Puting beliung Mac 2012

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Wabak puting beliung awal Mac 2012
GOES 13 image of the storm system on March 2
Date of tornado outbreak: March 2–3, 2012
Duration1: 2 days
Maximum rated tornado2: EF4 tornado
Tornadoes caused: 44 confirmed, 127 reported
Damages:
Fatalities: ≥39
Areas affected: Southern United States and Ohio Valley

1Time from first tornado to last tornado
2Most severe tornado damage; see Enhanced Fujita Scale

Puting beliung awal Mac 2012 dari 2 Mac hingga 3 Mac 2012 menyebabkan kerosakan yang teruk di selatan Amerika Syarikat terutama di Ohio . Sehingga kini 39 kematian. Secara perbandingan puting beliung 1966 Candlestick Park lebih teruk .


Sinopsis meteorologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Puting beliung besar melanda rantau ini kurang daripada 72 jam sebelum ribut ini dan membunuh 13 orang, termasuk 6 orang di Harrisburg, Illinois, Tuscaloosa, Alabama Dayton .Pada pagi 2 Mac, ia telah dinaikkan taraf .Tengah Tennessee dan tengah Kentucky menjalar ke ke Tengah dan Selatan Indiana dan selatan Ohio .

Pusingan awal ribut berlaku akibat panas yang kuat memasuki rantau ini, dengan suhu meningkat ke paras rekod. Jisim udara jadi tidak menentu terutama di Sungai Ohio, Lembah Ohio, Louisville, Kentucky dan selatan Cincinnati. Ricih angin tertinggi dengan nilai setinggi 800 m2/s2 menyebabkan kerosakan teruk di beberapa komuniti

Pada keesokan harinya, pada 3 Mac, cuaca semakin buruk daripada Hatteras Cape ke Delta Mississippi. Angin perolakan berlaku di South Carolina membawa hujan batu . P{uting beliung juga berlakun di Florida dan bergerak ke Lautan Atlantik.


Tornadoes[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bulleted list item
Confirmed
Total
Confirmed
EF0
Confirmed
EF1
Confirmed
EF2
Confirmed
EF3
Confirmed
EF4
Confirmed
EF5
44 8 10 14 11 1 0

Kejadian 2 Mac 2012[sunting | sunting sumber]

