Kapal selam Kelas Swiftsure

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Gambaran keseluruhan kelas
Pembina: Vickers Shipbuilding and Engineering Ltd
Pengguna: Bendera tentera laut United Kingdom Tentera Laut Diraja
Sebelumnya: Kelas Churchill
Selepasnya: Kelas Trafalgar
Ditauliah pada: 17 April 1973
Ciri-ciri
Sesaran: 4,400 tan standard; 4,900 tan menyelam
Panjang: 82.9 m
Lebar: 9.8 m
Drauf: 8.5 m
Kelajuan: Lebih daripada 28 knot apabila menyelam
Jarak: Tiada had
Kelengkapan: 116 pegawai dan lain-lain pangkat
Persenjataan: 5x 21 in (533 mm) tiub torpedo, torpedo Spearfish, RN peluru berpandu Sub Harpoon, peluru berpandu Tomahawk

Kapal selam Kelas Swiftsure adalah sebuah kelas kapal selam penyerang berkuasa nuklear tertua yang masih digunakan di dalam perkhidmatan aktif Tentera Laut Diraja Britain. Sebanyak enam buah kapal telah dibina dan ditauliahkan bagi kelas ini. Pada tahun 1992, HMS Swiftsure telah dilucut tauliah disebabkan oleh kerosakan yang dialaminya semasa ujian. Ia kemudian diikuti oleh HMS Splendid pada tahun 2004 ekoran daripada pengurangan belanjawan pertahanan mengakibatkan pengecilan saiz armada kapal selam Britain. HMS Spartan pula dilucut tauliah pada Januari 2006 dan HMS Sovereign pada 12 September 2006. HMS Superb pula dilucut tauliah pada 26 September 2008. Satu-satunya kapal selam yang masih tinggal, HMS Sceptre, dijadualkan untuk dilucut tauliah pada tahun 2010.[1] Kapal selam dari kelas ini akan digantikan dengan kelas Astute.

Program pembinaan[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nombor Pennant Nama (a) Pembina badan kapal Dipesan Dibaringkan Dilancarkan Diterima
dalam perkhidmatan
Ditauliahkan Anggaran
kos pembinaan[2]
Dilucut tauliah
S126 Swiftsure VSEL, Barrow.[3] 3 November 1967 [4] 6 Jun 1969 [3] 7 September 1971 [3] 17 April 1973 [3] £37,100,000 [4] 1992
S108 Sovereign VSEL, Barrow.[3] 16 Mei 1969 [4] 18 September 1970 [3] 17 Februari 1973 [3] 22 Julai 1974 [5] 11 Julai 1974 [3] £31,100,000 [5] 12 September 2006
S109 Superb VSEL, Barrow.[3] 20 Mei 1970 [4] 16 Mac 1972 [3] 30 November 1974 [3] 29 November 1976 [5] 13 November 1976 [3] £41,300,000 [5] 26 September 2008
S104 Sceptre VSEL, Barrow.[3] 1 November 1971 [4] 19 Februari 1974 [3] 20 November 1976 [3] 11 Mac 1978 [5] 14 Februari 1978 [3] £58,900,000 [5] dijangka 2010
S105 Spartan VSEL, Barrow.[3] 7 Februari 1973 [4][6] 26 April 1976 [3] 7 April 1978 [3] 10 Oktober 1979 [5] 22 September 1979 [3] £68,900,000 [5] Januari 2006
S106 Splendid (dahulunya Severn)[3] VSEL, Barrow.[3] 26 Mei 1976 [4][7] 23 November 1977 [3] 5 Oktober 1979 [3] 5 Mei 1981 [5] 21 Mac 1981 [3] £97,000,000 [5] 2004

Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

  1. Hansard
  2. "Kos seunit, iaitu tidak termasuk kos beberapa kelengkapan (seperti pesawat, kelengkapan pertama)." Text from Defences Estimates
  3. 3.00 3.01 3.02 3.03 3.04 3.05 3.06 3.07 3.08 3.09 3.10 3.11 3.12 3.13 3.14 3.15 3.16 3.17 3.18 3.19 3.20 3.21 3.22 3.23 3.24 Gardiner, Robert Conway's All the World's Fighting Ships 1947-1995, pub Conway Maritime Press, 1995, ISBN 0-85177-605-1 page 531.
  4. 4.0 4.1 4.2 4.3 4.4 4.5 4.6 Moore, John, Janes Fighting Ships 1982-83, pub Jane's Publishing, 1982, ISBN 0-7106-0742-3 page 546, which quotes building costs for Swiftsure, Superb, Sceptre, and Splendid. The costs quoted for Superb, Sceptre, and Splendid are identical to those from Hansard.
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 5.5 5.6 5.7 5.8 5.9 Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc357-8W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence asking him to list the Royal Navy vessels built in each of the past 15 years, showing the cost of each and the yards in which they were constructed, 23 October 1983. The second part of this may be found at Hansard HC Deb 23 October 1989 vol 158 cc358-61W.
  6. Hansard HC Deb 24 November 1977 vol 939 cc869-70W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about contracts, 24 November 1977.
    For the fifth Swiftsure class fleet submarine (HMS Spartan) the planned order date when tender invited was September 1972. The contract was placed in February 1973.
  7. Hansard HC Deb 15 November 1976 vol 919 c363W Question to the Secretary of State for Defence about shipbuilding contracts, 15 November 1976.
    For the sixth Swiftsure class fleet submarine, the planned order date when tender invited was late 1974. The contract was placed in May 1976.