Cardiff

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City and County of Cardiff
Dinas a Sir Caerdydd
Ikut arah jam dari atas: Teluk Cardiff, Senedd, pusat bandar Cardiff, Kastil Cardiff dan Stadium Millennium

Bendera

Lambang rasmi
Motto: Y ddraig goch ddyry cychwyn
(Naga merah akan menunjuk jalan)
Lokasi bandar Cardiff (hijau muda) dalam Wales
Koordinat: 51°29′07″N 3°11′12″W / 51.48528°U 3.18667°B / 51.48528; -3.18667Koordinat: 51°29′07″N 3°11′12″W / 51.48528°U 3.18667°B / 51.48528; -3.18667
Negara United Kingdom
Negara juzuk Wales
Kawasan Wales Selatam
Kaunti bersejarah Glamorgan
Kerajaan
 • Pemimpin Majlis Perbandaran Cardiff Rodney Berman
 • Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales
 • Parlimen UK
 • Parlimen Eropah Wales
Keluasan
 • City 2.568 sq mi (6.652 km2)
 • Bandar 50 sq mi (140 km2)
Populasi (2001*; atau angg. 2008)
 • City 324,800
 • Kepadatan 11,380/sq mi (4,392/km2)
 • Bandar 327,706*
841,500 (Larger Urban Zone)
Keetnikan[1]
 • Putih 91.57%
 • Kacukan 1.99%
 • Asia 3.96%
 • Hitam 1.28%
 • Cina/other 1.20%
Zon waktu GMT (UTC+0)
 • Musim panas (DST) BST (UTC+1)
Poskod CF3, CF5, CF10, CF11, CF14, CF15, CF23, CF24
Kod kawasan 029
Kod plat kenderaan CA, CB, CC, CD, CE, CF, CG, CH, CJ, CK, CL, CM, CN, CO
Polis South Wales Police
Bomba South Wales Fire and Rescue Service
Ambulans Welsh Ambulance Service
Laman web http://www.cardiff.gov.uk/

Cardiff (disebut /ˈkɑːdɪf/ (Speaker Icon.svg dengar), Bahasa Wales: Caerdydd ) adalah ibu negeri, bandar terbesar dan daerah paling ramai penduduk Wales. Bandar raya ini adalah pusat komersil utama Wales, tapak untuk kebanyakan institusi budaya dan sukan, media kebangsaan Wales, dan pusat Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales. Menurut anggaran kini, jumlah penduduk kawasan pihak berkuasa unitari adalah 324,800.[2] Cardiff adalah sebuah pusat pelancongan penting dan destinasi pelawat termasyhur di Wales dengan 11.7 juta pelawat pada 2006.[3]

Bandar raya ini merupakan bandar kaunti bagi kaunti bersejarah Glamorgan (dan kemudian South Glamorgan). Cardiff merupakan sebahagian rangkaian Eurocities bagi bandar-bandar terbesar Eropah.[4] Cardiff Urban Area meliputi kawasan yang sedikit lebih besar, termasuk Dinas Powys, Penarth dan Radyr. Suatu bandar kecil sehingga awal abad ke-19, kepentingannya sebagai pelabuhan utama pengangkutan batu arang di kawasan itu menyumbang kepada pembangunannya menjadi bandar utama.

Cardiff dijadikan bandar raya pada 1905, dan diisytiharkan sebagai ibu negeri Wales pada 1955. Sejak 1990-an Cardiff telah menyaksikan pembangunan besar dengan kawasan tepian air baru di Teluk Cardiff yang mengandungi bangunan baru Perhimpunan Kebangsaan Wales dan kompleks seni Wales Millennium Centre. Pusat bandar Cardiff kini dalam pembangunan semula besar. Pusat sukan antarabangsa di bandar ini termasuk Stadium Millennium (ragbi dan bola sepak), Stadium SWALEC (kriket) dan Stadium Cardiff City yang baru dibuka. Bandar ini dianugerahkan European City Of Sport in 2009 kerana peranannya dalam menjadi tuan rumah acara sukan antarabangsa utama.

Etimologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

The front wall of Cardiff Castle, showing part of the original Roman fort from which the city derived its name.

