The X-Files

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The X-Files
The X-Files logo.svg
Genre
PenciptaChris Carter
Dibintangi oleh
Negara asalAmerika Syarikat
BahasaInggeris
Bilangan musim11
Bilangan episod218 (Senarai episod)
Penerbitan
Penerbit eksekutif
Lokasi
Tempoh siaran45 minit
Syarikat penerbitan
Syarikat pengedaran
20th Television
Penyiaran
Saluran asalFox
Format gambar
  • 480i (siaran asal)
  • 480i (DVD musim 5–9)
  • HTV 1080p (remaster 2014, musim 10–11)
Format audio
Siaran asal10 September 1993 (1993-09-10) – 21 Mac 2018 (2018-03-21)
Kronologi
Rancangan berkaitan
Laman sesawang

The X-Files ialah siri televisyen Amerika Syarikat yang dicipta oleh Chris Carter dan disiarkan di FOX TV pada 10 September 1993, dan berakhir pada 19 Mei 2002. Watak utamanya ialah ejen khusus FBI Fox Mulder dan Dana Scully yang menyiasat pelbagai kes yang tidak dapat diselesaikan, dan bersifat paranormal.

Mulder dilakonkan oleh David Duchovny manakala Scully oleh Gillian Anderson. Keduanya bekerja di bawah kuasa Pembantu Pengarah FBI Walter Skinner yang dilakonkan oleh Mitch Pileggi. Mulder ialah orang yang mempercayai kewujudan makhluk asing dan dunia paranormal. Manakal Scully, sebagai ahli sains perubatan, digandingkan dengan Mulder oleh pihak tertentu untuk menghentikan pekerjaan Mulder. Akan tetapi, seiring waktu berjalan, mereka membina hubungan persahabatan yang erat. Scully yang awalnya tidak menerima hal-hal yang tidak dapat dibuktikan secara saintifik, lama kelamaan mematangkan fikirannya.

Populariti siri ini melonjak di pertengahan dekad 1990an, malah memiliki sebuah filem layar lebar yang berlatar antara musim ke-5 dan ke-6, Fight the Future. Slogan-slogan dari rancangan ini juga terkenal, seperti "The Truth is Out There", "Trust No One", dan "I Want to Believe." Menurut majalah TV Guide, The X-Files ialah rancangan TV ke-2 terhebat sepanjang zaman, selepas Star Trek.

Episod[sunting | sunting sumber]

Penarafan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rating Nielsen untuk The X-Files
Season Timeslot (ET) Penayangan awal Penayangan akhir Ranking Penonton
(dalam juta)
Tanggal Premiere
viewers
(in millions)
Tanggal Finale
viewers
(in millions)
1 Friday 9:00 pm September 10, 1993 12.00[6] May 13, 1994 14.00[7] #105[8] N/A
2 September 16, 1994 16.10[9] May 19, 1995 16.60[10] #63[8] 14.50[11]
3 September 22, 1995 19.94[12] May 17, 1996 17.86[12] #55[13] 15.40[11]
4 Friday 9:00 pm/Sunday 9:00 pm October 4, 1996 21.11[14] May 18, 1997 19.85[14] #12[15] 19.20[16]
5 Sunday 9:00 pm November 2, 1997 27.34[17] May 17, 1998 18.76[17] #11[15] 19.80[16]
6 November 8, 1998 20.24[18] May 16, 1999 15.86[18] #12[19] 17.20[16]
7 November 7, 1999 17.82[20] May 21, 2000 15.26[20] #29[21] 14.20[22]
8 November 5, 2000 15.87[23] May 20, 2001 14.00[24] #31[25] 13.93[22]
9 November 11, 2001 10.60[26] May 19, 2002 13.00[27] #63[26] 9.10[28]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota kaki[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. ^ a b Delsara 2000, m/s. 59.
  2. ^ Cooper, Tracie. "The Files: Seasons 01". Allmovie. Rovi. Dicapai pada November 19, 2012.
  3. ^ Delsara 2000, m/s. 62.
  4. ^ Delsara 2000, m/s. 58.
  5. ^ Baugh, Lloyd; Mazza, Giuseppe; Srampickal, Jacob, para penyunting (2006). Cross Connections. Pontifical Gregorian University. m/s. 201. ISBN 9788878390614.
  6. ^ "Smooth Start for 'seaQuest DSV' – Nielsen Ratings" (PDF). USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. September 15, 1993. m/s. 03D. Dicapai pada November 28, 2012.
  7. ^ "Nielsen Ratings" (PDF). USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. May 18, 1994. m/s. D3. Dicapai pada November 28, 2012.
  8. ^ a b "ABC Hits a 'Home' Run". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. April 28, 1995. Dicapai pada April 3, 2012.
  9. ^ "'Girl' Helps ABC Start Fall Season on Top – Nielsen Ratings" (PDF). USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. September 21, 1994. m/s. 03D. Dicapai pada November 28, 2012.
  10. ^ "Nielsen Ratings" (PDF). USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. May 24, 1995. m/s. 03.D. Dicapai pada November 28, 2012.
  11. ^ a b Lowry 1996, m/s. 249.
  12. ^ a b Lowry 1996, m/s. 251.
  13. ^ "Season Winner NBC Coasts, While CBS Outrates ABC". St. Paul Pioneer Press. MediaNews Group. May 30, 1996. Dicapai pada March 18, 2012. (subscription required)
  14. ^ a b Meisler 1998, m/s. 298.
  15. ^ a b "The Final Countdown". Entertainment Weekly. No. 434. Time, Inc. May 29, 1998. Dicapai pada December 2, 2010.
  16. ^ a b c Kessenich 2002, m/s. 12.
  17. ^ a b Meisler 1999, m/s. 284.
  18. ^ a b Meisler 2000, m/s. 294.
  19. ^ "TV Winners & Losers: Numbers Racket – A Final Tally Of The Season's Shows". Entertainment Weekly. Time, Inc. June 4, 1999. (subscription required)
  20. ^ a b Shapiro 2001, m/s. 281.
  21. ^ "Top TV Shows For 1999–2000 Season". Variety. Penske Business Media. Dicapai pada December 2, 2010.
  22. ^ a b Kessenich 2002, m/s. 146.
  23. ^ Staff (November 8, 2000). "Campaign Ad Sales Outstrip Last Election's – Election 2000: Media". The Atlanta Journal and The Atlanta Constitution. Cox Enterprises. m/s. E20. Dicapai pada March 8, 2012. (subscription required)
  24. ^ Associated Press (2001). "Season Finales Lift NBC to No. 1". The Cincinnati Post. E. W. Scripps Company. m/s. 3C. Dicapai pada January 15, 2012. Parameter |month= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan) (subscription required)
  25. ^ "The Bitter End". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. June 1, 2001. Dicapai pada December 2, 2010.
  26. ^ a b Kessenich 2002, m/s. 193.
  27. ^ "ARTS & TV in Brief 'Survivor: Marquesas' Outwits the Competition". The Boston Herald. Herald Media Inc. 2002. m/s. 48. Dicapai pada January 15, 2012. Parameter |month= yang tidak diketahui diendahkan (bantuan) (subscription required)
  28. ^ "How Did Your Favorite Show Rate?". USA Today. Gannett Company, Inc. May 28, 2002. Dicapai pada December 2, 2010.

Bibilografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Delsara, Jan (2000). PopLit, PopCult and The X-Files: A Critical Exploration. McFarland. ISBN 9780786407897.
  • Duncan, Jody (1998). The Making of The X-Files Movie. HarperPrism. ISBN 9780061073168.
  • Edwards, Ted (1996). X-Files Confidential. Little, Brown and Company. ISBN 9780316218085.
  • Gradnitzer, Louisa; Pittson, Todd (1999). X Marks the Spot: On Location with The X-Files. Arsenal Pulp Press. ISBN 9781551520667.
  • Hurwitz, Matt; Knowles, Chris (2008). The Complete X-Files. Insight Editions. ISBN 9781933784724.
  • Kessenich, Tom (2002). Examinations: An Unauthorized Look at Seasons 6–9 of "The X-Files". New York, US: Trafford Publishing. ISBN 9781553698128.
  • Kowalski, penyunting (2007). "Freedom and Worldviews in The X-Files". The Philosophy of The X-files. University Press of Kentucky. ISBN 9780813124544. |first= kehilangan |last= (bantuan)
  • Lavery, David (1995). Deny All Knowledge: Reading the X-Files. Syracuse University Press. ISBN 9780815604075.
  • Lovece, Frank (1996). The X-Files Declassified. Citadel Press. ISBN 9780806517452.
  • Lowry, Brian (1995). The Truth is Out There: The Official Guide to the X-Files. Harper Prism. ISBN 9780061053306.
  • Lowry, Brian (1996). Trust No One: The Official Guide to the X-Files. Harper Prism. ISBN 9780061053535.
  • Meehan, Eileen R. (November 3, 2005). Why TV Is Not Our Fault: Television Programming, Viewers and Who's Really in Control. Rowman & Littlefield. ISBN 9780742524866.
  • Meisler, Andy (2000). The End and the Beginning: The Official Guide to the X-Files Volume 5. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780061075957.
  • Meisler, Andy (1999). Resist or Serve: The Official Guide to The X-Files, Vol. 4. HarperCollins. ISBN 9780061073090
  • Meisler, Andy (1998). I Want to Believe: The Official Guide to the X-Files, Vol. 3. Perennial Currents. ISBN 9780061053863
  • Niles, Steve; Jones, Adam (2010). The X-Files/30 Days of Night. IDW. ISBN 9781401231781.
  • Shapiro, Marc (2001). All Things: The Official Guide to the X-Files Volume 6. Harper Prism. ISBN 9780061076114.

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]