Templat:LGBT rights table Europe

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Keahlian dalam Kesatuan Eropah bukan hanya memerlukan penyingkiran undang-undang anti-homoseksual, Perjanjian Amsterdam juga memerlukan undang-undang anti-perselisihan yang akan dikuatkuasakan oleh negara-negara anggotanya.[1]

Eropah Utara[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Denmark Denmark Yes Sah sejak 1933
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 1989 No Yes Hanya dalam kerjasama berdaftar sejak tahun 2010 Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay[2][3]
Estonia Estonia Yes Sah sejak 1992
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
No No No Hanya pasangan berkahwinan dapat mengangkat anak Yes Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay[3]
Kepulauan Faroe Kepulauan Faroe (negara pengundi Kerajaan Denmark) Yes Sah sejak 1933 No No No Yes (Denmark bertanggung jawab pada pertahanan) Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay[3]
Finland Finland Yes Sah sejak 1971
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 2002 No (under consideration)[4] Yes/ No Hanya pengangkatan anak tiri (pengangkatan anak bersama penuh dalam pertimbangan) Yes Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay[3]
Greenland Greenland (constituent country of the Kingdom of Denmark) Yes Sah sejak 1933
+UN decl. sign via Denmark.
Yes Sah sejak 1996 No Yes / No Step-child adoption only Yes (Denmark responsible for defence) Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay
Iceland Iceland Yes Sah sejak 1940
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 1996 Yes Sah sejak 2010 Yes Sah sejak 2006 N/A Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay<[3] Yes Perubahan jantina adalah sah dan dokumen dapat diperbaikikan pada jantina yang diakui.
Republik Ireland Ireland Yes Sah sejak 1993
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 2011 No Keputusan Mahkamah Agung menunggu keputusan No Orang gay tunggal dapat mengangkat anak. Pengangkatan anak tiri sedang dipertimbangkan. Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay<[3] No Penggubalan undang-undang untuk mengakui pengenalan jantina menunggu keputusan selepas Mahkamah Tinggi memerintah menggemar.
Isle of Man Isle of Man Yes Sah sejak 1991 Yes Sah sejak 2011 No Yes Yes UK bertanggungjawab pada pertahanan Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay Yes Akta Pengakuan Jantina 2009[1]
Latvia Latvia Yes Sah sejak 1992
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
No No Constitutional ban since 2006 No Hanya pasangan berkahwin dapat mengangkat anak Yes Yes Melarang sesetengah perselisihan anti-gay
Lithuania Lithuania Yes Sah sejak 1993
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
No No Larangan perlembagaan sejak 1992 No Hanya pasangan berkahwin dapat mengangkat anak Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay<[3]
Norway Norway Yes Sah sejak 1972
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 1993 Yes Sah sejak 2009 Yes Sah sejak 2009 Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay<.[3] Yes Perubahan jantina adalah sah dan dokumen boleh diubah untuk jenis kelamin yang diakui.
Sweden Sweden Yes Sah sejak 1944
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Sah sejak 1995 Yes Sah sejak 2009 Yes Sah sejak 2003 Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay[2] Yes Sterilisasi dan perceraian yang diperlukan untuk perubahan jenis kelamin undang-undang.
United Kingdom United Kingdom Yes Sah sejak 1967 in England dan Wales, 1981 di Scotland and 1982 in Northern Ireland
+ Dekl. UN tanda.
Yes Pengongsian sivil sejak 2005 No (sedang dipertimbangkan) Yes Sah sejak 2002 in England dan Wales, 2009 di Scotland dan tidak jelas dalam Ireland Utara Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay<[5][2] Yes Akta Pengakuan Jantina 2004

