Kota Panama

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Panama City
City
Panamá

Bendera

Lambang rasmi
Kota Panama yang terletak di Panama
Panama City
Koordinat: 8°59′U 79°31′B / 8.983°U 79.517°B / 8.983; -79.517
Country Panamá
Province Panamá
District Panamá
Foundation August 15, 1519
Founded by Pedro Arias de Ávila
Kerajaan
 • Mayor Roxana Méndez
Keluasan
 • City 275 km2 (106 sq mi)
 • Metro 2,560.8 km2 (988.7 sq mi)
Ketinggian 2 m (7 ft)
Populasi (2010)
 • City 880,691
 • Kepadatan 2,750/km2 (7,656/sq mi)
 • Metro 1,272,672
HDI (2007) 0.780 – high[1]
Laman web www.municipio.gob.pa
Astronaut View of Panama

Kota Panama merupakan ibu negara bagi negara Panama


Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

View of Panama city From Cerro Ancón

Suhu persekitaran[sunting | sunting sumber]

Under the Köppen climate classification, Panama City has a tropical wet and dry climate. Panama City sees 1900 mm of precipitation annually. The wet season spans from May through December, and the dry season spans from January through April. Temperatures remain constant throughout the year, averaging around 27.3 °C (81.1 °F).

Data iklim untuk Panama City (1971-2000)
Bulan Jan Feb Mac Apr Mei Jun Jul Ogo Sep Okt Nov Dis Tahun
Purata tinggi °C (°F) 33.4
(92.1)
34.2
(93.6)
34.8
(94.6)
35.4
(95.7)
34.5
(94.1)
33.8
(92.8)
33.9
(93)
33.9
(93)
32.9
(91.2)
32.6
(90.7)
32.9
(91.2)
33.3
(91.9)
33.8
(92.84)
Min harian °C (°F) 26.0
(78.8)
26.3
(79.3)
26.6
(79.9)
27.5
(81.5)
27.8
(82)
27.6
(81.7)
27.5
(81.5)
27.4
(81.3)
27.0
(80.6)
26.7
(80.1)
26.6
(79.9)
26.3
(79.3)
26.94
(80.5)
Purata rendah °C (°F) 24.0
(75.2)
24.4
(75.9)
25.4
(77.7)
26.5
(79.7)
25.1
(77.2)
25.3
(77.5)
25.0
(77)
25.9
(78.6)
25.0
(77)
25.8
(78.4)
25.3
(77.5)
25.2
(77.4)
25.24
(77.44)
Kerpasan mm (inci) 29.3
(1.154)
10.1
(0.398)
13.1
(0.516)
64.7
(2.547)
225.1
(8.862)
235.0
(9.252)
168.5
(6.634)
219.9
(8.657)
253.9
(9.996)
330.7
(13.02)
252.3
(9.933)
104.6
(4.118)
1,907.2
(75.087)
Purata hari kerpasan (≥ 0.1 mm) 2.9 1.3 1.4 4.9 15.0 16.0 14.0 15.0 17.0 20.0 16.0 7.5 131
Sumber: World Meteorological Organization[2]

Cityscape[sunting | sunting sumber]

Seni bina[sunting | sunting sumber]

Downtown Panama from the yacht club

Panama's old quarter features many architectural styles, from Spanish colonial buildings to French and Antillean townhouses built during the construction of the Panama Canal.[3] The more modern areas of the city have many high-rise buildings, which together form a very dense skyline. There are currently more than 110 high-rise projects being constructed, with 127 high-rise buildings already built.[4] The city holds the 40th place in the world by high-rise buildings count.[5]

The Centennial Bridge that crosses the Panama Canal earned the American Segmental Bridge Institute prize of excellence, along with seven other bridges in the Americas.[6]

Jiran[sunting | sunting sumber]

The skyline of Panama City from Ancon Hill.
The skyline of Panama City from Ancon Hill.
Punta Paitilla view from Cinta Costera(2012)
Punta Paitilla view from Cinta Costera(2012)

Ekonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

RORO carriers, such as this one at Miraflores locks, are among the largest ships to use the Panama Canal.

Being the economic and financial center of the country, Panama City's economy is service-based, heavily weighted toward banking, commerce, and tourism.[7] The economy depends significantly on trade and shipping activities associated with the Panama Canal and port facilities located in Balboa. The city has benefited from significant economic growth in recent years, mainly due to the ongoing expansion of the Panama Canal, an increase in real estate investment, and a relatively stable banking sector.[8] There are around eighty banks in the city, at least fifteen of which are national.

Construction boom in Panama City.

Demografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Budaya[sunting | sunting sumber]

Tapak Warisan Dunia[sunting | sunting sumber]

Archaeological Site of Panamá Viejo and Historic District of Panamá*
Tapak Warisan Dunia Tapak Warisan Dunia UNESCO
Casco viejo Street
Maklumat am
Jenis Touristic, Cultural and Global
Kriteria II, IV, VI
Rujukan 790
Kawasan** Latin America and The Caribbean
Sejarah inskripsi
Inskripsi 1997 (Sesi 21st)
Lanjutan 2003

* Nama seperti tertulis dalam Senarai Warisan Dunia
** Kawasan seperti yang dikelaskan oleh UNESCO

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Kesusasteraan[sunting | sunting sumber]

According to Professor Rodrigo Miró, the first story about Panama was written by Gonzalo Fernández de Oviedo y Valdés and published as part of the Historia General y Natural de Las Indias in 1535. Some poets and novelists born in Panamá city are Manuel María Ayala (1785–1824), Amelia Denis de Icaza (1836–1911), Darío Herrera (1870–1914), Ricardo Miró (1883–1940), Gaspar Octavio Hernández (1893–1918), Demetrio Korsi (1899–1957), Ricardo Bermúdez (1914–2000), Joaquín Beleño (1922–88), Ernesto Endara (1932–), Diana Morán (1932–87), José Córdova (1937–), Pedro Rivera (1939–), Moravia Ochoa López (1941–), Roberto Fernández Iglesias (1941–), Jarl Ricardo Babot (1946–), Giovanna Benedetti (1949–), Manuel Orestes Nieto (1951–), Moisés Pascual (1955–), Héctor Miguel Collado (1960–), David Robinson Orobio (1960–), Katia Chiari (1969–), Carlos Oriel Wynter Melo (1971–), José Luis Rodríguez Pittí (1971–), and Sofía Santim (1982–).[9]

Pelancongan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Fail:Plaza Amador.jpg
The Plaza Amador crest.

Pendidikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kesihatan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pengangkutan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Galeri[sunting | sunting sumber]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Mellander, Gustavo A.; Nelly Maldonado Mellander (1999). Charles Edward Magoon: The Panama Years. Río Piedras, Puerto Rico: Editorial Plaza Mayor. ISBN 1-56328-155-4. OCLC 42970390.
  • Mellander, Gustavo A. (1971). The United States in Panamanian Politics: The Intriguing Formative Years. Danville, Ill.: Interstate Publishers. OCLC 138568.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]