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Pendokumenan untuk modul ini boleh diciptakan di Modul:Excerpt/doc

local p = {}
local mRedirect = require('Module:Redirect')

-- Get a redirect target (or nil if not a redirect) without using the expensive title object property .isRedirect
local function getRedirectTarget(titleObject)
	local content = titleObject:getContent()
	if not content then return nil end
	return mRedirect.getTargetFromText(content)

local errors
-- Return blank text, or an error message if requested
local function err(text)
	if errors then error(text, 2) end
	return ""

-- In text, match pre..list[1] or pre..list[2] or ...
local function matchany(text, pre, list, post)
	local match
	for i = 1, #list do
		match = mw.ustring.match(text, pre .. list[i] .. post)
		if match then return match end
	return nil

-- Initialise this big table once to save time
local unwantedTemplates = {"[Ee]fn", "[Ee]fn%-[lu][arg]", "[Ee]l[mn]", "[Rr]p?", "[Ss]fn[bmp]", "[Ss]f[bn]", "NoteTag", "#[Tt]ag:%s*[Rr]ef", "[Rr]efn?",
	 "[CcDd]n", "[Cc]itation[%- _]needed", "[Dd]isambiguation needed", "[Ff]eatured article", "[Gg]ood article",
	 "[Dd]ISPLAYTITLE", "[Ss]hort[ _]+description", "[Cc]itation", "[Cc]ite[%- _]+[%w_%s]-", "[Cc]oor[%w_%s]-",
	 "[Uu]?n?[Rr]eliable source[%?%w_%s]-", "[Rr]s%??", "[Vv]c", "[Vv]erify credibility", "[Bb]y[ _]*[Ww]ho[m]*%??", "[Ww]ikisource[ -_]*multi", "[Ii]nflation[ _/-]*[Ff]n",
	 -- aliases for Clarification needed
	 "[Cc]f[ny]", "[Cc]larification[ _]+inline", "[Cc]larification[%- _]*needed", "[Cc]larification", "[Cc]larify%-inline", "[Cc]larify%-?me",
	 "[Cc]larify[ _]+inline", "[Cc]larify", "[Cc]LARIFY", "[Cc]onfusing%-inline", "[Cc]onfusing%-short", "[Ee]xplainme", "[Hh]uh[ _]*%??", "[Ww]hat%?",
	 "[Ii]nline[ _]+[Uu]nclear", "[Ii]n[ _]+what[ _]+sense", "[Oo]bscure", "[Pp]lease[ _]+clarify", "[Uu]nclear[ _]+inline", "[Ww]hat's[ _]+this%?",
	 "[Gg]eoQuelle", "[Nn]eed[s]+[%- _]+[Ii][Pp][Aa]", "[Ii]PA needed",
	 -- aliases for Clarification needed lead
	 "[Cc]itation needed %(?lea?de?%)?", "[Cc]nl", "[Ff]act %(?lea?de?%)?", "[Ll]ead citation needed", "[Nn]ot in body", "[Nn]ot verified in body",
	 -- Primary source etc.
	 "[Pp]s[ci]", "[Nn]psn", "[Nn]on%-primary[ _]+source[ _]+needed", "[Ss]elf%-published[%w_%s]-", "[Uu]ser%-generated[%w_%s]-",
	 "[Pp]rimary source[%w_%s]-", "[Ss]econdary source[%w_%s]-", "[Tt]ertiary source[%w_%s]-", "[Tt]hird%-party[%w_%s]-",
	 -- aliases for Disambiguation (page) and similar
	 "[Bb]egriffsklärung", "[Dd][Aa][Bb]", "[Dd]big", "[%w_%s]-%f[%w][Dd]isam[%w_%s]-", "[Hh][Nn][Dd][Ii][Ss]",
	 -- aliases for Failed verification
	 "[Bb]adref", "[Ff]aile?[ds] ?[rv][%w_%s]-", "[Ff][Vv]", "[Nn][Ii]?[Cc][Gg]", "[Nn]ot ?in ?[crs][%w_%s]-", "[Nn]ot specifically in source",
	 "[Vv]erification[%- _]failed",
	 -- aliases for When
	 "[Aa]s[ _]+of[ _]+when%??", "[Aa]s[ _%-]+of%??", "[Cc]larify date", "[Dd]ate[ _]*needed", "[Nn]eeds?[ _]+date", "[Rr]ecently", "[Ss]ince[ _]+when%??",
	 "[Ww]HEN", "[Ww]hen%??",
	 -- aliases for Update
	 "[Nn]ot[ _]*up[ _]*to[ _]*date","[Oo]u?[Tt][Dd]","[Oo]ut[%- _]*o?f?[%- _]*dated?", "[Uu]pdate",  "[Uu]pdate[ _]+sect", "[Uu]pdate[ _]+Watch",
	 -- aliases for Pronunciation needed
	 "[Pp]ronunciation%??[%- _]*n?e?e?d?e?d?", "[Pp]ronounce", "[Rr]equested[%- _]*pronunciation", "[Rr]e?q?pron", "[Nn]eeds[%- _]*pronunciation",
	 -- Chart, including Chart/start etc.
	 "[Cc]hart", "[Cc]hart/[%w_%s]-",
	 -- Cref and others
	 "[Cc]ref2?", "[Cc]note",
	 -- Explain and others
	 "[Ee]xplain", "[Ff]urther[ ]*explanation[ ]*needed", "[Ee]laboration[ ]*needed", "[Ee]xplanation[ ]*needed",
	 -- TOC templates
	 "[Cc][Oo][Mm][Pp][Aa][Cc][Tt][ _]*[Tt][Oo][Cc][8]*[5]*", "[Tt][Oo][Cc]", "09[Aa][Zz]", "[Tt][Oo][Cc][ ]*[Cc][Oo][Mm][Pp][Aa][Cc][Tt]", "[Tt][Oo][Cc][ ]*[Ss][Mm][Aa][Ll][Ll]", "[Cc][Oo][Mm][Pp][Aa][Cc][Tt][ _]*[Aa][Ll][Pp][Hh][Aa][Bb][Ee][Tt][Ii][Cc][ _]*[Tt][Oo][Cc]",
	 "[Oo]ne[ _]+source"

