Tiara Paus

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Tiara paus yang dihiasi dengan nilam, delima, zamrud dan permata lain. Tiara ini disimpan di bilik perbendaharaan Gereja St. Peter.

Tiara paus merupakan mahkota yang dipakai oleh paus dari Gereja Roman Katolik. Pemakaian tersebut mungkin dimulakan seawal abad ke-8 sehingga abad ke-20. Ia kali terakhir dipakai oleh Paus Paul VI. Tiara ini juga dikenali sebagai tiara ganda tiga, mahkota ganda tiga atau triregnum (Latin).[1]

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Rujukan[sunting | sunting sumber]

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  • Cornwell, John (1989). A Thief in the Night: The Death of Pope John Paul I. London: Viking. ISBN 0-670-82387-2. 
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  • Davis, Raymond (ed.) (2000). The Book of Pontiffs (Liber Pontificalis). Liverpool: Liverpool University Press. ISBN 0-85323-545-7. 
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  • Hebblethwaite, Peter (2000). John XXIII: Pope of the Century. London: Continuum. ISBN 0-8264-4995-6. 
  • Heim, Bruno (1978). Heraldry in the Catholic Church: Its Origins, Customs and Laws. Gerrards Cross, Eng.: Van Duren. ISBN 0-905715-05-5. 
  • Hobsworth, Dean (1884). From True Cross to True Crown: Papalism and Its Evils. 
  • Levillain, Philippe (ed.) (2002). The Papacy: An Encyclopedia. New York: Routledge. ISBN 0-415-92228-3. 
  • Nielsen, Fredrik Kristian (1906). The History of the Papacy in the XIXth Century. London: J. Murray. 
  • Noonan, James-Charles. (1996). The Church Visible: The Ceremonial Life and Protocol of the Roman Catholic Church. New York: Viking. ISBN 0-670-86745-4. 
  • Rudé, George F. E. (2000). Revolutionary Europe, 1783–1815. Oxford: Blackwell. ISBN 0-631-22189-1. 
  • Smith, Uriah (1881). Thoughts, Critical and Practical on the Book of Revelation. Battle Creek, Mich.: Seventh-day Adventist Publ. Assoc.. ISBN 0-8370-5309-9. 
  • Smithe, Jefferson (1902). Roman Catholic Ritual. London. 
  • Willey, David (1992). God's Politician: John Paul at the Vatican. London: Faber and Faber. ISBN 0-571-16180-4. 
  • Yallop, David A. (1984). In God's Name: An Investigation into the Murder of Pope John Paul I. Toronto: Bantam Books. ISBN 0-553-05073-7. 

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