TVR

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TVR Automotive Limited
Swasta
IndustriAutomotif
Ditubuhkan1946, Blackpool (TVR Motors Company Limited)
2013, Whiteley (TVR Automotive Limited)
PengasasTrevor Wilkinson (pengasas) Jack Pickard (pengasas bersama)
Ibu pejabatWalliswood, Surrey
Tempat diberi khidmat
Eropah
KeluaranAutomobil, Bahagian automotif
PemilikSyndicate of British Businessmen
Kerajaan Welsh (3%)
Laman web rasmi
www.tvr.co.uk

TVR ialah pengilang kereta sukan mewah bebas British. Syarikat itu mengeluarkan kereta sukan ringan dengan enjin yang kuat dan pada masa itu, pengeluar kereta sukan khusus ketiga terbesar di dunia, menawarkan pelbagai jenis coupés dan convertible.

Sejarah[sunting | sunting sumber]

Singkatan TVR berasal dari nama pemilik syarikat Trevor Wilkinson, garaj pertamanya yang memaparkan huruf T, V dan R. Sejarah TVR boleh dibahagikan kepada beberapa era, masing-masing yang berkaitan dengan pemilik syarikat pada permulaan tempoh itu:

  • 1946–1965, pengasas Trevor Wilkinson, yang meninggalkan pada tahun 1962
  • 1965–1981, Martin Lilley
  • 1981–2004, Peter Wheeler
  • 2004–2013, Nikolay Smolensky
  • 2013–sekarang, sindiket pengusaha British yang diketuai oleh Les Edgar

Senarai model[sunting | sunting sumber]

Model Tahun Pengeluaran Enjin Penggantian Angka pengeluatan[1]
Trevor Wilkinson Era
Jomar1 1956–1959 Coventry Climax
Ford 100E Sidevalve
1098 cc
1172 cc
TVR Open Sports / Coupe 1956–1957 Coventry Climax
Ford 100E Sidevalve
BMC B-Series
1098 cc
1172 cc
1489 cc
TVR Grantura I 1958–1960 Coventry Climax FWA
Coventry Climax FWE
Ford 100E Sidevalve
BMC B-Series
1098 cc
1216 cc
1172 cc
1489 cc
100
TVR Grantura II 1960–1961 Coventry Climax FWE
Ford Kent 105E
BMC B-Series
BMC B-Series
1216 cc
997 cc
1489 cc
1588 cc
400
TVR Grantura IIa 1961–1962 Coventry Climax FWE
Ford Kent 105E
Ford Kent 109E
BMC B-Series
BMC B-Series
1216 cc
997 cc
1340 cc
1588 cc
1622 cc
TVR Grantura III 1962–1963 BMC B-Series 1622 cc 90
TVR Grantura III 1800 1963–1965 BMC B-Series 1798 cc
TVR Grantura 1800S 1964–1966 BMC B-Series 1798 cc 90
TVR Trident 1965 Ford Windsor V8 4727 cc
TVR Griffith 2001 1963–1964 Ford Windsor V8 4727 cc 300
TVR Griffith 4001 1964–1967 Ford Windsor V8 4727 cc
Martin Lilley Era
TVR Grantura IV 1800S 1966–1967 BMC B-Series 1798 cc 90
TVR Tuscan V8 1967–1970 Ford Windsor V8 4727 cc 28 V8 and 27 V8SE
TVR Tuscan V6 1969–1971 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc 101
TVR Vixen S2 1968–1969 Ford Kent 1599 cc 438
TVR Vixen S3 1970–1972 Ford Kent 1599 cc 168
TVR Vixen 1300 1971–1972 Triumph I4 1296 cc 15
TVR Vixen 2500 1971–1972 Triumph I6 2498 cc 385
TVR Vixen S4 1972 Ford Kent 1599 cc 23
TVR 1600M 1972–1973
1975–1977
Ford Kent I4 1599 cc 148
TVR 2500M 1972–1977 Triumph I6 2498 cc 947
TVR 3000M 1971–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc 654
TVR 3000M Turbo 1975–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc 20
TVR Taimar 1976–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc 395 and 258 convertible
TVR Taimar Turbo 1976–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc 30 and 13 convertible
TVR 3000S 1978–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc
TVR 3000S Turbo 1978–1979 Ford Essex V6 2994 cc
TVR Tasmin 200 1981–1984 Ford Pinto I4 1993 cc 16 and 45 convertible
TVR Tasmin 280i 1980–1984 Ford Cologne V6 2792 cc 118 and 862 convertible
Peter Wheeler Era
TVR Tasmin 280i 1984–1987 Ford Cologne V6 2792 cc
TVR 350i 1983–1989 TVR/Rover V8 3528 cc 52 and 897 convertible
TVR 350SX 1985–1989 TVR/Rover V8
+ Sprintex Supercharger
3528 cc
TVR 400SX 1989 TVR/Rover V8
+ Sprintex Supercharger
3948 cc
TVR 350SE 1990–1991 TVR/Rover V8 3947 cc 25
TVR 390SE 1984–1988 TVR/Rover V8 3905 cc about 93 convertible
TVR 400SE 1988–1991 TVR/Rover V8 3948 cc 242 convertible
TVR 420SE 1986–1987 TVR/Rover V8 4228 cc about 10 convertible
TVR 450SE 1989–1990 TVR/Rover V8 4441 cc 45 convertible
TVR 420SEAC 1986–1988 TVR/Rover V8 4228 cc 37
TVR 450SEAC 1988–1989 TVR/Rover V8 4441 cc 18
TVR S 1986–1988 Ford Cologne V6 2792 cc 605
TVR S2 1989–1990 Ford Cologne V6 2933 cc 668
TVR S3(C) 1991–1992 Ford Cologne V6 2933 cc 887
TVR S4C 1993–1993 Ford Cologne V6 2933 cc 34
TVR V8S 1991–1993 TVR/Rover V8 3948 cc 410
TVR Griffith 1991–2002 TVR/Rover V8 3948 cc
4280 cc
4988 cc
2304
TVR Chimaera 1992–2001 TVR/Rover V8 3948 cc
4280 cc
4546 cc
4988 cc
5256
TVR Cerbera 1996–2005 AJP8 / Speed Eight 4185 cc
4475 cc
1196
1996–2005 Speed Six 3996 cc
TVR T400R 2002–2003 Speed Six 4200 cc 1
TVR Tamora 2002–2006 Speed Six 3605 cc 356
TVR T350 (Targa & Coupe) 2002–2006 Speed Six 3605 cc 460
TVR Tuscan 1999–2006 Speed Six 3605 cc
3996 cc
1677
TVR Sagaris 2004–2006 Speed Six 3996 cc 211
TVR Typhon 2004–2006 Speed Six 3996 cc 3
Nikolai Smolenski Era
TVR Sagaris 2004–2006 Speed Six 3996 cc
Current Era
TVR Griffith 2018– Cosworth / Ford Coyote V8 4951 cc

Speciality/Racing Cars
TVR Cerbera Speed 122/3 1997 Speed Twelve 7730 cc
TVR Tuscan Speed 122/3 TVR Speed Twelve 7730 cc
TVR Tuscan Challenge3 1989 Rover V8/Speed Eight 4500 cc around 100
TVR T400R/TuscanR GT3 2001–2005 Speed Six ? 7

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]