-- Help gsub to remove unwanted templates and pseudo-templates such as #tag:ref and DEFAULTSORT
local function striptemplate(t)
	-- If template is unwanted then return "" (gsub will replace by nothing), else return nil (gsub will keep existing string)
	if matchany(t, "^{{%s*", unwantedTemplates, "%s*%f[|}]") then return "" end

	-- If template is wanted but produces an unwanted reference then return the string with |shortref or |ref removed
	local noref = mw.ustring.gsub(t, "|%s*shortref%s*%f[|}]", "")
	noref = mw.ustring.gsub(noref, "|%s*ref%s*%f[|}]", "")

	-- If a wanted template has unwanted nested templates, purge them too
	noref = mw.ustring.sub(noref, 1, 2) .. mw.ustring.gsub(mw.ustring.sub(noref, 3), "%b{}", striptemplate)

	-- Replace {{audio}} by its text parameter: {{Audio|Foo.ogg|Bar}} → Bar
	noref = mw.ustring.gsub(noref, "^{{%s*[Aa]udio.-|.-|(.-)%f[|}].*", "%1")

	-- Replace {{Nihongo foot}} by its text parameter: {{Nihongo foot|English|英語|eigo}} → English
	noref = mw.ustring.gsub(noref, "^{{%s*[Nn]ihongo[ _]+foot%s*|(.-)%f[|}].*", "%1")

	if noref ~= t then return noref end

	return nil -- not an unwanted template: keep

-- Get a page's content, following redirects, and processing file description pages for files.
-- Also returns the page name, or the target page name if a redirect was followed, or false if no page found
local function getContent(page, frame)
	local title = -- Read description page (for :File:Foo rather than File:Foo)
	if not title then return false, false end

	local redir = getRedirectTarget(title)
	if redir then title = end

	return title:getContent(), redir or title.prefixedText

-- Check image for suitability
local function checkimage(image)
	local page = matchany(image, "", {"[Ff]ile", "[Ii]mage"}, "%s*:[^|%]]*") -- match File:(name) or Image:(name)
	if not page then return false end

	-- Limit to image types: .gif, .jpg, .jpeg, .png, .svg, .tiff, .xcf (exclude .ogg audio etc.)
	if not matchany(page, "%.", {"[Gg][Ii][Ff]", "[Jj][Pp][Ee]?[Gg]", "[Pp][Nn][Gg]", "[Ss][Vv][Gg]", "[Tt][Ii][Ff][Ff]", "[Xx][Cc][Ff]"}, "%s*$") then
		return false

	local desc, rtitle = getContent(page) -- get file description and title after following any redirect
	if desc and desc ~= "" then -- found description on local wiki
		if mw.ustring.match(desc, "[Nn]on%-free") then return false end
		desc = mw.ustring.gsub(desc, "%b{}", striptemplate) -- remove DEFAULTSORT etc. to avoid side effects of frame:preprocess
	elseif not rtitle then
		return false
	-- try commons
		desc = "{{" .. rtitle .. "}}"
	frame = frame or mw.getCurrentFrame()
	desc = frame:preprocess(desc)

	return ( desc and desc ~= "" and not mw.ustring.match(desc, "[Nn]on%-free") ) and true or false -- hide non-free image

-- Attempt to parse [[File:...]] or [[Image:...]], either anywhere (start=false) or at the start only (start=true)
local function parseimage(text, start)
	local startre = ""
	if start then startre = "^" end -- a true flag restricts search to start of string
	local image = matchany(text, startre .. "%[%[%s*", {"[Ff]ile", "[Ii]mage"}, "%s*:.*") -- [[File: or [[Image: ...
	if image then
		image = mw.ustring.match(image, "%b[]%s*") -- matching [[...]] to handle wikilinks nested in caption
	return image