List of reported tornadoes - Friday, March 2, 2012
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
Alabama
EF3 SE of Athens Limestone, Madison 34°45′35″N 86°57′11″W / 34.7597°U 86.9531°B / 34.7597; -86.9531 (Athens, (Mar. 2, EF3)) 1510 34.4 batu (55.4 km) The tornado caused significant structural damage to houses and barns, including much roof damage, and some damage to outer walls. It also uprooted several trees. There were minor injuries reported. Hardest area affected was near Harvest which was previously hit on April 27, 2011 by EF5 strength winds. Tornado upgraded from EF2 to EF3 following additional surveys. Tornado may have continued farther northeast as surveys continue.
EF2 SE of Meridianville Madison 34°51′01″N 86°34′13″W / 34.8502°U 86.5702°B / 34.8502; -86.5702 (Meridianville (Mar. 2, EF2)) 1606 7.3 batu (11.7 km) Buckhorn High School was damaged and numerous weaker houses were destroyed in the area. Extensive tree and power line damage reported.[1] Injuries reported.[2] Tornado upgraded from EF1 to EF2 following additional surveys.
EF1 NE of Athens Limestone 34°00′N 86°51′W / 34.°U 86.85°B / 34.; -86.85 (Athens, (Mar. 2, EF1)) 2139 2.6 batu (4.2 km) Several trees were uprooted and destroyed, as well as roof damage to houses and barns.
EF? Opp (1st tornado) Covington 31°17′N 86°16′W / 31.28°U 86.26°B / 31.28; -86.26 (Opp (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2250 unknown First of two tornadoes in town.
EF? Opp (2nd tornado) Covington 31°17′N 86°16′W / 31.28°U 86.26°B / 31.28; -86.26 (Opp (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2251 unknown Second of two tornadoes in town.
EF1 Beechwood area Lowndes 32°05′09″N 86°46′40″W / 32.0859°U 86.7779°B / 32.0859; -86.7779 (Beechwood (Mar. 2, EF1)) 2353 17.7 batu (28.5 km) Tornado snapped or uprooted numerous trees and damaged two homes
EF? SSE of Bald Hill Geneva 31°08′N 85°37′W / 31.14°U 85.62°B / 31.14; -85.62 (Opp (Mar. 2, EF?)) 0018 unknown
EF1 NE of Suttle Perry, Dallas, Autauga 32°32′55″N 87°09′11″W / 32.5486°U 87.1531°B / 32.5486; -87.1531 (Little Oakmulgee Creek (Mar. 2, EF1)) 0315 19.2 batu (30.9 km) Primarily struck in rural areas; snapped trees, destroyed a hunting camp mobile home, and did shingle and window damage at Paul M. Grice State Park. Tornado caused by the same supercell that caused the Verbena tornado.
EF2 Verbena area Chilton, Coosa 32°43′31″N 86°32′01″W / 32.7254°U 86.5337°B / 32.7254; -86.5337 (Verbena (Mar. 2, EF2)) 0403 28 batu (45 km) Preliminary assessments revealed an EF2 tornado in Verbena. Several well-built houses were heavily damaged and hundreds of trees were snapped or uprooted. Continued into Coosa County and dissipated northeast of Nixburg
EF2 Jackson's Gap area Tallapoosa, Chambers 32°52′00″N 85°58′01″W / 32.8666°U 85.9669°B / 32.8666; -85.9669 (Eagle Creek (Mar. 2, EF2)) 0453 31.3 batu (50.4 km) 1 death - Multiple-vortex tornado destroyed four mobile homes near Jackson's Gap, and one mobile home just outside of Trammel Crossroads. Tornado caused by the same supercell that caused the Verbena tornado.
Illinois
EF? S of Trenton Clinton 38°33′N 89°41′W / 38.55°U 89.68°B / 38.55; -89.68 (Trenton (Mar. 2, EF?)) 1610 unknown Minor damage reported including fences damaged.
Tennessee
EF1 Ooltewah Hamilton, Bradley 35°04′N 85°05′W / 35.06°U 85.09°B / 35.06; -85.09 (Ooltewah (Mar. 2, EF1)) 1750 unknown Tornado reported on Interstate 75 at Hunter Road. At least 20 houses ripped off of foundation, others with roof damage. At least 17 people have been injured. Possibly one or multiple tornadoes. Damage was also reported in the Cleveland area. Preliminary rating.
EF2 NW of Delano McMinn 35°18′N 84°38′W / 35.30°U 84.64°B / 35.30; -84.64 (Delano (Mar. 2, EF2)) 1830 unknown Tornado reported by a storm spotter. Several houses were destroyed and people have been injured.
EF2 Tellico Plains Monroe 35°22′N 84°18′W / 35.37°U 84.30°B / 35.37; -84.30 (Tellico Plains (Mar. 2, EF2)) 1854 14.6 batu (23.5 km) Thirty houses reported damaged or destroyed in the area.
EF0 Boonshill area Lincoln 35°12′42″N 86°44′32″W / 35.2116°U 86.7422°B / 35.2116; -86.7422 (Boonshill (Mar. 2, EF0)) 2045 0.6 batu (0.97 km) A community center sustained damage and trees were uprooted.
EF? Dickson area Dickson 36°05′N 87°23′W / 36.08°U 87.38°B / 36.08; -87.38 (Dickson (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2125 unknown Storm spotters and law enforcement reported a rain-wrapped tornado on the ground.
EF1 S of Kingston Springs Cheatham 36°06′N 87°06′W / 36.10°U 87.10°B / 36.10; -87.10 (Kingston Springs (Mar. 2, EF1)) 2148 1 batu (1.6 km) A barn was destroyed, several houses sustained minor roof damage and trees were snapped.
