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↑Collier, Martin (2003). Italian unification, 1820–71. Heinemann Advanced History (edisi ke-First). Oxford: Heinemann. ms. 2. ISBN0-435-32754-2. "The Risorgimento is the name given to the process that ended with the political unification of Italy in 1871"
↑Riall, Lucy (1994). The Italian Risorgimento: state, society, and national unification (edisi ke-First). London: Routledge. ms. 1. ISBN0-203-41234-6. "The functional importance of the Risorgimento to both Italian politics and Italian historiography has made this short period (1815–60) one of the most contested and controversial in modern Italian history"
↑Arnaldi, Girolamo : Italy and Its Invaders. Harvard University Press, 2005. M/s 194. ISBN 0-674-01870-2