-- Parse a caption, which ends at a | (end of parameter) or } (end of infobox) but may contain nested [..] and {..}
local function parsecaption(caption)
	if not caption then return nil end
	local len = mw.ustring.len(caption)
	local pos = 1
	while pos <= len do
		local linkstart, linkend = mw.ustring.find(caption, "%b[]", pos)
		linkstart = linkstart or len + 1 -- avoid comparison with nil when no link
		local templatestart, templateend = mw.ustring.find(caption, "%b{}", pos)
		templatestart = templatestart or len + 1 -- avoid comparison with nil when no template
		local argend = mw.ustring.find(caption, "[|}]", pos) or len + 1
		if linkstart < templatestart and linkstart < argend then
			pos = linkend + 1 -- skip wikilink
		elseif templatestart < argend then
			pos = templateend + 1 -- skip template
		else -- argument ends before the next wikilink or template
			return mw.ustring.sub(caption, 1, argend - 1)

-- Attempt to construct a [[File:...]] block from {{infobox ... |image= ...}}
local function argimage(text)
	local token = nil
	local hasNamedArgs = mw.ustring.find(text, "|") and mw.ustring.find(text, "=")
	if not hasNamedArgs then return nil end -- filter out any template that obviously doesn't contain an image

	-- ensure image map is captured
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, '<!%-%-imagemap%-%->', '|imagemap=')

	-- find all images
	local hasImages = false
	local images = {}
	local capture_from = 1
	while capture_from < mw.ustring.len(text) do
		local argname, position, image = mw.ustring.match(text, "|%s*([^=|]-[Ii][Mm][Aa][Gg][Ee][^=|]-)%s*=%s*()(.*)", capture_from)
		if image then -- ImageCaption=, image_size=, image_upright=, etc. do not introduce an image
			local lcArgname = mw.ustring.lower(argname)
			if mw.ustring.find(lcArgname, "caption")
			 or mw.ustring.find(lcArgname, "size")
			 or mw.ustring.find(lcArgname, "upright") then
				image = nil
		if image then
			hasImages = true
			images[position] = image
			capture_from = position
			capture_from = mw.ustring.len(text)
	capture_from = 1
	while capture_from < mw.ustring.len(text) do
		local position, image = mw.ustring.match(text, "|%s*[^=|]-[Pp][Hh][Oo][Tt][Oo][^=|]-%s*=%s*()(.*)", capture_from)
		if image then
			hasImages = true
			images[position] = image
			capture_from = position
			capture_from = mw.ustring.len(text)
	capture_from = 1
	while capture_from < mw.ustring.len(text) do
		local position, image = mw.ustring.match(text, "|%s*[^=|{}]-%s*=%s*()%[?%[?([^|{}]*%.%a%a%a%a?)%s*%f[|}]", capture_from)
		if image then
			hasImages = true
			if not images[position] then
				images[position] = image
			capture_from = position
			capture_from = mw.ustring.len(text)

	if not hasImages then return nil end

	-- find all captions
	local captions = {}
	capture_from = 1
	while capture_from < mw.ustring.len(text) do
		local position, caption = mw.ustring.match(text, "|%s*[^=|]*[Cc][Aa][Pp][Tt][Ii][Oo][Nn][^=|]*%s*=%s*()([^\n]+)", capture_from)
		if caption then
			-- extend caption to parse "| caption = Foo {{Template\n on\n multiple lines}} Bar\n"
			local bracedCaption = mw.ustring.match(text, "^[^\n]-%b{}[^\n]+", position)
			if bracedCaption and bracedCaption ~= "" then caption = bracedCaption end
			caption = mw.text.trim(caption)
			local captionStart = mw.ustring.sub(caption, 1, 1)
			if captionStart == '|' or captionStart == '}' then caption = nil end
		if caption then
			-- find nearest image, and use same index for captions table
			local i = position
			while i > 0 and not images[i] do
				i = i - 1
				if images[i] then
					if not captions[i] then
						captions[i] = parsecaption(caption)
			capture_from = position
			capture_from = mw.ustring.len(text)

	-- find all alt text
	local altTexts = {}
	for position, altText in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "|%s*[Aa][Ll][Tt]%s*=%s*()([^\n]*)") do
		if altText then

			-- altText is terminated by }} or |, but first skip any matched [[...]] and {{...}}
			local lookfrom = math.max( -- find position after whichever comes last: start of string, end of last ]] or end of last }}
			 mw.ustring.match(altText, ".*{%b{}}()") or 1, -- if multiple {{...}}, .* consumes all but one, leaving the last for %b
			 mw.ustring.match(altText, ".*%[%b[]%]()") or 1)

			local len = mw.ustring.len(altText)
			local aftertext = math.min( -- find position after whichever comes first: end of string, }} or |
			 mw.ustring.match(altText, "()}}", lookfrom) or len+1,
			 mw.ustring.match(altText, "()|", lookfrom) or len+1)
			altText = mw.ustring.sub(altText, 1, aftertext-1) -- chop off |... or }}... which is not part of [[...]] or {{...}}

			altText = mw.text.trim(altText)
			local altTextStart = mw.ustring.sub(altText, 1, 1)
			if altTextStart == '|' or altTextStart == '}' then altText = nil end
		if altText then
			-- find nearest image, and use same index for altTexts table
			local i = position
			while i > 0 and not images[i] do
				i = i - 1
				if images[i] then
					if not altTexts[i] then
						altTexts[i] = altText

