Anna Politkovskaya

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Anna Stepanovna Politkovskaya (Rusia: А́нна Степа́новна Политко́вская; Bahasa Ukraine: Га́нна Степа́нівна Політко́вська; 30 Ogos 1958 – 7 Oktober 2006) merupakan orang Russian[1] pemberita, penulis, dan pejuang hak kemanusiaan yang diketahui sebagai penentang terhadap Pertelingkahan Chechen dan Presiden Russia Vladimir Putin.[2]

Pada 7 Oktober 2006 dia ditembak dan dibunuh dalam lif blok apartmennya, pembunuhan yang tidak diselesaikan yang terus menarik perhatian antarabangsa.[3][4][5]

Kes pembunuhannya, Litvinenko menuduh Putin kerana membunuh Politskovskaya. Politskovskaya ditembak di flatnya pada 2006.

Pemenang Anugerah Anna Politkovskaya:

  • 2007: Natalya Estemirova (1958-2009), Russia
  • 2008: Malalai Joya (b. 1978), Afghanistan
  • 2009: One Million Signatures|One Million Signatures Campaign for Equality, Iran
  • 2010: Halima Bashir, Sudan
  • 2011: Razan Zaitouneh (b. 1977), Syria
  • 2012: Marie Colvin (1956–2012), USA
  • 2013: Malala Yousafzai (b. 1997), Pakistan

Anugerah[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • 2001: "Golden Pen Prize" of the Russian Union of Journalists[6]
  • 2001: Amnesty International Global Award for Human Rights Journalism
  • 2002: Norwegian Authors' Union Freedom of Expression Prize ("Ytringsfrihetsprisen")
  • 2002: PEN American Center Freedom to Write Award
  • 2002: International Women's Media Foundation Courage in Journalism Award[7]
  • 2003: Lettre Ulysses Award for the Art of Reportage[8]
  • 2003: Hermann Kesten Medal
  • 2004: Olof Palme Prize (shared with Lyudmila Alexeyeva] and Sergei Kovalev)
  • 2004: Vázquez Montalbán Award of International Journalism
  • 2005: Civil Courage Prize (with Min Ko Naing and Munir Said Thalib)[9]
  • 2005: Prize for the Freedom and Future of the Media
  • 2006: International Journalism Award named after Tiziano Terzani
  • 2006: World Press Freedom Hero of the International Press Institute[10]
  • 2007: UNESCO/Guillermo Cano World Press Freedom Prize (awarded posthumously for the first time)[11]
  • 2007: National Press Club/John Aubuchon Freedom of the Press Award (posthumous)
  • 2007 Democracy Award to Spotlight Press Freedom by the National Endowment for Democracy,[12]

Bibliograf[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan Anna Politkovskaya tidak disediakan
  2. ^ World Politics Review LLC, "Politkovskaya's Death, Other Killings, Raise Questions About Russian Democracy", 31 Oktober 2006
  3. ^ Gilman, Martin (16 June 2009). "Russia Leads Europe In Reporter Killings". Moscowtimes.ru. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 25 June 2009. Dicapai 8 August 2009. 
  4. ^ The State of the World's Human Rights, Amnesty International 2009, Report on Jan–Dec 2008, p. 272: "In June [2008], the Office of the Prosecutor General announced that it had finished its investigation into the killing of human rights journalist Anna Politkovskaya, who was shot dead in Moscow in October 2006. Three men accused of involvement in her murder went on trial in November; all denied the charges. A fourth detainee, a former member of the Federal Security Services who had initially been detained in connection with the murder, remained in detention on suspicion of another crime. The person suspected of shooting Anna Politkovskaya had not been detained by the end of the year and was believed to be in hiding abroad."
  5. ^ "Anna Politkovskaya: Putin's Russia". BBC News. 9 October 2006. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 7 November 2006. Dicapai 9 October 2006. 
  6. ^ "Russian Union of Journalists". Ruj.ru. 30 June 2011. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 22 July 2011. Dicapai 1 August 2011. 
  7. ^ IWMF website http://www.iwmf.org/article.aspx?id=551&c=cijwinner
  8. ^ "Award photograph". Dicapai 8 August 2009. 
  9. ^ "Civil Courage Prize". civilcourageprize.org. 2010. Diarkibkan daripada yang asal pada 23 April 2011. Dicapai 11 May 2011. 
  10. ^ "Anna Politkovskaya, Russia: World Press Freedom Hero". International Press Institute. 2010. Dicapai 26 January 2012. 
  11. ^ "World Press Freedom Prize 2007". Portal.unesco.org. Dicapai 8 August 2009. 
  12. ^ Shannon Maguire (15 July 2008). "International Media Assistance is an Underappreciated Key to Democratic Development". Nation Endowment for Democracy. Diarkibkan daripada asal pada 26 April 2008. Dicapai 31 August 2008. 
  13. ^ Includes all Anna Politkovskaya's finished and unfinished articles for Novaya gazeta, 989 pp
  14. ^ See Zoya Marchenko, "The Way it Was", in Simeon Vilensky (ed.), Till My Tale is Told, Virago: London, 1999, p. 201.

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