Caerdydd ( Welsh nama bandar), dan Inggeris-an borang Cardiff, berasal dari post-Roman Brythonic perkataan yang bermaksud "kubu pada Taff". kubu merujuk kepada yang ditubuhkan oleh Roma. "Dydd" atau "Diff" kedua-dua pengubahsuaian "Taff", sungai di mana Istana Cardiff berdiri, dengan T bermutasi untuk D di Welsh. Menurut Profesor Hywel Wyn Owen, pihak berkuasa utama moden pada ilmu nama tempat, sebutan Wales "Caerdyff" sebagai "Caerdydd" menunjukkan sehari-hari silihWelsh "-f" dan"dd ".< ref nama = hwo> Hywel Wyn Owen,Tempat-nama Wales, 1998, ISBN 0-7083-1458-9 </ref>

Antik William Camden (1551-1623) mencadangkan bahawa nama Cardiff boleh berasal dari nama "Caer-Didi" ("Fort daripada Didius"), yang diberikan dalam menghormati [Aulus Didius Gallus]], Gabenor wilayah berhampiran pada bila-bila masa apabila kubu Roman telah ditubuhkan. Walaupun sesetengah laman web mengulangi teori ini sebagai fakta, ia dipertikaikan oleh ulama-ulama moden atas alasan bahasa, dengan Profesor Gwynedd Pierce Universiti Cardiff baru-baru ini menyifatkannya sebagai "" sampah ". [5]

Geografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Pusat Cardiff agak rata dan disempadani oleh bukit-bukit di pinggir timur, utara dan barat. Ciri-ciri geografi adalah berpengaruh dalam pembangunan pelabuhan arang batu terbesar di dunia terutama sekali kedekatan dan akses mudah untuk bidang arang batu di selatan Wales lembah.

Cardiff dibina di atas tanah paya tebus guna di atas katil Triassic batu-batu, tanah paya tebus guna ini terbentang dari Chepstow untuk Muara Ely, [6] yang merupakan sempadan semulajadi Cardiff dan Vale of Glamorgan. Landskap Triassic bahagian dunia ini biasanya cetek dan rendah yang akaun dan menerangkan kebosanan pusat Cardiff [7] klasik Triassic [Marl]], pasir dan konglomerat batu-batu yang digunakan sebahagian besarnya di seluruh Cardiff sebagai bahan binaan. Banyak batu-batu Triassic ini mempunyai kulit yang ungu, terutama pantai [Marl]] dijumpai berhampiran Penarth. Salah satu batu-batu Triassic yang digunakan di Cardiff "Radyr Batu", a biji yang kerana ia nama mencadangkan adalah quarried di daerah Radyr [8] Cardiff juga telah mengimport beberapa bahan-bahan untuk bangunan: Devonian batu pasir (batu pasir Merah Lama) dari Brecon Beacons telah digunakan. Paling terkenal, bangunan Cathays Park, pusat sivik di pusat bandar, yang dibina daripada Portland batu yang diimport dari Dorset [9] bangunan batu yang digunakan secara meluas di Cardiff kuning kelabu [Awal Jurassic | Liassic]] batu kapur batu Vale of Glamorgan, termasuk yang jarang berlaku. "Sutton Stone", sebuah konglomerat Lias batu kapur dan carboniferous batu kapur [10]

Cardiff bersempadan barat oleh daerah luar bandar Vale of Glamorgan juga dikenali sebagai Taman of Cardiff-[11] ke timur oleh bandar Newport, utara oleh South Wales dan di selatan oleh Severn River dan Bristol Channel. Taff River angin melalui pusat bandar dan bersama-sama dengan Ely River mengalir ke tasik air tawar Cardiff Bay. Sungai ketiga, Rhymney River mengalir melalui timur bandar yang memasuki terus ke dalam muara Severn.

Cardiff terletak berdekatan Glamorgan Warisan Pantai, yang menjangkau ke arah barat dari Penarth dan Barry-komuter bandar-bandar Cardiff dengan berjalur kuning-biru Jurassic cenuram batu kapur. Pantai Glamorgan adalah hanya sebahagian daripada Celtic Laut yang telah mendedahkan [Jurassic]] (biru Lias) geologi. Pantai, yang mempunyai terumbu, sandbanks dan tebing-tebing bergerigi, regangan ini adalah kapal perkuburan; barat kapal-kapal yang belayar sehingga ke Cardiff semasa era perindustrian yang sering tidak pernah dibuat jauh sebagai Cardiff seberapa banyak yang rosak di sekitar persisiran pantai ini bermusuhan semasa / Gales barat. Oleh itu, penyeludupan, sengaja shipwrecking dan serangan ke atas kapal-kapal biasa.[12]

