Tanduk Afrika

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Tanduk Afrika
Peta Tanduk Afrika
Area 1,882,857 km
Population 100,128,000
Negara Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Somalia
Zon Masa UTC+3
Total GDP (PPP) (2010) $106.224 billion [1][2][3][4]
GDP (PPP) per capita (2010) $1061
Total GDP (nominal) (2010) $35.819 billion [1][2][3][4]
GDP (nominal) per capita (2010) $358
Languages Afar, Amharic, Arabic, Oromo, Somali, Tigre, Tigrinya
Largest cities
City of Djibouti, Djibouti
Asmara, Eritrea
Addis Ababa, Ethiopia
Mogadishu, Somalia

Tanduk Afrika (Bahasa Arab: القرن الأفريقي‎) (nama lain Timur laut Afrika, dan kadang kala dikenali sebagai Semenanjung Somali; diringkaskan kepada HOA) merupakan semenanjung di Afrika Timur yang menganjur beberapa ratus kilometer ke Laut Arab dan terletak di sebelah selatan Teluk Aden. Ia merupakan unjuran pating ke barat benua Afrika. Di rujuk pada zaman pertengahan sebagai Bilad al Barbar ("Tanah penduduk Berber]]"),[5][6][7] the Horn of Africa denotes the region containing the countries of Eritrea, Djibouti, Ethiopia and Somalia.[8][9][10][11]

Ia melitupi sekitar 2,000,000 km² (770,000 sq mi) dan didiami oleh sekitar 100 juta penduduk (Ethiopia: 85 juta, Somalia: 9.3 juta, Eritrea: 5.2 juta, dan Djibouti: 0.86 juta). Kajian Regional di Tanduk Afrika telah dijalankan , antara lain, dalam bidang Kajian Ethiopia termasuk juga Kajian Somali.


Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Sejarah Kebangsaan:

Kesultanan dan kerajaan:

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. 1.0 1.1 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=52&pr.y=2&sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=644&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=
  2. 2.0 2.1 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=92&pr.y=15&sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=611&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=
  3. 3.0 3.1 http://www.imf.org/external/pubs/ft/weo/2011/01/weodata/weorept.aspx?pr.x=29&pr.y=7&sy=2008&ey=2011&scsm=1&ssd=1&sort=country&ds=.&br=1&c=643&s=NGDPD%2CNGDPDPC%2CPPPGDP%2CPPPPC%2CLP&grp=0&a=
  4. 4.0 4.1 https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/so.html
  5. J. D. Fage, Roland Oliver, Roland Anthony Oliver, The Cambridge History of Africa, (Cambridge University Press: 1977), p.190
  6. George Wynn Brereton Huntingford, Agatharchides, The Periplus of the Erythraean Sea: With Some Extracts from Agatharkhidēs "On the Erythraean Sea", (Hakluyt Society: 1980), p.83
  7. John I. Saeed, Somali – Volume 10 of London Oriental and African language library, (J. Benjamins: 1999), p. 250.
  8. Robert Stock, Africa South of the Sahara, Second Edition: A Geographical Interpretation, (The Guilford Press: 2004), p. 26
  9. Michael Hodd, East Africa Handbook, 7th Edition, (Passport Books: 2002), p. 21: "To the north are the countries of the Horn of Africa comprising Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia."
  10. Encyclopædia Britannica, inc, Jacob E. Safra, The New Encyclopædia Britannica, (Encyclopædia Britannica: 2002), p.61: "The northern mountainous area, known as the Horn of Africa, comprises Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea, and Somalia."
  11. Sandra Fullerton Joireman, Institutional Change in the Horn of Africa, (Universal-Publishers: 1997), p.1: "The Horn of Africa encompasses the countries of Ethiopia, Eritrea, Djibouti and Somalia. These countries share similar peoples, languages, and geographical endowments."

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Beshah, Girma; Aregay, Merid Wolde (1964). The Question of the Union of the Churches in Luso-Ethiopian Relations (1500–1632). Lisbon: Junta de Investigações do Ultramar and Centro de Estudos Históricos Ultramarinos. 
  • Negash, Tekeste (2005). Eritrea and Ethiopia: the Federal Experience. Uppsala, Sweden: Nordiska Afrikainstitutet. 
  • Shillington, Kevin (2005). Encyclopedia of African History. CRC Press. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

Koordinat: 9°50′N 49°10′E / 9.833°U 49.167°T / 9.833; 49.167