Templat:Sistem biologi

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Linnaeus
1735[1]
Haeckel
1866[2]
Chatton
1925[3]
Copeland
1938[4]
Whittaker
1969[5]
Woese et al.
1990[6]
Cavalier-Smith
1998[7]
2 alam 3 alam 2 empayar 4 alam 5 alam 3 domain 6 alam
(tidak diolah) Protista Prokaryota Monera Monera Bacteria Bacteria
Archaea
Eukaryota Protoctista Protista Eucarya Protozoa
Chromista
Vegetabilia Plantae Plantae Plantae Plantae
Fungi Fungi
Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia Animalia
  1. ^ Linnaeus, C. (1735). Systemae Naturae, sive regna tria naturae, systematics proposita per classes, ordines, genera & species. 
  2. ^ Haeckel, E. (1866). Generelle Morphologie der Organismen (Morfologi Umum Organisme). Reimer, Berlin. 
  3. ^ Chatton, É. (1925). "Pansporella perplexa. Réflexions sur la biologie et la phylogénie des protozoaires". Annales des Sciences Naturelles - Zoologie et Biologie Animale. 10-VII: 1–84. 
  4. ^ Copeland, H. (1938). "The kingdoms of organisms (Alam Organisme)". Quarterly Review of Biology. 13: 383–420. doi:10.1086/394568. 
  5. ^ Whittaker, R. H. (1969). "New concepts of kingdoms of organisms". Sains. 163 (3863): 150–60. Bibcode:1969Sci...163..150W. PMID 5762760. doi:10.1126/science.163.3863.150.  Parameter |month= tidak diketahui diabaikan (bantuan)
  6. ^ Woese, C.; Kandler, O.; Wheelis, M. (1990). "Towards a natural system of organisms: proposal for the domains Archaea, Bacteria, and Eucarya.". Prosiding Akademi Sains Kebangsaan Amerika Syarikat. 87 (12): 4576–9. Bibcode:1990PNAS...87.4576W. PMC 54159Boleh diakses secara bebas. PMID 2112744. doi:10.1073/pnas.87.12.4576. 
  7. ^ Cavalier-Smith, T. (1998). "A revised six-kingdom system of life". Biological Reviews. 73 (03): 203–66. PMID 9809012. doi:10.1111/j.1469-185X.1998.tb00030.x.