WP:IPA untuk bahasa Korea

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The charts below show the way in which the International Phonetic Alphabet (IPA) represents Korean language pronunciations in Wikipedia articles, based on the standard dialect of South Korea.

See Korean phonology for a more thorough look at the sounds of Korean.

Korean consonants
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
b[1] b ball
d[2] d doll
[3] j gee
ɡ[4] g gall
h h hall
j [ㅛ, ㅠ,ㅑ,ㅕ,
ㅖ, ㅒ][5]
y you
k ㄱ, [ㅋ][6] g, k kid
kk skin
ㅋ, [ㅎㄱ] k cup
l ㄹ, [ㄴ][7] l lip
m ㅁ, ㅂ[8] m mall
n
[ㄹ, ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ][9]
n not
ŋ ㅇ, [ㄱ][10] ng king
p , [ㅍ][11] b, p paint
pp spit
, [ㅎㅂ] p paint
ɾ r like Scots r or American ladder
s like see, but aspirated (with more breath)
ss see
ɕʰ[12] s she
ɕ͈[13] ss see
t
[ㅌ, ㅅ, ㅈ, ㅊ][14]
d
t
tall
tt stall
, [ㅎㄷ] t tall
j cheek
tɕ͈ jj pizza
tɕʰ ㅊ, [ㅎㅈ] ch cheek
w [ㅜ, ㅗ][15] w wall
Korean vowels and diphthongs
IPA Hangul RR English approximation
a a beta
spa
e e set, Spanish queso
rays, Brazilian Portuguese peixes
ɛ ae bet, Italian bella
ɛː says, French fête
i i mean
o o core
ø oe weld
øː
u u moon
ʌ eo mud
əː between pearl (RP) and pull, with spread lips
ɯ eu like moon, but with spread lips
ɯː
ɰi ui like wee, but with spread lips

Notes[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Allophone of /p/ between voiced sounds.
  2. ^ Allophone of /t/ between voiced sounds.
  3. ^ Allophone of /tɕ/ between voiced sounds.
  4. ^ Allophone of /k/ between voiced sounds.
  5. ^ Spelled by doubling the short line on the vowel.
  6. ^ ㅋ is Templat:IPAblink at the end of a syllable.
  7. ^ ㄹ is Templat:IPAblink at the end of a syllable. ㄹㄴ and ㄴㄹ may be [l:].
  8. ^ ㅂ is Templat:IPAblink before Templat:IPAblink or Templat:IPAblink.
  9. ^ ㄹ may be Templat:IPAblink at the start of a word. ㄷ, ㅅ, ㅈ are Templat:IPAblink before Templat:IPAblink or Templat:IPAblink.
  10. ^ ㅇ is only Templat:IPAblink at the end of a syllable. ㄱ is Templat:IPAblink before Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink or Templat:IPAblink.
  11. ^ ㅍ is Templat:IPAblink at the end of a syllable.
  12. ^ Allophone of /s/ before /i/ and /j/.
  13. ^ Allophone of /s͈/ before /i/ and /j/.
  14. ^ All are [t] and RR t at the end of a syllable.
  15. ^ Spelled ㅜ before Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink; ㅗ before Templat:IPAblink, Templat:IPAblink; ㅚ Templat:IPAblink can also be pronounced [we]

References[sunting | sunting sumber]