Universiti Reading

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Universiti Reading
Reading shield.png
Ditubuhkan pada1926 - memperolehi status Universiti
1892 - University College, Reading
CanselorSir John Madejski
Naib CanselorProf. Gordon Marshall
PelawatThe Lord President of the Council ex officio
Staf pentadbiran
LokasiReading, Berkshire, England, UK
KampusWhiteknights: 1.3 kilometer persegi (321 ekar)[2]
WarnaUngu dan Putih Diraja
Penggabungan1994 Group
Laman webwww.reading.ac.uk

Universiti Reading ialah sebuah universiti di bandar Reading, Berkshire, England. Ia telah ditubuhkan pada 1892 sebagai University College, Reading dan menerima piagam dirajanya pada 1926. Universiti ini mempunyai suatu tradisi panjang penyelidikan, pendidikan dan latihan di peringkat tempatan, negara dan antarabangsa. Ia menawarkan ijazah tradisional dan juga ijazah kurang biasa dan yang berkaitan dengan vokasional. It dianugerahkan Queen's Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education pada 1998, dan sekali lagi pada 2005. Ia merupakan salah satu daripada 10 universiti paling penyelidikan-intensif di UK[3], selain dianggap antara 200 universiti terbaik di dunia dalam Times Higher Education World University Rankings 2009[4]

Dalam tahun-tahun kebelakangan, universiti ini telah dilanda kontroversi, dengan jabatan ditutup dan kakitangan kehilangan kerja.[5][6][7] Universiti ini akan kehilangan 7.7% daripada pendanaan HEFCE pada tahun fiskal 2010-2011.[8]

History[sunting | sunting sumber]

The University War Memorial clock tower, on the London Road Campus

The University owes its origins to the Schools of Art and Science established in Reading in 1860 and 1870. These became part of an extension college of Christ Church of the University of Oxford in 1892, which became known as University College, Reading.[9]

The new college received its first treasury grant in 1901. Three years later it was given a site, in London Road, by the Palmer family of Huntley & Palmers fame. The same family's continued support enabled the opening of Wantage Hall in 1908 and the Research Institute in Dairying in 1912.[9]

The college first applied for a Royal Charter in 1920 but was unsuccessful at that time. However a second petition, in 1925, was successful, and the charter was officially granted on March 17, 1926. With the charter, the University College became the University of Reading, the only new university to be created in England between the two world wars.[9]

In 1947 the University purchased Whiteknights Park, which was to become its principal campus. In 1984 the University started a merger with Bulmershe College of Higher Education, which was completed in 1989.[9][10][11]

In October 2006, the Senior Management Board proposed[12] the closure of its Physics Department to future undergraduate application. This was ascribed to financial reasons and lack of alternative ideas and caused considerable controversy, not least a debate in Parliament[13] over the closure which prompted heated discussion of higher education issues in general.[14] On October 10 the Senate voted to close the Department of Physics, a move confirmed by the Council on November 20.[5] Other departments closed in recent years include Music, Sociology, Geology, and Mechanical Engineering. The university council decided in March 2009 to close the School of Health and Social Care, a school whose courses have consistently been oversubscribed.[6][7]

In January 2008, the University announced its merger with the Henley Management College to create the university's new Henley Business School, bringing together Henley College's expertise in MBAs with the University's existing Business School and ICMA Centre. The merger took formal effect on the 1st August 2008, with the new business school split across the university's existing Whiteknights Campus and its new Greenlands Campus that formerly housed Henley Management College.[15][16] A further restructuring announced in September 2009 portends the loss of additional jobs, in the film, theatre and television department.[17]

Campuses[sunting | sunting sumber]

Whiteknights Lake
The University Great Hall, on the London Road Campus
Greenlands Campus, used by the Business School

The University maintains over 1.6 kilometer persegi (395 ekar) of grounds, in four distinct campuses:

  • Whiteknights Campus, at 1.23 kilometer persegi (304 ekar), is the largest and includes Whiteknights Lake, conservation meadows and woodlands as well as most of the University's departments. The campus takes its name from the nickname of the 13th century knight, John De Erleigh IV or the 'White Knight', and was landscaped in the 18th century by Marquis of Blandford. The main University library, in the middle of the campus, holds nearly a million books and subscribes to around 4,000 periodicals.
  • The smaller London Road Campus is the original University site and is closer to the town centre of Reading. The London Road site forms the base for the majority of the university's extramural and distance learning activities, and is home to the Centre for Continuing Education and the Professional Management Programmes as well as the Museum of English Rural Life. Moreover, it plays host to the University graduation ceremonies twice a year, in the Great Hall. London Road is currently undergoing extensive renovation to allow a number of departments to move from Bulmershe from 2011.
  • The Bulmershe Court Campus in Woodley is the second biggest campus belonging to the University.[petikan diperlukan] Formerly Bulmershe Teaching College, in 1989 the College of Higher Education merged with The University of Reading and the campus is now the home of The Institute of Education and the Department of Film, Theatre and Television, alongside the Bulmershe site of Students’ Union, Breeze Bar, and Bulmershe Hall of Residences. It also has the largest hall of residence of the University. Furthermore, the campus hosts a range of the University's home sporting fixtures, including football, basketball and the Reading Knights American Football team. Bulmershe is currently due for closure in 2011 with departments moving to either London Road or Whiteknights Campuses.
  • The Greenlands Campus, on the banks of the River Thames in Buckinghamshire. Once the home of William Henry Smith, founder of WH Smith, and latterly the site of the Henley Management College, this campus became part of the university on the 1st August 2008, with the merger of that college with the university's Business School to form the Henley Business School. The school's MBA and corporate learning offerings will be based at Greenlands, with undergraduate and other postgraduate courses being based at Whiteknights.[16]

The University also owns 8.5 kilometer persegi (2,100 ekar) of farmland in the nearby villages of Arborfield, Sonning and Shinfield. These support a mixed farming system including dairy cows, ewes and beef animals, and host research centres of which the flagship is the Centre for Dairy Research.