Cityscape[sunting | sunting sumber]

Templat:Refimprovesect

City centre apartment and hotel towers

"Inner Cardiff" consists of the following wards: Penylan, Plasnewydd, Gabalfa, Roath, Cathays, Adamsdown and Splott ward on the north and east of the city centre, and Butetown, Grangetown, Riverside and Canton to the south and west.[13] The inner-city areas to the south of the A4161 road (known as the "Southern Arc") are, with the exception of Cardiff Bay, some of the poorest districts of Wales with low levels of economic activity.[14] On the other hand Gabalfa, Plasnewydd and Cathays north of the 'arc' have very large student populations,[15] and Pontcanna (situated north of Riverside and alongside Canton) is a favourite for students and young professionals. Penylan, which lies to the north east side of Roath Park, is an affluent area popular with those with older children and the retired.

"Suburban Cardiff" can be broken down into three distinct areas.Templat:Or To the west lie Ely, Caerau and Fairwater which contain some of the largest housing estates in the United Kingdom. With the exception of some of the outlying privately built estates at Michaelston Super Ely and 1930s developments near Waun-Gron Road, this is an economically disadvantaged area with high numbers of unemployed households. Culverhouse Cross is a more affluent western area of the city. Radyr, Llandaff, Llandaff North, Whitchurch & Tongwynlais, Rhiwbina, Heath, Llanishen, Thornhill, Lisvane and Cyncoed which lie in an arc from the north west to the north east of the centre can be considered the main middle class suburbs of the city. In particular, Cyncoed, Radyr and Lisvane contain some of the most expensive housing in Wales. Further to the east lie the wards of Pontprennau & Old St Mellons, Rumney, Pentwyn, Llanrumney and Trowbridge. The latter three are again largely of public housing stock, although new private housing is being built in Trowbridge in considerable number. Pontprennau is the newest 'suburb' of Cardiff, whilst Old St Mellons has a history going back to the Norman Conquest in the 11th century.[16]

To the north west of the city lies a region that may be called "Rural Cardiff" containing the villages of St. Fagans, Creigiau, Pentyrch, Tongwynlais and Gwaelod-y-garth.[17] St. Fagans, home to the Museum of Welsh Life, is protected from further development.[18]

Since 2000, there has been a significant change of scale and building height in Cardiff, with the development of the city centre's first purpose-built high-rise apartments.[19] Tall buildings have been built in the city centre and Cardiff Bay, and more are planned.[20] A luxury hotel, Bayscape, has been granted planning permission at the Cardiff International Sports Village and it will be the tallest building in Wales upon completion.[21]

Iklim[sunting | sunting sumber]

Carta iklim untuk Cardiff
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Suhu purata dalam °C
Jumlah hujan dalam mm
Sumber: Met Office

Cardiff lies within the north temperate zone and has an essentially maritime climate, characterised by mild weather that is often cloudy, wet and windy.[22] Summers tend to be warm and sunny, with average maximum temperatures between 19 °C (66 °F) and 22 °C (72 °F). Winters tend to be fairly wet, but rainfall is rarely excessive and the temperature usually stays above freezing. Spring and autumn feel quite similar and the temperatures tend to stay above 14 °C (57 °F)—also the average annual daytime temperature. Rain is unpredictable at any time of year, although the showers tend to be shorter in summer.[23]

The northern part of the county, being higher and inland—e.g. The Garth (Bahasa Wales: Mynydd y Garth), about 7 batu (11 km) north west of Cardiff city centre, (elevation 1,007 kaki (307 m))—tends to be cooler and wetter than the city centre.[petikan diperlukan][24]

Suhu[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff's maximum and minimum monthly temperatures average 21.3 °C (70.3 °F) (August) and 2.1 °C (35.8 °F) (January and February).
For Wales, the temperatures average 19.1 °C (66.4 °F) (July) and 1.1 °C (34.0 °F) (February).[25][26]

Jam sinar matahari[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff has 1518 hours of sunshine during an average year (Wales 1388.7 hours). Cardiff is sunniest during July, with an average 203.4 hours during the month (Wales 183.3 hours), and least sunny during December with 44.6 hours (Wales 38.5 hours).[25][26]

Curah hujan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff experiences less rainfall than Wales as a whole.

