Templat:Kotak info gunung

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Kotak info gunung
Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]

Penggunaan[sunting sumber]

Parameter di bawah boleh digunakan untuk menghasilkan sebuah kotak info/infobox untuk sebuah gunung, bukit, massif, atau sebuah banjarn gunung atau bukit. Parameter yang tidak digunakan boleh dibiarkan kosong.

{{{name}}}
{{{other_name}}}
[[File:{{{photo}}}|{{{photo_size}}}|alt={{{photo_alt}}}|upright=1.25|{{{photo_alt}}}]]
{{{photo_caption}}}
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian{{{elevation}}} {{{elevation_ref}}}
Tonjolan{{{prominence}}} {{{prominence_ref}}}
Pengasingan{{{isolation}}}
to {{{isolation_parent}}} {{{isolation_ref}}}
Puncak induk{{{parent_peak}}}
Senarai{{{listing}}}
Koordinat{{{coordinates}}} {{{coordinates_ref}}}
Penamaan
Nama asli{{{native_name}}}
Terjemahan{{{translation}}} ({{{language}}})
Sebutan{{{pronunciation}}}
Geografi
[[File:{{{map_image}}}|{{{map_size}}}|alt={{{map_alt}}}|upright=1.25|{{{map_alt}}}]]
{{{map_caption}}}
Lokasi{{{location}}}
Negara{{{country}}}
Negeri{{{state}}}
Rantau{{{region}}}
Daerah{{{district}}}
Induk banjaran{{{range}}}
Grid OSTemplat:Gbm4ibx
Grid OSI/OSNITemplat:Iem4ibx
Peta topo{{{topo}}}
Geologi
Usia batuan{{{age}}}
Jenis gunung{{{type}}}
Lengkok gunung berapi{{{volcanic_arc}}}
Letusan terakhir{{{last_eruption}}}
Pendakian
Pendakian pertama{{{first_ascent}}}
Laluan paling mudah{{{easiest_route}}}
Laluan biasa{{{normal_route}}}
Laluan masuk{{{access}}}
{{{embedded}}}
Without photo_size
[[File:{{{photo}}}|frameless|alt={{{photo_alt}}}|upright=1.25|{{{photo_alt}}}]]
{{{photo_caption}}}
{{Infobox mountain
| name              = 
| other_name        = 
| photo             = 
| native_name       = 
| native_name_lang  = 
| photo_size        = 
| photo_alt         = 
| photo_caption     = 
| map               = 
| map_image         = 
| map_alt           = 
| map_caption       = 
| map_relief        = 
| map_size          = 
| location          = 
| label             = 
| label_position    = 
| elevation         = 
| elevation_m       = 
| elevation_ft      = 
| elevation_ref     = 
| prominence        = 
| prominence_m      = 
| prominence_ft     = 
| prominence_ref    = 
| isolation         = 
| isolation_km      = 
| isolation_mi      = 
| isolation_ref     = 
| parent_peak       = 
| listing           = 
| translation       = 
| language          = 
| pronunciation     = 
| range             = 
| coordinates       = 
| coordinates_ref   = 
| topo              = 
| type              = 
| age               = 
| volcanic_arc      = 
| volcanic_belt     = 
| volcanic_field    = 
| volcanic_arc/belt = 
| last_eruption     = 
| first_ascent      = 
| easiest_route     = 
| normal_route      = 
| access            = 
| child             = 
| embedded          = 
}}

Parameter[sunting sumber]

Hanya medan nama dan ketinggian yang diperlukan. Semua medan lain adalah adalah tidak diwajibkan dan tidak akan muncul jika tidak diisikan apa-apa.