	-- find all image sizes
	local imageSizes = {}
	for position, imageSizeMatch in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "|%s*[Ii][Mm][Aa][Gg][Ee][ _]?[Ss][Ii][Zz][Ee]%s*=%s*()([^}|\n]*)") do
		local imageSize = mw.ustring.match(imageSizeMatch, "=%s*([^}|\n]*)")
		if imageSize then
			imageSize = mw.text.trim(imageSize )
			local imageSizeStart = mw.ustring.sub(imageSize, 1, 1)
			if imageSizeStart == '|' or imageSizeStart == '}' then imageSize = nil end
		if imageSize then
			-- find nearest image, and use same index for imageSizes table
			local i = position
			while i > 0 and not images[i] do
				i = i - 1
				if images[i] then
					if not imageSizes[i] then
						imageSizes[i] = imageSize

	-- sort the keys of the images table (in a table sequence), so that images can be iterated over in order
	local keys = {}
	for key, val in pairs(images) do
		table.insert(keys, key)

	 -- add in relevant optional parameters for each image: caption, alt text and image size
	local imageTokens = {}
	for _, index in ipairs(keys) do
		local image = images[index]
		local token = parseimage(image, true) -- look for image=[[File:...]] etc.
		if not token then
			image = mw.ustring.match(image, "^[^}|\n]*") -- remove later arguments
			token = "[[" -- Add File: unless name already begins File: or Image:
			if not matchany(image, "^", {"[Ff]ile", "[Ii]mage"}, "%s*:") then
				token = token .. "File:"
			token = token .. image
			local caption = captions[index]
			if caption and mw.ustring.match(caption, "%S") then token = token .. "|" .. caption end
			local alt = altTexts[index]
			if alt then token = token .. "|alt=" .. alt end
			local image_size = imageSizes[index]
			if image_size and mw.ustring.match(image_size, "%S") then token = token .. "|" .. image_size end
			token = token .. "]]"
		token = mw.ustring.gsub(token, "\n","") .. "\n"
		table.insert(imageTokens, token)
	return imageTokens

-- Help gsub convert imagemaps into standard images
local function convertImagemap(imagemap)
	local image = matchany(imagemap, "[>\n]%s*", {"[Ii]mage:", "[Ff]ile:"}, "[^\n]*")
	if image then
		return "<!--imagemap-->[[" .. mw.ustring.gsub(image, "[>\n]%s*", "", 1) .. "]]"
		return "" -- remove entire block if image can't be extracted

-- Convert a comma-separated list of numbers or min-max ranges into a list of booleans, e.g. "1,3-5" → {1=true,2=false,3=true,4=true,5=true}
local function numberflags(str)
	local ranges = mw.text.split(str, ",") -- parse ranges, e.g. "1,3-5" → {"1","3-5"}
	local flags = {}
	for _, r in pairs(ranges) do
		local min, max = mw.ustring.match(r, "^%s*(%d+)%s*%-%s*(%d+)%s*$") -- "3-5" → min=3 max=5
		if not max then	min, max = mw.ustring.match(r, "^%s*((%d+))%s*$") end -- "1" → min=1 max=1
		if max then
			for p = min, max do flags[p] = true end
	return flags

local imageArgGroups = {
	{"thumb", "thumbnail", "frame", "framed", "frameless"},
	{"right", "left", "center", "none"},
	{"baseline", "middle", "sub", "super", "text-top", "text-bottom", "top", "bottom"}

local function modifyImage(image, fileargs)
	if fileargs then
		for _, filearg in pairs(mw.text.split(fileargs, "|")) do -- handle fileargs=left|border etc.
			local fa = mw.ustring.gsub(filearg, "=.*", "") -- "upright=0.75" → "upright"
			local group = {fa}; -- group of "border" is ["border"]...
			for _, g in pairs(imageArgGroups) do
				for _, a in pairs(g) do
					if fa == a then group = g end -- ...but group of "left" is ["right", "left", "center", "none"]
			for _, a in pairs(group) do
				image = mw.ustring.gsub(image, "|%s*" .. a .. "%f[%A]%s*=[^|%]]*", ""); -- remove "|upright=0.75" etc.
				image = mw.ustring.gsub(image, "|%s*" .. a .. "%s*([|%]])", "%1"); -- replace "|left|" by "|" etc.

			image = mw.ustring.gsub(image, "([|%]])", "|" .. filearg .. "%1", 1) -- replace "|" by "|left|" etc.
	return image