Rain falls in Cardiff on 146 days during an average year, with total annual rainfall of 1,111.7 milimeter (43.77 in). Monthly rainfall pattern shows that from September to January average monthly rainfall in Cardiff exceeded 100 milimeter (3.9 in) each month, the wettest month being December with 128 milimeter (5.0 in). Cardiff's dryest months are from April to July, with average monthly rainfall fairly consistent, at between 60.5 milimeter (2.38 in) and 65.9 milimeter (2.59 in).[25][26]

Rain falls in Wales on 165.5 days during an average year, with total annual rainfall of 1,435.9 milimeter (56.53 in). Monthly rainfall pattern shows that from September to January average monthly rainfall in Wales exceeded 120.0 milimeter (4.72 in) each month, the wettest month being December with 173.3 milimeter (6.82 in) Wales' dryest months are from April to July, with average monthly rainfall fairly consistent, at between 78.4 milimeter (3.09 in) and 85.9 milimeter (3.38 in).[25][26]

Ekonomi[sunting | sunting sumber]

As the capital city of Wales, Cardiff is the main engine of growth in the Welsh economy. The economy of Cardiff and adjacent areas makes up nearly 20% of Welsh GDP and 40% of the city’s workforce are daily in-commuters from the surrounding south Wales area.[27][28]

Fail:JohnLewisCardiff.jpg
The new Cardiff John Lewis, the 2nd biggest John Lewis in the U.K. and the 2nd largest department store in the UK outside London.

Industry has played a major part in Cardiff's development for many centuries. The main catalyst for its transformation from a small town into a big city was the demand for coal required in making iron and later steel, brought to the sea by packhorse from Merthyr Tydfil. This was first achieved by the construction of a 25-batu (40 km)Templat:Convert/track/sing long canal from Merthyr (510 feet above sea-level) to the Taff Estuary at Cardiff.[29] Eventually the Taff Vale Railway replaced the canal barges and massive marshalling yards sprang up as new docks were developed in Cardiff - all prompted by the soaring worldwide demand for coal from the South Wales valleys.

At its peak, Cardiff's port area, known as Tiger Bay, became the busiest port in the world and—for some time—the world's most important coal port. In the years leading up to the First World War, more than 10 million tonnes of coal was exported annually from Cardiff Docks.[30] In 1907, Cardiff's Coal Exchange was the first host to a business deal for a million pounds Sterling.[31] After a period of decline, Cardiff's port has started to grow again – over 3 million tonnes of cargo passed through the docks in 2007.[32]

Today, Cardiff is the principal finance and business services centre in Wales, and as such there is a strong representation of finance and business services in the local economy. This sector, combined with the Public Administration, Education and Health sectors, have accounted for around 75% of Cardiff's economic growth since 1991.[33] The city was recently placed seventh overall in the top 50 European cities in the fDI 2008 Cities of the Future list published by the fDi magazine, and also ranked seventh in terms of attracting foreign investment.[34] Notable companies such as Legal & General, Admiral Insurance, HBOS, Zurich, ING Direct, The AA, Principality Building Society, 118118, British Gas, Brains, SWALEC Energy and BT, all operate large national or regional headquarters and contact centres in the city, some of them based in Cardiff's office towers such as Capital Tower and Brunel House. Other major employers include NHS Wales and the National Assembly for Wales. On 1 March 2004, Cardiff was granted Fairtrade City status.

Cardiff is the one of the most popular tourist destination cities in the United Kingdom, with one survey recording just under 12 million visitors in 2006.[35] One result of this is that one in five employees in Cardiff are based in the distribution, hotels and restaurants sector, highlighting the growing retail and tourism industries in the city.[33] There are a large number of hotels of varying sizes and standards in the city, providing almost 9,000 available bed spaces.[35]

Cardiff is home to the Welsh media and the UK's largest film, TV and multimedia sector outside London with BBC Wales, S4C and ITV Wales all having studios in the city.[36] In particular, there is a large independent TV production industry sector of over 600 companies, employing around 6000 employees and with a turnover estimated at £350 m.[36] Just to the north west of the city, in Rhondda Cynon Taff, the first completely new film studios in the UK for 30 years are being built, named Valleywood. The studios are set to be the biggest in the UK. The BBC has announced it is to build new studios in Cardiff Bay to film dramas such as Casualty and Doctor Who, with the BBC intending to double media output from the city by 2016.[37]

Cardiff has several regeneration projects such the St David's 2 Centre and surrounding areas of the city centre, and the $1.4 billion International Sports Village in Cardiff Bay which will play a part in London 2012 Olympics. It features the only Olympic-standard swimming pool in Wales, the Cardiff International Pool, which opened on 12 January 2008.

