Templat:Cite web

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Lompat ke: pandu arah, cari
Ikon pendokumenan Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]

Salin versi kosong. Semua nama paramater mesti dalam huruf kecil. Gunakan aksara "|" (paip) di antara setiap parameter. Padamkan parameter yang tidak diguna bagi mengelak penyelerakan dalam tetingkap suntingan. Beberapa sampel mungkin memuatkan haribulan semasa. Sekiranya haribulan bukan haribulan semasa, singkir halaman.

Parameter yang sentiasa digunakan dalam keadaan melintang

Untuk merujuk dengan mengkreditkan pengarang

{{cite web |url= |title= |last1= |first1= |last2= |first2= |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}

Untuk merujuk tanpa mengkreditkan pengarang

{{cite web |url= |title= |author=<!--Staff writer(s); no by-line.--> |date= |website= |publisher= |accessdate=}}
Parameter penuh dalam keadaan melintang
{{cite web |url= |title= |last= |first= |author= |authorlink= |last2= |first2= |author2= |authorlink2= |date= |year= |editor-last= |editor-first= |editor= |editor-link= |editor1-last= |editor1-first= |editor1-link= |editor2-last= |editor2-first= |editor2-link= |editors= |website= |series= |publisher= |location= |page= |pages= |at= |language= |script-title= |trans-title= |type= |format= |arxiv= |asin= |bibcode= |doi= |doi-broken-date= |isbn= |issn= |jfm= |jstor= |lccn= |mr= |oclc= |ol= |osti= |pmc= |pmid= |rfc= |ssrn= |zbl= |id= |archiveurl= |archivedate= |deadurl= |accessdate= |quote= |ref= |separator= |postscript= |subscription= |registration=}}
Parameter penuh dalam format menegak
Senarai menegak Parameter yang sama Arahan/nota ringkas
{{cite web
| url           =
| title         =
| last1         =
| first1        =
| authorlink1   =
| last2         =
| first2        =
| authorlink2   =
| date          =
| year          =
| editor-last   =
| editor-first  =
| editor        =
| editor-link   =
| editor1-last  =
| editor1-first =
| editor1-link  =
| editor2-last  =
| editor2-first =
| editor2-link  =
| editors       =
| website       =
| series        =
| publisher     =
| location      =
| page          =
| pages         =
| at            =
| language      =
| script-title  =
| trans-title   =
| type          =
| format        =
| arxiv         =
| asin          =
| bibcode       =
| doi           =
| doi-broken-date=
| isbn          =
| issn          =
| jfm           =
| jstor         =
| lccn          =
| mr            =
| oclc          =
| ol            =
| osti          =
| pmc           =
| pmid          =
| rfc           =
| ssrn          =
| zbl           =
| id            =
| archiveurl   =
| archivedate  =
| deadurl       =
| accessdate    =
| quote         =
| ref           =
| separator     =
| postscript    =
| subscription  =
| registration  =
}}
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
| url=
| archiveurl=
| archiveurl=
| url=
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
* Jika ada ruang nama yang tersenarai dalam kolum Parameter yang sama, ruang nama/parameter itu boleh digunakan dan sama fungsinya.
Parameter yang sentiasa digunakan dalam keadaan menegak
{{cite web
| url        =
| title      =
| last       =
| first      =
| date       =
| website    =
| publisher  =
| accessdate =
}}

TemplateData

Berikut adalah pendokumenan TemplateData untuk templat ini yang digunakan oleh VisualEditor dan alatan-alatan lain.

Cite web

Formats a citation to a website using the provided information such as URL and title. Used only for sources that are not correctly described by the specific citation templates for books, journals, news sources, etc.

Parameter templat

This template has custom formatting.

Parameter Keterangan Jenis Status
URL urlURL

The URL of the online location where the text of the publication can be found. Requires schemes of the type "http://..." or maybe even the  protocol relative scheme "//..."

Asali
empty
Example
https://www.metacritic.com//...
Nilai auto
kosong
String required
Title title

The title of the source page on the website; will display with quotation marks added. Usually found at the top of you web browser. Not the name of the website.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String required
Last name lastlast1authorauthor1author1-lastauthor-lastsurname1author-last1subject1surnameauthor-lastsubject

The surname of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line suggested
First name firstgivenauthor-firstfirst1given1author-first1author1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line suggested
Author link authorlinkauthor-linksubjectlinksubject-linkauthorlink1author-link1author1-linksubjectlink1author1linksubject-link1subject1-linksubject1link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the author; can suffix with a numeral to add additional authors

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Authors list authorspeoplehostcredits

List of authors as a free form list. Use of this parameter is discouraged, "lastn" to "firstn" are preferable. Warning: do not use if last or any of its aliases are used.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Last name 2 last2author2

