Dataran Guci

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Plain of Jars
ທົ່ງໄຫຫິນ
Plainofjars 2.jpg
Dataran Guci: Tapak 1
PlainOfJarsMap.jpg
Lokasi Dataran Guci dan kawasan Xieng Khouang (tona biru)
Nama alternatifThong Hai Hin
LokasiDataran Xiangkhoang
WilayahLaos
Koordinat19°25′48″N 103°09′11″E / 19.43°N 103.153°E / 19.43; 103.153Koordinat: 19°25′48″N 103°09′11″E / 19.43°N 103.153°E / 19.43; 103.153

Dataran Guci (Lao: ທົ່ງ ໄຫ ຫິນ Thong Hai Hin , [tʰōŋ hǎj hǐn]) ialah landskap arkeologi megalitik di Laos. Ia terdiri daripada ribuan balang batu yang tersebar di sekitar lembah dataran tinggi dan kaki bukit bawah dataran tengah Dataran Tinggi Xiangkhoang. Balang itu disusun dalam kelompok antara satu hingga beberapa ratus.[1]

Dataran Tinggi Xiangkhoang berada di hujung utara Annamese Cordillera, kawasan pergunungan utama Indochina . Penyelidik Perancis Madeleine Colani menyimpulkan pada tahun 1930 bahawa balang itu dikaitkan dengan amalan penguburan prasejarah. Penggalian oleh ahli arkeologi Lao dan Jepun pada tahun-tahun yang berlanjutan telah menyokong tafsiran ini dengan penemuan mayat, barang-barang penguburan dan seramik di sekitar balang. The Plain of Jars bertarikh pada Zaman Besi (500 SM hingga 500 CE) dan merupakan salah satu tempat prasejarah yang paling penting di Asia Tenggara.

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Marwick, Ben; Bouasisengpaseuth, Bounheung (2017). "The History and Practice of Archaeology in Laos". Handbook of East and Southeast Asian Archaeology (dalam bahasa Inggeris). Springer New York: 89–95. doi:10.1007/978-1-4939-6521-2_8.

Sumber[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Baldock, J and J. Van Den Bergh 2009. "Geological Mysteries at the Plain of Jars begin to unravel". Geology Today. August 2009.
  • Box, P. 2000. Overview Mapping Using GIS, UNESCO Plain of Jars Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, Richard A Engelhardt, ed., UNESCO Regional Advisor for Culture in Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok.
  • Box, P. 2001. Mapping Megaliths and Unexploded Ordnance, UNESCO Plain of Jars Cultural Heritage Documentation Project, Richard A Engelhardt, ed., UNESCO Regional Advisor for Culture in Asia and the Pacific, Bangkok.
  • Box, P. 2003, "Safeguarding the Plain of Jars: Megaliths and Unexploded Ordnance in the Lao People’s Democratic Republic". ESRI, Journal of GIS in Archaeology, Volume 1-April 2003.
  • Fred Branfman (compiled by): Voices from the Plain of Jars - Life under an Air War; Harper & Row 1972.
  • Karen J. Coates - '"Plain of Jars" (Archaeology, July/August 2005)
  • Colani, Madeleine 1935. Megaliths du Haut Laos, Publication de l'École française d'Extrême-Orient XXV-XXVI, Paris.
  • Giteau, M. 2001, Art et Archeologie du Laos, Editions A et J Picard, Paris, pp. 37–57.
  • Higham, C. 1989. The Archaeology of Mainland Southeast Asia, From 10,000 B.C. to the Fall of Angkor, Cambridge World Archaeology, Cambridge University Press, Cambridge. pp. 228–230.
  • Nitta E. 1996. "Comparative study on the jar burial traditions in Vietnam, Thailand and Laos". Historical Science Reports, Kagoshima University 43: 1-19.
  • Rogers P., R. Engelhardt, P. Box, J. Van Den Bergh, Samlane Luangaphay and Chantone Chantavong 2003. "The UNESCO project: Safeguarding the Plain of Jars". In A. Karlström, and A. Källén (eds) Fishbones and Glittering Emblems: Southeast Asian Archaeology 2002. Stockholm: Museum of Far Eastern Antiquities.
  • Rogers, P. and J. Van Den Bergh 2008. "Legacy of a Secret War: archaeological research and bomb clearance in the Plain of Jars, Lao PDR". In E. Bacus, I. Glover and P. Sharrock (eds) Interpreting Southeast Asian's Past. Monument, Image and Text. Selected Papers from 10th Conference of EASAA, Vol. 2: 400-408.
  • Sayavongkhamdy Thongsa and Peter Bellwood 2001. "Recent Archaeological Research in Laos". Bulletin of the Indo-Pacific Prehistory Association 19: 101-10.
  • Stone, R. 2007. "Archaeology: Saving a Lost Culture's Megalithic Jars, Xieng Khouang, Laos", Science, 16, February 2007: Vol. 315. no. 5814, pp. 934 – 935.
  • Bounmy Thepsimuong. The Plain of Jars. A Guide Book. Vientiane 2004.
  • Van Den Bergh Julie 200* UNESCO website for the Plain of Jars and Safeguarding the Plain of Jars Project

7. "Safeguarding the Plain of Jars, an Overview". Y. Goudineau and M. Lorrilard. (eds.) Etudes thematiques 18. New Research on Laos-Recherches nouveles sur le Laos.

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