According to the Welsh Rugby Union, the Millennium Stadium has contributed GBP1 bn to the Welsh economy in the ten years since it opened (1999), with around 85% of that amount staying in the Cardiff area.[38]

Membeli-Belah[sunting | sunting sumber]

The majority of Cardiff's shopping portfolio is in the city centre around Queen Street and St. Mary's Street, with large suburban retail parks located in Cardiff Bay, Culverhouse Cross, Leckwith, Newport Road and Pontprennau, together with markets in the city centre and Splott. A major £675 million regeneration programme for Cardiff's St. David's Centre is underway which, when completed in 2009, will provide a total of 1,400,000 kaki persegi (130,000 m²) of shopping space, making it one of the largest shopping centres in the United Kingdom.[39]

Cardiff is sixth best city in the United Kingdom for shopping, according to a poll in November 2009, surpassing other cities such as Bristol, Leeds, Edinburgh and Newcastle upon Tyne.[40]

Lokasi dan tarikan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Millennium Stadium

Cardiff has many landmark buildings such as the Millennium Stadium, Pierhead Building and the National Assembly for Wales. However Cardiff is also famous for Cardiff Castle, St David's Hall, Llandaff Cathedral and the Wales Millennium Centre.

Cardiff Castle is a major tourist attraction in the city and is situated in the heart of the city centre, near the main shopping area of Queen Street and St. Mary's Street. The National History Museum at St Fagans in Cardiff is a large open air museum housing dozens of buildings from throughout Welsh history that have been moved to the site in Cardiff.

The Civic Centre in Cathays Park comprises a collection of Edwardian buildings such as the City Hall, National Museum and Gallery of Wales, Cardiff Crown Court, and buildings forming part of Cardiff University, together with more modern civic buildings. These buildings surround a small green space containing the Welsh National War Memorial and a number of other smaller memorials.

Modern-day Cardiff Bay

Other major tourist attractions are the Cardiff Bay regeneration sites which include the recently opened Wales Millennium Centre and the Senedd, and many other cultural and sites of interest including the Cardiff Bay Barrage and the famous Coal Exchange. The New Theatre was founded in 1906 and completely refurbished in the 1980s. Until the opening of the Wales Millennium Centre in 2004, it was the premier venue in Wales for touring theatre and dance companies. Other venues which are popular for concerts and sporting events include Cardiff International Arena, St David's Hall and the Millennium Stadium.

Cardiff has over 1,000 listed buildings, ranging from the more prominent buildings such as the castles, to smaller buildings, houses and structures.[41]

Cardiff has walks of special interest for tourists and ramblers alike, such as the Centenary Walk, which runs for 2.3 batu (3.7 km) within Cardiff city centre. This route passes through many of Cardiff's landmarks and historic buildings.

Istana[sunting | sunting sumber]

In addition to Cardiff Castle, Castell Coch (Bahasa Inggeris: Red Castle) is located in Tongwynlais, in the north of the city. The current castle is an elaborately decorated Victorian folly designed by William Burges for the Marquess and built in the 1870s, as an occasional retreat. However, the Victorian castle stands on the footings of a much older medieval castle possibly built by Ifor Bach, a regional baron with links to Cardiff Castle also. The exterior has become a popular location for film and television productions. It rarely fulfilled its intended role as a retreat for the Butes, who seldom stayed there. For the Marquess, the pleasure had been in its creation, a pleasure lost following Burges's death in 1881.

