RSS

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RSS
Firefox dan Internet Explorer 7 Feed icon.
Sambungan fail: .rss, .xml
Jenis media Internet: application/rss+xml (Registration Being Prepared)[1]
Diperluas dari: XML

RSS (dahulunya "RDF Site Summary", dikenali secara tidak rasmi sebagai "Really Simple Syndication") merupakan keluarga format penyuap Web yang digunakan bagi mengemas kini kandungan seperti catatan blog, tajuk berita atau podcasts. Dokuman RSS, yang dikenali sebagai "feed", "penyuap web - web feed", atau "channel", mengandungi samaada ringkasan kandungan dari tapak laman berkait atau teks penuh. RSS menjadikannya mudah bagi orang ramai menjejak tapak web kegemaran mereka secara automatik yang lebih mudah berbanding menjejak secara manual.

Kandungan RSS boleh dibaca dengan menggunakan perisian dikenali sebagai "pembaca RSS", "pembaca penyuap (feed reader)" atau "aggregator". Pengguna melanggan kepada penyuap dengan memasukkan pautan penyuap pada pembaca atau mengklik pada ikon RSS pada pelayar yang memulakan proses berlanggan. Pembaca memeriksa langganan penyuap pengguna secara berkala bagi kandungan baru, memuat terima sebarang kemaskini yang dijumpainya.

Singkatan "RSS" kini digunakan bagi merujuk salah satu format berikut:

  • Really Simple Syndication (RSS 2.0)
  • RDF Site Summary (RSS 1.0 and RSS 0.90)
  • Rich Site Summary (RSS 0.91)

BitTorrent dan RSS[sunting | sunting sumber]

Applikasi (peer-to-peer) BitTorrent turut mengumumkan sokongan bagi RSS. Penyuap tersebut (juga dikenali sebagai Torrent/RSS-es atau Torrentcasts) akan membenarkan applikasi pelanggan untuk muat terima fail secara automatik sebaik sahaja pembaca RSS mengesannya (juga dikenali sebagai Broadcatching). Kebanyakan pelanggan BitTorrent biasa telahpun menawarkan sokongan RSS.

Contoh[sunting | sunting sumber]

RSS 1.0[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kod-kod ini ialah sebuah fail contoh RSS 1.0.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
 
<rdf:RDF 
 xmlns:rdf="http://www.w3.org/1999/02/22-rdf-syntax-ns#"
 xmlns="http://purl.org/rss/1.0/">
 
 <channel rdf:about="http://www.xml.com/xml/news.rss">
   <title>XML.com</title>
   <link>http://xml.com/pub</link>
   <description>
     XML.com features a rich mix of information and services 
     for the XML community.
   </description>
   <image rdf:resource="http://xml.com/universal/images/xml_tiny.gif" />
   <items>
     <rdf:Seq>
       <rdf:li rdf:resource="http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/xslt/xslt.html" />
       <rdf:li rdf:resource="http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/rdfdb/index.html" />
     </rdf:Seq>
   </items>
   <textinput rdf:resource="http://search.xml.com" />
 </channel>
 
 <image rdf:about="http://xml.com/universal/images/xml_tiny.gif">
   <title>XML.com</title>
   <link>http://www.xml.com</link>
   <url>http://xml.com/universal/images/xml_tiny.gif</url>
 </image>
 
 <item rdf:about="http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/xslt/xslt.html">
   <title>Processing Inclusions with XSLT</title>
   <link>http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/xslt/xslt.html</link>
   <description>
    Processing document inclusions with general XML tools can be 
    problematic. This article proposes a way of preserving inclusion 
    information through SAX-based processing.
   </description>
 </item>
 
 <item rdf:about="http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/rdfdb/index.html">
   <title>Putting RDF to Work</title>
   <link>http://xml.com/pub/2000/08/09/rdfdb/index.html</link>
   <description>
    Tool and API support for the Resource Description Framework 
    is slowly coming of age. Edd Dumbill takes a look at RDFDB, 
    one of the most exciting new RDF toolkits.
   </description>
 </item>
 
 <textinput rdf:about="http://search.xml.com">
   <title>Search XML.com</title>
   <description>Search XML.com's XML collection</description>
   <name>s</name>
   <link>http://search.xml.com</link>
 </textinput>
</rdf:RDF>

RSS 2.0[sunting | sunting sumber]

Kod-kod ini ialah sebuah fail contoh RSS 2.0.

<?xml version="1.0"?>
<rss version="2.0">
  <channel>
    <title>Liftoff News</title>
    <link>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/</link>
    <description>Liftoff to Space Exploration.</description>
    <language>en-us</language>
    <pubDate>Tue, 10 Jun 2003 04:00:00 GMT</pubDate>
    <lastBuildDate>Tue, 10 Jun 2003 09:41:01 GMT</lastBuildDate>
    <docs>http://blogs.law.harvard.edu/tech/rss</docs>
    <generator>Weblog Editor 2.0</generator>
    <managingEditor>editor@example.com</managingEditor>
    <webMaster>webmaster@example.com</webMaster>
 
    <item>
      <title>Star City</title>
      <link>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/news/2003/news-starcity.asp</link>
      <description>How do Americans get ready to work with Russians aboard the
        International Space Station? They take a crash course in culture, language
        and protocol at Russia's Star City.</description>
      <pubDate>Tue, 03 Jun 2003 09:39:21 GMT</pubDate>
      <guid>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/2003/06/03.html#item573</guid>
    </item>
 
    <item>
      <title>Space Exploration</title>
      <link>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/</link>
      <description>Sky watchers in Europe, Asia, and parts of Alaska and Canada
        will experience a partial eclipse of the Sun on Saturday, May 31st.</description>
      <pubDate>Fri, 30 May 2003 11:06:42 GMT</pubDate>
      <guid>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/2003/05/30.html#item572</guid>
    </item>
 
    <item>
      <title>The Engine That Does More</title>
      <link>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/news/2003/news-VASIMR.asp</link>
      <description>Before man travels to Mars, NASA hopes to design new engines
        that will let us fly through the Solar System more quickly.  The proposed
        VASIMR engine would do that.</description>
      <pubDate>Tue, 27 May 2003 08:37:32 GMT</pubDate>
      <guid>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/2003/05/27.html#item571</guid>
    </item>
 
    <item>
      <title>Astronauts' Dirty Laundry</title>
      <link>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/news/2003/news-laundry.asp</link>
      <description>Compared to earlier spacecraft, the International Space
        Station has many luxuries, but laundry facilities are not one of them.
        Instead, astronauts have other options.</description>
      <pubDate>Tue, 20 May 2003 08:56:02 GMT</pubDate>
      <guid>http://liftoff.msfc.nasa.gov/2003/05/20.html#item570</guid>
    </item>
  </channel>
</rss>


Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Spesifikasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Articles[sunting | sunting sumber]