-- a basic parser to trim down extracted wikitext
--   @param text : Wikitext to be processed
--   @param options : A table of options...
--          options.paraflags : Which number paragraphs to keep, as either a string (e.g. `1,3-5`) or a table (e.g. `{1=true,2=false,3=true,4=true,5=true}`. If not present, all paragraphs will be kept.
--          options.fileflags : table of which files to keep, as either a string (e.g. `1,3-5`) or a table (e.g. `{1=true,2=false,3=true,4=true,5=true}`
--          options.fileargs : args for the [[File:]] syntax, such as `left`
--   @param filesOnly : If set, only return the files and not the prose
local function parse(text, options, filesOnly)
	local allparas = true -- keep all paragraphs?
	if options.paraflags then
		if type(options.paraflags) ~= "table" then options.paraflags = numberflags(options.paraflags) end
		for _, v in pairs(options.paraflags) do
			if v then allparas = false end -- if any para specifically requested, don't keep all
	if filesOnly then
		allparas = false
		options.paraflags = {}

	local maxfile = 0 -- for efficiency, stop checking images after this many have been found
	if options.fileflags then
		if type(options.fileflags) ~= "table" then options.fileflags = numberflags(options.fileflags) end
		for k, v in pairs(options.fileflags) do
			if v and k > maxfile then maxfile = k end -- set maxfile = highest key in fileflags
	local fileargs = options.fileargs and mw.text.trim(options.fileargs)
	if fileargs == '' then fileargs = nil end

	local leadstart = nil -- have we found some text yet?
	local t = "" -- the stripped down output text
	local filetext = "" -- output text with concatenated [[File:Foo|...]]\n entries
	local files = 0 -- how many images so far
	local paras = 0 -- how many paragraphs so far
	local startLine = true -- at the start of a line (no non-spaces found since last \n)?

	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text,"^%s*","") -- remove initial white space

	-- Add named files
	local f = options.files
	if f and mw.ustring.match(f, "[^%d%s%-,]") then -- filename rather than number list
		f = mw.ustring.gsub(f, "^%s*File%s*:%s*", "", 1)
		f = mw.ustring.gsub(f, "^%s*Image%s*:%s*", "", 1)
		f = "[[File:" .. f .. "]]"
		f = modifyImage(f, "thumb")
		f = modifyImage(f, fileargs)
		if checkimage(f) then filetext = filetext .. f .. "\n" end

	repeat -- loop around parsing a template, image or paragraph
		local token = mw.ustring.match(text, "^%b{}%s*") or false -- {{Template}}
		if not leadstart and not token then token = mw.ustring.match(text, "^%b<>%s*%b{}%s*") end -- allow <tag>{{template}} before lead has started
		local line = mw.ustring.match(text, "[^\n]*")
		if token and line and mw.ustring.len(token) < mw.ustring.len(line) then -- template is followed by text (but it may just be other templates)
			line = mw.ustring.gsub(line, "%b{}", "") -- remove all templates from this line
			line = mw.ustring.gsub(line, "%b<>", "") -- remove all HTML tags from this line
			-- if anything is left, other than an incomplete further template or an image, keep the template: it counts as part of the line
			if mw.ustring.find(line, "%S") and not matchany(line, "^%s*", { "{{", "%[%[%s*[Ff]ile:", "%[%[%s*[Ii]mage:" }, "") then
				token = nil

		if token then -- found a template which is not the prefix to a line of text
			if leadstart then -- lead has already started, so keep the template within the text, unless it's a whole line (navbox etc.)
				if not filesOnly and not startLine then t = t .. token end
			elseif files < maxfile then -- discard template, but if we are still collecting images...
				local images = argimage(token) or {}
				if not images then
					local image = parseimage(token, false) -- look for embedded [[File:...]], |image=, etc.
					if image then table.insert(images, image) end
				for _, image in ipairs(images) do
					if files < maxfile and checkimage(image) then -- if image is found and qualifies (not a sound file, non-free, etc.)
						files = files + 1 -- count the file, whether displaying it or not
						if options.fileflags and options.fileflags[files] then -- if displaying this image
							image = modifyImage(image, "thumb")
							image = modifyImage(image, fileargs)
							filetext = filetext .. image
		else -- the next token in text is not a template
			token = parseimage(text, true)
			if token then -- the next token in text looks like an image
				if files < maxfile and checkimage(token) then -- if more images are wanted and this is a wanted image
					files = files + 1
					if options.fileflags and options.fileflags[files] then
						local image = token -- copy token for manipulation by adding |right etc. without changing the original
						image = modifyImage(image, fileargs);
						filetext = filetext .. image
			else -- got a paragraph, which ends at a file, image, blank line or end of text
				local afterend = mw.ustring.len(text) + 1
				local blankpos = mw.ustring.find(text, "\n%s*\n") or afterend -- position of next paragraph delimiter (or end of text)
				local endpos = math.min( -- find position of whichever comes first: [[File:, [[Image: or paragraph delimiter
				 mw.ustring.find(text, "%[%[%s*[Ff]ile%s*:") or afterend,
				 mw.ustring.find(text, "%[%[%s*[Ii]mage%s*:") or afterend,
				token = mw.ustring.sub(text, 1, endpos-1)
				if blankpos < afterend and blankpos == endpos then -- paragraph ends with a blank line
					token = token .. mw.ustring.match(text, "\n%s*\n", blankpos)
				local isHatnote = not(leadstart) and mw.ustring.sub(token, 1, 1) == ':'
				if not isHatnote then
					leadstart = leadstart or mw.ustring.len(t) + 1 -- we got a paragraph, so mark the start of the lead section
					paras = paras + 1
					if allparas or (options.paraflags and options.paraflags[paras]) then t = t .. token end -- add if this paragraph wanted
			end -- of "else got a paragraph"
		end -- of "else not a template"

