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The World Games (TWG)
Fail:World Games logo.png
Edisi pertama1981 – Santa Clara, California, Amerika Syarikat
Diadakan pada setiap4 tahun
Edisi terakhir2017 – Wrocław, Poland
KegunaanMengadakan aneka sukan yang tidak dipertandingkan dalam Sukan Olimpik
Laman sesawangTheWorldGames.org

Sukan Dunia (Bahasa Inggeris: The World Games[1]) adalah suatu temasya aneka sukan antarabangsa merangkumi acara-acara sukan yang tidak dipertandingkan dalam Sukan Olimpik. Temasya ini diurus tadbir oleh Persatuan Sukan Dunia Antarabangsa naungan Jawatankuasa Olimpik Antarabangsa dan biasanya diadakan setiap empat tahun, setahun selepas Sukan Olimpik Musim Panas selama 11 hari. Ia merangkum antara 25 dan 30 sukan "rasmi" yang akan ditamatkan apabila termasuk dalam program Sukan Olimpik. Kira-kira 3500 peserta dari sekitar 100 negara mengambil bahagian. Edisi pertama temasya ini diadakan di Santa Clara, Amerika Syarikat pada tahun 1981.

Temasya terbaharu bakal diadakan di Birmingham, A.S dari 7-17 Julai 2022 setelah setahun ditunda berikutan wabak koronavirus yang melanda serata negara tersebut.

Edisi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Edisi Tahun Negara tuan rumah Bandar tuan rumah Dibuka rasmi oleh Tarikh Sukan Acara Negara Peserta Juara
I 1981  Amerika Syarikat Santa Clara Kim Un-yong 25 Julai–2 Ogos 15 104 58 1400  Amerika Syarikat
II 1985  United Kingdom London Charles Palmer 25 Julai–4 Ogos 20 134 51 1410  Itali
III 1989  Jerman Karlsruhe Juan Antonio Samaranch 10–20 Julai 18 103 50 1359  Itali
IV 1993  Belanda The Hague Kevan Gosper 21 Julai–1 Ogos 21 160 67 2026  Jerman
V 1997  Finland Lahti Juan Antonio Samaranch 7–11 Ogos 20 164 60 2016  Amerika Syarikat
VI 2001  Jepun Akita Toyama Atsuko 16–26 Ogos 22 170 80 2380 Flag of Russia.svg Rusia
VII 2005  Jerman Duisburg Otto Schily 14–24 Julai 26 178 93 3149 Flag of Russia.svg Rusia
VIII 2009 Taipei Cina Taipei Cina Kaohsiung Ma Ying-jeou 16–26 Julai 25 155 84 2908 Flag of Russia.svg Rusia
IX 2013  Colombia Cali Angelino Garzón 25 Julai–4 Ogos 26 194 91 3103  Itali
X 2017  Poland Wrocław Thomas Bach 20–30 Julai 27 219 111 3430 Flag of Russia.svg Rusia
XI 2022  Amerika Syarikat Birmingham 7–17 Julai 30 223

Acara sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sukan Rasmi Pilihan Kemasukan dalam sukan Olimpik
Aikido 1989–2005
Air sports Parachuting: 1997–, [: 2013, Aerobatics: 2017,

Paramotoring: 2017, Drone racing: 2022
Sukan memanah Field: 1985–, Target: 2017–
Bola sepak Amerika 2005, 2017, 2022[b 1] Pertunjukan: 1932
Badminton 1981 1992–
BesbolSotbol Baseball: 1981, Softball (men): 1981,

Softball (women): 1981–85, 2022
Softball: 2009–2013 Besbol: 1992–2008, 2020,

Sofbol: 1996–2008, 2020
Baton twirling 1993
Billiards sports Carom billiards, Pool, Snooker: 2001–
Bodybuilding 1981–2009
Baling bumerang[2] 1989[2]
Boules sports Petanque: 1985–, Lyonnaise: 2001–, Raffa: 2009–2017 Lyonnaise: 1997
Bowling Ten pin: 1981–, Nine pin: 2005 Pertunjukan: 1988
Lumba kanu Canoe polo: 2005–, Marathon: 2022 Maraton: 2013
Casting 1981–1985, 1993–2005
Cycling Artistic: 1989, Cycle ball: 1989
Dancesport 1997–
Lumba perahu naga 2005–2009
Lagak berkuda Vaulting: 1993 Vaulting: 1920
Finswimming 1981–
Fistball 1985–
Floorball 2017– 1997
Flying disc Ultimate: 2005–, Disc golf: 2001 Ultimate: 1989[2]
Gateball 2001
Gimnastik[b 2] Trampoline: 1981–, Tumbling: 1981–, Acrobatic: 1993–,

