Presiden Republik Dominica

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President of the Dominican Republic
Presidential Standard of the Dominican Republic (At Sea).svg
Presidential Standard
Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg
Penyandang
Leonel Fernández

sejak 16 ogost 2004
Jenis His Exellency
Kediaman National Palace, Santo Domingo
Tempoh Empat Tahun
Penyandang Pertama Pedro Santana
Pembentukan 13 Julai 1844
Laman web presidencia.gob.do

Templat:Politik Republik Dominican

Presiden Republik Dominican keduanya adalah ketua negara dan ketua pemerintah kepada Republik Dominica. Sistem presiden dilaksanakan mulai tahun 1844, Berikut adalah perisytiharan Republik Demonica. Presiden Republik Dominican dikurniakan gelaran "Tuan Yang Terutama" semasa memegang jawatan. Alamat rasminya adalah [[Istana Negara (Dominican Republic)]. Juga, kedudukan sepadan dengan pejabat tertinggi di negara ini, pegawai kanan kerajaan yang tertinggi dan tokoh politik dalam negara.

Perlembagaan Republik Dominican (terakhir dipinda pada tahun 2010) menetapkan keperluan, hak dan kewajipan yang mesti dipenuhi oleh Presiden Republik.

Pada masa ini, jawatan presiden boleh dipegang untuk tempoh empat tahun tanpa pilihan raya semula. Selepas sekurang-kurangnya satu penggal pemerintahan, seseorang memegang jawatan Presiden, sebelum boleh dipilih semula. Perubahan arahan berlaku setiap empat tahun, pada 16 Ogos, yang merupakan hari Pemilihan Republik dan oleh itu adalah hari cuti umum.

Presiden sekarang bagi Republik Dominican adalah [Leonel Fernández Reyna]] Partido de la Liberación Dominicana (PLD) (Parti Pembebasan Dominican), yang berkhidmat dua penggal berturut-turut sejak 2004 selepas dipilih semula untuk tempoh 2008-2012. Beliau telah memegang jawatan presiden Republik Dominican pada dua masa lain, dalam tempoh perlembagaan 1996-2000 dan 2004-2008.

Pemilihan Presiden seterusnya dijadualkan pada 20 Mei 2012.

Senarai rasmi Presiden Republik Dominican (1844 – kini)[sunting | sunting sumber]

# Foto Nama Mula memegang kuasa Melepas jawatan Jawatan
1 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 13 November 1844 4 Ogos 1848 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Majlis setiausaha Negara 4 Ogos 1848 8 September 1848 Ahli Majlis Setiausaha Negara
Members:
Félix Mercenario
Domingo de la Rocha
José María Caminero
Manuel Jimenes
2 Manuel Jimenez.jpg Manuel Jiménes 8 September 1848 29 Mei 1849 Presiden
3 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 29 May 1849 15 Februari 1853 President
4 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 15 February 1853 26 Mei 1856 Presiden
5 Manueldereglamosa.gif Manuel de Regla Mota 26 Mei 1856 8 October 1856 Presiden
6 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 8 October 1856 13 Jun 1858 President
7 Jose desiderio valverde.gif José Desiderio Valverde 13 Jun 1858 28 Julai 1858 Presiden
8 PedroSantana.jpg Pedro Santana 28 Julai 1858 18 Mac 1861 Presiden
Dari 1861 hingga 1865, Republik Dominica telah ditakluk oleh Sepanyol.
9 Pedro antonio pimentel.gif Pedro Antonio Pimentel 25 Mac 1865 4 Ogos 1865 Presiden
Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral 4 Ogos 1865 15 November 1865 Supreme Chief
Pedro guillermo guerrero.gif Pedro Guillermo 15 November 1865 8 Disember 1865 President of the Provisional Government Junta
10 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 8 Disember 1865 29 Mei 1866 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Triumvirate 29 Mei 1866 22 Ogos 1866 Members:
Pedro Antonio Pimentel
Gregorio Luperón
Federico de Jesús García
11 Jose Maria Cabral.jpg José María Cabral 22 Ogos 1866 3 Januari 1868 Presiden
12 Manuel Altagracia Cáceres.jpg Manuel Altagracia Cáceres 3 Januari 1868 13 Februari 1868 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Junta of Generals 13 Februari 1868 2 Mei 1868 Members:
José Antonio Hungría
Francisco Antonio Gómez Báez
José Ramón Luciano y Franco
13 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 2 May 1868 2 Januari 1874 Presiden
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 2 Januari 1874 22 Januari 1874 Supreme Chief
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Generals-in-Chief 22 January 1874 6 April 1874 Members:
Ignacio María González
Manuel Altagracia Cáceres
14 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 6 April 1874 23 Februari 1876 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 23 February 1876 29 April 1876 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Pedro Tomás Garrido
José de Jesús de Castro
Pedro Pablo de Bonilla
Juan Bautista Zafra
Pablo López Villanueva
Jacinto Peynado
15 Ulises espaillat.jpg Ulises Francisco Espaillat 29 April 1876 5 October 1876 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Superior Governing Junta 5 October 1876 11 November 1876 Members:
Pablo López Villanueva
José Caminero Matías
Juan Esteban Ariza Matos
Fidel Rodríguez Urdaneta
José de Jesús Eduardo de Castro Álvarez
Juan Bautista Zafra y Miranda
Pedro Tomás Garrido Matos
Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 11 November 1876 9 December 1876 Supreme Chief
Marcos Cabral.jpg Marcos Antonio Cabral 9 December 1876 26 December 1876 President of the Provisional Government Junta
16 Buenaventura Baéz.gif Buenaventura Báez 26 December 1876 2 March 1878 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 2 March 1878 5 March 1878 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
José María Cabral
Joaquín Montolío
17 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesareo Guillermo 5 March 1878 6 July 1878 Presiden
18 Ignacio María González.png Ignacio María González 6 July 1878 2 September 1878 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Military Chiefs 2 September 1878 6 September 1878 People's Military Chiefs


