Penyahindustrian

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Loji Bethlehem Steel di Amerika Syarikat mengalami kemuflisan pada 2001, dan sejak itu telah ditukarkan kepada Sands Casino.

Penyahindustrian atau deindustrialisasi ialah satu proses perubahan sosial dan ekonomi yang disebabkan oleh penyingkiran atau pengurangan keupayaan atau kegiatan industri di sesebuah negara atau di sesebuah rantau, terutamanya industri berat atau industri perkilangan. Ini merupakan lawan kepada pengindustrian.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bacaan lanjut[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Afonso, A (2005) "When the Export of Social Problems is no Longer Possible: Immigration Policies and Unemployment in Switzerland," Social Policy and Administration, Jil. 39, No. 6, ms. 653–668
  • Baumol, W J (1967) ‘Macroeconomics of Unbalanced Growth: The Anatomy of Urban Crisis’ The American Economic Review, Vol. 57, No. 3
  • Boulhol, H (2004) ‘What is the impact of international trade on deindustrialisation in OECD countries?’ Flash No.2004-206 Paris, CDC IXIS Capital Markets http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Deindustrialization&action=edit&section=21
  • Brady, David, Jason Beckfield, dan Wei Zhao. 2007. “The Consequences of Economic Globalization for Affluent Democracies.” Annual Review of Sociology 33: 313-34.
  • Bluestone, B. dan Harrison, B. The Deindustrialization of America: Plant Closings, Community Abandonment and the Dismantling of Basic Industry. New York: Basic Books, 1982.
  • Cairncross, A (1982) 'What is deindustrialisation?' Pp. 5–17 in: Blackaby, F (Ed.) Deindustrialisation, London: Pergamon
  • Cowie, J.,Heathcott, J. and Bluestone, B. Beyond the Ruins: The Meanings of Deindustrialization Akhbar Universiti Cornell, 2003.
  • Central Intelligence Agency. 2008. The CIA World Factbook
  • Feinstein, Charles. 1999. “Structural Change in the Developed Countries During the Twentieth Century.” Oxford Review of Economic Policy 15: 35-55.
  • Fuchs, V R (1968) The Service Economy New York, National Bureau of Economic Research
  • Lever, W F (1991) ‘Deindustrialisation and the Reality of the Post-industrial City’ Urban Studies, Jil. 28, No. 6, ms. 983-999[pautan putus]
  • Goldsmith, M dan Larsen, H (2004) "Local Political Leadership: Nordic Style." International Journal of Urban and Regional Research Jil. 28.1, ms. 121–133.
  • Krugman, Paul. "Domestic Distortions and the Deindustrialization Hypothesis." NBER Working Paper 5473, NBER & Stanford University, Mac 1996.
  • Kucera, D. dan Milberg, W (2003) "Deindustrialization and Changes in Manufacturing Trade: Factor Content Calculations for 1978-1995." Review of World Economics 2003, Vol.139(4).
  • Lee, Cheol-Sung. 2005. “International Migration, Deindustrialization and Union Decline in 16 Affluent OECD Countries, 1962-1997.” Social Forces 84: 71-88.
  • Logan, John R. dan Swanstrom, Todd. Beyond City Limits: Urban Policy and Economic Restructuring in Comparative Perspective, Akhbar Universiti Temple, 1990.
  • Matsumoto, Gentaro. 1996. “Deindustrialization in the UK: A Comparative Analysis with Japan.” International Review of Applied Economics 10:273-87.
  • Matthews, R C O, Feinstein, C H and Odling-Smee, J C (1982) British Economic Growth Akhbar Universiti Oxford
  • OECD Stat Extracts (2008)
  • Pitelis, C dan Antonakis, N (2003) ‘Manufacturing and competitiveness: the case of Greece’ Journal of Economic Studies, Jil. 30, No. 5, ms. 535–547
  • Reisman, G (2002) Profit Inflation by the US Government
  • Rodger Doyle, Deindustrialization: Why manufacturing continues to decline, Scientific American magazine - Mei, 2002
  • Rowthorn, R (1992) ‘Productivity and American Leadership – A Review…’ Review of Income and Wealth Jil. 38, No. 4
  • Rowthorn, R E dan Wells, J R (1987) De-industrialisation and Foreign Trade Akhbar Universiti Cambridge
  • Rowthorn, R E dan Ramaswamy, R (1997) Deindustrialization–Its Causes and Implications, IMF Working Paper WP/97/42.
  • Rowthorn, Robert and Ramana Ramaswamy (1999) 'Growth, Trade, and Deindustrialization' IMF Staff Papers, 46:18-41.
  • Sachs, J D dan Shatz, H J (1995) ‘Trade and Jobs in US Manufacturing’ Brookings Papers on Economic Activity No. 1
  • Vicino, Thomas, J. Transforming Race and Class in Suburbia: Decline in Metropolitan Baltimore. New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2008.

Historiografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • High, Stephen. "The Wounds of Class”: A Historiographical Reflection on the Study of Deindustrialization, 1973–2013," History Compass (2013) 11#11 ms 994–1007; di AS dan UK; DOI: 10.1111/hic3.12099

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