Eropah Barat[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Belgium Belgium Yes Legal since 1795
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2000 Yes Legal since 2003 Yes Legal since 2006 Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[3]
Perancis France Yes Legal since 1791
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Pacte civil de solidarité
since 1999
Yes No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[2][3]
Guernsey Guernsey (incl. Templat:Country data Alderney Alderney, Templat:Country data Herm Herm and Templat:Country data Sark Sark) Yes legal since 1983 No No No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[6] Yes[6]
Jersey Jersey Yes legal since 1990 No civil partnership bill now awaiting assent No Yes Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Gender Recognition (Jersey) Law 2010[2]
Luxembourg Luxembourg Yes Legal since 1795
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2004 No (proposed) No Single gay persons may adopt (step-child only proposed) Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Monaco Monaco Yes Legal since 1793 No No No Yes France responsible for defence No
Belanda Netherlands Yes Legal since 1811
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1998 Yes Legal since 2001. First country to legalise same-sex marriage. Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[3] Yes

Eropah Tengah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Austria Austria Yes Legal since 1971
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2010 No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Croatia Croatia Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Unregistered cohabitation since 2003 No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[7][3] Yes Act on the elimination of discrimination, The Law on volunteering, Electronic media Law (all including both gender identity and gender expression)
Republik Czech Czech Republic Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2006. No No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Jerman Germany Yes Legal since 1994 (since 1968 in East Germany)
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2001 No No/Yes Step-child adoption only (full joint adoption proposed) Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Hungary Hungary Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2009 No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Liechtenstein Liechtenstein Yes Legal since 1989
+ UN decl. sign.
Pending, as of March 2011 No No N/A No
Poland Poland Yes Never punished. Legal until 18th century, criminalized in 19th by laws of Russia, Germany and Austria-Hungary, formally legal again since 1932
+ UN decl. sign.
No (proposed) No Constitution defines marriage as "a union of a man and a woman"[8] No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Sex change legal; birth certificate is amended after the reassignment surgery
Slovakia Slovakia Yes Legal since 1962
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Slovenia Slovenia Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2006 No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Sex change can be recorded in a central register, and new documents can be issued based on person's new gender identity.[9]
Switzerland Switzerland Yes Geneva, Vaud, Valais and Ticino: legal since 1798. Nationwide since 1942
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Registered partnership since 2007 No No Single gay persons may adopt. Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination

Eropah Timur[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Albania Albania Yes Legal since 1995
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[10] Yes Forbids discrimination based on gender identity.
Armenia Armenia Yes Legal since 2002
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown No
Azerbaijan Azerbaijan Yes Legal since 2000 No No No Unknown No
Belarus Belarus Yes Legal since 1994 No No Constitutional ban since 1994. No No Banned from military service No
Bosnia dan Herzegovina Bosnia and Herzegovina Yes Legal since 1998
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Bulgaria Bulgaria Yes Legal since 1968
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 1991. No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Georgia (negara) Georgia Yes Legal since 2000
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Republik Macedonia Macedonia Yes Legal since 1996
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination[3]
Moldova Moldova Yes Legal since 1995 No No Constitutional ban since 1994. No Yes No
Montenegro Montenegro Yes Legal since 1977
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitutional ban since 2007. No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[11] Yes Forbids discrimination based on gender identity.
Romania Romania Yes Legal since 1996
+ UN decl. sign.
No (proposed) No No Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[3]
Rusia Russia (incl. all constituent regions) Yes Legal since 1993. Previously legal from 1917 to 1930. No No No Yes No
Serbia Serbia Yes Legal since 1994
+ UN decl. sign.
No No Constitution defines marriage as "a union of a man and a woman" No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Act on the elimination of discrimination
Ukraine Ukraine Yes Legal since 1991 No No Constitution defines marriage as "a union of a man and a woman" No Yes No