Members:
Ulises Heureaux
Cesáreo Guillermo

Jacinto De Castro.jpg Jacinto de Castro 7 September 1878 29 September 1878 Acting Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 September 1878 27 February 1879 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Cesáreo Guillermo
Alejandro Angulo Guridi
Pedro Ramón Aristy
19 Cesareo Guillermo B.jpg Cesáreo Guillermo 27 February 1879 6 December 1879 President
20 GregorioLuperon.jpg Gregorio Luperón 6 December 1879 1 September 1880 President
21 Fernando Arturo Meriño.jpg Fernando Arturo de Meriño 1 September 1880 1 September 1882 President
22 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 1 September 1882 1 September 1884 Presiden
23 Francisco Billini.jpg Francisco Gregorio Billini 1 September 1884 16 May 1885 Presiden
24 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil 16 May 1885 6 January 1887 Presiden
25 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 6 January 1887 27 Februari 1889 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Manuel María Gautier 27 February 1889 30 April 1889 Acting Presiden
26 Hereaux2.gif Ulises Heureaux 30 April 1889 26 July 1899 Presiden
27 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Juan Wanceslao Figuereo 26 July 1899 30 Ogos 1899 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 30 Ogos 1899 31 Ogos 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Tomás Demetrio Morales
Arístides Patiño
Enrique Henríquez y Alfau
Jaime R. Vidal
Braulio Álvarez
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg People's Revolutionary Governing Junta 31 Ogos 1899 4 September 1899 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Mariano Cestero
Álvaro Logroño
Arístides Patiño
Pedro María Mejía
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 4 September 1899 15 November 1899 President of the Provisional Government Junta
28 Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra 15 November 1899 2 May 1902 Presiden
Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 2 May 1902 23 April 1903 President of the Provisional Government Junta
29 Woss y gil.jpg Alejandro Woss y Gil 23 April 1903 24 November 1903 Presiden
30 Presidente Carlos Felipe Morales Languasco.jpg Carlos Felipe Morales 24 November 1903 12 Januari 1906 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 25 December 1905 29 December 1905 Council of Secretaries of State (acting for Morales)
Members:
Manuel Lamarche García
Emiliano Tejera
Andrés Julio Montolío
Francisco Leonte Vásquez Lajara
Carlos Ginebra
Eladio Victoria
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
31 Ramon Caceres.jpg Ramón Cáceres 12 January 1906 19 November 1911 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 19 November 1911 5 December 1911 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Miguel Antonio Román
José María Cabral
Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
Manuel Lamarche García
Emilio Tejera
Rafael Díaz
32 Eladio Victoria.jpg Eladio Victoria 5 December 1911 30 November 1912 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Adolfo Alejandro Nouel 30 November 1912 13 April 1913 Provisional President
JoseBordas.jpg José Bordas Valdés 14 April 1913 27 August 1914 Provisional President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Ramón Báez 28 August 1914 5 December 1914 Provisional Presiden
33 Juan Isidro Jimenez.jpg Juan Isidro Jimenes Pereyra 5 December 1914 7 May 1916 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Council of Secretaries of State 7 May 1916 31 July 1916 Council of Secretaries of State
Members:
Jaime Mota
Bernardo Pichardo
José Manuel Jimenes
Federico Velásquez y Hernández
34 Francisco Henriquez Carvajal.jpg Francisco Henríquez y Carvajal 31 July 1916 29 November 1916 President
Dari 1916 sehingga 1924, Republik Dominica telah dijajah oleh Amerika Syarikat.
50px Juan Bautista Vicini Burgos 21 October 1922 12 July 1924 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
35 Horacio Vasquez.jpg Horacio Vásquez 12 July 1924 3 March 1930 President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Rafael Estrella Ureña 3 March 1930 16 Ogos 1930 Acting President
36 Rafael Trujillo 16 Ogos 1930 16 Ogos 1938 President
37 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Jacinto Peynado 16 Ogos 1938 24 February 1940 President
38 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Manuel de Jesús Troncoso de la Concha 24 February 1940 18 May 1942 President
39 Rafael Trujillo 18 May 1942 16 Ogos 1952 (Assassinated 1960) President
40 Héctor Trujillo 16 Ogos 1952 3 Ogos 1960 President
41 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 3 Ogos 1960 16 January 1962 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Civic-Military Council 16 Januari 1962 18 Januari 1962 Civic-Military Council
Members:
Armando Óscar Pacheco
Luis Amiama Tió
Antonio Imbert Barrera
Enrique Valdez Vidaurre
Wilfredo Medina Natalio
Huberto Bogaert
42 Rafael F.Bonnelly.jpg Rafael Filiberto Bonnelly 18 Januari 1962 27 Februari 1963 Presiden
43 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Juan Bosch 27 February 1963 25 September 1963 Presiden
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Víctor Elby Viñas Román 25 September 1963 26 September 1963 Chairman of the Provisional Junta
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Triumvirate 26 September 1963 25 April 1965 Members:
Emilio de los Santos y Salcié
(to 22 December 1963) (Chairman)

