Pembunuhan Srebrenica

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Kejatuhan Srebrenica dan Žepa
Sebahagian daripada Perang Bosnia dan Herzegovina
Srebrenica massacre map.jpg
Tarikh 6 Julai25 Julai 1995
Lokasi Bosnia Timur
Hasil Pembersihan Etnik Srebrenica dan Žepa
Operasi Deliberate Force
Yang berperang
Flag of Republika Srpska.svg Republika Srpska
  • 10 th subversif detasemen
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg Bosnia-Herzegovina

Flag of the Netherlands.svg Belanda

Komander dan pemimpin
Flag of Republika Srpska.svg Ratko Mladić

Flag of Republika Srpska.svg Radislav Krstić (Korps Drina)
Milorad Pelemiš[1]
Dražen Erdemović

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg Naser Orić
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg Avdo Palić

Flag of the Netherlands.svg Ton Karremans

Kekuatan
Flag of Republika Srpska.svg 9450

Mercenaries 100-300

Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg 5500-6000 (Srebrenica)
Flag of Bosnia and Herzegovina (1992-1998).svg 1500 (Žepa)

Flag of the Netherlands.svg 70 peacekeepers dan 2 F-16

Kerugian
300 terbunuh atau terluka parah

2 padded tangki

2,000 terbunuh[2]

35 632 dan 12.000 evacuees (dari Srebrenica dan Žepa di Tuzla)
800 pengungsi (dari Serbia)[3][4]
1,000 di 1,5000 tertangkap (Srebrenica di Žepa)

Penyembelihan Srebrenica merujuk kepada pembunuhan beramai-ramai lelaki dan remaja lelaki Bosnia dan Herzegovina pada bulan Julai 1995 dalam daerah Srebrenica, oleh unit-unit Tentera Republika Srpska (VRS) di bawah arahan Jeneral Ratko Mladić, yang telahpun didapati bersalah kerana pembasmian kaum dan pelbagai jenayah perang lain di ICTY. Dengan anggaran seramai 7,000 mangsa, ia dianggap secara meluas sebagai pembunuhan terbesar di Eropah semenjak Perang Dunia II. Akibat bentuk kejadian ini, jumlah sebenar, butiran terperinci, dan sebab kejadian dipertikaikan sehingga kini. Ia dianggap secara umum sebagai kejadian paling menakutkan dan kontrovesi dalam sejarah Eropah moden.

On August 10, 1995, a month after the fall of Srebrenica, but with in days of the expulsion by the Croats of 220.000 Serbs from Krajina, Madeleine Albright showed some satellite photos at a closed session of the Security Council, held up a photo which she said provided evidence that thousands of Muslim victims had been buried at field near Nova Kasaba, 19 kilometers from Srebrenica. Excavations which took place following the war, however, yielded 33 bodies at Nova Kasaba. Two years after the event, a total of 400 bodies had been found at 20 sites near Srebrenica, an area which had seen bloody fighting over a three year period. To distract attention from the largest ethnic cleansing of the entire Yugoslav civil war, with not only "tacit American approval" but with active American assistance, the Clinton Administration put on a spy photo "peep show" for the UN Security Council. A supplementary objective must have been to dissuade Security Council members from seeking to impose sanctions against an ally of the United States for a criminal offensive in the Krajina on a far greater scale than the Serb capture of Srebrenica[5]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Massacre Near Srebrenica was Staged by French and Muslim Agents
  2. Srebrenica And the Politics of War Crimes
  3. "So to avoid the Bosnian Serb forces to their west, about 800 of the men and boys of Zepa fled east. They crossed the Drina River to Yugoslavia, where they were split between two detention camps"211 Bosnians Free After 8 Months. Why So Long?
  4. "The fact that Milosevic personally intervened and saved 800 Bosnian Muslim men from the enclave who crossed the Drina River into Yugoslavia demanding protection from Milosevic!!! These men where handed over to the Red Cross in Hungary - so that from there they could choose whether or not they wanted to return to Bosnia."Some things to keep in mind about Srebrenica:
  5. "The Srebrenica Massacre": A Hoax? By George Pumphrey Bonn, Germany November 1998

Pranala luar[sunting | sunting sumber]