Penaman dan hierarki parameter[sunting sumber]

name Nama gunung, puncak atau bukit. If more than one mountain by the name exists, the article is likely disambiguated but this name in the infobox should be the undisambiguated name. For example, Mount Columbia (for Mount Columbia (Canada) or Mount Columbia (Colorado)). An elevation must be supplied.
other_name Nama lain bagi gunung itu jika mempunyai nama lain yang sangat diketahui umum. For example, Mount McKinley for Denali. Quotes can be used as normal to italicize or bold the text if desired.
native_name Nama dalam bahasa tempatan. If more than one, separate using {{Plain list}}
native_name_lang ISO 639-2 code e.g. "fr" untuk French. If more than one, use {{lang}} instead
pronunciation Sila guna templat IPA-xx yang sesuai, dengan menggantikan xx dengan kod ISO bagi bahasa itu. (Lihat {{IPA-en}} untuk bahasa Inggeris.)
listing Senarai nama gunung yang berkait dengan puncak itu. See List of mountain lists for examples.
range Banjaran gunung mana yang mempunyai gunung/massif/banjaran itu, jika berkaitan. The specific range subgroup should be provided instead of any major mountain system unless there is no applicable subgroup. For example, use Teton Range and not Rocky Mountains or Bernese Alps not Alps.

Parameter gambar dan pemetaan[sunting sumber]

photo Gambar gunung itu. Preferably a distance shot to show most/all of the mountain rather than a view from the summit. Do not include the "File:" prefix. If uploading a new image, please put them on Commons so they can be easily used by the other language Wikipedias.
photo_size Lebar gambar dalam nilai pixel. Jika digunakan, lebar maksimum adalah 280px. If not specified, the image uses frameless with upright=1.25 which displays it at approximately 125% of the user's default thumbnail size (for most users the image will display at 280px; for logged-in users who have changed the setting at Special:Preferences the displayed image could range from 150px to 500px). See also: Module:InfoboxImage, WP:AUTOSIZE, WP:EIS, WP:IMGSIZE, and MOS:IMGSIZE.
photo_alt Alt text for the photo, primarily for visually impaired readers. See Wikipedia:Alternative text for images.
photo_caption Description of the photograph which is displayed below. Include the month and year if known.
map The name of a location map as per Template:Location map (e.g. Indonesia or Russia). The coordinates template ({{coord}}) positions a pushpin marker and label on the map automatically. Example see: Mount Everest. For a static image, use |map_image=
map_image The file name of a static map image to be displayed. To use a location map, use |map=.
map_alt Alt text for the map, primarily for visually impaired readers. See Alt text for maps.
map_caption Fill out if a map caption is desired. If not specified, location will be used.
map_relief If a location map template is specified, this template will attempt to display a relief map if one is available. To force the default map image to display use |map_relief=0.
map_size Must be entered as only a number—no need for px. The default value and maximum is 272.

Paramaeter dimensi[sunting sumber]

highest Name of highest peak in the range
highest_location location of highest peak, e.g., country or province
elevation_m Height of highest point in the range, in meters, as a number (e.g., 8848) or interval of plus/minus spaced (8850 +/- 10). Will automatically convert to feet. The infobox uses the same rounding method as {{convert}}: it guesses the precision from the value. If an editor wishes to specify the precision, use {{convert}} and the freeform parameter, "elevation" instead.
prominence_m The clean topographic prominence of the highest point. Uses same rounding as {{convert}}.
length_km Length and width of range, in kilometers, as a number. Will automatically convert to miles. Uses same rounding as {{convert}}
width_km
area_km2 Area of range, in square kilometers, as a number. Will automatically convert to square miles. Uses same rounding as {{convert}}
length_orientation Length orientation such as N-S for North to South
width_orientation Width orientation such as E-W for East to West
elevation_ft As above, except number is expressed in U.S. units, and will automatically convert to metric. Please use only for mountain ranges in the United States. Uses same rounding as {{convert}}.
prominence_ft
length_mi
width_mi
area_mi2
elevation Free form field for expressing dimension, no automatic unit conversion. To be used instead of parameters like elevation_m or elevation_ft
prominence
length
width
area
elevation_system The elevation reference system that defines the elevation, e.g., NAVD88 or DE-NHN
elevation_note Note field after dimensional quantity, typically used for inline citation that supports the quantity
prominence_note
length_note
width_note
area_note

Parameter koordinat[sunting sumber]