EF? Dayton Rhea 35°29′N 85°01′W / 35.49°U 85.01°B / 35.49; -85.01 (Dayton (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2245 unknown A double-wide trailer was rolled off its foundation.
EF3 Harrison Hamilton 35°04′N 85°16′W / 35.07°U 85.26°B / 35.07; -85.26 (Chattanooga (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2330 unknown Public report of a tornado on Interstate 24 just outside the city. Preliminary rating subject to change. Tornado was initially rated EF1; however, further surveys revealed high-end EF3 damage along the tornado's path.
EF2 Rickman area Jackson, Putnam, Overton 36°17′N 85°23′W / 36.28°U 85.38°B / 36.28; -85.38 (Dickson (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2326 11.3 batu (18.2 km) Significant damage reported north of Cookeville. At least 40 houses were damaged or destroyed and hundreds of trees were uprooted or snapped by this large wedge tornado. Three people were injured.
EF2 Harrogate area Claiborne 36°35′N 83°38′W / 36.58°U 83.64°B / 36.58; -83.64 (Harrogate (Mar. 2, EF2)) 0129 unknown Several houses sustained major roof damage.
EF0 S of Mascot Knox 36°01′N 83°46′W / 36.02°U 83.77°B / 36.02; -83.77 (Mascot (Mar. 2, EF0)) 0305 2.1 batu (3.4 km) Tornado rolled a trailer and caused sporadic tree damage
Indiana
EF2 WSW of Wadesville Posey 38°05′N 87°50′W / 38.08°U 87.84°B / 38.08; -87.84 (Wadesville (Mar. 2, EF2)) 1837 6 batu (9.7 km) One wood frame home was destroyed and several other structures were damaged to varying degrees.
EF4 New Pekin to Chelsea Washington, Clark, Scott Jefferson 38°31′N 86°01′W / 38.52°U 86.02°B / 38.52; -86.02 (New Pekin (Mar. 2, EF4)) 1954 52 batu (84 km) 12 deaths – Very large wedge tornado reported in the area. Tornado emergency was issued. Severe damage reported in the area with injuries. A large section of Henryville was also destroyed with significant damage reported in Marysville and near Chelsea. Henryville Jr/Sr High School was also heavily damaged. This may have actually been multiple tornadoes (the survey is ongoing) and the death toll and path length are from the entire supercell/area and may not be fully accurate at this time.
EF3 Holton area Ripley 39°05′N 85°20′W / 39.08°U 85.34°B / 39.08; -85.34 (Holton (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2100 11 batu (18 km) 2 deaths – Extensive damage reported in the area. At least six others were injured. Surveys currently underway.
North Carolina
EF? SW of Etowah Transylvania 35°16′N 82°39′W / 35.27°U 82.65°B / 35.27; -82.65 (Etowah (Mar. 2, EF?)) 1840 unknown A house was heavily damaged and trees and power lines were snapped.
EF2 Murphy Cherokee 35°16′N 82°39′W / 35.27°U 82.65°B / 35.27; -82.65 (Murphy (Mar. 2, EF2)) 0103 unknown Structural damage reported to a few businesses and several houses were also damaged.
Kentucky
EF? Henderson Henderson 37°50′N 87°35′W / 37.84°U 87.58°B / 37.84; -87.58 (Henderson (Mar. 2, EF?)) 1843 unknown Tornado reported in the east side of the community. Power flashes were reported.
EF? Clay Webster 37°29′N 87°49′W / 37.48°U 87.82°B / 37.48; -87.82 (Clay (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2010 unknown Large tornado reported just outside town.
EF? Owensboro Daviess 37°46′N 87°07′W / 37.76°U 87.12°B / 37.76; -87.12 (Owensboro (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2022 unknown Tornado reported in the city.
EF3 Crittenden area Grant, Kenton 38°47′N 84°38′W / 38.79°U 84.63°B / 38.79; -84.63 (Crittenden (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2030 10 batu (16 km) 4 deaths – Many houses were destroyed and others damaged, with at least two houses removed from their foundations. 3 vehicles were thrown over a quarter mile. Many trees were downed.
EF1 W of Carrollton Carroll 38°40′N 85°15′W / 38.66°U 85.25°B / 38.66; -85.25 (Carrollton (Mar. 2, EF1)) 2044 2.2 batu (3.5 km) Severe damage reported in Carrollton. One house was destroyed and many others damaged.
EF0 E of Cloverport Breckinridge 2044 120 yard (110 m) Small rope tornado damaged a metal building
EF? Bremen Muhlenberg 37°22′N 87°13′W / 37.36°U 87.22°B / 37.36; -87.22 (Bremen (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2051 unknown Multiple reports of tornadoes in the community.
EF? Fort Knox Meade 39°01′N 84°43′W / 39.02°U 84.72°B / 39.02; -84.72 (Fort Knox (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2108 unknown Tornado reported on the base.
EF2 N of Owenton Owen 38°36′N 84°53′W / 38.60°U 84.89°B / 38.60; -84.89 (Owenton (Mar. 2, EF2)) 2125 5 batu (8.0 km) A house and numerous barns were heavily damaged or destroyed. Several other houses sustained minor damage. Three people were injured.