Aerobic: 1997–, Rhythmic: 2001–, Parkour: 2022
Trampolin: 2000–
Bola tangan Beach: 2013– Beach: 2001–2009
Hoki Field, indoor: 2005
Ju-jitsu Duo: 1997–, Fighting: 1997–, Ne-waza: 2013–
Karate Kata: 1981– , Kumite: 1981– 2020
Kickboxing 2022 2017
Korfball 1985– Pertunjukan: 1920, 1928
Lacrosse Women's: 2017, Women's 6v6: 2022 Men's 6v6: 2022 Pertunjukan (men's): 1928, 1932, 1948
Lifesaving Pool: 1985–, Beach: 2001–2009, Combined team races: 2001–2009
Military pentathlon 1997
Minigolf 1989
Motorcycling Motocross: 1985, Speedway:

1985, 2017, Dalaman trial: 2005
Muaythai 2017–
Bola jaring 1985–1993
Orienteering 2001–
Bola sarang/ Pessäpallo 1997 Pertunjukan: 1952
Powerlifting 1981–
Racquetball 1981–85, 1993, 2009–2013, 2022
Roller sports Artistic: 1981–, Roller Hockey: 1981–1993, 2001, Inline Hockey: 2005–, Speedskating: 1981– Pertunjukan (roller hockey): 1992
Rowing Dalaman: 2017
Ragbi Sevens: 2001–2013 Sevens: 2016–
Sambo 1985, 1993
Sport climbing 2005– 2020
Skuasy 1997, 2005–
Sumo 2005– 2001
Taekwondo 1981–1993 2000–
Tchoukball 2009
Triatlon 1993 1989,[2] Biatlon: 2013, 2022 Triatlon: 2000–
Tarik tali Luar: 1981–, Dalaman: 2005–2017 Dalaman: 1993–2001
Bola tampar Beach: 1993 Beach: 1996–
Polo air Women's: 1981[b 3] Women's: 2000–
Ski air 1981–, Barefoot: 1997–2009, Wakeboard: 2001–, Cable wakeboard: 2005 Barefoot: 1993 Pertunjukan: 1972
Angkat berat Women's: 1997 Women's: 2000–
Wheelchair rugby Low point: 2022
Wushu Sanda, Taolu: 2009–2013, Taolu: 2022

Jadual pingat keseluruhan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bilangan pingat diraih setiap negara yang mengambil bahagian setakat keputusan Sukan Dunia terlewat tahun 2017 adalah seperti berikut: [4][5][6][7][8][9][10]

KedudukanNegaraEmasPerakGangsaJumlah
1 Itali[a]153147141441
2 Amerika Syarikat[b]145129105379
3 Jerman[c]138111140389
4 Rusia[d]13711072319
5 Perancis103101105309
6 China695528152
7 Great Britain[b][e]596291212
8 Jepun553853146
9 Ukraine[f]424737126
10 Sepanyol414342126
11 Sweden[e]413850129
12 Korea Selatan41212688
13 Belanda404250132
14 Australia335446133
15 Belgium313841110
16 Taipei Cina30333194
17 Colombia29402695
18 Kanada21243681
19 Switzerland20301767
20 Denmark2091342
21 Hungary[g]16142353
22 Austria15222057
23 Poland15152353
24 Kesatuan Soviet[d]1513836
25 Brazil[f]15121340
26 Norway14183365
27 Belarus1482749
28 Bulgaria1431027
29 Finland[h]11222356
30 Republik Czech11141944
31 New Zealand10141034
32 Mexico791329
33 Slovenia612826
34 Afrika Selatan6111835
35 Mesir5131836
36 Argentina581427
37 Slovakia58821
38 Romania58215
39 Venezuela571123
40 Portugal551121
41 Kazakhstan52613
42 Thailand410620
43 Yunani48315
44 Chile45413
45 Croatia44816
46 Mongolia44311
47 Malaysia42410
48 Lithuania35715
49 Ireland34512
50 Estonia3418
51 Turki331218
52 Indonesia31711
53 Vietnam3104
54 Fiji3003
55 Iran[h]29415
56 Azerbaijan2226
57 Singapura2103
58 Maghribi2057
59 Bosnia dan Herzegovina2035
60 Serbia2013
61 Moldova2002
62 Filipina15511
63 Luxembourg1337
64 India1135
65 Emiriah Arab Bersatu1124
66 Qatar[f]1113
 Uzbekistan1113
68 Algeria1102
69 Peru1034
70 Arab Saudi1001
 Guatemala1001
72 Jordan0325
73 Hong Kong0314
74 Czechoslovakia0303
75 Israel0178
76 Côte d'Ivoire0134
77 Ecuador0123
78 Bahrain0112
 Madagaskar0112
 Republik Dominika0112
81 Latvia0101
 Liechtenstein0101
 San Marino0101
84 Montenegro0033
85 Jamaica0022
86Templat:Country data FRY0011
 Bahamas0011
 El Salvador0011
 Georgia0011
 Kuwait0011
 Monaco0011
 Nigeria0011
 Pakistan0011
Jumlah (93 negara)1521150415924617
  1. ^ The results from the 2001 World Games are from the archived website of the Akita, Japan, organizing committee.[5][11][12][13][14][15][16][17][18][19][20][21][22][23]
  2. ^ a b The 1997 bronze medalists in aerobics mixed pair were from Great Britain, not United States as stated in IWGA source.[24]
  3. ^ In 2017, Germany was stripped of a gold medal in women's bowling for doping. This table reflects the reallocation of medals for that event.[25]
  4. ^ a b The Soviet Union, which amassed 36 total medals in 1989, is counted separately from its successor states, including Russia. This is consistent with the separate counting of medals for other states that sub-divided into their constituent successor states following their initial participation in the World Games. These include Czechoslovakia (Czech Republic and Slovakia) and FR Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro).
  5. ^ a b The 1981 mixed badminton title was won by a pair of players from Sweden and Great Britain. Both nations are counted as having won a gold medal.
  6. ^ a b c In 2009, Ukraine was stripped of two gold medals in bodybuilding for doping, and Qatar and Brazil were each stripped of a silver medal. This table does not include those stripped medals, and neither does it include possible reallocation of those medals, as the results at the World Games website do not reflect a reallocation.[6]
  7. ^ In 2009 and 2013, Hungary was stripped of a gold medal and a silver medal, respectively, in sumo for doping. This table reflects the reallocation of medals for these two events.[6][7][8]
  8. ^ a b The 1993 bronze medalist in men's 75kg karate kumite was from Iran, not Finland as stated in IWGA source.[26]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Flag football, a non-tackle discipline of American football
  2. ^ Gymnastics disciplines at The World Games are not those contested at the Olympics.
  3. ^ An invitational sport programme did not exist for the 1981 World Games. Press coverage did not refer to water polo as an invitational sport. An agreement was reached with FINA in the lead-up to the games not to allow women's water polo athletes to march in the opening ceremony, to assuage the displeasure of the International Olympic Committee for its being included in the programme.[3]