There are three ways to enter the location of a mountain range, which controls the content of two different optional fields:

coordinates Coordinates for highest peak in range. Will appear under "highest point" section as a link. Use {{coord}} to specify the coordinates, ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code or an ISO 3166-2 region code, scale, dim, ... See the documentation for details.
range_coordinates Overall coordinates for range, usually the center of the range. Will appear in Geography section as "Range coordinates" and link. Use {{coord}} to specify the coordinates, ISO region, scale, dim, ...
grid_ref_UK If the mountain is in Great Britain, the British grid reference. For mountains outside of Great Britain, this field is not applicable and therefore should be removed if it is present.
grid_ref_Ireland If the mountain is in Ireland (whether Northern Ireland or the Republic), the Irish grid reference. For mountains outside Ireland, this field is not applicable and therefore should be removed if it is present.

Parameter geografi[sunting sumber]

location Free-form field describing location of range, similar to {{Infobox mountain}}
country,country1,...,country19 Countries that range spans. First use country, then country# in order. For more than four countries, infobox will automatically put into collapsed list.
country_type Alternative label for country, e.g., use Continent for ranges in Antarctica
state,state1,...,state19 States that range spans. For provinces, set state_type to "Province"
state_type Alternative label for state, e.g. Province
region,region1,...,region23 Sub-national regions that range spans.
region_type Label for sub-national regions, overriding default "State/Province"
district,district1,...,district19 Sub-regional areas that range spans, e.g., counties in the United States
district_type Label for sub-regional areas, overriding default "District"
city,city1,...,city19 Settlements within the mountain range.
city_type Label for settlements, overriding default "Settlement"
parent Parent mountain range
border,border1,...,border3 Other mountain ranges that border this one
biome Biome(s) for range
topo_maker,topo_map The publisher and name (respectively) of the topographic map that contains the range

Parameter geologi[sunting sumber]

type The type of mountain — see List of mountain types.
age Age of the rock. Geologic time scales may be useful here.
volcanic_arc
volcanic_belt
volcanic_field
volcanic_arc/belt
If the mountain is a volcano, the arc, belt or field in which it is situated. Each parameter displays an appropriate label.
last_eruption The date of the last eruption if the mountain is of volcanic origin. Only use Unknown if a verifiable source such as the Global Volcanism Program states it as such.

Lain-lain parameter[sunting sumber]

first_ascent Date of the first ascent, if known. Typically, this is the first recorded ascent but not necessarily the first true ascent. If it is quite probable the peak/mountain was ascended by local people before then, a footnote should be added.
easiest_route The easiest route to the summit. Some possibilities include Hike, Scramble or any of the YDS grades.
child "yes" if the mountain infobox is embedded inside another Infobox
embedded value = another Infobox to place within the mountain infobox. The other infobox will show up at the end of the mountain infobox. The other infobox needs to have its "embed" or "child" parameter set to 1 or yes, as appropriate.

TemplateData[sunting sumber]

TemplateData documentation used by VisualEditor and other tools

Templat:Template error report

TemplateData for Kotak info gunung

This template is used to create an infobox for an article about a mountain.

Parameter templat

ParameterKeteranganJenisStatus
Namename

Name of the mountain, peak or hill. If more than one mountain by the name exists, the article is likely disambiguated but this name in the infobox should be the undisambiguated name. For example, Mount Columbia (for Mount Columbia (Canada) or Mount Columbia (Colorado). An elevation must be supplied.

Rentetandiperlukan
Photophoto

Photograph of the mountain. Preferably a distance shot to show most/all of the mountain rather than a view from the summit. Do not include the "File:" prefix. If uploading a new image, please put them on Commons so they can be easily used by the other language Wikipedias. If the only image available is less than 280px wide, you can use the photo_size parameter to indicate its size.

Rentetanpilihan
Photo altphoto_alt

Alt text for the photo, primarily for visually impaired readers. See Wikipedia:Alternative text for images.

Rentetanpilihan
Photo captionphoto_caption

Description of the photograph which is displayed below. Include the month and year if known.