EF3 Peach Grove/Moscow, OH Campbell, Clermont (OH), Brown (OH) 38°51′N 84°20′W / 38.85°U 84.33°B / 38.85; -84.33 (Moscow (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2140 20 batu (32 km) 3 deaths – Severe structural damage reported on both sides of the Ohio River. Many houses and businesses were damaged or destroyed, some nearly flattened, and several modular homes were flattened and blown away. All three fatalities were in Ohio. Numerous injuries also occured.
EF? Berlin Bracken 38°41′N 84°10′W / 38.69°U 84.16°B / 38.69; -84.16 (Berlin (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2202 unknown At least 8 buildings were severely damaged. Extensive tree damage along the path.
EF3 Wellington/West Liberty areas Menifee, Morgan 37°55′N 83°30′W / 37.92°U 83.50°B / 37.92; -83.50 (Wellington (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2223 >34 batu (55 km) 8 deaths – Extensive damage in the two counties, including extreme damage in West Liberty. Many injuries and numerous fatalities reported (six in West Liberty and two near Frenchburg[3]) - and houses and businesses destroyed and possibly flattened. At least 75 people were injured. Preliminary assessments from emergency officials and media indicated a path length of 60 batu (97 km), although that may be from multiple tornadoes. The tornado was the first F3/EF3 in Eastern Kentucky since 1988. Tornado may have continued farther east.
EF3 Blaine area Lawrence, Wayne (WV), Lincoln (WV) 2240 >27 batu (43 km) 2 deaths – Long track tornado with one house and numerous manufactured homes destroyed. Widespread extensive tree damage. Some areas could not be accessed due to flooding and blocked roads, and the western part of the track has not yet been surveyed.
EF3 Salyersville to Greyeagle, WV Magoffin, Johnson, Martin, Wolfe County Mingo (WV) 37°43′N 83°13′W / 37.71°U 83.21°B / 37.71; -83.21 (Salyersville (Mar. 2, EF3)) 2351 46 batu (74 km) 2 deaths - Many businesses and homes destroyed.
EF2 East Bernstadt area Laurel 37°12′N 84°11′W / 37.20°U 84.19°B / 37.20; -84.19 (East Bernstadt (Mar. 2, EF2)) 0005 6.3 batu (10.1 km) 5 deaths – Numerous houses were damaged or destroyed in the area. Numerous trees were downed.
EF2 S of Milton (1st tornado) Trimble unknown unknown Preliminary survey results
EF3 S of Milton (2nd tornado) Trimble unknown unknown Preliminary survey results
Ohio
EF? Bentonville Adams 38°45′N 83°37′W / 38.75°U 83.61°B / 38.75; -83.61 (Bentonville (Mar. 2, EF?)) 2222 unknown Severe damage to several houses. Several people were injured - one seriously.
EF1 N of Seaman Adams 38°57′18″N 83°35′17″W / 38.955°U 83.588°B / 38.955; -83.588 (West Union (Mar. 2, EF1)) 2225 3 batu (4.8 km) Tornado damaged a barn and a home. Numerous trees were snapped or uprooted.
EF0 SW of West Union Adams 38°47′N 83°34′W / 38.78°U 83.57°B / 38.78; -83.57 (West Union (Mar. 2, EF0)) 2230 50 yard (46 m) Brief tornado
EF2 NE of West Union Adams 38°49′N 83°31′W / 38.81°U 83.52°B / 38.81; -83.52 (West Union (Mar. 2, EF2)) 2233 11 batu (18 km) Five mobile homes destroyed, three homes damaged. Dozens of cattle were killed and three people sustained injuries.
EF0 Otway area Scioto 38°51′N 83°13′W / 38.85°U 83.21°B / 38.85; -83.21 (Otway (Mar. 2, EF0)) 2246 2 batu (3.2 km) Tornado damaged two homes and a fire station.
Mississippi
EF1 Baxterville Lamar, Forrest 31°05′N 89°35′W / 31.08°U 89.59°B / 31.08; -89.59 (Baxterville (Mar. 2, EF1)) 0023 12 batu (19 km) The tornado caused numerous tree damage along its path. Mobile homes were flipped and various roofs were damaged. A storage shed sustained heavy damage as well.
Georgia
EF3 N of Buchanan Haralson, Paulding 33°51′N 85°13′W / 33.85°U 85.21°B / 33.85; -85.21 (Buchanan (Mar. 2, EF3)) 0115 29 batu (47 km) High-end EF3 tornado confirmed with a repair shop destroyed, mobile homes flipped, a church damaged and many trees knocked down. Damage at an elementary school in the community of Dallas as well as at least a dozen of homes. Surveys still ongoing - may have been stronger. One person was injured.
EF1 East Cobb Park Cobb 33°58′41″N 84°27′13″W / 33.9781°U 84.4537°B / 33.9781; -84.4537 (East Cobb Park (Mar. 2, EF1)) 0214 1 batu (1.6 km) Several buildings had roof damage and many trees were snapped or uprooted.
Virginia
EF1 Ewing Lee 36°38′N 83°26′W / 36.63°U 83.43°B / 36.63; -83.43 (Ewing (Mar. 2, EF1)) 0142 unknown A house was heavily damaged and trees were uprooted.
Sources: SPC Storm Reports for 03/02/12, NWS Huntsville[1][2], NWS Wilmington, NWS Peachtree City, NWS Jackson, NWS Charleston, WV