The surname of the second author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink2'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 2 first2

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 2 authorlink2author2-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Source date date

Full date when the source was published; if unknown, use access-date instead; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Year of publication year

Year of the source being referenced; use 'date' instead, if month and day are also known

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Editor last name editor-lasteditor1-last editor editors

The surname of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name editor-firsteditor1-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor-link'; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors; alias of 'editor1-first'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link editor-linkeditor1-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the editor; can suffix with a numeral to add additional editors

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 2 editor2-lasteditor2

The surname of the second editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor2-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 2 editor2-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the second editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 2 editor2-linkeditor2linkeditorlink2

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the second editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Website websitework

Name of the website; may be wikilinked; will display in italics. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases

Asali
empty
Example
Rotten Tomatoes
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Series identifier series

Series identifier when the source is part of a series, such as a book series or a journal

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Publisher publisher

Name of the publisher; may be wikilinked. Having both 'Publisher' and 'Website' is redundant in most cases.

Asali
empty
Example
"CBS Interactive" which owns "Metacritic.com"
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Location of publication location

Geographical place of publication; usually not wikilinked; omit when the publication name includes place; alias of 'place'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Page page

Page in the source that supports the content; displays after 'p.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Pages pages

Pages in the source that support the content (not an indication of the number of pages in the source; displays after 'pp.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
At at

May be used instead of 'page' or 'pages' where a page number is inappropriate or insufficient

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Language language

The language in which the source is written, if not English; use the full language name; do not use icons or templates

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Script title script-title

For titles in languages that do not use a Latin-based alphabet (Arabic, Chinese, Cyrillic, Greek, Hebrew, Japanese, Korean, Vietnamese, etc). Prefix with two-character ISO639-1 language code followed by a colon. For Japanese use: |script-title=ja:...

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Translated title trans-titletrans_title

An English language title, if the source cited is in a foreign language; 'language' is recommended

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Type type

Additional information about the media type of the source; format in sentence case

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Format format

Format of the work referred to by 'url'; examples: PDF, DOC, XLS; do not specify HTML

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Others others

Used to record other (non-author) contributions to the work, such as 'Illustrated by John Smith' or 'Translated by John Smith'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Original year orig-yearorigyear

Original year of publication; provide specifics

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Place of publication publication-place

Publication place shows after title; if 'place' or 'location' are also given, they are displayed before the title prefixed with 'written at'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Publication date publication-date

Date of publication when different from the date the work was written; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
No pp nopp

Set to 'y' to suppress the 'p.' or 'pp.' display with 'page' or 'pages' when inappropriate (such as 'Front cover')

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
arXiv identifier arxiv

An identifier for arXive electronic preprints of scientific papers

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ASIN asin

Amazon Standard Identification Number; 10 characters

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ASIN TLD asin-tld

ASIN top-level domain for Amazon sites other than the US

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Bibcode bibcode

Bibliographic Reference Code (REFCODE); 19 characters

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
biorXiv biorxiv

biorXiv identifier; 6 digits

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
CiteSeerX citeseerx

CiteSeerX identifier; found after the 'doi=' query parameter

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
DOI doi

Digital Object Identifier; begins with '10.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
DOI broken date doi-broken-date

The date that the DOI was determined to be broken

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISBN isbn

International Standard Book Number; use the 13-digit ISBN where possible

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
ISSN issn

International Standard Serial Number; 8 characters; may be split into two groups of four using a hyphen

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
jfm code jfm

Jahrbuch über die Fortschritte der Mathematik classification code

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
JSTOR jstor

JSTOR identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
LCCN lccn

Library of Congress Control Number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
MR mr

Mathematical Reviews identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OCLC oclc

Online Computer Library Center number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OL ol

Open Library identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OSTI osti

Office of Scientific and Technical Information identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMC pmc

PubMed Center article number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
PMID pmid

PubMed Unique Identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
RFC rfc

Request for Comments number

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
SSRN ssrn

Social Science Research Network

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Zbl zbl

Zentralblatt MATH journal identifier

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
id id

A unique identifier used where none of the specialized ones are applicable

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
URL access level url-access

Classification of the access restrictions on the URL ('registration', 'subscription' or 'limited')

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Archive URL archive-urlarchiveurl

The URL of an archived copy of a web page, if or in case the URL becomes unavailable; requires 'archive-date'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Archive date archive-datearchivedate

Date when the original URL was archived; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Dead URL dead-urldeadurl

If set to 'no', the title display is adjusted; useful for when the URL is archived preemptively but still live

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
URL access date access-dateaccessdate

