Vernakular

Daripada Wikipedia, ensiklopedia bebas.
Lompat ke: pandu arah, cari

Vernakular merujuk kepada bahasa ibunda sesuatu negara atau tempat. Dalam konteks sekolah, ia merujuk kepada sekolah yang menggunakan bahasa ibunda sehagai bahasa pengantar. Ini berbeza dengan bahasa komunikasi yang tidak asal kepada populasi, seperti bahasa kebangsaan atau lingua franca.

Manuskrip vernakular tertua diketahui di Scanian (Danish, c. 1250.) Ia mengenai Scanian dan Hukum Keagamaan ("Ecclesiastical") Scanian.
Alegori falsafah dan tata bahasa, Trinci Palace, Foligno, Itali, oleh Gentile da Fabriano, yang hidup pada masa yang sama ketika bahasa Itali sedang dipiwaikan.

Etymologi[sunting | sunting sumber]

Nota[sunting | sunting sumber]

Bibliografi[sunting | sunting sumber]

  • Bex, Tony (1999), "Representations of English in twentieth-century Britain: Fowler, Gowers, Partridge", dalam Bex, Tony; Watts, Richard J., Standard English: the widening debate, New York: Routledge, ms. 89–112, 0-415-19162-9 .
  • Brachin, Pierre (1985). The Dutch language: a survey. Leiden: E.J. Brill. 
  • Champneys, Arthur Charles (1893). History of English: a sketch of the origin and development of the English with Examples, Down to the Present Day. New York: Macmillan and Co. 
  • DeGrauwe, Luc (2002), "Emerging Mother-Tongue Awareness: The Special Case of Dutch and German in the Middle Ages and the Early Modern Period", dalam Linn, Andrew Robert; McLelland, Nicola, Standardization: studies from the Germanic languages, Amsterdam; Philadelphis: John Benjamins Publishing Co., ms. 99–116 
  • Diez, Friedrich (1863). Introduction to the grammar of the Romance languages. London, Edinburgh: Williams and Norgate. 
  • Dons, Ute (2004). Descriptive adequacy of early modern English grammars. Topics in English Linguistics, 47. Berlin; New York: Mouton de Gruyter. 
  • Fasold, Ralph W. (1984). The sociolinguistics of society v. 1. Oxford, England; New York, NY, USA: B. Blackwell. 
  • Keller, Marcello Sorce (1984). "Folk Music in Trentino: Oral Transmission and the Use of Vernacular Languages". Ethnomusicology. XXVIII (1): 75–89. 
  • Lodge, R. Anthony (2005). A sociolinguistic history of Parisian French. Cambridge [u.a.]: Cambridge University Press. 
  • Mesthrie, Rajend (1999). Introducing sociolinguistics. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. 
  • Noordegraaf, Jan (2000), "The Normative Study of the National Languages from the 17th Century Onwards", dalam Auroux, Sylvain, History of the language sciences : an international handbook on the evolution of the study of language from the beginnings to the present, Handbücher zur Sprach- und Kommunikationswissenschaft, Bd. 18, Volume 2, Berlin; New York: Walter de Gruyter, ms. 893–900 .
  • Wells, C. J. (1985). German, a linguistic history to 1945. Oxford, New York: Oxford University Press. 

Pautan luar[sunting | sunting sumber]