Cemburu

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"Jealousy and Flirtation" menggambarkan wanita cemburu (atau, iri hati) atas perhatian yang diberikan pada wanita lain oleh lelaki.

Cemburu merupakan emosi dan biasanya merujuk pada fikiran negetif dan perasaan terancam, takut, dan risau bagi kehilangan sesuatu yang dihargai oleh seseorang, terutama merujuk pada hubungan manusia. Cemburu sering kali merupakan gabungan emosi yang ditunjukkan seperti marah, benci, kekurangan, tidak berdaya dan meluat. Dalam makna umum yang digunakan dalam rencana ini, cemburu berbeza dengan iri hati, sungguhpu kedua istilah secara popular hampir menjadi sama.

Cemburu merupakan perasaan biasa dalam hubungan sesama manusia. Ia telah dipantau pada bayi lima bulan dan seterusnya.[1][2][3][4] Some claim that jealousy is seen in every culture;[5][6][7] however, others claim jealousy is a culture-specific phenomenon.[8]

Cemburu sering kali diperkukuhkan sebagai siri emosi kuat dan dibentuk sebagai pengalaman manusia umum; ia telah menjadi tema banyak karya artis.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Draghi-Lorenz, R. (2000). Five-month-old infants can be jealous: Against cognitivist solipsism. Paper presented in a symposium convened for the XIIth Biennial International Conference on Infant Studies (ICIS), 16–19 July, Brighton, UK.
  2. Hart, S. (2002). Jealousy in 6-month-old infants. Infancy, 3, 395–402.
  3. Hart, S. (2004). When infants lose exclusive maternal attention: Is it jealousy? Infancy, 6, 57–78.
  4. Shackelford, T.K., Voracek, M., Schmitt, D.P., Buss, D.M., Weekes-Shackelford, V.A., & Michalski, R.L. (2004). Romantic jealousy in early adulthood and in later life. Human Nature, 15, 283–300.
  5. Buss, D.M. (2000). The Dangerous Passion: Why Jealousy is as Necessary as Love and Sex. New York: Free Press.
  6. Buss DM (December 2001), "Human nature and culture: an evolutionary psychological perspective", J Pers 69 (6): 955–78, doi:10.1111/1467-6494.696171, PMID 11767825. 
  7. White, G.L., & Mullen, P.E. (1989). Jealousy: Theory, Research, and Clinical Practice. New York, NY: Guilford Press.
  8. Peter Salovey. The Psychology of Jealousy and Envy. 1991. ISBN 978-0-89862-555-4
  • Pistole, Carole Roberts, Amber Mosko, Johthan (2010). " Commitment predictors: Long-distance versus geographically close relationships," Ebsco , Vol 88(2).
  • Rydell, Robert, McConnell, Allen, Bringle, Robert (2004). Jealousy & Commitment: Perceived threat & the Effect," Ebsco
  • Lyhda, Belcher (2009). " Different Types of Jealousy" livestrong.com
  • Green, Melanie, Sabin, John. " Gender, Socioeconomic Status, age and jealousy: Emotional responses to infidelity in a national sample," ebsco, Vol 6(2).

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Peter Goldie. The Emotions, A Philosophical Exploration . Oxford University Press, 2000
  • W. Gerrod Parrott. Emotions in Social Psychology . Psychology Press, 2001
  • Jesse J. Prinz. Gut Reactions: A Perceptual Theory of Emotions. Oxford University Press, 2004
  • Staff, P.T. (Jan/Feb 1994,), "A devastating difference", Psychology Today, Document ID 1544, http://www.psychologytoday.com/articles/pto-19940101-000017.html, capaian 2006-07-08 
  • Jealousy among the Sangha Quoting Jeremy Hayward from his book on Chögyam Trungpa Rinpoche Warrior-King of Shambhala: Remembering Chögyam Trungpa
  • Hart, S. L. & Legerstee, M. (Eds.) "Handbook of Jealousy: Theory, Research, and Multidisciplinary Approaches" . Wiley-Blackwell, 2010.
  • Pistole, M., Roberts, A., & Mosko, J. E. (2010). Commitment Predictors: Long-Distance Versus Geographically Close Relationships. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(2), 146. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Levy, Kenneth N., Kelly, Kristen M Feb 2010; Sex Differences in Jealousy: A Contribution From Attachment Theory Psychological Science, vol. 21: pp. 168–173
  • Green, M. C., & Sabini, J. (2006). Gender, socioeconomic status, age, and jealousy: Emotional responses to infidelity in a national sample. Emotion, 6(2), 330-334. doi:10.1037/1528-3542.6.2.330
  • RAUER, A. J., & VOLLING, B. L. (2007). Differential parenting and sibling jealousy: Developmental correlates of young adults’ romantic relationships. Personal Relationships, 14(4), 495-511. doi:10.1111/j.1475-6811.2007.00168.x
  • Pistole, M., Roberts, A., & Mosko, J. E. (2010). Commitment Predictors: Long-Distance Versus Geographically Close Relationships. Journal of Counseling & Development, 88(2), 146. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.
  • Tagler, M. J. (2010). Sex differences in jealousy: Comparing the influence of previous infidelity among college students and adults. Social Psychological and Personality Science, 1, 353-360. doi:10.1177/1948550610374367
  • Tagler, M. J., & Gentry, R. H. (2011). Gender, jealousy, and attachment: A (more) thorough examination across measures and samples. Journal of Research in Personality, 45, 697-701. doi:10.1016/j.jrp.2011.08.006

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