Rentetanpilihan
Mapmap

The name of a location map as per Template:Location map (e.g. Indonesia or Russia). The coordinate fields position a pushpin coordinate marker and label on the map automatically. Example see: Mount Everest. For a static image, use map_image

Rentetanpilihan
Mapmap_image

The file name of a static map image to be displayed. For a [[Template:location map|location map]], use map

Rentetanpilihan
Map altmap_alt

Alt text for the map, primarily for visually impaired readers. See [[Wikipedia:Alternative text for images#Maps]].

Rentetanpilihan
Map captionmap_caption

Fill out if a map caption is desired. If not specified, location will be used.

Rentetanpilihan
Locationlocation

Province or state first, followed by country. For USA, the county is optional but if given, be provided before the state. If a pushpin map is being used, the location will be used for the map's caption unless the map_caption parameter is set.

Rentetanpilihan
Map reliefmap_relief

If a location map template is specified, this template will attempt to display a relief map if one is available. To force the default map image to display set to 0.

Rentetanpilihan
Labellabel

Label to be used for the mountain's location on the map. If not specified, the value of the name parameter is used.

Rentetanpilihan
Label positionlabel_position

The position of the label on the pushpin map relative to the pushpin coordinate marker. Valid options are {left, right, top, bottom, none}.

Tersedia
right
Barispilihan
Elevationelevation

Maximum height of the mountain. If the mountain has multiple high points, use the highest. Metres should be used first for all mountains outside of the United States and feet for those within the U.S. For conversions, use elevation_m for metres to feet or elevation_ft for feet to metres. This field is required.

Rentetanpilihan
Elevation (meters)elevation_m

Maximum height of the mountain, metres.

Rentetanpilihan
Elevation (feet)elevation_ft

Maximum height of the mountain, feet.

Rentetanpilihan
Elevation refelevation_ref

Reference for the elevation using the standard <ref> </ref> tags. If elevation_m/elevation_ft was used, the reference must be supplied using this parameter.

Rentetanpilihan
Prominenceprominence

The clean topographic prominence of the summit. For conversions, use prominence_m for metres to feet or prominence_ft for feet to metres.

Rentetanpilihan
Prominence (meters)prominence_m

The clean topographic prominence of the summit, metres.

Rentetanpilihan
Prominence (feet)prominence_ft

The clean topographic prominence of the summit, feet.

Rentetanpilihan
Prominence refprominence_ref

Reference for the prominence using the standard <ref> </ref> tags.

Rentetanpilihan
Parent peakparent_peak

In computation of prominence, peaks form a hierarchy: this is the parent of the peak in the hierarchy. For more information, see Line parent.

Rentetanpilihan
Listinglisting

Name of a relevant list of mountains that the peak belongs to. See List of mountain lists for examples.

Rentetanpilihan
Translationtranslation

Translation of the mountain's name.

Rentetanpilihan
Languagelanguage

Original language of mountain name.

Rentetanpilihan
Pronunciationpronunciation

Use an appropriate IPA-xx template, replacing 'xx' with the ISO code for the language. (See {{IPA-en}} for English.)

Rentetanpilihan
Rangerange

Mountain range if applicable. The specific range subgroup should be provided instead of any major mountain system unless there is no applicable subgroup. For example, use Teton Range and not Rocky Mountains or Bernese Alps not Alps.

Rentetanpilihan
Coordinatescoordinates coords

The latitude and longitude of the summit using the {{coord}} template with display=inline,title. If the article uses a geolinks template in the external links section, do not use the display parameter.

Rentetanpilihan
Topotopo

Topographic map

Rentetanpilihan
Grid ref (UK)grid_ref_UK

Direct url to Ordnance Survey National Grid (UK) for the mountain, passed to {{gbm4ibx}}.

Rentetanpilihan
Grid ref (Ireland)grid_ref_Ireland

Direct url to Ordnance Survey National Grid (Ireland) for the mountain, passed to {{iem4ibx}}.

Rentetanpilihan
Coordinate typecoord_type

Type, from [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/type:]].

