Templat:Infobox

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Templat risiko tinggi ini telah dilindungi dari suntingan bagi menghalang laku musnah. (log perlindungan). Sila bincangkan perubahan pada laman perbualan atau mohon nyahlindung. Anda boleh gunakan {{editprotected}} pada laman perbualan untuk meminta bantuan dari penyelia bagi melakukan suntingan anda.

Documentation icon Pendokumenan templat[lihat] [sunting] [sejarah] [nyahcache]

Penggunaan

Templat ini bertujukan sebagai sebuah meta-templat, iaitu, sebuah templat yang digunakan untuk membina templat lain. Ia tidak bermakna untuk menulis terus di dalam sesuatu artikel. Sila Lihat Bantuan:Infobox untuk maklumat bagaimana untuk mengukir satu infoboxes secara umum.

Usage is similar to {{navbox}}, but with an additional distinction. Each row on the table can either be a "header", or it can have a label/data pair, or it can just be a data cell. These are mutually exclusive states so if you define a row to be both a header and a label/data pair, the label/data pair is overridden.

Note that if you want to insert an image elsewhere other than the top of the infobox, or insert other "freeform" data, using a row with just a "data" field allows for that sort of thing.

Parameter

Pautan View/discuss/edit links

name 
The template page name that the "view/discuss/edit" links should point to. You can use {{subst:PAGENAME}}. If this parameter is omitted the view/discuss/edit links will not be displayed.

Tajuk

Text in caption over infobox
(the rest of the infobox goes here)
Text in uppermost cell of infobox
(the rest of the infobox goes here)

There are two different ways to put a title on an infobox. One contains the title inside the infobox's border, the other puts it on top as a caption. You can use both of them together if you like, or just one or the other, or even neither (though this is not recommended).

title 
Text to put in the caption over top of the table.
above 
Text to put within the uppermost cell of the table.

Kandungan pilihan

image 
An image to display at the top of the template. Use full image syntax, for example [[Image:example.png|200px]]. Image is centered by default.
caption 
Text to put underneath the image.
header(n) 
Text to use as a header in row n.
label(n)
Text to use as a label in row n.
data(n)
Text to display as data in row n.
below
Text to put in the bottom cell. The bottom cell is intended for footnotes, see-also, and other such information.

Gaya CSS pilihan

bodystyle 
Applies to the infobox table as a whole
titlestyle 
Applies only to the title caption. Adding a background color is usually inadvisable since the text is rendered "outside" the infobox.
abovestyle 
Applies only to the "above" cell at the top. The default style has font-size:large; since this cell is usually used for a title, if you want to use the above cell for regular-sized text include "font-size:medium;" in the abovestyle.
imagestyle 
Applies to the cell the image is in. This includes the text of the image caption, but you should set text properties with captionstyle instead of imagestyle in case the caption is moved out of this cell in the future.
captionstyle 
Applies to the text of the image caption.
headerstyle 
Applies to all header cells
labelstyle 
Applies to all label cells
datastyle 
Applies to all data cells
belowstyle 
Applies only to the below cell

Mikroformat

bodyclass
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox as a whole
class(n)
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the data cell of the specified row. If there's no data cell it has no effect.
titleclass
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's title caption.
aboveclass
This parameter is inserted into the "class" attribute for the infobox's above cell.

This template supports the addition of microformat information. This is done by adding "class" attributes to various data cells, indicating what kind of information is contained within. To flag an infobox as containing hCard information, for example, add the following parameter:

|bodyclass = vcard

And for each row containing a data cell that's part of the vcard, add a corresponding class parameter:

|class1 = fn
|class2 = org
|class3 = tel

...and so forth. "above" and "title" can also be given classes, since these are usually used to display the name of the subject of the infobox.

See Wikipedia:WikiProject Microformats for more information on adding microformat information to Wikipedia, and microformats.org for more information on microformats in general.

Membuat medan piihan

A row with a label but no data is not displayed. This allows for the easy creation of optional infobox content rows. To make a row optional use a parameter that defaults to an empty string, like so:

|label5 = Population
|data5  = {{{population|}}}

This way if an article doesn't define the population parameter in its infobox the row won't be displayed.

