Charles X Gustav dari Sweden

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Charles X Gustav
Raja Sweden
Duke dari Bremen dan Putera dari Verden
Tempoh pemerintahan 6 Jun 1654 – 13 Februari 1660 (&&&&&&&&&&&&&&05.&&&&&05 tahun, &&&&&&&&&&&&0252.&&&&&0252 hari)
Didahului oleh Christina
Diikuti oleh Charles XI
Pasangan Hedwig Eleonora dari Holstein-Gottorp
Putera-puteri
Charles XI
Ayahanda John Casimir, Count Palatine dari Zweibrücken-Kleeburg
Bonda Catherine dari Sweden
Pengebumian 4 November 1660
Gereja Riddarholmen, Stockholm
Agama Lutheran

Charles X Gustav juga Carl Gustav, Bahasa Sweden: Karl X Gustav (8 November 1622 – 13 Februari 1660) was King of Sweden from 1654 until his death. He was the son of John Casimir, Count Palatine of Zweibrücken-Kleeburg and Catherine of Sweden. After his father's death he also succeeded him as Pfalzgraf. He was married to Hedwig Eleonora of Holstein-Gottorp, who bore his son and successor, Charles XI. Charles X Gustav was the second Wittelsbach king of Sweden after the childless king Christopher of Bavaria (1441–1448) and he was the first king of the Swedish Caroline era, which had its peak during the end of the reign of his son, Charles XI. By his predecessor Christina, he was considered de facto Duke of Eyland (Öland)[1] before ascending to the Swedish throne.

His numbering as Charles X derives from a 16th century invention. The Swedish king Charles IX (1604–1611) chose his numeral after studying a fictitious history of Sweden. This king was the fourth actual King Charles,[2] but has never been called Charles IV.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]


Karl X Gustav
Cabang kadet bagi Kerabat Wittelsbach
Tarikh lahir: 8 November 1622 Tarikh kemangkatan: 13 Februari 1660
Gelaran pemerintah
Didahului oleh
Christina
sebagai Ratu memerintah Sweden
Raja Sweden
1654–1660
Diikuti oleh:
Karl XI
Didahului oleh
Christina
sebagai Duchess regnant of Bremen and Princess regnant of Verden
Duke of Bremen and Prince of Verden
1654-1660
Diikuti oleh:
Karl XI

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Paul Meijer Granqvist in Carl X Gustaf "den förste pfalzaren" Askerbergs, Stockholm 1910 p. 56-57
  2. Article Karl in Nordisk familjebok

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Asmus, Ivo; Tenhaef, Peter (2006). "Die Trauerfeier an der Universität Greifswald am 11. Mai 1660 für Karl X. Gustav von Schweden. Historische und rhetorische Aspekte". In Walter Baumgartner (dalam bahasa German). Ostsee-Barock. Texte und Kultur. Nordische Geschichte. 4. Berlin: LIT Verlag. m/s. 59–84. ISBN 382589987. 
  • Rencana ini menggabungkan teks daripada Ensiklopedia Britannica Edisi Ke-11, sebuah terbitan yang kini di domain awam.