As part of the proposed Whiteknights Development Plan in Autumn 2007, the University proposed spending up to £250 million on its estates over 30 years, principally to focus academic activities onto the Whiteknights site.[18] The University also intends to site some functions on the London Road site, with a complete withdrawal from Bulmershe Court proposed by 2012.

Research[sunting | sunting sumber]

In the Research Assessment Exercise in 2001, five departments were awarded the top rate of 5* – Archaeology, English, Italian, Meteorology and Psychology, and fifteen departments were awarded the rating of 5. In the wake of the 2008 RAE, the university saw a cut of £4m (19%) in its recurrent research funding, the largest cut among the 1994 Group of British universities.[19]

The Department of Meteorology was awarded a Queen’s Anniversary Prize for Higher and Further Education in 2005. Reading was the first university to win a Queen's Award for Export Achievement, in 1989.

UK University Rankings
2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 2001 2000 1999 1998 1997 1996 1995 1994 1993
Times Good University Guide 31st=[20] 25th[20] 31st[21] 39th 30th[22] 29th 30th 27th[23] 31st 31st 24th= 28th 21st 24th= 19th= 23rd= 32nd=
Guardian University Guide 39th[24] 42nd[24] 44th[25] 27th[26] 21st[27] 29th[23][28]
Sunday Times University Guide 32nd[20] 31st[29] 34th[30] 35th[30] 37th[29] 36th[29] 31st[29] 28th[29] 29th[29] 28th[29] 32nd=[29]
Independent / Complete 38th[31] 29th[31]
Daily Telegraph 29th[32] 40th
FT 24th[33] 27th[34] 34th[35] 30th[36]

Sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Mendayung
  • Berlayar
  • Tinju

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b c RUSU Official Media Pack 2008-2009
  2. ^ "Campus for students". University of Reading. Dicapai pada 2007-08-21.
  3. ^ "The Complete University Guide". Dicapai pada 2008-09-06.
  4. ^ University of Reading Top Universities
  5. ^ a b BBC News article concerning the confirmed closure of the Physics department
  6. ^ a b Melanie Newman, "Institutions draw up plans for closures and job losses", Times Higher Education, 19 February 2009
  7. ^ a b Melanie Newman, "Alarm grows as jobs to go at four more institutions", Times Higher Education, 26 March 2009
  8. ^ Melanie Newman, "Teaching and research escape 9% grant cut", Times Higher Education, 18 Mac 2010
  9. ^ a b c d "The University's History". University of Reading. Dicapai pada 2009-04-30.
  10. ^ "Campus Architecture". University of Reading. Dicapai pada 2007-07-24.
  11. ^ Statutory Instrument 1989 no. 408
  12. ^ Official statement about the Physics Department on the University website
  13. ^ Information page of Labour MP for Reading West, Martin Salter
  14. ^ Official Statement about University Senate vote from University website
  15. ^ "World-class business school to be created as University of Reading merges with Henley Management College". University of Reading. 2008-01-09.
  16. ^ a b "Briefing News Update - Henley Business School". University of Reading. Summer 2008.
  17. ^ Hannah Fearn, "Reading plans restructuring", Times Higher Education, 11 September 2009
  18. ^ "Whiteknights development plan" (PDF). University of Reading. Dicapai pada 2008-03-09.
  19. ^ Zoë Corbyn, "Reversal of Fortunes", Times Higher Education, 6 March 2009
  20. ^ a b c [www.timesonline.co.uk/tol/life_and_style/education/good_university_guide/ "Times University Guide"] Periksa |url= value (bantuan). The Times.
  21. ^ "The Times Good University Guide 2007 - Top Universities 2007 League Table". The Times. Dicapai pada 2007-11-03.
  22. ^ "The Times Top Universities". The Times. Dicapai pada 2007-11-03.
  23. ^ a b "The Table Of Tables". The Telegraph.
  24. ^ a b "The Guardian University Guide". The Guardian.
  25. ^ "University ranking by institution". The Guardian. Dicapai pada 2007-10-29.
  26. ^ "University ranking by institution". The Guardian. Dicapai pada 2007-10-29.
  27. ^ "University ranking by institution 2004". The Guardian. Dicapai pada 2009-01-19.
  28. ^ "University ranking by institution". The Guardian 2003 (University Guide 2004).
  29. ^ a b c d e f g h "University ranking based on performance over 10 years" (PDF). Times Online. 2007. Dicapai pada 2008-04-28.
  30. ^ a b "The Sunday Times University League Table" (PDF). The Sunday Times. Dicapai pada 2007-11-03.
  31. ^ a b "The Independent University League Table". The Independent.
  32. ^ "University league table". The Daily Telegraph. Dicapai pada 2007-10-29.
  33. ^ "The FT 2003 University ranking". Financial Times 2003.
  34. ^ "FT league table 2001". FT league tables 2001.
  35. ^ "FT league table 1999-2000" (PDF). FT league tables 1999-2000.
  36. ^ "FT league table 2000". FT league tables 2000.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Universities in the United Kingdom Templat:Universities and colleges in South East England Templat:1994 Group