Cardiff castle wall 01.jpg
Cardiff Castle
North Gate
Cardiff Castle keep.jpg
 Cardiff Castle Keep
Castell Coch frontside January midday.jpg
 Castell Coch
Garden Castle St Fagans 12.JPG
  St Fagans Castle

Situated on the narrowest part of the south Wales coastal plain, Cardiff had a crucial strategic importance in the wars between the Normans (who had occupied lowland Wales) and the Welsh who maintained their hold on the uplands. As a result Cardiff claims to have the largest concentration of castles of any city in the world.[42] As well as Cardiff Castle and Castell Coch, the remains of Twmpath Castle,[43] the Llandaff Bishop's Palace and Saint Fagans Castle are still in existence, whilst the site of Treoda (or Whitchurch Castle) has now been built over.[44]

Budaya dan rekreasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff has many cultural sites varying from the historical Cardiff Castle and out of town Castell Coch to the more modern Wales Millennium Centre and Cardiff Bay. Cardiff was a finalist in the European Capital of Culture 2008.[45] In recent years Cardiff has grown in stature as a tourist destination, with recent accolades including Cardiff being voted the eighth favourite UK city by readers of the Guardian.[46] The city was also listed as one of the top 10 destinations in the UK on the official British tourist boards website Visit Britain,[47] and US travel guide Frommers have listed Cardiff as one of 13 top destinations worldwide for 2008.[48]

Muzik dan seni persembahan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Music of Cardiff

A large number of concerts are held within the city, the larger ones being performed in St David's Hall, the Cardiff International Arena and occasionally the Millennium Stadium. A number of festivals are also held in Cardiff—the largest of these is the Cardiff Big Weekend Festival, which is held annually in the city centre during the summer and plays host to free musical performances (from artists such as Ash, Jimmy Cliff, Cerys Matthews, the Fun Loving Criminals, Soul II Soul and The Magic Numbers), fairground rides and cultural events such as a Children's Festival that takes place in the grounds of Cardiff Castle. The annual festival claims to be the UK's largest free outdoor festival, attracting over 250,000 visitors in 2007.[49]

Cardiff hosted the National Eisteddfod in 1883, 1899, 1938, 1960, 1978 and 2008. Cardiff is unique in Wales in having two permanent stone circles used by the Gorsedd of Bards during Eisteddfodau. The original circle stands in Gorsedd Gardens in front of the National Museum while its 1978 replacement is situated in Bute Park. Since 1983, Cardiff has hosted the BBC Cardiff Singer of the World competition, a world renowned event on the opera calendar which is held every two years. The city also hosts smaller events.

A number of performing arts venues are located within the city—the largest and most prominent of these is the Wales Millenium Centre, which hosts performances of opera, ballet, dance, comedy and musicals, and (as of autumn 2008) is home to the BBC National Orchestra of Wales. St David's Hall (which hosts the Singer of the World competition) has regular performances of classical music and ballet as well as music of other genres. The largest of Cardiff's theatres is the New Theatre, situated in the city centre just off Queen Street. Other such venues include the Sherman Theatre, Chapter Arts Centre and the The Gate Arts Centre.

The Cardiff music scene is established and wide-ranging—it is home to the BBC National Orchestra of Wales and Welsh National Opera, has produced several leading acts itself and, as a capital city, has acted as a springboard for numerous Welsh bands to go and become famous both nationally and internationally. Acts who hail from Cardiff include Charlotte Church, Shirley Bassey, The Oppressed, Kids In Glass Houses, Los Campesinos, The Hot Puppies, Pagan Wanderer Lu, Budgie, and Shakin' Stevens. Also, performers such as The Automatic,[50] Manic Street Preachers,[51] Lostprophets,[52] Super Furry Animals, Catatonia and Bullet for My Valentine have links with the city and are associated with the Cardiff music scene.[53]. In 2010, Cardiff was named the UK's second 'most musical' City by PRS for Music [54]

Rekreasi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff has a strong nightlife and is home to many bars, pubs and clubs. An extensive venue and events list can be found at What's on in Cardiff guide. Most clubs and bars are situated in the city centre, especially St. Mary's Street, and more recently Cardiff Bay has built up a strong night scene, with many modern bars & restaurants. The Brewery Quarter on St. Mary's Street is a recently developed venue for bars and restaurant with a central courtyard. Charles Street is also a popular part of the city.

