Teori pilihan rasional

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Teori pilihan rasional merujuk kepada satu tetapan garis panduan yang membantu memahami tingkah laku ekonomi dan sosial.[1] Teori ini menyatakan bahawa seseorang akan melakukan analisis kos-manfaat untuk menentukan sama ada pilihan yang tepat untuk mereka.[2] Ini juga menunjukkan bahawa tindakan rasional yang digerakkan sendiri oleh individu akan membantu ekonomi keseluruhan yang lebih baik. Teori pilihan rasional melihat tiga konsep: pelaku rasional, minat diri dan tangan yang tidak kelihatan.[3]

Rasionaliti boleh digunakan sebagai andaian untuk tingkah laku individu dalam pelbagai konteks di luar ekonomi. Ini juga digunakan dalam sains politik,[4] sosiologi, [5] dan falsafah.

Catatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Lawrence E. Blume and David Easley (2008). "[Rationality]," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. http://www.dictionaryofeconomics.com/article?id=pde2008_R000277&q Abstract." by Abstract] & pre-publication copy.
       Amartya Sen (2008). "Rational Behaviour," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. Abstract.
  2. ^ Gary Browning, Abigail Halcli, Frank Webster (2000). Understanding Contemporary Society: Theories of the Present, London: SAGE Publications.
  3. ^ Levin, J. and Milgrom, P., 2004. Introduction to choice theory. Available from internet: http://web. stanford. edu/~ jdlevin/Econ, 20202
  4. ^ Susanne Lohmann (2008). "Rational Choice and Political Science," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition.Abstract.
  5. ^ Peter Hedström and Charlotta Stern (2008). "Rational Choice and Sociology," The New Palgrave Dictionary of Economics, 2nd Edition. Abstract.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Abella, Alex (2008). Soldiers of Reason: The RAND Corporation and the Rise of the American Empire. New York: Harcourt.
  • Allingham, Michael (2002). Choice Theory: A Very Short Introduction, Oxford, ISBN 978-0192803030.
  • Anand, P. (1993)."Foundations of Rational Choice Under Risk", Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Amadae, S.M.(2003). Rationalizing Capitalist Democracy: The Cold War Origins of Rational Choice Liberalism, Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
  • Arrow, Kenneth J. ([1987] 1989). "Economic Theory and the Hypothesis of Rationality," in The New Palgrave: Utility and Probability, pp. 25-39.
  • Bicchieri, Cristina (1993). Rationality and Coordination. Cambridge University Press
  • Bicchieri, Cristina (2003). “Rationality and Game Theory”, in The Handbook of Rationality, The Oxford Reference Library of Philosophy, Oxford University Press.
  • Cristian Maquieira, Jan 2019, Japan's Withdrawal from the International Whaling Commission: A Disaster that Could Have Been Avoided, Available at: [1], November 2019
  • Downs, Anthony (1957). "An Economic Theory of Democracy." Harper.
  • Anthony Downs, 1957, An Economic Theory of Political Action in a Democracy, Journal of Political Economy, Vol. 65, No. 2, pp. 135–150
  • Coleman, James S. (1990). Foundations of Social Theory
  • Dixon, Huw (2001), Surfing Economics, Pearson. Especially chapters 7 and 8
  • Elster, Jon (1979). Ulysses and the Sirens, Cambridge University Press.
  • Elster, Jon (1989). Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences, Cambridge University Press.
  • Elster, Jon (2007). Explaining Social Behavior - more Nuts and Bolts for the Social Sciences, Cambridge University Press.
  • Fernandez-Huerga (2008.) The Economic Behavior of Human Beings: The Institutionalist//Post-Keynesian Model" Journal of Economic Issues. vol. 42 no. 3, September.
  • Schram, Sanford F. and Brian Caterino, eds. (2006). Making Political Science Matter: Debating Knowledge, Research, and Method. New York and London: New York University Press.
  • Walsh, Vivian (1996). Rationality, Allocation, and Reproduction, Oxford. Description and scroll to chapter-preview links.
  • Martin Hollis and Edward J. Nell (1975) Rational Economic Man. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
  • Foley, D. K. (1989) Ideology and Methodology. An unpublished lecture to Berkeley graduate students in 1989 discussing personal and collective survival strategies for non-mainstream economists.
  • Foley, D.K. (1998). Introduction (chapter 1) in Peter S. Albin, Barriers and Bounds to Rationality: Essays on Economic Complexity and Dynamics in Interactive Systems. Princeton: Princeton University Press.
  • Foley, D. K. (2003) Rationality and Ideology in Economics. lecture in the World Political Economy course at the Graduate Faculty of New School UM, New School.
  • Boland, L. (1982) The Foundations of Economic Method. London: George Allen & Unwin
  • Edward J. Nell and Errouaki, K. (2011) Rational Econometric Man. Cheltenham: E. Elgar.
  • Pierre Bourdieu (2005) The Social Structures of the Economy, Polity 2005
  • Calhoun, C. et al. (1992) "Pierre Bourdieu: Critical Perspectives." University of Chicago Press.
  • Gary Browning, Abigail Halcli, Frank Webster, 2000, Understanding Contemporary Society: Theories of the Present, London, SAGE Publications
  • Grenfell, M (2011) "Bourdieu, Language and Linguistics" London, Continuum.
  • Grenfell, M. (ed) (2008) "Pierre Bourdieu: Key concepts" London, Acumen Press
  • Herbert Gintis. Centre for the study of Governance and Society CSGS(Rational Choice and Political Behaviour: A lecture by Herbert Gintis. YouTube video. 23:57. Nov 21,2018)

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Gilboa, Itzhak (2010). Rational Choice. Cambridge, MA: MIT Press.
  • Green, Donald P., and Justin Fox (2007). "Rational Choice Theory," in The SAGE Handbook of Social Science Methodology, edited by William Outhwaite and Stephen P. Turner. London: Sage, pp. 269–282.
  • Kydd, Andrew H. (2008). "Methodological Individualism and Rational Choice," The Oxford Handbook of International Relations, edited by Christian Reus-Smit and Duncan Snidal. Oxford: Oxford University Press, pp. 425–443.
  • Mas-Colell, A., M. D. Whinston, and J. R. Green (1995). Microeconomic Theory. Oxford: Oxford University Press.
  • Nedergaard, Peter (July 2006). "The 2003 reform of the Common Agricultural Policy: against all odds or rational explanations?" (PDF). Journal of European Integration. 28 (3): 203–223. doi:10.1080/07036330600785749. S2CID 154437960.

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