		if token then text = mw.ustring.sub(text, mw.ustring.len(token)+1) end -- remove parsed token from remaining text
		startLine = mw.ustring.find(token, "\n%s*$"); -- will the next token be the first non-space on a line?
	until not text or text == "" or not token or token == "" -- loop until all text parsed

	text = mw.ustring.gsub(t, "\n+$", "") -- remove trailing line feeds, so "{{Transclude text excerpt|Foo}} more" flows on one line
	return filetext, text

local function cleanupText(text, leadOnly, keepRefs)
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<!%-%-.-%-%->","") -- remove HTML comments
	if leadOnly then
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "\n==.*","") -- remove first ==Heading== and everything after it
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "^==.*","") -- ...even if it's the start of the article (blank lead)
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<[Nn][Oo][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>.-</[Nn][Oo][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>", "") -- remove noinclude bits
	if mw.ustring.find(text, "[Oo][Nn][Ll][Yy][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]") then -- avoid expensive search if possible
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "</[Oo][Nn][Ll][Yy][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>.-<[Oo][Nn][Ll][Yy][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>", "") -- remove text between onlyinclude sections
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "^.-<[Oo][Nn][Ll][Yy][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>", "") -- remove text before first onlyinclude section
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "</[Oo][Nn][Ll][Yy][Ii][Nn][Cc][Ll][Uu][Dd][Ee]>.*", "") -- remove text after last onlyinclude section
	if not keepRefs then
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*[Rr][Ee][Ff][^>]-/%s*>", "") -- remove refs cited elsewhere
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*[Rr][Ee][Ff].->.-<%s*/%s*[Rr][Ee][Ff]%s*>", "") -- remove refs
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%b{}", striptemplate) -- remove unwanted templates such as references
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*[Ss][Cc][Oo][Rr][Ee].->.-<%s*/%s*[Ss][Cc][Oo][Rr][Ee]%s*>", "") -- remove musical scores
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*[Ii][Mm][Aa][Gg][Ee][Mm][Aa][Pp].->.-<%s*/%s*[Ii][Mm][Aa][Gg][Ee][Mm][Aa][Pp]%s*>", convertImagemap) -- convert imagemaps into standard images
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%s*{{%s*[Tt][Oo][Cc].-}}", "") -- remove most common tables of contents
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%s*__[A-Z]*TOC__", "") -- remove TOC behavior switches
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "\n%s*{{%s*[Pp]p%-.-}}", "\n") -- remove protection templates
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%s*{{[^{|}]*[Ss]idebar%s*}}", "") -- remove most sidebars
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%s*{{[^{|}]*%-[Ss]tub%s*}}", "") -- remove most stub templates
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%s*%[%[%s*:?[Cc]ategory:.-%]%]", "") -- remove categories
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "^:[^\n]+\n","") -- remove DIY hatnote indented with a colon
	return text

-- Parse a ==Section== from a page
local function getsection(text, section, mainonly)
	local escapedSection = mw.ustring.gsub(mw.uri.decode(section), "([%^%$%(%)%%%.%[%]%*%+%-%?])", "%%%1") -- %26 → & etc, then ^ → %^ etc.
	local level, content = mw.ustring.match(text .. "\n", "\n(==+)%s*" .. escapedSection .. "%s*==.-\n(.*)")
	if not content then return nil end -- no such section
	local nextsection
	if mainonly then
		nextsection = "\n==.*" -- Main part of section terminates at any level of header
		nextsection = "\n==" .. mw.ustring.rep("=?", #level - 2) .. "[^=].*" -- "===" → "\n===?[^=].*", matching "==" or "===" but not "===="
	content = mw.ustring.gsub(content, nextsection, "") -- remove later sections with headings at this level or higher
	return content

-- Remove unmatched <tag> or </tag> tags
local function fixtags(text, tag)
	local startcount = 0
	for i in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "<%s*" .. tag .. "%f[^%w_].->") do startcount = startcount + 1 end

	local endcount = 0
	for i in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "<%s*/" .. tag .. "%f[^%w_].->") do endcount = endcount + 1 end

	if startcount > endcount then -- more <tag> than </tag>: remove the last few <tag>s
		local i = 0
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*" .. tag .. "%f[^%w_].->", function(t)
			i = i + 1
			if i > endcount then return "" else return nil end
		end) -- "end" here terminates the anonymous replacement function(t) passed to gsub
	elseif endcount > startcount then -- more </tag> than <tag>: remove the first few </tag>s
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "<%s*/" .. tag .. "%f[^%w_].->", "", endcount - startcount)
	return text