The lake at Roath Park, including the lighthouse erected as a memorial to Captain Scott

Cardiff is known for its extensive parkland, with parks and other such green spaces covering around 10% of the city's total area.[55] Cardiff's main park, Bute Park (which was formerly the castle grounds) extends northwards from the top of one of Cardiff's main shopping street (Queen Street); when combined with the adjacent Llandaff Fields and Pontcanna Fields to the north west it produces a massive open space skirting the River Taff. Other popular parks include Roath Park in the north, donated to the city by the 3rd Marquess of Bute in 1887 and which includes a very popular boating lake; Victoria Park, Cardiff's first official park; and Thompson's Park, formerly home to an aviary removed in the 1970s. Wild open spaces include Howardian Local Nature Reserve, 32 ekar (130,000 m²) of the lower Rhymney valley in Penylan noted for its Orchids, and Forest Farm Country Park, over 150 ekar (0.61 km2) along the river Taff in Whitchurch.

Cardiff is one of the top ten retail destinations in the UK,[39][56] with two main shopping streets (Queen Street and St. Mary Street), and three main shopping arcades; St. David's Centre, Queens Arcade and the Capitol Centre. The current expansion of St. David's Centre as part of the St. David's 2 project will see it become one of the largest shopping centres in the United Kingdom. As well as the modern shopping arcades, the city is also home to many Victorian shopping centres, such as High Street Arcade, Castle Arcade, Wyndham Arcade, Royal Arcade and Morgan Arcade. Also of note is The Hayes, home to Spillers Records, the world's oldest record shop.[57][58] Cardiff has a number of markets, including the vast Victorian indoor Cardiff Central Market and the newly-established Riverside Community Market, which specialises in locally-produced organic produce. Several out-of-town retail parks exist, such as Newport Road, Culverhouse Cross, Cardiff Gate and Cardiff Bay.

Media[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rencana utama: Media in Cardiff

Cardiff is the Welsh base for the national television broadcasters (BBC, ITV1 Wales and S4C). Between 2002 and 2009 Capital TV served the city, a locally-based free-to-air analogue terrestrial television station operating on a Restricted Service Licence.

The headquarters of BBC Cymru Wales are based in Broadcasting House Cardiff, in Llandaff.

The main local newspaper, the South Wales Echo and the national paper the Western Mail are based in Park Street in the city centre. Capital Times, Cardiff Post and the South Wales edition of Metro are also based and distributed in the city. There are also a number of magazines based in the city including Buzz magazine, Primary Times and a monthly Welsh language paper called Y Dinesydd (The Citizen).

A number of other radio stations serve the city and are based in Cardiff, including Red Dragon FM, Real Radio, BBC Radio Wales, BBC Radio Cymru, Radio Cardiff, Gold and Xpress Radio. Xfm started broadcasting from Cardiff on 29 November 2007, making the South Wales region its fourth dedicated area. Transmissions have now been replaced by Nation Radio which is based in Neath.

Google Street View is now available throughout Cardiff. The introduction of this was controversial at the time, but an online poll has since voted the Millennium Stadium to be one of six locations in the UK to be specially photographed and made available on Google Street View as a 360-degree virtual tour.[59] This new media has been quickly adopted by local companies to be incorporated in their websites. CPS Homes (property agent in Cardiff) became the first Cardiff letting agents to use Google Street View to showcase houses online.

Penggunaan dalam media[sunting | sunting sumber]

Cardiff, along with London, is one of the most-visited locations in the new series of Doctor Who, due to the programme being produced by BBC Wales there. The spin-off Torchwood is set exclusively in Wales, with all but one episode being mainly set in Cardiff.[60] In both programmes, a "time rift" transects the city, with specific focus on Roald Dahl Plass and the Wales Millennium Centre. In "Boom Town" and "Utopia", the rift's recent activity is used to fuel the TARDIS, while in Torchwood, the eponymous secret agency is based under the paving. Parts of "Gavin and Stacey", "The Worst Witch", "Tracy Beaker", "Merlin", and other popular television series are also filmed within Cardiff.

Cardiff was referenced by Tom Jones in the Tim Burton film Mars Attacks!,[61] and was the setting for several scenes in the film Frankenstein Meets the Wolf Man.[62] It is the setting for the 1999 film "Human Traffic".[63] Cardiff is also the birthplace of Dalek creator Terry Nation and popular children's author Roald Dahl, for whom the Roald Dahl Plass outside the Wales Millennium Centre is named.

Lihat juga[sunting | sunting sumber]

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  2. Ralat petik: Tag <ref> tidak sah; teks bagi rujukan 2008_population tidak disediakan
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