The full date when the original URL was accessed; do not wikilink

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String suggested
Quote quote

Relevant text quoted from the source; displays last, enclosed in quotes; must include terminating punctuation

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Ref ref

An anchor identifier; can be made the target of wikilinks to full references; special value 'harv' generates an anchor suitable for the harv template

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Postscript postscript

The closing punctuation for the citation; ignored if 'quote' is defined

Asali
.
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Subscription required subscription

When set to yes, displays “(subscription required)” to indicate an online source that requires subscription

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Registration required registration

When set to yes, displays “(registration required)” to indicate an online source that requires registration

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Separator separator

The punctuation used to separate lists of authors, editors, etc.; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Asali
.
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Lay URL layurl

URL link to a non-technical summary or review of the source; alias of 'laysummary'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Lay source laysource

Name of the source of the laysummary; displays in italics, preceded by an en dash

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Lay date laydate

Date of the summary; displays in parentheses

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Author mask author-mask

Replaces the name of the first author with em dashes or text; set to a numeric value 'n' to set the dash 'n' em spaces wide; set to a text value to display the text without a trailing author separator; for example, 'with' instead

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Last name 3 last3author3

The surname of the third author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink3'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 3 first3

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 3 authorlink3author3-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 4 last4author4

The surname of the fourth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink4'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 4 first4

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 4 authorlink4author4-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 5 last5author5

The surname of the fifth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink5'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 5 first5

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 5 authorlink5author5-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 6 last6author6

The surname of the sixth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink6'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 6 first6author6-link

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 6 authorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 7 last7author7

The surname of the seventh author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink7'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 7 first7

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 7 authorlink7author7-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 8 last8author8

The surname of the eighth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink8'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 8 first8

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 8 authorlink8author8-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Last name 9 last9author9

The surname of the ninth author; don't wikilink, use 'authorlink9'. If nine authors are defined, then only eight will show and 'et al.' will show in place of the last author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
First name 9 first9

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth author; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Author link 9 authorlink9author9-link

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth author.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Author name separator author-name-separator

Changes the separator between last and first names; defaults to a comma and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Asali
,
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Author separator author-separator

Changes the separator between authors; defaults to a semicolon and space; a space must be encoded as do not use an asterisk, colon, or hash mark

Asali
;
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Display authors display-authorsdisplayauthors

Number of authors to display before 'et al.' is used; default is to do so after 8 of 9 are listed.

Asali
8
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Number optional
Last author ampersand lastauthoramp

When set to any value, changes the separator between the last two names of the author list to 'space ampersand space'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Editor last name 3 editor3-lasteditor3

The surname of the third editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor3-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 3 editor3-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the third editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 3 editor3-linkeditor3linkeditorlink3

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the third editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 4 editor4-lasteditor4

The surname of the fourth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor4-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 4 editor4-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fourth editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 4 editor4-linkeditor4linkeditorlink4

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fourth editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 5 editor5-lasteditor5

The surname of the fifth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor5-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 5 editor5-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the fifth editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 5 editor5-linkeditor5linkeditorlink5

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the fifth editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 6 editor6-lasteditor6

The surname of the sixth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor6-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 6 editor6-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the sixth editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 6 editor6-linkeditor6linkeditorlink6

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the sixth editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 7 editor7-lasteditor7

The surname of the seventh editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor7-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 7 editor7-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the seventh editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 7 editor7-linkeditor7linkeditorlink7

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the seventh editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 8 editor8-lasteditor8

The surname of the eighth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor8-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 8 editor8-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the eighth editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 8 editor8-linkeditor8linkeditorlink8

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the eighth editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Editor last name 9 editor9-lasteditor9

The surname of the ninth editor; don't wikilink, use 'editor9-link'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor first name 9 editor9-first

Given or first name, middle names, or initials of the ninth editor; don't wikilink.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Line optional
Editor link 9 editor9-linkeditor9linkeditorlink9

Title of existing Wikipedia article about the ninth editor.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
Page optional
Edition edition

Specify the edition or revision of the source, when applicable. For example: '2nd' or '5.1'. What you supply here is suffixed by ' ed.'

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Bibcode access level bibcode-access

If the full text is available from ADS via this Bibcode, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
DOI access level doi-access

If the full text is free to read via the DOI, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
HDL access level hdl-access

If the full text is free to read via the HDL, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
Jstor access level jstor-access

If the full text is free to read on Jstor, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OpenLibrary access level ol-access

If the full text is free to read on OpenLibrary, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional
OSTI access level osti-access

If the full text is free to read on OSTI, type 'free'.

Asali
empty
Example
empty
Nilai auto
kosong
String optional