Tersedia
mountain
Rentetanpilihan
Regionregion_code

Either a two character ISO 3166-1 alpha-2 country code or an ISO 3166-2 region code. See [[Wikipedia:COORD REGION]].

Barispilihan
Mountain widthdim

Width of the mountain, see [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/dim:]].

Rentetanpilihan
Scalescale

Scale of the mountain, see [[Wikipedia:WikiProject Geographical coordinates/scale:]].

Rentetanpilihan
Sourcesource

The source of the coordinate data. See [[Wikipedia:COORD SOURCE]].

Rentetanpilihan
Formatformat

Format to display degrees in the coordinate listing. dms for degree, minutes, second output (the default), or dec for decimal degree output.

Tersedia
dms
Barispilihan
Coordinates refcoordinates_ref

For any references regarding the coordinates reported. <ref> </ref> tags must be used.

Rentetanpilihan
Typetype

The type of mountain — see List of mountain types.

Barispilihan
Ageage

Age of the rock. Geologic time scales may be useful here.

Barispilihan
Volcanic arcvolcanic_arc

If the mountain is a volcano, arc in which it is situated.

Rentetanpilihan
Volcanic beltvolcanic_belt

If the mountain is a volcano, belt in which it is situated.

Rentetanpilihan
Volcanic fieldvolcanic_field

If the mountain is a volcano, field in which it is situated.

Rentetanpilihan
Volcanic arc/beltvolcanic_arc/belt

If the mountain is a volcano, arc/belt in which it is situated.

Rentetanpilihan
Last eruptionlast_eruption

The date of the last eruption if the mountain is of volcanic origin. Only use Unknown if a verifiable source such as the Global Volcanism Program states it as such.

Rentetanpilihan
First ascentfirst_ascent

Date of the first ascent, if known. Typically, this is the first recorded ascent but not necessarily the first true ascent. If it is quite probable the peak/mountain was ascended by local people before then, a footnote should be added.

Rentetanpilihan
Easiest routeeasiest_route

The easiest route to the summit. Some possibilities include Hike, Scramble or any of the YDS grades.

Rentetanpilihan
Embeddedembedded

Another Infobox to place within the mountain infobox. The other infobox will show up at the end of the mountain infobox. The other infobox needs to have its "embed" or "child" parameter set to 1 or yes, as appropriate.

Rentetanpilihan
Childchild

"yes" if the mountain infobox is embedded inside another Infobox

Barispilihan
Other nameother_name native_name

Other name for the mountain if relatively well known. For example, Denali for Mount McKinley. Quotes can be used as normal to italicize or bold the text if desired.

Rentetanpilihan
Map widthmap_size map_width

Width of the map, in pixels. Must be entered as a number. The default value is 250.

Tersedia
250
Angkapilihan
Photo sizephoto_size

Width of the photo, if less than 280px.

Angkapilihan

Nota umum[sunting sumber]

Blank starter templates for various areas of the world (just copy and paste):

Contoh[sunting sumber]

Sebuah kotak info/infobox tanpa menggunakan peta[sunting sumber]

Mount Shasta
A large mountain rises in the distance over shrubs and trees, its peak covered with snow.
Mount Shasta and Shastina from the Butte Valley (North-East)
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian14,179 kaki (4,322 m)
Koordinat41°24′33″N 122°11′42″W / 41.40917°N 122.19500°W / 41.40917; -122.19500
Geografi
LokasiCalifornia, USA
Induk banjaranCascades
Peta topoUSGS Mount Shasta
Geologi
Usia batuanLess than 593 ka
Jenis gunungComposite volcano
Letusan terakhir1786
Pendakian
Pendakian pertama1854 by E.D. Pearce and party
Laluan paling mudahrock/ice
{{Infobox mountain
| name          = Mount Shasta
| photo         = Mt Shasta from the northwest-750px.JPG
| photo_size    = <!-- omitted to display at user's default size -->
| photo_alt     = A large mountain rises in the distance over shrubs and trees, its peak covered with snow.
| photo_caption = Mount Shasta and Shastina from the Butte Valley (North-East)
| elevation     = {{convert|14179|ft|m|0}}
| location      = [[California]], USA
| range         = [[Cascade Range|Cascades]]
| prominence    = 
| coordinates   = {{coord|41|24|33|N|122|11|42|W|region:US-CA_type:mountain|display=inline<!--,title-->}}
| topo          = [[United States Geological Survey|USGS]] Mount Shasta
| type          = [[Composite volcano]]
| age           = Less than 593 [[kiloannum|ka]]
| last_eruption = 1786
| first_ascent  = 1854 by E.D. Pearce and party
| easiest_route = rock/ice
| listing       = 
}}