For more complex fields with pre-formated contents that would still be present even if the parameter wasn't set, you can wrap it all in an "#if" statement to make the whole thing vanish when the parameter is not used. For instance, the "#if" statement in the following example reads "#if:the parameter mass has been supplied |then display it, followed by 'kg'":

|label6 = Mass
|data6  = {{#if:{{{mass|}}} |{{{mass}}} kg}}

For more on #if, see here.
You can also make headers optional in a similar way. If you want a header to appear only if one or more of the data fields that fall under it are filled, one could use the following pattern as an example of how to do it:

{{Infobox
|name    = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|title   = Example of an optional header
|header1 = {{#if:{{{item_one|}}}{{{item_two|}}}{{{item_three|}}} |Optional header}}
|label2  = Item one
|data2   = {{{item_one|}}}
|label3  = Item two
|data3   = {{{item_two|}}}
|label4  = Item three
|data4   = {{{item_three|}}}
}}

header1 will be shown if any of item_one, item_two, or item_three is defined. If none of the three parameters are defined the header won't be shown.

The trick to this is that the "if" returns false only if there is nothing whatsoever in the conditional section, so only if all three of item_one, item_two and item_three are undefined will the if statement fail.

Contoh

Test Infobox
Example.png
Caption for example.png
Header defined alone
Data defined alone
All three defined (header)
Label and data defined (label) Label and data defined (data)

Below text

{{Infobox
|name    = Infobox/doc
|title   = Test Infobox
|image   = [[Image:example.png|200px]]
|caption = Caption for example.png

|headerstyle  = background:#ccf;
|labelstyle   = background:#ddf;

|header1 = Header defined alone
|label1  = 
|data1   = 
|header2 = 
|label2  = Label defined alone
|data2   = 
|header3 = 
|label3  = 
|data3   = Data defined alone
|header4 = All three defined (header)
|label4  = All three defined (label)
|data4   = All three defined (data)
|header5 = 
|label5  = Label and data defined (label)
|data5   = Label and data defined (data)

|belowstyle = background:#ddf;
|below = Below text
}}

Notice how when a label is defined without an accompanying data cell the row doesn't appear in the displayed infobox, and when a header is defined on the same row as a data cell the header takes precedence.

For this example, bodystyle = width:20em; and labelstyle = width:33%;

Test Infobox
Label 1 Data 1
Label 2 Data 2
Label 3 Data 3
Header 4
Label 5 Data 5: Lorem ipsum dolor sit amet, consectetur adipisicing elit, sed do eiusmod tempor incididunt ut labore et dolore magna aliqua.

Below text

Full blank syntax

(Note: the template currently handles up to 80 rows; only 20 are included here since infoboxes larger than that will be relatively rare. Just extend the numbering as needed. The microformat "class" parameters are also omitted as they are not commonly used.)

{{Infobox
|name         = {{subst:PAGENAME}}
|bodystyle    = 
|title        = 
|titlestyle   = 
|above        = 
|abovestyle   = 
|image        = 
|imagestyle   = 
|caption      = 
|captionstyle = 
|headerstyle  = 
|labelstyle   = 
|datastyle    = 

|header1  = 
|label1   = 
|data1    = 
|header2  = 
|label2   = 
|data2    = 
|header3  = 
|label3   = 
|data3    = 
|header4  = 
|label4   = 
|data4    = 
|header5  = 
|label5   = 
|data5    = 
|header6  = 
|label6   = 
|data6    = 
|header7  = 
|label7   = 
|data7    = 
|header8  = 
|label8   = 
|data8    = 
|header9  = 
|label9   = 
|data9    = 
|header10 = 
|label10  = 
|data10   = 
|header11 = 
|label11  = 
|data11   = 
|header12 = 
|label12  = 
|data12   = 
|header13 = 
|label13  = 
|data13   = 
|header14 = 
|label14  = 
|data14   = 
|header15 = 
|label15  = 
|data15   = 
|header16 = 
|label16  = 
|data16   = 
|header17 = 
|label17  = 
|data17   = 
|header18 = 
|label18  = 
|data18   = 
|header19 = 
|label19  = 
|data19   = 
|header20 = 
|label20  = 
|data20   = 

|belowstyle =
|below = 
}}

See also