March 3 event[sunting | sunting sumber]

List of reported tornadoes - Saturday, March 3, 2012
EF#
Location
County
Coord.
Time (UTC)
Path length
Comments/Damage
North Carolina
EF2 Harrisburg/North Charlotte area Mecklenburg, Cabarrus 35°16′N 80°41′W / 35.26°U 80.68°B / 35.26; -80.68 (Harrisburg (Mar. 3, EF2)) 0734 3.2 batu (5.1 km) Nearly 200 homes were damaged in an area in the northeast fringes of Charlotte, some were destroyed. Many trees were downed. Four people were injured.
South Carolina
EF0 NNW of Columbia Richland 34°04′N 81°04′W / 34.07°U 81.07°B / 34.07; -81.07 (Columbia (Mar. 3, EF0)) 1036 unknown Brief tornado knocked down branches and trees.
Georgia
EF0 ENE of Colquitt Miller 31°12′N 84°41′W / 31.20°U 84.68°B / 31.20; -84.68 (Colquitt (Mar. 3, EF0)) 1220 Unknown Several trees were snapped and a home suffered some damage to its roof and porch.
EF0 SSW of Vada area Decatur 31°03′N 84°26′W / 31.05°U 84.43°B / 31.05; -84.43 (Vada (Mar. 3, EF0)) 1330 3.37 bt (5 km) Possible tornado destroyed a metal frame home, a camper and multiple sheds. Several vehicles and irrigation pivots were also overturned.
EF3 N of Moody Air Force Base Lowndes, Lanier 31°00′N 83°15′W / 31.00°U 83.25°B / 31.00; -83.25 (Moody Air Force Base (Mar. 3, EF?)) 1800 11.2 bt (18 km) Tornado destroyed several homes, some of which were pushed off their foundation. Two mobile homes were flipped and numerous trees and power lines were downed and debarked.
Sources: SPC Storm Reports for 03/03/12, NWS Greenville-Spartanburg


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Stephens, Challen (March 2, 2012). "Buckhorn High School battered by morning tornado, but anticipated to be ready for some classes Monday". The Huntsville Times. Diperoleh pada March 3, 2012. 
  2. Roop, Lee (March 2, 2012). "Meteorologists say up to 6 tornadoes hit Huntsville, Alabama area in echo of April 2011". The Huntsville Times. Diperoleh pada March 3, 2012. 
  3. Spears, Valerie. "Death toll rises to 19; at least 300 injured in Friday's storm". Lexington Herald-Leader. Diperoleh pada 3 March 2012.