is about 300m from Marylebone station, where there are National Rail services to Aylesbury, Birmingham, Shropshire and Wrexham. It is often easier to walk to Marylebone from Baker Street rather than going to the deep-level station for the Bakerloo line then returning to surface level again after one stop.
Layout[sunting | sunting sumber]
Metropolitan line[sunting | sunting sumber]
|Metropolitan towards Amersham, Chesham*, Uxbridge, or Watford|
|Metropolitan towards Amersham, Chesham*, Uxbridge, or Watford, from Aldgate|
|Metropolitan towards Aldgate|
|Metropolitan towards Amersham, Chesham*, Uxbridge, or Watford|
* Limited Service
Subsurface Station/Circle and Hammersmith & City lines[sunting | sunting sumber]
Eastbound Platform 5
|⇒ Circle and Hammersmith & City via Liverpool Street ⇒|
|⇐ Circle and Hammersmith & City towards Hammersmith ⇐|
Deep Level Station[sunting | sunting sumber]
Southbound[sunting | sunting sumber]
|⇒ Jubilee towards Stratford ⇒|
|⇒ Bakerloo towards Elephant & Castle ⇒|
Northbound[sunting | sunting sumber]
|⇐ Jubilee towards Stanmore ⇐|
|⇐ Bakerloo towards Harrow & Wealdstone ⇐|
Tarikan berhampiran[sunting | sunting sumber]
See also[sunting | sunting sumber]
Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]
- Transport for London - London Underground performance update
- Rose, Douglas (1999). The London Underground, A Diagrammatic History. Douglas Rose/Capital Transport. ISBN 1-85414-219-4.
- Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. Capital Transport. m/s. 38. ISBN 1-85414-248-8.
- Horne, Mike (2001). The Bakerloo Line: An Illustrated History. Capital Transport. m/s. 48. ISBN 1-85414-248-8.
Sambungan pengangkutan awam[sunting | sunting sumber]
Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]
|Wikimedia Commons mempunyai media berkaitan Stesen tiub Baker Street|
- Oldest Portion of Baker Street Station
- Photograph of the Jubilee Line platform at Baker Street
|Stesen sebelumnya||London Underground||Stesen berikutnya|
|Aliran Hammersmith & City|
|Aliran Metropolitan||Stesen terakhir|