Eropah Selatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Andorra Andorra Yes Legal since 1790
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2005 No Yes Legal since 2005 N/A Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[3]
Cyprus Cyprus Yes Legal since 1998
+ UN decl. sign.
No(proposed) No No No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Gibraltar Gibraltar (overseas territory of the UK) Yes Legal since 1993 No No No Yes UK responsible for defence Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination
Greece Greece Yes Legal since 1951 (Age of consent discrepancy)
+ UN decl. sign.
No(proposed) No No No Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes
Itali Italy Yes Legal since 1890
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Only married couples can adopt Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Sex changes are legal and documents can be amended to the recognised gender.[12]
Malta Malta Yes Legal since 1973
+ UN decl. sign.
No (proposed) No No Yes Yes Bans some anti-gay discrimination Yes Sex changes are legal and documents can be amended to the recognised gender
Portugal Portugal Yes Legal since 1983
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 2001 Yes Legal since 2010 No Single gay persons may adopt Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination, according to Constitution[3] Yes Sex changes are legal and documents can be amended to the recognised gender since 2011
San Marino San Marino Yes Legal since 2001
+ UN decl. sign.
No No No Unknown No
Sepanyol Spain Yes Legal since 1979
+ UN decl. sign.
Yes Legal since 1998 Yes Legal since 2005 Yes Yes Yes Bans all anti-gay discrimination[3] Yes La Ley de Identidad de Género (Gender Identity Law), enacted in 2007.
Turki Turkey Yes Legal since 1858 No No No Yes No Committee formed in March 2010 to draft a discrimination clause including sexual orientation.[13] Yes
Kota Vatican Vatican City Yes Legal since 1929 No No No Unknown No

Negara-negara diakui sebahagian[sunting | sunting sumber]

Hak LGBT di: Kegiatan seksual sama jenis Pengakuan hubungan Pernikahan sama jenis Pengangkatan anak sama jenis Membenarkan yang gay berkhidmat secara terdedah dalam tentera? Anti-perselisihan (Orientasi seksual) Undang-undang mengenai pengenalan/penyataan jantina
Kosovo Kosovo (hanya separuh diakui, didakwa oleh Serbia) Yes Sah sejak 1994 (sebagai sebahagian dari Serbia), 2008 (sebagai diakui separuh wilayah berdaulat) No No No Yes Yes Melarang semua perselisihan anti-gay[3] Yes
Republik Turki Cyprus Utara Republik Turki Cyprus Utara (diakui hanya oleh Republik Turki) No Gay tidak sah (Hukuman: sehingga 5 tahun penjara)
Yes Lesbian sah[2]
No No No No No


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. "Consolidated Version of the Treaty on European Union". http://eur-lex.europa.eu/en/treaties/dat/12002M/pdf/12002M_EN.pdf. Capaian 30 September 2010. 
  2. 2.0 2.1 2.2 2.3 2.4 Ottosson, Daniel. "State-sponsored Homophobia: A world survey of laws prohibiting same sex activity between consenting adults". The International Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, Trans and Intersex Association. http://old.ilga.org/Statehomophobia/ILGA_State_Sponsored_Homophobia_2010.pdf. Capaian 30 September 2010. 
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 Rainbow Europe Country Index
  4. "Gender-Neutral Marriage Law Possible by 2012". YLE. http://www.yle.fi/uutiset/news/2010/07/gender-neutral_marriage_law_possible_by_2012_1804013.html. Capaian 2 July 2010. 
  5. Criminal Justice and Immigration Act 2008 (c. 4)
  6. 6.0 6.1 "The Prevention of Discrimination (Enabling Provisions) (Bailiwick of Guernsey) Law, 2004". Guernsey Legal Resources. http://www.guernseylegalresources.gg/ccm/legal-resources/laws/discrimination/prevention-of-discrimination-enabling-provisions-bailiwick-of-guernsey-law-2004.en. Capaian 30 September 2010. 
  7. "Zakon o suzbijanju diskriminacije". Narodne-novine.nn.hr. 21 July 2008. http://narodne-novine.nn.hr/clanci/sluzbeni/340327.html. Capaian 30 September 2010. 
  8. The Constitution of the Republic of Poland
  9. ZAKON O MATIČNEM REGISTRU
  10. "Albania protects LGBT people from discrimination". ILGA-Europe. 5 February 2010. http://www.ilga-europe.org/europe/news/latest_news/albania_protects_lgbt_people_from_discrimination. Capaian 5 February 2010. 
  11. Montenegro fulfils EU membership requirement and protects LGBT people from discrimination
  12. "Legge 14 Aprile 1982, n. 164 (GU n. 106 del 19/04/1982) Norme in Materia di Rettificazione di Attribuzione di Sesso." (dalam bahasa Italian). Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 2007-05-23. http://replay.waybackmachine.org/20070523022319/http://www.italgiure.giustizia.it/nir/lexs/1982/lexs_282171.html. 
  13. Discrimination will be banned, draft law says