Sebuah kotak info/infobox gunung dengan menggunakan peta[sunting sumber]

K2
A large angular white mountain, with steeply sloped sides mostly covered with snow.
K2 in Summer
Titik tertinggi
Ketinggian8,611 m (28,251 ft)
Tonjolan4,017 m (13,179 ft)
Senarai2nd highest on Earth
Koordinat35°52′57″N 76°30′48″E / 35.88250°N 76.51333°E / 35.88250; 76.51333
Geografi
Ralat Lua pada baris 488 di Modul:Location_map: Tidak dapat mencari definisi peta lokasi yang khusus. "Modul:Peta lokasi/data/Pakistan" atau "Templat:Peta lokasi Pakistan" tidak wujud.
LokasiTaxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County, Xinjiang, China/
Gilgit-Baltistan, Pakistan
Induk banjaranKarakoram
Pendakian
Pendakian pertamaJuly 1954 by Lacedelli and Compagnoni
Laluan paling mudahRock, snow and ice climb
{{Infobox mountain
| name           = K2
| photo          = K2 2006b.jpg
| photo_size     = 400px <!-- if a size in pixels is specified, the image will not display any larger than 280px -->
| photo_alt      = A large angular white mountain, with steeply sloped sides mostly covered with snow.
| photo_caption  = K2 in Summer
| elevation_m    = 8611
| elevation_ref  = 
| prominence_m   = 4017
| listing        = [[Eight-thousander|2nd highest on Earth]]
| location       = [[Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County]], [[Xinjiang]], [[China]]/[[Northern Areas, Pakistan]]
| range          = [[Karakoram]]
| topo           = 
| first_ascent   = July 1954 by Lacedelli and Compagnoni
| easiest_route  = Rock, snow and ice climb
| map            = Pakistan
| label_position = right
| map_alt        = K2 is located on the far northwest border of Pakistan, next to China
| map_caption    = Location on Pakistan/China border
| map_size       = 300
| coordinates    = {{coord|35|52|57|N|76|30|48|E|type:mountain|display=inline<!--,title-->}}
}}

Microformat[sunting sumber]

The HTML mark up produced by this template includes an hCard microformat, which makes the place-name and location parsable by computers, either acting automatically to catalogue article across Wikipedia, or via a browser tool operated by a person, to (for example) add the subject to an address book. Within the hCard is a Geo microformat, which additionally makes the coordinates (latitude & longitude) parsable, so that they can be, say, looked up on a map, or downloaded to a GPS unit. For more information about the use of microformats on Wikipedia, please see the microformat project.

Sub-templates[sunting sumber]

If the place or venue has an "established", "founded", "opened" or similar date, use {{Start date}} (unless the date is before 1583 CE).

If it has a URL, use {{URL}}.

Please do not remove instances of these sub-templates.

Classes[sunting sumber]

hCard uses HTML classes including:

  • adr
  • agent
  • category
  • county-name
  • extended-address
  • fn
  • label
  • locality
  • nickname
  • note
  • org
  • region
  • street-address
  • url
  • vcard

Geo is produced by calling {{coord}}, and uses HTML classes:

  • geo
  • latitude
  • longitude

Please do not rename or remove these classes; nor collapse nested elements which use them.

Precision[sunting sumber]

When giving coordinates, please use an appropriate level of precision. Do not use {{Coord}}'s |name= parameter.

Kategori penjejak[sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting sumber]