Orang Melayu di New Zealand
|3,540 (2006) |
Dalam tahun 1916, 42 orang telah lahir di Straits Settlements (termasuk apa yang dikatakan sebagai Malaysia, dan Singapura) adalah merupakan residen di New Zealand. Kebanyakan orang Melayu telah datang sebagai pelajar lawatan.
Pelawat pelajar[sunting | sunting sumber]
Pelajar merupakan kumpulan signifikan dari kalangan orang Malaysia dan Singapura yang sampai semenjak mereka mula datang pada awal 1950-an. Mereka melawat New Zealand kerana kekurangan tempat di dalam universiti-universiti tempatan. Biasanya, orang Melayu datang menggunakan biasiswa often came Pelan Colombo. To support these newcomers, the Malaysian–Singapore Students Association was formed at the University of Otago in 1963. Universities in other centres also set up associations. By the late 1960s there were hundreds of Malays students throughout New Zealand. For most students there was little time for activities outside study, but some excelled at sports such as badminton. After completing their education they returned home. Racial riots in Malaysia in 1969 encouraged even more students to seek an education in New Zealand. Following the riots, Malaysia introduced affirmative action policies to help the Bumiputra (Malays and indigenous people) achieve economic equality with the wealthier Chinese. By the mid-1970s Malaysians formed a major proportion of overseas students at New Zealand universities. They were particularly visible in their distinctive black songkok (headdress). In 1977 the government introduced a quota of 300 new Malaysian university students per year, and a substantial fee was imposed on all overseas students three years later. In response, the New Zealand Union of Malaysian Students was formed to lobby for the interests of overseas students.
Sukan[sunting | sunting sumber]
In 1974 Malay students also organized their first sports tournament. These became annual fixtures and typically ended with a malam kebudayaan (cultural night), which included dancing, singing and musical renditions. The tournament itself featured the Malay game sepak takraw (like volleyball, but using feet instead of hands to propel the ball). In the 2000s the Malaysian High Commission in Wellington set up a sepak takraw court in its car park. Culture In 1980 Wellington’s Malaysian High Commission published the newsletter Berita Malaysia. It was short lived, however. Later that year the third and final issue noted that ‘Berita's call for contributions has met with deafening silence’. A Canterbury students’ publication, Jelajah, was more successful, appearing at about the same time and lasting for 12 years. Almost all articles were written in English, with the occasional Malay and Chinese piece. Variation Malays from Malaysia gather annually to celebrate their national day on 31 August. While Malays from Singapore will gather annually to celebrate their national day on 9 August . Generally, Malays from Malaysian and Singaporean will celebrate Eid-ur Fitr and Eid-ur Adha together. Malaysian cuisine has become perhaps the most prolific and visible aspect of the culture in New Zealand. Dishes such as curry laksa and roti canai (Malay bread) have proven very popular, and restaurants thrive nationwide.
Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]
-  The Encylopedia of New Zealand