Padma Bhushan

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Jump to navigation Jump to search
Padma Bhushan
Padma Bhushan medal suspended from its riband
Dianugerahkan oleh
State Emblem of India
Kerajaan India
NegaraIndia
JenisNational Civilian
RebenPadma Bhushan riband
Bahagian depanA centrally located lotus flower is embossed and the text "Padma" written in Devanagari script is placed above and the text "Bhushan" is placed below the lotus.
Bahagian belakangA platinum State Emblem of India placed in the centre with the national motto of India, "Satyameva Jayate" (Truth alone triumphs) in Devanagari Script
Statistik
Ditubuhkan1954
Nama terdahuluPadma Vibhushan "Dusra Varg" (Class II)
Kali pertama
dianugerahkan
1954
Kali terakhir
dianugerahkan
2019
Jumlah dianugerahkan1254
Keutamaan
Seterusnya (tertinggi)Padma Vibhushan riband Padma Vibhushan
Seterusnya (terendah)Padma Shri riband Padma Shri
Penerima Padma Bhushan[1]
Tahun Jumlah penerima
1954–1959
94
1960–1969
200
1970–1979
205
1980–1989
133
1990–1999
113
2000–2009
291
2010–2019
218

Padma Bhushan ialah penghargaan awam tertinggi ketiga di Republik India, didahului oleh Bharat Ratna dan Padma Vibhushan dan diikuti oleh Padma Shri. Didirikan pada 2 Januari 1954, anugerah ini diberikan untuk "perkhidmatan yang cemerlang dalam perintah tinggi... tanpa perbezaan kaum, pekerjaan, jawatan atau jantina." Kriteria penghargaan termasuk "perkhidmatan di mana-mana bidang termasuk layanan yang diberikan oleh pegawai Kerajaan" termasuk doktor dan saintis, tetapi tidak termasuk mereka yang bekerja dengan sektor awam. Setakat 2019, anugerah ini telah diberikan kepada 1254 individu, termasuk dua puluh satu penerima anumun dan sembilan puluh enam penerima bukan warganegara.[2][3]

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ "Padma Awards Directory (1954–2014)" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 21 May 2014. m/s. 166–193. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 15 November 2014. Dicapai 22 March 2016. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2015" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2015. m/s. 1. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 9 February 2018. Dicapai 18 October 2015. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2016" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2016. m/s. 1. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 9 February 2018. Dicapai 25 January 2016. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2017" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2017. m/s. 1. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 9 February 2018. Dicapai 25 January 2017. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2018" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2018. m/s. 1. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 9 February 2018. Dicapai 25 January 2018. 
    • "Padma Awards: 2019" (PDF). Ministry of Home Affairs (India). 25 January 2019. m/s. 1. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 25 January 2019. Dicapai 25 January 2019. 
  2. ^ Lal, Shavax A. (1954). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (diterbitkan 2 January 1954): 2. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 14 May 2014. Dicapai 26 September 2015. The President is pleased to institute an award to be designated 'Padma Vibhushan' in three classes, namely: 'Pahla Varg', 'Dusra Varg' and 'Tisra Varg' 
  3. ^ Ayyar, N. M. (1955). "The Gazette of India—Extraordinary—Part I" (PDF). The Gazette of India. The President's Secretariat (diterbitkan 15 January 1955): 8. Diarkibkan daripada asal (PDF) pada 18 May 2014. Dicapai 26 September 2015. All persons upon whom the decoration of Padma Vibhushan (Pahela Warg) was conferred under the Regulations issued with Notification No. 2-Pres./54, dated the 2nd January, 1954, shall, for all purposes of these regulations, be deemed to be persons on whom the decoration of Padma Vibhushan has been conferred by the President. 

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]