Babylonia

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Babylonia semasa pemerintahan Hammurabi, 1792 - 1750 SM

Babylonia ialah sebuah peradababan kuno yang terletak di kawasan tengah-selatan Mesopotamia. Ibu negara bagi tamadun, Babylon, yang bermaksud Pintu kepada tuhan-tuhan.[Penjelasan diperlukan] Kawasan Mesopotamia termasuk Sumer, Akkad, dan Assyria. Kawasan ini sangat penting kerana menjadi salah satu tempat terawal di mana manusia hidup bersama-sama dalam satu peradaban. Penduduk di Babylonia, atau orang Babylon, memiliki satu bahasa penulisan yang digunakan oleh mereka bagi mempelajari perkara-perkara berkaitan dunia di sekeliling mereka. Mereka sebenarnya merupakan orang pertama yang menulis dari kiri ke kanan, dan banyak membuat dokumen-dokumen bertulis.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Ascalone, Enrico. Mesopotamia: Assyrians, Sumerians, Babylonians (Dictionaries of Civilizations; 1). Berkeley: University of California Press, 2007 (paperback, ISBN 0-520-25266-7).
  • Bryant, Tamera. The Life and Times of Hammurabi.
  • Eves, Howard. An Introduction to the History of Mathematics.
  • King, Leonard William. Babylonian Religion and Mythology.
  • Leick, Gwendolyn. The Babylonians: An Introduction.
  • Leick, Gwendolyn. Mesopotamia.
  • Lloyd, Seton. The Archaeology of Mesopotamia: From the Old Stone Age to the Persian Conquest.
  • Mieroop, Marc Van de. King Hammurabi Of Babylon: A Biography.
  • Nemet-Nejat, Karen Rhea. Daily Life in Ancient Mesopotamia.
  • Oates, Joan. Babylon.
  • Oppenheim, A. Leo. Ancient Mesopotamia : Portrait of a Dead Civilization.
  • Pallis, Svend Aage. The Antiquity of Iraq.
  • Roux, Georges. Ancient Iraq.
  • Saggs, Henry Babylonians.
  • Saggs, Henry The Greatness That Was Babylon.
  • Schomp, Virginia. Ancient Mesopotamia: The Sumerians, Babylonians, And Assyrians.
  • Spence, Lewis. Myths and Legends of Babylonia and Assyria.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Babylonian Mathematics
  • Babylonian Numerals
  • Babylonian Astronomy/Astrology
  • Bibliography of Babylonian Astronomy/Astrology
  • Theophilus G. Pinches, The Religion of Babylonia and Assyria (Many deities' names are now read differently, but this detailed 1906 work is a classic.)
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, penyunting (1911). nama artikel diperlukan. Encyclopædia Britannica (ed. ke-11). Cambridge University Press.
  •  Chisholm, Hugh, penyunting (1911). nama artikel diperlukan. Encyclopædia Britannica (ed. ke-11). Cambridge University Press.
  • Wikisource-logo.svg Babylonia. Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company. 1913.
  • The History Files Ancient Mesopotamia
  • Legends of Babylon and Egypt in Relation to Hebrew Tradition, by Leonard W. King, 1918 (a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries; DjVu & layered PDF format)
  • The Babylonian Legends of the Creation and the Fight between Bel and the Dragon, as told by Assyrian Tablets from Nineveh, 1921 (a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries; DjVu & layered PDF format)
  • The Civilization of Babylonia and Assyria; its remains, language, history, religion, commerce, law, art, and literature, by Morris Jastrow, Jr. ... with map and 164 illustrations, 1915 (a searchable facsimile at the University of Georgia Libraries; DjVu & layered PDF format)
  • Recordings of modern scholars reading Babylonian poetry in the original language (http://www.speechisfire.com).