-- Main function returns a string value: text of the lead of a page
local function main(pagenames, options)
	if not pagenames or #pagenames < 1 then return err("No page names given") end
	local pagename
	local text
	local pagecount = #pagenames
	local firstpage = pagenames[1] or "(nil)" -- save for error message, as it the name will be deleted
	local gotopt
	local pageoptstr

	-- read the page, or a random one if multiple pages were provided
	if pagecount > 1 then math.randomseed(os.time()) end
	while not text and pagecount > 0 do
		local pagenum = 1
		if pagecount > 1 then pagenum = math.random(pagecount) end -- pick a random title
		pagename = pagenames[pagenum]
		if pagename and pagename ~= "" then
			-- We have page or [[page]] or [[page|text]], possibly followed by |opt1|opt2...
			local pn
			pn, gotopt, pageoptstr = mw.ustring.match(pagename, "^%s*(%[%b[]%])%s*(|?)(.*)")
			if pn then
				pagename = mw.ustring.match(pn, "%[%[([^|%]]*)") -- turn [[page|text]] into page, discarding text
			else -- we have page or page|opt...
				pagename, gotopt, pageoptstr = mw.ustring.match(pagename, "%s*([^|]*[^|%s])%s*(|?)(.*)")

			if pagename and pagename ~= "" then
				local pn, section = mw.ustring.match(pagename, "(.-)#(.*)")
				pagename = pn or pagename
				text, normalisedPagename = getContent(pagename)
				if not normalisedPagename then
					return err("No title for page name " .. pagename)
					pagename = normalisedPagename
				if text and options.nostubs then
					local isStub = mw.ustring.find(text, "%s*{{[^{|}]*%-[Ss]tub%s*}}")
					if isStub then text = nil end
				if not section then
					section = mw.ustring.match(pagename, ".-#(.*)") -- parse redirect to Page#Section
				if text and section then text = getsection(text, section) end
		if not text then table.remove(pagenames, pagenum) end -- this one didn't work; try another
		pagecount = pagecount - 1 -- ensure that we exit the loop after at most #pagenames iterations
	if not text then return err("Cannot read a valid page: first name is " .. firstpage) end

	local keepRefs = options.keepRefs
	text = cleanupText(text, true, keepRefs)

	local pageopts = {} -- pageopts (even if value is "") have priority over global options
	for k, v in pairs(options) do pageopts[k] = v end
	if gotopt and gotopt ~= "" then
		for _, t in pairs(mw.text.split(pageoptstr, "|")) do
			local k, v = mw.ustring.match(t, "%s*([^=]-)%s*=(.-)%s*$")
			pageopts[k] = v
		pageopts.paraflags = numberflags(pageopts["paragraphs"] or "") -- parse paragraphs, e.g. "1,3-5" → {"1","3-5"}
		pageopts.fileflags = numberflags(pageopts["files"] or "") -- parse file numbers
		if pageopts.more and pageopts.more == "" then pageopts.more = "Read more..." end -- more= is short for this default text

	local filetext
	filetext, text = parse(text, pageopts)

	-- replace the bold title or synonym near the start of the article by a wikilink to the article
	local lang = mw.language.getContentLanguage()
	local pos = mw.ustring.find(text, "'''" .. lang:ucfirst(pagename) .. "'''", 1, true) -- look for "'''Foo''' is..." (uc) or "A '''foo''' is..." (lc)
	 or mw.ustring.find(text, "'''" .. lang:lcfirst(pagename) .. "'''", 1, true) -- plain search: special characters in pagename represent themselves
	if pos then
		local len = mw.ustring.len(pagename)
		text = mw.ustring.sub(text, 1, pos + 2) .. "[[" .. mw.ustring.sub(text, pos + 3, pos + len + 2) .. "]]" .. mw.ustring.sub(text, pos + len + 3, -1) -- link it
	else -- look for anything unlinked in bold, assumed to be a synonym of the title (e.g. a person's birth name)
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "()'''(.-'*)'''", function(a, b)
			if a < 100 and not mw.ustring.find(b, "%[") then ---if early in article and not wikilinked
				return "'''[[" .. pagename .. "|" .. b .. "]]'''" -- replace '''Foo''' by '''[[pagename|Foo]]'''
				return nil -- instruct gsub to make no change
		 end, 1) -- "end" here terminates the anonymous replacement function(a, b) passed to gsub

	text = filetext .. text

	-- Seek and destroy unterminated templates and wikilinks
	repeat -- hide matched {{template}}s including nested templates
		local t = text
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "{(%b{})}", "\27{\27%1\27}\27"); -- {{sometemplate}} → E{Esometemplate}E}E where E represents escape
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "(< *math[^>]*>[^<]-)}}(.-< */math *>)", "%1}\27}\27%2"); -- <math>\{sqrt\{hat{x}}</math> → <math>\{sqrt\{hat{x}E}E</math>
	until text == t
	repeat -- do similar for [[wikilink]]s
		local t = text
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "%[(%b[])%]", "\27[\27%1\27]\27");
	until text == t

	text = text.gsub(text, "([{}%[%]])%1[^\27].*", ""); -- remove unmatched {{, }}, [[ or ]] and everything thereafter, avoiding ]E]E etc.
	text = text.gsub(text, "([{}%[%]])%1$", ""); -- remove unmatched {{, }}, [[ or ]] at end of text
	text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "\27", ""); -- unhide matched pairs: E{E{ → {{, ]E]E → ]], etc.

