Fokus (linguistik)

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Templat:Kategori tatabahasa Fokus (singkatan fok) ialah kategori tatabahasa yang menentukan bahagian ayat yang menyumbang maklumat baru, tidak boleh diterbit, atau bezaan.[1] Fokus berkaitan dengan struktur maklumat. Fokus bezaan merujuk khusus kepada pengekodan maklumat yang bertentangan dengan praandaian pecakap.[2][3][4]

Model judul–cerita membezakan antara judul (tema) dan perkara yang dikatakan tentang judul (cerita, rema, atau fokus).[4][5][6]

Kategori tatabahasa ini wujud dalam bahasa-bahasa Dusunik di Sabah.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ Halliday, M. (1967), "Notes on Transitivity and Theme in English (Part 2)", Journal of Linguistics, 3: 206
  2. ^ Givon, Talmy (2001), Syntax: An Introduction Vol. II, Amsterdam: John Benjamins Publishing Co.
  3. ^ Lambrecht, Knud (1994), Information Structure and Sentence Form: Topic, Focus, and the Mental Representation of Discourse Referents, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press
  4. ^ a b Camacho, José; Rodrigo Gutiérrez-Bravo; Liliana Sánchez (2010), Information Structure in the Languages of the Americas: Syntactic Approaches, Berlin: Mouton de Gruyter
  5. ^ Bates, Elizabeth; Brian MacWhinney (1987), Dirven, Rene; V. Fried (para penyunting), "A functionalist approach to the acquisition of grammar", Functionalism in Linguistics, Linguistic and Literary Studies in Eastern Europe, Amersterdam: John Benjamins, 20: 209–264, doi:10.1075/llsee.20.12bat, ISBN 978-90-272-1524-6.
  6. ^ Mel’čuk, Igor A. (2001), Communicative Organization in Natural Language: The Semantic-Communicative Structure of Sentences, Amsterdam: John Benjamins

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Cinque, Guglielmo (1993). "A null theory of phrase and compound stress". Linguistic Inquiry 24: 239–267.
  • Neeleman, Ad and Tanya Reinhart (1998). "Scrambling and the PF-Interface". In The Projection of Arguments, CSLI Publications, 309–353.
  • Ocampo, Francisco (2003). "On the notion of focus in spoken Spanish: An empirical approach". In Theory, Practice, and Acquisition, ed. by Paula Kempchinsky and Carlos-Eduardo Pineros. Sommerville: Cascadilla Press, 207–226.
  • Pereltsvaig, Asya (2002). "Topic and focus as linear notions: evidence from Russian and Italian". Proceedings of the Conference on the Interaction between Syntax and Pragmatics at UCL.
  • Szendrői, Kriszta (2004). 'Focus and the interaction between syntax and pragmatics'. Lingua 114(3), 229–254.
  • Xu, Y., C. X. Xu and X. Sun (2004). 'On the temporal domain of focus'. In Proceedings of International Conference on Speech Prosody 2004, Nara, Japan: 81–84.