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Media Information". International World Games Association. Dicapai pada 13 Mei 2021.
  2. ^ a b c d "THE WORLD GAMES CONTINUE TO GROW!". TheWorldGames.org. IWGA. 2019. Dicapai pada 2021-07-14. (In 1989) Aikido and Minigolf were presented as invitational sports, and Triathlon, Boomerang and Flying Disc were among the demonstration sports. This was the first time there were sports demonstrations at The World Games.
  3. ^ Berkow, Ira (28 July 1981). "Unheralded Sports Exert a Pull, Too". The New York Times. Dicapai pada 2015-10-25.
  4. ^ "Results of the World Games". International World Games Association. Dicapai pada 2015-10-26.
  5. ^ a b "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Results/". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2007-06-18. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  6. ^ a b c "2009 Kaohsiung: Doping Violations". International World Games Association. Dicapai pada 2017-11-12.
  7. ^ a b "The World Games 2009 Kaosiung". International Sumo Federation. Dicapai pada 2017-11-12.
  8. ^ a b "International Sumo Federation – World Games". Dicapai pada 2015-11-01.
  9. ^ "The World Games 2013 Cali Medal Tally". sportresult.com. Dicapai pada 2015-10-26.
  10. ^ "World Games I Results". United Press International. 29 July 1981.
  11. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Karate/Sparring/Open weight/Men August 18-19 / Tenno Town Gymnasium, Tenno Town, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-12-15. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  12. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Karate/Sparring/-60kg/Women/ August 18-19 / Tenno Town Gymnasium, Tenno Town, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-04-15. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  13. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Point Race/". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-20. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  14. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Surf/Rescue Bord Rescue Race". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-11-02. Dicapai pada 2019-10-04.
  15. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Surf/Rescue Tube Rescue Race". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-11-07. Dicapai pada 2019-10-04.
  16. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Pool/4x50m Obstacle Relay". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-04-15. Dicapai pada 2019-10-04.
  17. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Pool/4x25m Manikin Relay". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-04-15. Dicapai pada 2019-10-04.
  18. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Life Saving/Pool/4x50m Rescue Tube Relay". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-14. Dicapai pada 2019-10-04.
  19. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Sport Boules/Petanque/Women/Doubles/ August 17-19 / World Games Plaza, Akita City, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-10. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  20. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Water Ski/Tournament/Men/ August 23-25 / Ogata Water Ski Course, Ogata Village, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-08. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  21. ^ "WORLD GAMES AKITA, JAPAN". 2001-08-26. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  22. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Roller Skating/Speed/Point+elimination 15,000m/Men/ August 24-26 / Akita Prefectural Skating Rink, Akita City, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-14. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  23. ^ "The 6th World Games 2001.8.16-26 Roller Skating/Speed/Elimination 20,000m/Men/ August 24-26 / Akita Prefectural Skating Rink, Akita City, Japan". Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2005-09-09. Dicapai pada 2018-02-03.
  24. ^ "DYBO Health & Fitness". Dicapai pada 2019-10-16. ... multi British Sports Aerobics champions Helen Carpenter-Waters and Alastair Rates who became GB’s only ever medallists at World level
  25. ^ Butler, Nick (5 July 2018). "Bowler, kickboxer and indoor rower stripped of World Games medals for doping". Inside the Games. Dunsar Media Company Limited. Dicapai pada 2019-10-22.
  26. ^ "Saeid Ashtian". Dicapai pada 2018-02-04.

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