	-- Ensure div tags match
	text = fixtags(text, "div")

	if pageopts.more then text = text .. " '''[[" .. pagename .. "|" .. pageopts.more .. "]]'''" end -- wikilink to article for more info
	return text

-- Shared template invocation code for lead and random functions
local function invoke(frame, func)
	-- args = { 1,2,... = page names, paragraphs = list e.g. "1,3-5", files = list, more = text}
	local args = {} -- args[k] = frame.args[k] or frame:getParent().args[k] for all k in either (numeric or not)
	for k, v in pairs(frame:getParent().args) do args[k] = v end
	for k, v in pairs(frame.args) do args[k] = v end -- args from a Lua call have priority over parent args from template
	errors = args["errors"] -- set the module level boolean used in local function err

	local articlecount = #args -- must be 1 except with selected=Foo and Foo=Somepage
	if articlecount < 1 and not (func == "selected" and args[func] and args[args[func]]) then
		return err("No articles provided")

	local pagenames = {}
	if func == "lead" then
		pagenames = { args[1] }
	elseif func == "linked" or func == "listitem" then
		-- Read named page and find its wikilinks
		local page = args[1]
		local text, title = getContent(page)
		if not title then
			return err("No title for page name " .. page)
		elseif not text then
			return err("No content for page name " .. page)
		if args["section"] then -- check relevant section only
			text = getsection(text, args["section"], args["sectiononly"])
			if not text then return err("No section " .. args["section"] .. " in page " .. page) end
		-- replace annotated links with real links
		text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "{{%s*[Aa]nnotated[ _]link%s*|%s*(.-)%s*}}", "[[%1]]")
		if func == "linked" then
			for p in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "%[%[%s*([^%]|\n]*)") do table.insert(pagenames, p) end
		else -- listitem: first wikilink on a line beginning *, :#, etc. except in "See also" or later section
			text = mw.ustring.gsub(text, "\n== *See also.*", "")
			for p in mw.ustring.gmatch(text, "\n:*[%*#][^\n]-%[%[%s*([^%]|\n]*)") do table.insert(pagenames, p) end
	elseif func == "random" then
		-- accept any number of page names.  If more than one, we'll pick one randomly
		for i, p in pairs(args) do
			if p and type(i) == 'number' then table.insert(pagenames, p) end
	elseif func == "selected" then
		local articlekey = args[func]
		if tonumber(articlekey) then -- normalise article number into the range 1..#args
			articlekey = articlekey % articlecount
			if articlekey == 0 then articlekey = articlecount end
		pagenames = { args[articlekey] }

	local options = args -- pick up miscellaneous options: more, errors, fileargs
	options.paraflags = numberflags(args["paragraphs"] or "") -- parse paragraphs, e.g. "1,3-5" → {"1","3-5"}
	options.fileflags = numberflags(args["files"] or "") -- parse file numbers
	if options.more and options.more == "" then options.more = "Read more..." end -- more= is short for this default text

	local text = ""
	if options.showall then
		local separator = ""
		for _, p in pairs(pagenames) do
			local t = main({ p }, options)
			if t ~= "" then
				text = text .. separator .. t
				separator = options.showall
				if separator == "" then separator = "{{clear}}{{hr}}" end
		text = main(pagenames, options)
	return frame:preprocess(text)

-- Entry points for template callers using #invoke:
function p.lead(frame) return invoke(frame, "lead") end -- {{Transclude lead excerpt}} reads the first and only article
function p.linked(frame) return invoke(frame, "linked") end -- {{Transclude linked excerpt}} reads a randomly selected article linked from the given page
function p.listitem(frame) return invoke(frame, "listitem") end -- {{Transclude list item excerpt}} reads a randomly selected article listed on the given page
function p.random(frame) return invoke(frame, "random") end -- {{Transclude random excerpt}} reads any article (default for invoke with one argument)
function p.selected(frame) return invoke(frame, "selected") end -- {{Transclude selected excerpt}} reads the article whose key is in the selected= parameter

-- Entry points for other Lua modules
function p.getContent(page, frame) return getContent(page, frame) end
function p.getsection(text, section) return getsection(text, section) end
function p.parse(text, options, filesOnly) return parse(text, options, filesOnly) end
function p.argimage(text) return argimage(text) end
function p.checkimage(image) return checkimage(image) end
function p.parseimage(text, start) return parseimage(text, start) end
function p.cleanupText(text, leadOnly, keepRefs) return cleanupText(text, leadOnly, keepRefs) end
function p.main(pagenames, options) return main(pagenames, options) end
function p.numberflags(str) return numberflags(str) end

return p