Donald Reid Cabral
(from 29 December 1963) (Chairman)

Manuel Enrique Tavares Espaillat
Ramón Tapia Espinal
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Revolutionary Committee 25 April 1965 25 April 1965 Members:
Vinicio Fernández Pérez
Giovanni Gutiérrez Ramírez
Francisco Alberto Caamaño Deñó
Eladio Ramírez Sánchez
Pedro Bartolomé Benoit
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg José Rafael Molina Ureña 25 April 1965 27 April 1965 Provisional President
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Pedro Bartolomé Benoit 1 May 1965 7 May 1965 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
44 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Antonio Imbert Barrera 7 May 1965 30 August 1965 President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Héctor García Godoy 3 September 1965 1 July 1966 Provisional President
Note: Served under the United States occupation
45 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 1 July 1966 16 Ogos 1978 President
46 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Antonio Guzmán Fernández 16 August 1978 4 July 1982 Presiden
47 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Jacobo Majluta Azar 4 July 1982 16 Ogos1982 President
48 Coat of arms of the Dominican Republic.svg Salvador Jorge Blanco 16 Ogos 1982 16 Ogos 1986 President
49 Joaquin Balaguer 1977.jpg Joaquín Balaguer 16 Ogos 1986 16 Ogos 1996 Presiden
50 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández 16 Ogos 1996 16 Ogos 2000 President
51 Hipolito mejia.jpg Hipólito Mejía 16 Ogos 2000 16 Ogos 2004 President
52 Leonel Fernandez Reyna.jpg Leonel Fernández 16 August 2004 16 Ogos 2012 President
53 50px Danilo Medina 16 Ogos 2012 Elect President-elect

Senarai Presiden tidak rasmi Republik Dominican[sunting | sunting sumber]

Supreme Chiefs or Protectors

  • Pedro Santana (Supreme Chief of the Republic): 30 May – 23 September 1849
  • Junior Mejia (Supreme Chief): 16 March – 5 December 1878

Spanish Governors-General of Santo Domingo (1861–1865)

Heads of State of the Dominican Republic (1863–1865)

In rebellion (1867–1868)

Constitutional Executive Junta (in rebellion, February, 1876)

In rebellion (1878)

United States Governors of Santo Domingo (1916–1922)

In rebellion (1963)

President with Constitutionalist de jure and de facto

Pilihanraya terkini[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Dominican Republic presidential election, 2012

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]