Warith Deen Muhammad

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Warith Deen Mohammed
Warith Deen Mohammed.png

Tempoh jawatan
26 Februari 1975 – 1976
Didahului oleh Elijah Muhammad
Diganti oleh Louis Farrakhan

Pemimpin American Society of Muslims
Tempoh jawatan
1976 – 31 Ogos 2003

Pengarah The Mosque Cares
Tempoh jawatan
2003 – 9 September 2008
Diganti oleh Wallace D. Mohammed II

Lahir (1933-10-30)30 Oktober 1933
Hamtramck, Michigan, Amerika Syarikat
Meninggal dunia 9 September 2008(2008-09-09) (umur 74)
Chicago, Illinois
Persemadian Mount Glenwood Cemetery,
Thornton, Illinois
Bangsa Amerika
Pasangan Shirley Muhammad
Khadijah Siddeeq-Mohammed
Hubungan Dr. Akbar Muhammad, PHD, Jabir Herbert Muhammad
Alma mater Muhammad University of Islam
Pekerjaan Imam, cendekiawan Islam, ahli perniagaan
Agama Islam

Warith Deen Mohammed (lahir Wallace D. Muhammad; 30 Oktober 1933 - 9 September 2008), juga dikenali sebagai "W. Deen Mohammed" atau "Imam W. Deen Muhammad", adalah pemimpin Muslim, ahli teologi, ahli falsafah, kebangkitan semula Islam, dan pemikir Islam (1975-2008) Afrika Amerika yang membubarkan Nation of Islam (NOI) pada tahun 1976 dan diubahsuai menjadi gerakan Islam arus perdana ortodoks, Komuniti World of Al-Islam di Barat yang kemudiannya menjadi Persatuan Umat Islam Amerika. [1][2][3] Beliau adalah anak kepada Elijah Muhammad, pemimpin Nation of Islam dari 1933-1975.[4][5]

Beliau menjadi pemimpin negara (Menteri Agung) Nation of Islam pada tahun 1975 selepas kematian bapanya. [6] Hasil daripada kajian peribadi dan pemikiran, beliau telah membawa sebahagian besar ahli-ahli NOI asal untuk arus perdana, Sunni Islam tradisional menjelang 1978.[7] Dengan penggabungan ini, beliau menyelia penukaran jisim terbesar kepada Islam dalam sejarah Amerika Syarikat.[8] Beliau menolak pendewaan sebelumnya Wallace Fard Muhammad, diterima putih sebagai sesama penyembah, menjalin hubungan yang lebih rapat dengan masyarakat Islam arus perdana, dan memperkenalkan Rukun Islam ke dalam teologi kumpulannya.[3][9]

Kumpulan-kumpulan serpihan menentang perubahan ini terbentuk selepas kematian Elijah Muhammad, khususnya di bawah Louis Farrakhan, yang pada tahun 1981 akan memulihkan Nation nama Islam (dari Final Call) untuk organisasinya, NOI Farrakhan dan panggilan akhir sebelum menuntut kesinambungan terus dari pra-1976 NOI.[3][10]

Karya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Buku[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • The Teachings of W. D. Muhammad, Muhammad's Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, 1975
  • The Lectures of Emam W. D. Muhammad, Muhammad's Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, 1976
  • Book of Muslim Names, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, February 1976
  • The Man and the Woman in Islam, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Mosque #2, Chicago, Illinois, February 1976
  • As the Light Shineth from the East, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1980
  • Prayer and Al-Islam, Muhammad Islamic Foundation, Chicago, Illinois, 1982, Library of Congress Card Number: 82-61077
  • Religion on the Line, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1983
  • Imam W. Deen Muhammad speaks from Harlem, N.Y. Book 1, W. D. M. Publications, 1984
  • Imam W. Deen Muhammad speaks from Harlem, N.Y.: Challenges That Face Man Today Book 2, 1985
  • Meeting The Challenge: Halal Foods for Our Everyday Needs, The Honorable Elijah Muhammad Masjid, Chicago, Illinois, 1986
  • An African American Genesis, M.A.C.A. Publication Fund, Chicago, Illinois, 1986, Library of Congress Card Number: 86-63266
  • Focus on Al-Islam: Interviews with Imam W. Deen Mohammed, Zakat Publications, Chicago, Illinois, Dec. 1988, Library of Congress Card Number: 89-090728
  • Al-Islam: Unity, and Leadership, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 1991, Library of Congress Card Number: 91-061449, ISBN 1-879698-00-5
  • Worst Oppression Is False Worship "The Key Is Tauheed-Oneness of Allah," W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1991
  • Growth for a Model Community in America, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1995
  • Islam's Climate for Business Success, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 1995, Library of Congress Card Number: 95-071105, ISBN 1-879698-01-3
  • Mohammed Speaks, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 1999
  • Blessed Ramadan - The Fast of Ramadan
  • Plans for a Better Future: Peace, Inclusion and International Brotherhood
  • The Schemes Of Satan the Enemy of Man
  • The Champion We Have In Common: The Dynamic African American Soul Books 1, 2, 3, & 4, The Mosque Cares Publications, August 2005
  • A Time for Greater Communities Vol. 1-4
  • Securing our Share of Freedom
  • Prayer in al-Islam, A Learner's Guide w/Instructional CD, WDM Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 2007
  • Return to Innocence: Transitioning of the Nation of Islam, The Sense Maker, Chicago, Illinois, 2007
  • Life The Final Battlefield, W.D.M. Publications, Chicago, Illinois, 2008

Risalah[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • A Look At W. Deen Mohammed: Muslim American Spokesman for Human Salvation, A Ministry of W. Deen Mohammed Publication, Chicago, Illinois, 1993

Video dan audio[sunting | sunting sumber]

Imam W. Deen Mohammed: "Systems of Knowledge", Muslim News Magazine, recorded as a television special by MNM during the 1994 Islamic Convention in Washington, DC. This classroom lecture was delivered in front of more than 200 Imams and scholars at the Renaissance Hotel. "Systems of Knowledge" is a classroom presentation on the essence of Quranic Arabic and its meaning to all mankind. This presentation marked the only time that Imam Mohammed allowed cameras into one of his private Imam classes. RT: 60 minutes. 1994.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ In 1989, Mohammed changed the spelling of his surname Muhammad to Mohammed to reflect the spelling on his birth certificate. Muslim Journal, Vol. 15, No. 19, December 22, 1989
  2. ^ Wall Street Journal, Vol. CIV, NO. 6, Friday, July 9, 1999
  3. ^ a b c Esposito, John (September 10, 2008). "W.D. Mohammed: A Witness for True Islam". On Faith. The Washington Post. 
  4. ^ "The Emergence of Islam in the African-American Community" Diarkibkan Februari 20, 2009 di Wayback Machine
  5. ^ "Warith Deen Mohammed", This Far By Faith, Public Broadcasting Service.
  6. ^ Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 263
  7. ^ "W. DEEN MOHAMMED: A leap of faith", page 1, Chicago Tribune
  8. ^ "Farewell America's Imam", Cable News Network
  9. ^ "Conversion of the Muslims", TIME, 14 Mar 1977
  10. ^ Lincoln, C. Eric. (1994)The Black Muslims in America, Third Edition, William B. (Grand Rapids, Michigan: Eerdmans Publishing Company) page 274

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]