William Ewart Gladstone

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Potret Gladstone lukisan John Everett Millais bertarikh 1879.

William Ewart Gladstone, FRS, FSS, , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , ([glaed-sten], 29 Disember 1809 – 19 Mei 1898) merupakan seorang negarawan British daripada Parti Liberal United Kingdom. Beliau berkhidmat sebagai Perdana Menteri negara tersebut selama 12 tahun merangkumi empat penggal bermula dari 1868 sehingga 1894, di mana beliau merupakan Perdana Menteri tertua mentadbir United Kingdom selepas bersara pada usia 84 tahun.

Doktrin politik beliau yang menekankan kesamarataan peluang, perdagangan bebas dan dasar-dasar ekonomi laissez-faire dikembangkan menjadi suatu fahaman liberalisme yang banyak mempengaruhi politik United Kingdom sehingga turut dibincangkan setaraf dengan Thatcherisme.[1][2][3]

Penulisan beliau[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1841). The State in its relations with the Church (ed. ke-4). London: John Murray. Dicapai pada 13 Oktober 2017 – melalui Internet Archive.
  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1858). Studies on Homer and the Homeric Age. Oxford: At The University Press – melalui Internet Archive., Jilid 1, 2, dan l 3.
  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1868). A Chapter of Autobiography. London: John Murray. Dicapai pada 14 Oktober 2017 – melalui Internet Archive.
  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1870). Juventus Mundi: The Gods and Men of the Heroic Age (ed. ke-2). London: Macmillan and Co. Dicapai pada 13 Oktober 2017 – melalui Internet Archive.
  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1890). On books and the Housing of them. New York: Dodd, Mead & Company. Dicapai pada 11 Oktober 2017 – melalui Internet Archive. A treatise on the storing of books and the design of bookshelves as employed in his personal library.
  • Gladstone, William Ewart (1890). The impregnable rock of Holy Scripture (Revised and Enlarged from Good Words). London: Isbister and Company – melalui Internet Archive.
  • William Ewart Gladstone, Baron Arthur Hamilton-Gordon Stanmore (1961). Gladstone-Gordon correspondence, 1851–1896: selections from the private correspondence of a British Prime Minister and a colonial Governor, Volume 51. American Philosophical Society. m/s. 116. Dicapai pada 28 June 2010. (Volume 51, Issue 4 of new series, Transactions of the American Philosophical Society) (Original from the University of California)

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Heffer, Simon (10 Mei 2013). "Margaret Thatcher was not right-wing". New Statesman. Dicapai pada 28 Jun 2017.
  2. ^ Quinault, Roland (3 Mac 2016). William Gladstone: New Studies and Perspectives. Taylor & Francis. m/s. 327. ISBN 978-1-134-76694-9.
  3. ^ "Liberalism rediscovered". The Economist. 5 February 1998. Dicapai pada 28 Jun 2017.


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